REPORT OF THE PEER TEAM ON THE INSTITUTIONAL ACCREDITATION OF THE DR.SARVEPALLI RADHAKRISHNAN GOVERNMENT ARTS COLLEGE, PILLLARAYA STREET, YANAM-533464, U.T.OF PONDICHERRY SECTION I: INTRODUCTION
Dr.Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Government Arts College, Pillaraya Street, Yanam-533464 was started during 1973-74 with a progressive outlook to educate the people of Yanam, a former French colony situated geographically in the state of Andhra Pradesh but governed by U.T. of Pondicherry. The college is catering to the educational needs of the local population at an affordable cost particularly to the people belonging to the economically and socially backward sections. The college has been named after Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, former President of India, a renowned Philosopher, a statesman and an eminent educationalist. Earlier, it was affiliated to Andhra University, Waltair, offering B.A. course with Economics as main subject of study and Political Science and History as ancillary subjects. Almost all barring a few students applied for admission into B.A course even though they studied Biological Sciences or Mathematics or Commerce in pre-degree course because their parents could not afford higher education at far off places. The strength of the students seeking admission was very low and not economically viable to start science courses at UG level. However, later in 1978, the government started B.Com degree courses at UG level. However, later in 1978, the government started B.Com degree course and the courses in Zoology and Chemistry in the years 1980-81 and 1984-85 respectively.
Pondicherry University was established during 1986-87 and consequently the college was disaffiliated from Andhra University and got affiliated to Pondicherry University. B.Sc. Mathematics was started in the academic year 1988-89 and B.Sc. Computer science was introduced in the year 2000-2001. A postgraduate course in Commerce was introduced in the year 2000-01.
Dr.S.R.K. Govt. Arts College, Yanam is a government-funded institution. The college was recognized by UGC under section 2 (f) and 12 (B) in 1984. The college is located in a campus having 6.5 acres of land in which a government high school and an intermediate college are also located. The college is in semi urban area. It is a co-educational institution imparting education to the semi-urban and rural public including weaker sections, SC, ST and other backward classes of society.
The college offers 6 Under Graduate courses in Arts, Science and Commerce faculties and 1 Post graduate course in Commerce faculty M.Com. There are 29 permanent teachers out of which 12 are Ph.D. degree and 10 are M.Phil degree holders. 8 temporary and 14 part-time teachers are working in the College. Administrative staff strength is 5. Teaching staff are recruited through UPSC as per the recruitment norms of the UGC.
Total strength of the college is 286 in U.G and 19 in P.G. courses out of which 137 are boys and 168 are girls. The teaching programmes are conducted under semester system and evaluation is done as per rules and regulations of the Pondicherry University. The unit cost of education is Rs. 44,641/- including salary component and Rs. 2,965/- excluding salary component. The college is in the process of developing its infrastructural facilities. The Govt of Pondicherry has sanctioned a sum of Rs. 1.42 corers to construct additional buildings.
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Government Arts College, Yanam, volunteered to be assessed by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) and submitted its Self-study Report in 2004. A peer Team was constituted by NAAC to visit the college to validate the Self Study Report and make an assessment. The peer Team consisted of
Prof. M. Abdul Rahiman
Former V.C. of Kannur and Calicut University Chairman
Halcyon, Kaprigudda new Road
Prof.Dr. B.S. Srikantan
Principal Grade I, RBANM’S First Grade College Member, Co-ordinator
N0.12Annaswamy Mudaliar Road,
Dean,Faculty of Management Member
Karaikudy-6304, Tamil Nadu
Mr.B.S. Ponmudiraj, Academic Advisor of NAAC, Bangalore co-ordinate and ably assisted the visit of the Peer Team to the College.
The team visited the College on 11thand12thAugust and went through the departments, laboratories, library and all other physical facilities and had a detailed discussion and interaction with the principal, faculty members, students, administrative staff, parents and alumni. The team also validated the documents made available to them during the visit. All aspects given in criteria I to VII of the Self Study Report were analyzed and validated by the team and the observations are given as a report in the following paragraphs.
Section-II Criterion-wise Analysis
Criterion I: Curricular Aspects.
The college offers six UG programmes namely B.A. Economics, B.Com, B.Sc. Mathematics, B.Sc. Zoology, B.Sc.Chemistry, B.Sc. Computer Science and M.Com at the Post Graduate level. All the courses are fully funded by the Government of Pondicherry. The college follows semester scheme as per the directives of the affiliating university.
The institution offers UG programmes in Arts, Commerce, and Science. The students have option to pursue their UG studies in either Physical sciences or life sciences. These courses have been introduced in the institution to suit the needs of the local industries.
