Department of economics faculty of social sciences



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DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS
FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES

Syllabus

BSS (Honours)
Session: 2015-2016
JAGANNATH UNIVERSITY

Department of Economics

Jagannath University

Dhaka

Syllabus for B.S.S Honours (11th Batch)

Session: 2015-16

Important features of the semester system:

  1. Continuous evaluation of student’s performance.

  2. The flexibility to allow the student to progress his/her own pace depending on his/her ability or convenience, subject to the regulations on credit and minimum grade point average (GPA) requirements.

  3. Promotion of teacher-student contact.

Courses of study for Honours Degree in Economics shall extend over 4 academic years and shall be divided into 8 semesters. Total required earned credit is 131.

Number of semesters in an academic year: There will be 2 semesters (First semester and 2nd semester) in an academic year.

Duration of the semester: The duration of each semester other than final examination and grading will be of 19 working weeks which will be distributed as follows.

Classes: 13 weeks

Preparation time for semester final examination: 2 weeks.

Final Examination and grading: 4 weeks.

Assignment of Credit: One lecture hour per semester will be considered as one credit.

Semester Course Examination: The Semester Course Examination will have the following components:

Internal Evaluation:

A. 1st Mid-term Examination: 10 Marks

Duration – 1 hour.

B. 2nd Mid-term Examination: 10 Marks

Duration – 1 hour.

Both the examinations will be held before the Semester Final Examination.

C. The Semester Final Examination consisting 70 marks for all courses will be held after the completion of the number of effective working classes assigned for each theoretical course.

The distribution of marks will be as follows:


  1. Class attendance : 10%

  2. Mid-term examination (1st and 2nd ) : 20%

  3. Semester final examination : 70%

Total : 100%

The Grading System: A basic four-point grading scale will be followed. The following letter grades and corresponding grade-points will be used to semester the student’s grade-point average (GPA).

Numerical Grade

Letter Grade

Grade Point

80% or above

A+

4.00

75% to less than 80%

A

3.75

70% to less than 75%

A-

3.50

65% to less than 70%

B+

3.25

60% to less than 65%

B

3.00

55% to less than 60%

B-

2.75

50% to less than 55%

C+

2.50

45% to less than 50%

C

2.25

40% to less than 45%

D

2.00

Less than 40%

F

--

Calculation of GPA: Grade Point Average is the weighted average of the grade points obtained in all the courses passed/completed by a student. For example, if a student passes or completes four courses in a semester having credits C1, C2, C3, and C4 and his grade points in this course are G1, G2, G3, and G4 respectively, then

The Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) is computed by dividing the total grade points accumulated up to date by Total Credits points earned.



Jagannath University

Department of Economics

11th Batch (2015-16), BSS (Hons)

Summary of the offered courses and the distribution of marks and credit points
1st Year 1st Semester


Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Continuous Assessment

Course Final

Eco 1101

Principles of Microeconomics

30

70

100

3

Eco 1102

Mathematics for Economics-I

30

70

100

3

Eco 1103

Statistics for Economics –I

30

70

100

3

Eco 1104

Introduction to Sociology

30

70

100

3

Eco 1105

Basic English

30

70

100

3

Total =

500

15


1st Year 2nd Semester


Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Continuous Assessment

Course Final

Eco 1201

Principles of Macroeconomics

30

70

100

3

Eco 1202

Mathematics for Economics-I I

30

70

100

3

Eco 1203

Statistics for Economics –I I

30

70

100

3

Eco 1204

Introduction to Business

30

70

100

3

Eco 1205

Agriculture Economics

30

70

100

3

Eco 1206

Viva voce

--

--

50

2

Total =

550

17


2nd Year 1st Semester


Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Continuous Assessment

Course Final

Eco 2101

Microeconomics -I

30

70

100

3

Eco 2102

Mathematics for Economics- I I I

30

70

100

3

Eco 2103

Urban Economics

30

70

100

3

Eco 2104

Resource Economics

30

70

100

3

Eco 2105

Introduction to Computer

30

70

100

3

Total =

500

15


2nd Year 2nd Semester


Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Continuous Assessment

Course Final

Eco 2201

Macroeconomics- I

30

70

100

3

Eco 2202

Money and Banking

30

70

100

3

Eco 2203

International Economics- I

30

70

100

3

Eco 2204

Bangladesh Economy

30

70

100

3

Eco 2205

Comparative Economic Systems

30

70

100

3

Eco 2206

Viva voce

--

--

50

2

Total =

550

17


3rd Year 1st Semester


Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Continuous Assessment

Course Final

Eco 3101

International Economics- II

30

70

100

3

Eco 3102

Industrial Economics

30

70

100

3

Eco 3103

Public Finance

30

70

100

3

Eco 3104

Patterns of Economic Development

30

70

100

3

Eco 3105

Population Economics

30

70

100

3

Total =

500

15


3rd Year 2nd Semester


Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Continuous Assessment

Course Final

Eco 3201

Econometrics I

30

70

100

3

Eco 3202

Development Economics

30

70

100

3

Eco 3203

Financial Economics

30

70

100

3

Eco 3204

Transport Economics

30

70

100

3

Eco 3205

Economic Planning

30

70

100

3

Eco 3206

Viva voce

--

--

50

2

Total =

550

17


4th Year 1st Semester


Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Continuous Assessment

Course Final

Eco 4101

Microeconomics- II

30

70

100

3

Eco 4102

Economics of Poverty, Inequality and Gender

30

70

100

3

Eco 4103

Environmental Economics

30

70

100

3

Eco 4104

Research Methodology

30

70

100

3

Eco 4105

Project Appraisal and Management

30

70

100

3

Eco 4106

Econometrics II

30

70

100

3

Total =

600

18


4th Year 2nd Semester


Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Continuous Assessment

Course Final

Eco 4201

Macroeconomics II

30

70

100

3

Eco 4202

Health Economics

30

70

100

3

Eco 4203

Labor Economics

30

70

100

3

Eco 4204

History of Economic Thought

30

70

100

3

Eco 4205

Field Research & Report Writing

--

--

100

3

Eco 4206

Viva voce

--

--

50

2

Total =

550

17


1st Year 1st Semester



Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Total Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Attendance

Mid-Term

Course Final







Eco 1101

Principles of Microeconomics


10

10x2=20

70

100

3

CONTENTS




  1. Introduction: Definition of Economics, Two main branches of Economics, Positive and Normative Economics, Scope of Economics, Basic economic problems, Scarcity, Inputs and outputs, Production Possibility Frontier, Opportunity costs, Efficiency.

  2. Basic Elements of Demand and Supply: Demand schedule, Supply Schedule, Equilibrium of Demand and Supply, Mathematical representation for Demand, Supply and Market Equilibrium.

  3. Elasticity: Price Elasticity of Demand and Supply, Applications to major economic issues.

  4. Consumer Behavior: Choice and Utility Theory, Equimarginal Principle: Equal marginal utilities per dollar for every good, Substitution and Income effects, Market demand, Economics of addiction, Paradox of value, Consumer surplus, Geometric analysis of Consumer equilibrium.

  5. Production and Costs: Decision time frame, Short run technology constraint, Short run costs, Long run costs, Opportunity costs. Numerical Production Function, Law of Diminishing Marginal Product, Least-Cost factor combination for a given output.

  6. Basic concepts of market structure: Perfect and Imperfect.



REFERENCES

  1. Paul A. Samuelson and William D. Nordhaus : Economics, 18th edition, McGraw-Hill

  2. Michael Parkin : Microeconomics,5th edition, Addison-Wesley.

  3. N. Gregory Mankiw : Principles of Microeconomics, 4th edition, Cengage Learning.






Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Total Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Attendance

Mid-Term

Course Final







Econ 11 02

Mathematics for Economics-I

10

10x2=20

70

100

3

CONTENTS




    1. Basic concepts: Nature of Mathematical Economics, Mathematical Symbols and Constants; Real Number, Variables, Equations, etc.

    2. Functions and Graphs: Concept of function; its classification and types; the graphs of functions linear; quadratic and cubic functions; homogenous function; inverse function; logarithmic and exponential function; Limit and continuity; Limit theorems and their application

    3. Set theory: Definitions (Set,Element, Finite, Infinite, null, unique, equal, equivalence, subset, comparabilit, disjoint,power and universal), Venn Diagram, Representation of sets, Basic operations, De Morgan’s Law, Idempotent law, Identity law, Partition of set.

    4. Elementary Static analysis: Meaning of equilibrium, equilibrium partial market, general market and national income analysis.

