Develop your critical thinking skills



Download 1.73 Mb.
Date19.05.2018
Size1.73 Mb.
  • NOTE MAKING
  • Much of the information in your courses is presented by your teachers and other students during lectures and seminars. It is essential to discriminate what information is important and to record it completely and accurately. But, it’s not enough to have ‘good notes’. You must also use these notes in ways that foster learning.
  • Develop your critical thinking skills.
  • Write better essays and
  • Write better exams.
  • RECORD:- Know the course outline and take notes on what is important according to the course framework. Look for signals from the lecturer- verbal and non-verbal-to tell you what’s important. Heading on overheads are obvious, but profs also use body language and pauses in speaking. Verbal cues include transitions(‘ I’d like to turn now to….’) and breakdowns. There are three main issues involved here……
  • -Your aim is to map the main topics and examples discussed, not to transcribe everything.

-Use spacing and visual layout to show the groupings of ideas

  • -Use spacing and visual layout to show the groupings of ideas
  • -Be sure to leave wide left and bottom margins on each page for further comments of your own.
  • REDUCE:- Soon after the lecture, reread your notes for sense and accuracy. Make sure everything is accurate and complete. Then pick out key words and write them in the left margin.
  • RECITE:- Cover your notes and use the key words in the margins as cues to recall everything you can about the topic.

STATE THE IDEAS AS MUCH AS YOU CAN IN YOUR OWN WORDS.

  • STATE THE IDEAS AS MUCH AS YOU CAN IN YOUR OWN WORDS.
  • REFECT:- Write your reflections about the topic on the lower part of the page. Also questions your notes to other points in previous lectures or readings and to your upcoming essay topics. Include your own thinking on the subject, on your experiences as a nurse and an individual, on ways in which you experiences as a nurse and an individual, on ways in which you agree and disagree.
  • REVIEW:- ( for exams) Before an exam, recite repeatedly, again covering notes and using marginal key words as cues Think again about how to notes relate to the overall framework of

The course: exam questions will always be framed in such a way as to get you to apply specific facts and ideas to the larger ideas of the course.

  • The course: exam questions will always be framed in such a way as to get you to apply specific facts and ideas to the larger ideas of the course.
  • Don’t write down everything that you read or hear. Be alert and attentive to the main points. Concentrate on the “meat” of the subject and forget the trimmings.
  • Notes should consist of key words, or very short sentences. As a speaker gets side-tracked you can go back and add further information
  • Take accurate notes. You should usually use

Your own words, but try not to change the meaning. If you quote directly from the author, quote correctly.

  • Your own words, but try not to change the meaning. If you quote directly from the author, quote correctly.
  • 4. Think a minute about your material before you start making notes. Don’t take notes just to be taking notes! Take notes that will be of real value to you when you look over them later.
  • 5. Have a uniform system of punctuation and abbreviation that will make sense to you. Use a skeleton outline, and show importance by indenting. Leave lots of white space for later additions.
  • 6. Omit descriptions and full explanation.

Keep your notes short and to the point. Condense your material so that you can grasp it rapidly.

  • Keep your notes short and to the point. Condense your material so that you can grasp it rapidly.
  • 7. Don’t worry about missing a point. Leave space and try to pick up the material you miss at a later date, either through reading, questioning, or common sense.
  • 8. Don’t keep notes on oddly shaped pieces of paper. Keep notes in order and in one place.
  • 9. Shortly after making your notes, go back and rework (not recopy) your notes by adding extra points, spelling out unclear items, etc. Remember, we forget quickly.

Budget time for this vital step just as you do for the class itself.

  • Budget time for this vital step just as you do for the class itself.
  • 10. Review your notes periodically. This is the only way to achieve lasting memory.
  • NOTE TAKING STYLES
  • Outline Style: Outlines work particularly well when the material being presented is well organized and when the information moves from main ideas to support detail. In an outline style of note taking, each point being recorded is separately numbered or lettered.
  • Phrase Style: When the manner in which the lecture is presented approaches a situation

Much like storytelling, jotting down phrases may be the best technique for note making.

  • Much like storytelling, jotting down phrases may be the best technique for note making.
  • Vocabulary Style: Many courses (particularly at the introductory level) deal exclusively with the development of new vocabulary. As you take notes, one of your main objectives is to list the new vocabulary items and to spell them correctly. Although you may just list the words and definitions in your notes, these terms will have to be integrated with textbook notes and other materials. You need to have these definitions handy so you can formulate questions about concepts involving these words.