Since the institution is affiliated to Pondicherry University, the curriculum designed by the university has been adopted for all the courses by the institution. The syllabi is reviewed and updated as and when the university revises. The college requires 3 years time to introduce any new programme.A few teachers have contributed marginally in the curriculum design of the University by serving as members in the Board of Studies of their respective subjects. An academic audit is conducted by the university annually by team comprising of Director, College Development Council with two university nominees in the Advisory Committee of the college.
The knowledge component of the programme is about 60% and skill component is about 40%.
The Govt.of Pondicherry has accorded permission to start B.Sc. Physics and M.A. Economics in the Institution. The college is awaiting final approval by the university.
The peer team feels that more number of teachers should actively involve themselves in the designing of curricula at the university level by giving suggestions such as introduction of modular curricula with multidisciplinary approach.
Criterion II: Teaching-Learning and Evaluation Students are admitted to various courses based on their performance in the qualifying examination in accordance with the reservation policy of the government. The college does not have mechanism for assessing student’s knowledge and skills for a particular programme after admission is made. However, the college conducts bridge and remedial courses to educationally disadvantaged students through special lectures in an informal manner. Advanced learners are provided with additional reading material by the staff. The staff to read reference books to acquire additional information on a particular topic of interest also guides them. They are encouraged to give seminars, Syllabi are utilized. Heads of the departments monitor the syllabus completion. The college possesses modern teaching aids to a very limited extent like two OHPs and few computers and one-audio visual system. The peer team suggests that the concerned authorities should give serious thought to this aspect. The conventional chalk-talk method should be supplemented with other learner centered teaching methods largely.
The college had about 185 teaching days and 225 working days during the last year. Full-time faculty engages about 70% of the classes. Students are informed in the beginning of the year itself about the examination pattern and evaluation method. Students are assessed through periodical tests and assignments.
The college has 29 permanent teachers out of which 12 hold Ph.D. degrees and 10 hold M.Phil degrees, 8 temporary teachers, and 14 part-time teachers are working in the institution. 5 non teaching staff assists the administration. Full time teachers are recruited through UPSC and the state Government issues appointment orders depending upon the availability of workload.
A few teachers have participated in national/ international seminars/conferences during the last five years. The authorities should encourage the teachers to participate in conferences/seminars/workshops in order to update their knowledge. The college authorities should also mark earnest attempts to organize seminars/ workshops for the benefit of the staff and students.
The college has adopted the self-appraisal method to evaluate the performance of the faculty, which is submitted to the government. Based on the feedback, teachers are also advised to improve their performance.
Besides teaching, teachers are also involved in other activities of the institution. They serve in various committees of the college constituted for its development and administration.
Criterion III: Research, Consultancy, and Extension
The institution is essentially an undergraduate college wherein teaching is the main activity. The institution has no research facilities. However, project work is introduced for the students of B.Sc. computer science as part of the curriculum to promote creativity amongst the students.
Despite the disadvantage of geographical location of the institution and its large distance from other national institutions, a few teachers have attended International/National/University level seminars and have also presented papers. Five teachers are engaged in part-time research for their doctoral degree. There are no on-going research projects in the college.
A teacher in the department of Telugu has contributed number of papers and assisted in the publication of an English-Telugu dictionary. He has also reviewed several books published in Telugu.
The results of research publications of a teacher of the department of Mathematics have been incorporated in a chapter in one of the books published from Sichuan National University Press, China. He is also a referee of a few National/ International journals in Mathematics.
A teacher of the institution is placed in-charge of the extension activities. Some of the extension activities carried out by the college is health and hygiene awareness, conduct of medical camps, organizing blood donation camps, Aids awareness programme etc. Students are encouraged to participate in extension activities. NSS is carrying out several socially relevant activities.
Criterion IV: Infrastructure and Learning Resources.
The college is located in a campus of an area of 6.5 acres with a building which accommodates administrative section, classrooms, laboratories, library, sports and other student support facilities. The Public Works Department maintains the building. Student volunteers are also helpful in maintaining cleanliness of the campus. Tree plantation programmes are also conducted periodically.
The library has 21,051 volumes. The library books have been classified. Closed access system is being followed. At present, the reading room facility is suspended for want of space. The college library has to maintain a register to record the number of users. Stock verification is done once in three years as per government rules. The college has subscribed to 40 periodicals and a few journals. It is yet to be computerized. The college possesses one photocopying machine, which is mainly used for official purposes.
The departments of Chemistry, Zoology and Commerce, Office and Library are provided with one computer each. The department of Mathematics has 11 systems of Pentium III and IV configuration; which also caters to the needs of other departments. There is no central computer facility. The computer facilities have to be extended to other departments also.