    5. Elementary differential calculus: Derivation. Slope of curvilinear function, differentiation, Higher order derivatives, concavity, convexity, curve sketching, inflection point, partial derivative, total differential, partial differential, total derivative, implicit and inverse function rule, differentiation of logarithmic and exponential functions.

    6. Application of Derivatives: Slope of functions; increasing and decreasing functions; concavity and convexity of functions; elasticities; maxima, minima and point of inflection; marginal functions; profit maximization under perfect competition; monopoly.




REFERENCE




  1. Alpha C Chiang: Fundamental Methods of Mathematical Economics, 2nd edition or 3rd edition

  2. T Yamane: Mathematics for Economists

  3. E T Dowling: Introduction to mathematical economics, Latest edition




Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Total Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Attendance

Mid-Term

Course Final

Econ 11 03

Statistics for Economics –I

10

10x2=20

70

100

3

CONTENTS




  1. Introduction: Statistics, population and sample, discrete and continuous variables, scope of statistics.




  1. Data and Presentation of data: Types of data, merits and demerits of various kinds of data, collection of data, Classification of data, Formation of frequency distribution table and graph, types of diagrams: Bar diagram, pie chart, Histogram, frequency polygon and ogive etc.



  1. Measures of Central tendency: Mean, median, mode, arithmetic mean, geometric mean, harmonic mean, quartiles, deciles and percentiles.




  1. Measures of dispersion: Significance of study of dispersion, range, mean deviation, variance and standard deviation, coefficient of variation, skewness and Pearson’s coefficient of skewness, moments and measure of moments, and kurtosis.



  1. Index Numbers: Uses and construction of index numbers, Weighted-unweighted index, Laspeyers’ index, Paasche’s index, Fisher’s index, value index, consumer price index, special-purpose index.




  1. Correlation Analysis: Coefficient of correlation, Properties of co-efficient of correlation, Types of correlation, Scatter diagram, co-efficient of determination, Karl Pearson’s co-efficient of correlation, Spearman’s rank correlation.




REFERENCE




  1. Douglas A. Lind, William G. Marchal and Robert D. Mason: Statistical Techniques in Business and Economics.

  2. Frederick L. Coolidge: Statistics: A Gentle Introduction

  3. M.R Speigel : Theory and problems of statistics

  4. T. Yamane: Statistics for Economics

  5. R. S. N Pillai and V. Bagavathi: Statistics






Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Total Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Attendance

Mid-Term

Course Final







Eco 1104

Introduction to Sociology

10

10x2=20

70

100

3

CONTENTS




  1. Basic Concepts of Sociology: Nature of Society, Social Relationship, Groups, Family, Marriage, Religion, Institutions, Socialization, Norms and Values, Culture and Social Control.

  2. Social Structure and Social Change: Social Systems, Socio-Economic Formation, Stages of Growth of Society, Primitive, Pastoral, Agricultural, Industrial, Social Stratification and Classes. Changes and Progress, Modernization and Development.

  3. The Sociology of The Economy: Organization, Institution, The Foundations of Political Economy, Marx’s Critique of Political Economy.

  4. Socio-economic Problems: Illiteracy, Poverty, Unemployment, Crime, Corruption and Nepotism, Terror, Gender Discrimination, Violence, Dowry, Beggary, Drug Addiction, Prostitution, Cultural Conflict, Urbanization and Industrialization, Student Unrest and Youth Unrest, Male Domination, Problems in Family and Generation Gap.

  5. Reformation: Social Reformation, Political Reformation, Economic Reformation, Ideological Reformation, Administrative Reformation, Educational Reformation, Business Reformation.

  6. The Rise of The Market: After Thoughts on Material Civilization and Capitalism, Theory of Market Transition, Market as Institution.

  7. Society and Culture of Bangladesh: Society up to 1947, Pakistan Period, Bangladesh Period, Ethnic Identities.



REFERENCES

1. Hughes, Michael & Kroehler: Sociology- The core, 8th Edition, McGraw-Hill,2008.

2. Richard Swedberg :Principles of Economic Sociology, Princeton Education,2005.

3. Smelser, Neil J: The sociology of Economic Life, New Delhi, Prentice –Hall of India,1998.



4.Alejaendro Portes; Economic Sociology :A systematic Inquiry.



Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Total Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Attendance

Mid-Term

Course Final







Eco 1105

Basic English

10

10x2=20

70

100

3

CONTENTS



  1. Reading and Understanding: Comprehension from an unseen passage

  2. Grammar: Use of right form of verbs, Use of articles, Use of appropriate preposition, Transformation of sentences, Idioms and Phrases, Correction of Sentences, Framing WH questions, Communicating English(Notions/Functions), Voice change, Structure.

  3. Writing Skill: Paragraph writing (Principles and types), Essay Writing, Letter Writing (personal, Social, Official, Commercial and Diplomatic), Translation: English to Bengali, Bengali to English.

  4. Phonetics: IPA Symbols, Vocabulary: Suffix, Prefix.




REFERENCES




  1. Sadruddin Ahmed, PhD : Learning English the easy way

  2. A. J Thomson and A.V Martinet : A practical English Grammar

  3. Murphy, R: Intermediate English Grammar

  4. A. S Hornby: Guide to Patterns and Usage of English

  5. A.S .Hornby: Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary

  6. Barnet Stubbs : Practical guide to writing

  7. Imhoof, M : From Paragraph to Essay.



1st Year 2nd Semester

Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Total Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Attendance

Mid-Term

Course Final







Eco 1201

Principles of Macroeconomics

10

10x2=20

70

100

3

CONTENTS




  1. Basic concepts of Macroeconomics: the background of macroeconomic theory, Relationship between Macroeconomics and Microeconomics. Its objectives, indicators and instruments. Stock and Flow variables, Statics, comparative statics and dynamics.

  2. Propensity of Consumption and Saving : Meaning, Factors Influencing Consumption, Cross section consumption function, time series consumption function, APC, MPC, characteristics of APC and MPC, Short run consumption function , Long run Consumption function and their propensities, reasons of shifting of the consumption function, causes of the differences between short run and long run consumption function, importance, Keynes’ absolute income hypothesis. Savings: Definition of Saving and Saving function, Determent of Average Propensity of Saving (APS), Marginal Propensity of Saving (MPS), Relationship between: Consumption and Saving, APC & APS, MPC & MPS.

  3. Investment: Meaning of Investment, Types of Investment, Importance of Investment, Factor Affecting Investment, Marginal Efficiency of Capital: Meaning, Investment demand Curve, The position and shape of the MEC curve, Shifts in MEC, Role of Business Expectations in determining MEC, Factors Influencing Expectations, Theory of secular Stagnation, Investment and the Level of income.

  4. The Full-Employment and Un-Employment Macroeconomics: Macroeconomic Equilibrium; The Labor Market; The Product Market; The Capital Market; The General Equilibrium; Extending the Basic Full-Employment Model; Quantifying Impacts on Investment of Increased Government Expenditures Method by Increased Taxes; The Deficit; The Trade deficit




REFERENCES

1. R. Dornbusch and S. Fischer : Macroeconomics

2. M. Ponkin: Macroeconomics.

3. G. Mankiw: Macroeconomics

4. Rosor Arnold: Principle of Economics.

5. Shaprio, Dornbusch and Fisher : Macro Economic Theory

6. Olivier Blanchard: Macroeconomics



7. Wonnacot/Wannacot: Economics




Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Total Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Attendance

Mid-Term

Course Final







Econ 12 02

Mathematics for Economics-I I

10

10x2=20

70

100

3

CONTENTS



  1. Review of derivatives: Partial and total. Total differentiation.

  2. Optimization: Optimum values and extreme values. Relative extrema. 1st and 2nd derivative test,N-th derivative test. Optimization of multivariable function. The differential version. Quadratic forms. optimization with equality constraints, The lagrange multiplier

  3. Constrained Maximization and Minimization: Utility maximization and derivation of demand functions; cost minimization.

  4. Integration : Definition and types, Concept of integration, Integral calculus, Rules of integration, Identification and indefinite and definite integration, Integration by substitution and parts, Area under a curve.

  5. Application of integration in Economics: Marginal function and total function, Domar growth model, Demand function via elasticity of demand, Consumer surplus and producer surplus for welfare measurement, Consumption function and saving function via MPC and MPS.