Drawing, Graph, and Problem Style :-

  • Drawing, Graph, and Problem Style :-
  • In many of your classes, your notes will be essentially non-verbal. Some obvious examples include diagrams, mathematical formulas/problems, drawing, and all sorts of charts and graphs. These pictorial representations are most important because they condense and summarize information that is difficult to write out.

EVALUTE YOUR PRESENT NOTE-TAKING SYSTEM

  • EVALUTE YOUR PRESENT NOTE-TAKING SYSTEM
  • Ask yourself:-
  • Did I use complete sentences? They are
  • generally a waste of time.
  • Did I use any form at all? Are my notes clear or confusing?
  • Did I capture main points and all sub-points?
  • Did I streamline using abbreviations and shortcut?
  • If you answered no to any of these questions, you may need to develop some new note-taking skills!

FIVE IMPORTANT REASONS TO TAKE NOTES

  • FIVE IMPORTANT REASONS TO TAKE NOTES
  • It triggers basic lecturing processes and helps
  • you to remember information.
  • It helps you to concentrate in class.
  • It helps you prepare for tests.
  • Your notes are often a source of valuable clues for what information the instructor thinks most important (i.e., What will show up on the next test).
  • Your notes often contain information that cannot be found elsewhere (i.e., in your textbook).

GUIDELINES FOR NOTE-TAKING

  • GUIDELINES FOR NOTE-TAKING
  • Concentrate on the lecture or on the reading material.
  • Take notes consistently.
  • Take notes selectively. DO NOT try to write down every word. Remember that the average lecturer speaks approximately 125-140 words per minute, and the average note-taker writes at a rate of about 25 words per minute.
  • Translate ideas into your own words.
  • Organize notes into some sort of logical form.

Be brief. Write down only the major points and important information.

  • Be brief. Write down only the major points and important information.
  • Write legibly. Notes are useless if you cannot read them later!
  • Don’t be concerned with spelling and grammar.
  • TIPS FOR FINDING MAJOR POINTS IN LECTURES
  • The speaker is usually making an important point if he or she:
  • Pauses before or after an idea.
  • Uses repetition to emphasize a point.

Uses introductory phrases to precede an important idea.

  • Uses introductory phrases to precede an important idea.
  • Writes an idea on the board.
  • IMPORTANTANCE OF NOTE-MAKING
  • To be able to make notes from a lecture or a talk, or from an article or a book, is a very useful skill. As you listen to a lecture, you should be able to take down the main points of the lecture. later, when you look into the notes you have made, you should be able to reconstruct the lecture from them. Listen to a lecture without taking notes and then try to write down what you can remember from the-

Lecture. You will notice that much of it has been forgotten.

  • Lecture. You will notice that much of it has been forgotten.
  • Your notes will be of use when you revise for an examination. In advanced study , you will have to read books on your subject, which are available in your library. At that time note making will be an essential part of your study.
  • Read the given passage carefully, understand the main points and write them in order one by one.
  • Moreover, while making notes, you will be able to organize your own thoughts better. You will be not merely reading or listening passively, but you will be considering the points

You will be not merely reading or listening passively, but you will be considering the points made by the writer or speaker and judging their importance and drawing your own conclusions about what is being presented.

  • You will be not merely reading or listening passively, but you will be considering the points made by the writer or speaker and judging their importance and drawing your own conclusions about what is being presented.
  • To make good notes, i.e. the notes which will be useful later on-you must proceed systematically.
  • In making notes from a lecture, you ought to know for what purpose you are making notes. This will help you to decide how much has -
  • HOW TO MAKE NOTES

To be included and how much can be left out.

  • To be included and how much can be left out.
  • When you can make notes from an essay or an article or a chapter from a book, the first step to read the passage through, from the beginning to an end, to a ‘bird’s eye view’ of it. This kind of reading is called skimming. By skimming the passage we get answers to the following questions.
  • 1. What does the passage deal with?
  • 2. Can we suggest a title for it?
  • 3. How does the author develop the theme?