The computer science department possesses 15 systems of Pentium III and IV and running track is available. A cricket patch is also made available for students. The construction work of a fully air-conditioned indoor stadium with ultramodern facilities with an estimated cost of 6 core is in progress. Sports persons are given preference in admission as per the rules of the state government.
The college has no hostel of its own. The peer team strongly feels that attempts have to be made to augment the facilities such as library, laboratories etc., in the college. The girl’s common room has to be adequately furnished.
Criterion V: STUDENT SUPPORT AND PROGRESSION The college has a practice of publishing its prospectus annually. It contains information concerning programmes offered, admission procedure, reservation policy, fee structure and available scholarships. The social welfare departments of both the Central and State Governments offer scholarships to students belonging to SC/ST/BC categories. In the last two years 30% and 19% of students availed scholarships respectively. Teachers participate in academic and personal counseling at department levels in an informal manner. These counseling exercises are helpful to learners to solve their personal problems and to pursue their higher education in institutions suitable to their caliber and financial background. From the last batch, around 30% of the students were placed in local companies, private sector enterprises, and state Government organizations. Recently the college has set up a placement cell under the guidance of a teacher. By creating such a cell, the college is trying to motivate learners to venture into self-employment avenues. The college is yet to establish an Alumni Association. Staff members make admission policies, criteria, and procedure clear to prospective students through prospectus and guidance. Indoor and Outdoor games are the recreational/leisure time facilities available to students. The junior and degree colleges share indoor auditorium, Open auditorium, and sports facilities. A teacher in the department of Mathematics is actively involved in training students in classical and vocal music. The peer team records its appreciation for students of the institution who have secured university ranks in the departments of Zoology, Chemistry, and Mathematics.
Formation of student clubs, organization of cultural programmes and provision of audio-visual facilities are the measures to be taken up by the college to strengthen the recreational facilities and to draw out the talents of young boys and girls.
Criterion VI: ORGANISATION AND MANAGEMENT The Directorate of Higher Education, and the Controller and Auditor General of India conduct audit of accounts annually by deputing their personnel. This forms part of financial monitoring mechanism. The internal coordination has to be strengthened. Though committees were constituted in the recent past by the college administration to improve organization and management, their activities are to be documented. Personal registers monitor the work efficiency of non-teaching staff as they carry information relating to matters attended to and the matters pending over the period of time. As the university frames common calendar for affiliated colleges, the college has not constituted a special committee for this purpose. Apart from the schedule of working days stipulated by the university, college specific information concerning assessment tests and co curricular activities can also be incorporated in the calendar. As it is a Government college, the selection of personnel is made by strictly adhering to the guidelines. Therefore, there is no question of violation and consequent disapproval. The college is yet to organize professional development programmes for non-teaching staff. To start with, this can be attempted with the support of teachers of Commerce and Computer Science departments. The prevailing fee structure is reasonable as all the programmers are run with Government support. As the strength in the existing programmers is meagre, the college has not attempted to start self financing programmes for want of provision in the government. Budgeted provisions and the actual amount spent on various heads were more or less similar during the last year. This shows the efficiency of the eternal audit mechanism. As a sort of welfare measure, the college maintains a fund for poor student’s aid. The Principal redresses grievances of employees at the college level. Grievances, which require the attention of higher authorities, are forwarded to them for early action. The college has to develop an exclusive grievance redressal mechanism for students as expressed by students during interaction. Both teaching and non-teaching staff members are eligible to borrow for house building andfor the purchase of motor vehicles and computers. Being a Government college, the institution follows the set procedure meant for the purchase of major items. Deviation of any kind requires the prior approval of higher authorities.
Criterion VII: HEALTHY PRACTICES.
* Latest managerial concepts like strategic planning, team workand computerization are sensitized by the college to an extent.
* In addition to regular programmes, the college serves as a centre for the distance education programmes of Pondicherry university. This ensures optimum utilization of available infrastructure.
* Moral and ethical values are imparted to students during personal interactions.
* The college inculcates civic responsibilities in young minds through NCC/NSS. Action oriented programmers on cleanliness, pollution control, traffic regulations, poverty eradication can be taken up.
* Debates, discussions and elocutions are periodically organized by various departments to develop the personality of students. Cultural functions, Science Day, Sports Day and College Day are instrumental to develop the leadership qualities in them.
* The team spirit among the faculty members and the learner friendly teachers assist the college to attain its specific goals and objectives.
* The community orientation of the college is visible through the activities undertaken by the National Cadet Corps and the National Service Scheme.
* The college is also attempting to promote the general and transferable skills of students. These activities need further strengthening.