  6. Linear Algebra in Matrix and Determinant: Matrix, Vectors. Definition, Properties and different types of Matrix. Some basic operation of Matrix (Ad joint, co factor, Inverse, sum and subtraction, Multiplication, Scalar Multiplication) Communicative, associative and distributive law. Determinants, Cramer’s rule, Jacobean, Hessian, Rank of a Matrix.

  7. Uses of Matrix in Economics: Equation system, market model, national income model, IS-LM model, input output model.

REFERENCE




  1. Alpha C Chiang: Fundamental Methods of Mathematical Economics, 2nd edition or 3rd edition

  2. T Yamane: Mathematics for Economists

  3. E T Dowling: Introduction to mathematical economics, Latest edition




Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Total Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Attendance

Mid-Term

Course Final







Econ 1203

Statistics for Economics –I I

10

10x2=20

70

100

3

CONTENTS




  1. Probability theory: Definition of probability, approaches to probability, basic rules of probability, conditional probability, joint and marginal probability, Bayes’ Theorem.




  1. Probability distributions: Probability distribution of discrete and continuous random variables, binomial and Poission distributions, relation between binomial and Poisson distribution, uniform distribution, normal distribution.



  1. Elementary sampling theory: Definition of population and sample and their differences, handling large and small samples, probability and non-probability sample, sampling error, Simple Random Sampling, stratified random sampling, systematic random sampling, cluster sampling, sampling distribution of sample mean, central limit theorem, student’s t-distribution.



  1. Statistical decision theory and test of hypothesis: Statistical hypotheses, Type-I and Type-II errors, level of significance, one-tailed and two-tailed tests, tests involving normal distribution and binomial distribution.



  1. Small sample theory: Definition, distribution, Chi-square test, t-test , F test, Chi- square test for goodness of fit, confidence intervals.



  1. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA): ANOVA assumptions, ANOVA test, one-way and two-way ANOVA, F distribution.




  1. Regression analysis: Definition, regression equation, estimation of regression line and regression coefficient, least squares principle, assumptions underlying linear regression, differences between correlation and regression analysis.




REFERENCE

  1. Douglas A. Lind, William G. Marchal and Robert D. Mason: Statistical Techniques in Business and Economics.

  2. S.P Gupta and M. P Gupta. 2012, Business Statistics, Sultan Chand & Sons

  3. M.R Speigel. 1995, Theory and problems of statistics, Mcgraw-Hill

  4. T. Yamane: Statistics for Economics

  5. P.S Mann: Statistics

  6. Islam M.N: Introduction to Statistics and Probability.

  7. P.S. Mann: Statistics.






Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Total Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Attendance

Mid-Term

Course Final

Econ 1204

Introduction to Business

10

10x2=20

70

100

3

CONTENTS




  1. Business Organisation: Definition of business/ firm. Types of business: sole trader; partnership; private and public limited companies; holding companies, multinational companies. Product, business and human life cycle

  2. Sources of Finance for Businesses: The need for funds. Internal sources of funds: Profit, depreciation, amortisation and sale of assets. External(long term) sources of funds: Share capital; ordinary shares, the ways in which new shares may be made available to investors, common stocks, preference shares, deferred shares; loan capital: debentures, mortgage, industrial loan, bonds; venture capital and government assistance. External short term sources of funds: Bank overdraft, bank loan, hire purchase, trade credit, leasing, debt factoring, trade bills. Factors affecting choice of finance.

  3. Uses of Funds: Fixed assets: tangible assets, intangible assets (goodwill, patents, copyrights and trademark. Research and Development, Brand development); investment in financial assets. Subsidiary and associated companies, holding companies. Current assets: Stocks, works-in-progress, receivables from debtors, cash at bank, cash in hand; investment. Liquidity/ reserves.

  4. Financial Statements: Different ways of calculating depreciation, Preparation of financial statements, Interpretations of various items contained in the accounts, The uses of balance sheet, limitations of balance sheet.

  5. The profit and loss account: The nature of profit (retained, distributed to the owners of the company, used to pay). How to prepare profit and loss account for sole traders, partnerships, limited companies. Interpretations of various items contained in the accounts.

  6. Working capital: Meaning of working capital. Working capital problems. The working capital cycle, management of working capital. Sources of liquidity problems. Resolving a liquidity crisis.