-:SPECIMEN:-

  • -:SPECIMEN:-
  • 1.The problem of Chain snatching is on the rise in our city. Make a note to write an article on the same in a local daily. (frequency-main victims-method-police action)
  • Chain snatching- a regular menace
  • Place: Baroda city, a frequently happening problem.
  • Main Victims: mainly middle aged ladies going to temples or walks in slightly isolated areas and also in shopping areas with lot of shopping bags in hand.
  • Modus operand of the culprits: The thieves usually come on speeding two wheelers and-

-Pull off the chains. Sometimes they dash their vehicles with the victim then pretend to help and pull the chains.

  • -Pull off the chains. Sometimes they dash their vehicles with the victim then pretend to help and pull the chains.
  • Reason for increase in crime: The crime is on the increase mainly due to lack of job opportunities and need for money for fast life specially to keep mobiles.
  • Suspected Culprits: Youngsters are involved in this crime in big way. The police are not able to track them. These thieves are openly operating in all nooks and corners under the very nose of the police force.

Cases registered: Almost 25 to 30 cases per month in the city and not one chain has been restored to the owner.

  • Cases registered: Almost 25 to 30 cases per month in the city and not one chain has been restored to the owner.
  • 2. You are representing your school in a cricket match. Make a note of the happenings. (other team - toss - your team - tense situation – rival team score – result.)
  • Inter - school Cricket match
  • Date and venue:- 21st August, 2006 on St.Jude’s school ground, Anand.
  • Participants: St. Jude’s school versus M.L.High School, Borsad.
  • Toss: The referee called for the captains of both the teams for the toss.

(St.Jude’s) won the toss and elected to bat.

  • (St.Jude’s) won the toss and elected to bat.
  • Score: (a) We lost first two wickets early. But Jatin Mehta played an excellent innings and scored a century. He put the team on a safe pedestal with a decent score of 220/3. (b) The rival team started off on a safe footing and without any loss they scored 125 runs. (c) The situation was very tense and at one point of time, we thought we would lost very badly. (d) But then our bowlers came back with excellent spells of bowling and entire team of M.L.School crashed down for 175 runs..

(e) It was a match, which would be remembered for a long time.

  • (e) It was a match, which would be remembered for a long time.
  • (3) The Nirnaynagar Housing Society has organized a Blood Donation Camp. Make a note of all that you observed there. (Objective-doctors-attendants-instrument-donors)
  • Blood Donation Camp:
  • Aim: The residents of Nirnaynagar decided to organise a Blood Donation camp to celebrate Republic day in a unique way.
  • Donors: Young men and women came forward to donate blood. Many of them were donating for the first time, Thus, they showed their -

Solidarity towards the poor and need, who cannot afford to buy blood when they are sick.

  • Solidarity towards the poor and need, who cannot afford to buy blood when they are sick.
  • Activities: The school children indirectly participated in the camp by putting up charts and drawings, depicting that donating blood was actually healthy. The body has the capacity to renew the blood within a short time.
  • Institutional Help: The Red Cross Foundation played an important role in providing the infrastructure for blood collection and distribution. They said that it was myth that blood donation caused fatigue and brought disease to the donor.

(4) Local doctors conducted an eye testing camp in your school. Make a note of that you saw in the camp. (time and date of the camp-objectives-details about the doctors-classes involved-duration etc.)

  • (4) Local doctors conducted an eye testing camp in your school. Make a note of that you saw in the camp. (time and date of the camp-objectives-details about the doctors-classes involved-duration etc.)
  • Eye-Testing Camp:
  • Venue: School Premises of Vakal Vidyalaya, Bajuwa.
  • Date:25th January,2009
  • Objective: To ensure better eyesight for primary, secondary and higher secondary students.

Doctors: Leading Ophthalmologists of the Baroda city came on voluntary basis for the noble cause.

  • Doctors: Leading Ophthalmologists of the Baroda city came on voluntary basis for the noble cause.
  • Method: Each student was tested for proper eye sight and if necessary detailed note about the number and eye diseases were noted down and parents were informed to come and visit the school authorities to ensure that the child got the right treatment.
  • Observation: Every child was happy to have their eyes tested and the doctor gave them some tips to keep in mind while reading. They also of bad reading habits and problem. If bad light that can affect sight.


Download 1.73 Mb.

Share with your friends:




The database is protected by copyright ©sckool.org 2020
send message

    Main page