Evolution of Surveying and geomatics, Types, Surveying Instrumentation, Survey References, Location Methods, Accuracy and Precision, Errors and Mistakes, Accuracy Ratio, Stationing, Field notes, Field management.
Measurement of Horizontal Distances:
Methods of Linear measurement, Types of Measurement, Tapes, Standard conditions for use of Steel tapes, Taping Accessories and their use, Systematic Taping Errors and Corrections, Random Taping Errors and Mistakes in Taping, Field notes for Taping, Conventional and Electronic Field books.
Theory of Differential Levelling, Effects of Curvature and Refraction, Types of Levels, Techniques of Levelling, Benchmark Levelling (Vertical Control Survey), Profile and Cross-section Levelling, Reciprocal Levelling, Peg test, Errors in Levelling, Contours and their characteristics, Various methods of Contouring.
Angles and Directions:
Horizontal and Vertical Angles, Meridians, Types of Horizontal angles, Azimuths, Bearing, Relationship between Bearings and Azimuths, Reverse Directions, Azimuth and Bearings computations, Magnetic Declination, Types of Compasses.
Theodolites :Introduction, Types of Theodolites, Temporary adjustments, Measurement of Horizontal and Vertical Angles, Prolonging a Straight Line, Permanent Adjustments.
Electronic Distance measurement: General, Principles of EDMI Operation, EDM Characteristics, EDM Accuracies, Geometry of EDM, Electro-Optical and Microwave Instruments, Total Stations.
Latitude and Departures, Computation of Error of Closure, and the accuracy of a Traverse, Traversing with Total Station Instruments, Rules of Adjustment, Effects of Traverse Adjustments on the original data, Computation of Omitted Measurements, Area of Closed Traverse by co-ordinate methods, Use of computer programs.
BASIC ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
Fundamentals of Electric Circuits:
Charge, Current of voltage and power, Voltage and current sources, Ohm’s Law
Voltage and Current Laws:
Nodes, Paths, Loops and branches, Kirchoff’s Current law, Kirchoff’s Votage Law, The single loop circuits, The single node-Pair Circuits, Series and Parallel Connected Independent Sources, Resistors in series and parallel, Voltage and Current Division.
Critical Analysis Techniques:
Multi Nodal, Analysis, The super Nodal, mech Analysis, The super Mesh, Linearity and Superposition, Source Transformations, Thevinin and NortonEquivalent Circuit, Maximum Power Transfer Delta Wye Conversion.
Capacitor, inductor, inductance and capacitance combination, The Source Free RL Circuit, Properties of Exponential Response, The Source Free RC Circuit.
On Line Diagram:
Symbols of different components, understanding of one line diagram from generation to the distribution end.
Operation Application of diode/transistor circuits and systems, fundamental concepts of amplifier and oscillators, Concepts of digital Electronics.
BASIC MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
Work, heat, open, closed and steady flow systems, thermodynamics properties and processes, absolute and guage pressure, pressure temperature and flow measurement
Laws of thermodynamics, equation of continuity, two phase systems, ideal gas, conservation of mass and energy, basic heat engine and refrigeration cycles.
Fundamentals of heat transfer, conduction, convection, radiation, thermal, conductivity, overall heat transfer coefficient.
Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC):
Introduction to HVAC components, heating and cooling load, comfort charts, outline of A/C, systems consideration for air-conditioning in building, natural ventilation, insulating materials.
Set and Functions:
Define rational, irrational and real numbers; rounding off a numerical value to specified number of decimal places or significant figures; solving quadratic and rational inequalities in involving modulus with graphical representation; Definition of set, set operations, Venn diagrams, DeMorgan’s laws, Cartesian product, Relation, Function and their types some well known functions. Limit of functions and continuous and discontinuous functions with graphical representation.
Argand diagram, De Moivre formula, root of polynomial equations, curve and regions in the complex plane, standard functions and their inverses (exponential, circular and Hyperbolic functions)
Differentiation and Successive differentiation and its application, Leibnitz theorem, Taylor and Maclaurin theorems with remainders in Cauchy and Lagrange form, power series, Taylor and Maclaurin series, L’ Hospitals’ rule, extreme values of a function of one variable using first and second derivative test, asymptotes of a function, curvature and radius of curvature of a curve, partial differentiation, exact differential and its application in computing errors, extreme values of a function of two variables with and without constraints, Solution of non linear equation using Newton Raphson method
Indefinite integrals and their computational techniques, reduction formulae, definite integrals and their convergence, Beta and Gamma functions and their identities, applications of integration, Centre of pressure and depth of centre of pressure
Sequence & Series:
Sequence, Infinite Series, Application of convergence tests such as comparison, Root, Ratio, Raabe's and Gauss tests on the behavior of series.
APPLIED CHEMISTRY FOR ENGINEERS
Law of Electrolysis, E.M.F. series, Corrosion, Types and theories of corrosion, Factors affecting rate of corrosion, Inhibition and protection, Corrosion of ceramics.
Water and Sewerage:
Sources of water, Impurities, Hardness, Water softening, Purification of water for portable and industrial purposes, Electro dialysis, Introduction to environmental pollution, Main sources and effects, Sewerage treatment.