  7. Ratio analysis: What are ratios? Types of ratios and their users. Limitations to ratio analysis.

  8. Financial Market: Definition, Role of financial market, Classification of financial market: Capital market & money market. Characteristics of capital market & money market, Institutions of capital market & money market, Instruments of capital market & money Market, The division of capital market: primary market & secondary market, The direct and indirect roles of the stock market. The securities market in Bangladesh: Securities & Exchange Commission, Dhaka Stock Exchange, Investment Corporation of Bangladesh. Mutual funds, their issuers and the role of mutual funds in business. Insurance companies and their role in business. Pension funds and their role in business. Issuing houses and their role in business. Commercial banks and their role in business.

REFERENCE




  1. Understanding Business. Nickels. Mcltugh and Mc Hugh. Mc. Grow Hill

  2. Business for the 21st century. Skinner and Ivancevich.

  3. Introduction to Business. Jeff Madura.






Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Total Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Attendance

Mid-Term

Course Final

Eco 1205

Agriculture Economics

10

10x2=20

70

100

3

CONTENTS

  1. Introduction: Definition of agricultural economics, as a discipline in economics, importance of land, role of institutional factors and role of government.

  2. Structure and characteristics of traditional agriculture: Basic features of traditional agriculture, development in traditional agriculture, lessons from traditional agriculture.

  3. Contribution of agriculture to economic development: product contribution, factor contribution, market contribution and their relative importance, importance of agriculture for industrial development.

  4. The dual economy models: Nature of the dual economy models, the lewis model, the Fei-ranis model and the jorgension model.

  5. Types of farming: capitalist or private farming, cooperative farming, collective farming, share cropping.

  6. Agricultural finance: importance of agricultural credit, sources of agricultural credit: institutional and non institutional, functions of rural money market in LDC’s

  7. Land reform: definition, objectives of land reform, features of past and modern land reforms, difficulties of implementing land reform.

  8. Marketing: role of agricultural marketing,: marketing functions and market structure, market intelligence, imperfection of agricultural marketing in LDCs

  9. Supply Response in Agriculture: concept of supply response, analysis of supply response, evidence of supply response in the LDC’s

  10. Role of government: Rationale for government intervention in agriculture. protections of farmer’s income, price support and input subsidy, a comparative study.

  11. Agricultural subsidy and developing country

REFERENCES

  1. Ghatak and Ingersent: Agriculture and economic development

  2. Hill And Ingersent : Economic analysis for agriculture

  3. Mellor: Economics of Agricultural Development

  4. Southworth and Johnson: Agricultural Development

  5. Frank Ellis: Agricultural Economics.



Course Code

Course Title

Total Marks

Total Credits

Eco 1206

Viva Voce

50

2


2nd Year 1st Semester

Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Total Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Attendance

Mid-Term

Course Final

Eco 2101

Microeconomics -I


10

10x2=20

70

100

3

CONTENTS




  1. Consumer behavior theory: The utility concept, Cardinal & ordinal utility: Indifference curve analysis, properties of indifference curve, budget constraint, optimizing behavior of consumer’s equilibrium. Price consumption curve, Derivation of demand curve, Income consumption curve and Engel curve. Price effect, Income effect and Substitution effect (Slustky‘s and Hicksian version )

  2. Market structure: Features and conditions of perfect short run and long run equilibrium of the firm and industry, shut down condition, resource allocation and economic efficiency in P.C. Monopoly & elasticity. Reasons of emergence of monopoly, Single price Monopolist, price discrimination, inefficiency of monopoly, control of monopoly, comparison between monopoly &perfect Competition.·         Natural Monopoly, price discrimination in monopoly. Monopolistic competition, Product differentiation.

  3. The theory of production: production function, stages of production, technological constraints, Cost function, Iso-quant, Iso-cost, Optimizing behavior, producer’s equilibrium, Input demand function, Expansion path, Homogenous and non homogenous production function. Properties of Cobb Douglas and CES production function.

  4. Duopoly and oligopoly (Cournot-Stackelberg model, Nash Market share and Kinked demand curve solution)

  5. Markets for factor of production: The marginal productivity theory of distribution, Determination of Factor prices-rent. Wages, interest and profit. Monopsony, Oligopoly and Bilateral monopoly.