SECTION III: OVERALL ANALYSIS Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Government Arts College, Yanam-was started in 1973 with the laudable objective of providing higher educational opportunities to the people of Yanam, who are economically and socially backward. The college campus is located in a semi-urban area having 6.50 acres of land, which is also started by the High School and Junior College. It is a Government funded institution, affiliated to the Pondicherry University. It is recognized by UGC under 2 (f) and 12 (B) during 1984. It is a co-educational institution rendering higher education to the semi-urban public including SC/ST/OBC and other weaker sections of society.
The College is in the process of developing its infrastructural facilities such as buildings to accommodate classrooms, laboratories, sports complex, computer centre etc. The college is offering 6 under graduate and 1 post graduate courses. The proposal to start B.Sc. Physics and M.A. Economics courses is approved by the Government of Pondicherry and the institution is awaiting approval from the university.
Facilities for indoor and outdoor games are available for students. Hostel and canteen facilities are not present. NSS unit is active and volunteers have participated in several social activities such as cleanliness of the campus, pulse polio immunization, AIDS awareness rally, socio-economic survey, tree plantation etc. State level workshop on Disaster Management was organized during Feb. 2005. NCC unit is also present having strength of 60 cadets and they also involve in various extension activities of the College.
Research activities are not significantly carried out. Only 10% of teachers have published research papers. No research projects are going on in the college.
The library has 21,051 volumes of books but need more space. Reprography and Internet facilities are not available in the library. This college is a study centre for Pondicherry University Distance Education Programmes’. Value based education is implanted through personal interactions.
The college is growing and attempts are being made to provide more and better infrastructural facilities. The Peer Team would like to give following suggestions for further improvement to attain better quality and excellence in higher education.
Suggestions and Recommendations 1. All the facilities in Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Government Arts College, Yanam need to be augmented. Hence, the Government should act immediately to expedite the construction work of the new building and other infrastructure.
2. Government of Pondicherry is to be requested to fill all the vacant posts without further delay especially in the Department of English as there are no teachers available in this department.
3. Central computer facility should be established on a priority basis. This facility could be used to bring computer literacy among students, teachers and administrative staff. As the computer knowledge is a must in almost all fields of life, a certificate/diploma course in Computer Applications may be started for the the benefit of local students.
4. Computerization of the library and the office should be taken up soon.
5. Internet facility has to be provided on priority basis.
6. The number of books in the library should be increased, and subscription to magazines will help student’s update their knowledge. More number of daily newspapersincluding Hindi and English has to be subscribed. Recent publications and latest editions of the existing books are to be procured.
7. Internet accessibility may be set-up in the library for the use of students and staff.
8. Reprographic facility may be provided in the college library
9. Need based and applied courses can be started after shifting to the new building
10. PG courses in applied subjects can be started under self-financing scheme
11. Women students need better facilities like more spacious common room. As the college wants to empower women through education, a Women’s cell headed by a woman teacher will be a boon.
12. A center may be set up to coach students and to train them to appear for various competitive examinations conducted by the Central and State Governments.
13. A well-equipped English language laboratory will be useful to train students to promote communication skills.
14. Sports facilities have to be improved. The construction work of the indoor Stadium can be expedited
15. Hostel facility may be provided with priority to girl students
16. Remedial Courses may be organized in a formal manner for the benefit of disadvantaged sections of the student community.
17. Value based education is the need of the day and the college may provide this evolving a suitable mechanism.
18. The college has given little attention to research, and so it is suggested that the Government takes very special efforts to encourage the teachers to take up research/ research projects and attend seminars, workshops and training programmes.
19. Collaboration/ linkage programmes with other institutions may be introduced.
22. Audio-visual facilities may be provided in all the departments for the use of teachers.
23. As many first generation learners come to this college. It is desirable that there is a more active Career Guidance Cell. Employment Cell/Placement Cell with competent and trained teacher in charge will help the students to get suitable employment.
24. Teachers should be encouraged to do Ph.D. degree under different schemes of U.G.C/D.S.T. etc.
25. Alumni Association should be formed to interact and involve in developmental activities including offering free ships to poor students.
26. More spacious reading Room should be provided in the premises at least temporarily till the completion of construction of the proposed building.
27. Attempts to be made to start M.Phil in Commerce.
28. More PG level books have to be added in the Department of Commerce.
29. Equipments in the laboratory have to be updated and augmented.
30. Drinking water facilities have to be improved
31. Industrial/ Educational tours have to be organized in all the departments at least once in a year.
Names and Signatures of the NAAC Peer Team:
1. Prof. M.Abdul Rahiman
2. Prof. Dr. B.S. Srikantan
3. Prof. R.M .Chidambaram,
Declaration by the Head of the Institution
Certify that the data included in this Self-study Report (SSR) are true to the best of my knowledge.
This SSR is prepared by the institution after internal discussions, and no part thereof has been
outsourced. I am aware that the Peer team will validate the information provided in this SSR during the peer team visit.