REFERENCES

  1. R.G Lipsey & K. A Chrystal: Economics, 10th edition

  2. P. A Samuelson & W D Nordhaus: Economics 17th edition

  3. J E Stiglitz: Principles of Economics, 2nd Edition, 1997

  4. M Parkin: Microeconomics,6th Edition,2003

  5. Schaum’s: Micro Economic theory

  6. H.R. Varian: Intermediate Microeconomics.



Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Total Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Attendance

Mid-Term

Course Final







Eco 2102

Mathematics for Economics- I I I

10

10x2=20

70

100

3

CONTENTS




  1. Differential equation: Definition and classification-formation of differential equation,; order and degree of differential equations; Solutions of homogenous and non-homogenous differential equation. Exact differential equation, convergence of equilibrium, Dynamics of market price- time path of price, Dynamic stability of equilibrium; Applications of differential equations in economics.

  2. Difference equation: Definitions and concept- General and definite solution of first order linear difference equation, second order difference equations- the dynamic stability of equilibrium,-convergence to equilibrium; Cobweb market model; a market model with inventory- lagged income determination model; Applications of difference equation in economics.

  3. Optimal control theory: Static vs dynamic optimization, the maximum principle, optimization problem involving discounting, infinite time horizon problem, the current value Hamiltonian, free terminal time problems, constructing phase diagram.

  4. Calculation of variations

  5. Mathematical programming: Linear programming-simplex method, duality; non-linear programming-graphical solutions, Kuhn-Tucker condition.



REFERENCES

  1. Alpha C Chiang: Fundamental Methods of Mathematical Economics, 2nd edition or 3rd edition

  2. Michael Hoy et.al: Mathematics for Economics

  3. E T Dowling: Introduction to mathematical economics, Latest edition

  4. Dc Sancheti, Vk Kapoor: Business Mathematics






Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Total Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Attendance

Mid-Term

Course Final







Eco 2103

Urban Economics

10

10x2=20

70

100

3

CONTENTS

  1. Introduction: Some commonly used Concepts and Terms: What is Urban Economics? Major Components of urban economics. What is Urban Area? Market forces-land rent and land use within cities.

  2. Market Forces in the Development of Cities : Comparatives advantages of cities, urban development, trade and transport cost, economics and urbanization economics, shopping externalities, imperfect substitutes and complementary goods, retail clusters; various local input costs, role of government in the location of cities, how competition among firms leads to the development of hierarchical system of cities

  3. Urban Economic Growth: Urban labour market and economic growth; demand and supply sources of urban labour, economic base and predicting urban economic growth, economic base and input output analysis limitations

  4. Land Rent, Urban Land Use, Controls and Zoning: Urban land rent and accessibility, land use in the mono centric city, rent functions of manufacturers office, residential agriculture income, different trade offs, Land use control, land use zoning, types and market effects, puissance fiscal and design zoning city without zoning legal basis for zoning

  5. Urban and Economic Development with Special Reference to Bangladesh: Economic factors and environments that are responsible for urbanization; the prerequisites of urbanization; factors that initiate and ensure continuity of urbanization process; differences in the growth pattern of urbanization in the advanced economy and developing economy; political economy of urbanization; world urban order hierarchy

  6. Urban Land Market: Economic and spatial relations within an urban area; Theories of urban land market; the peculiarity of urban rent and land use; various models and also interventions; government land controls and zooming political economy of urban land

  7. Urban Hosing Market: Economics of Housing production, urban housing conditions, demand and supply of housing, residential location decisions housing models, urban housing market imperfections and various sub-systems of housing

8. Urban Transportation: Interrelationships between Transportation and other Urban Markets; Demand for Urban Transportation and Services.

9. Urban Labour Market: Nature and Characteristics of Urban Labour Market, Urban Labour Market Inefficiencies, Informal Labour Market and Nature of Employment

10. Urban Poverty: Nature and Extent of Poverty, Various Strategies the Urban Poor Adapt to Survive and its Fall Out, Policy Implications.


REFERENCES

1. Arthr, O ‘Sullivan : Urban Economics.

2. Segal David : Urban Economics

3. Edwin S Mills and Bruce W Hamilton : Urban Economics.

4. Harry W Richardson : Urban Economics, Penguin.

5. Werner Z. Hirsch : Urban Economics Analysis.

6. Short J. R. : The Urban Order.






Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Total Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Attendance

Mid-Term

Course Final

Eco 2104

Resource Economics

10

10x2=20

70

100

3

CONTENTS

  1. Introduction: ecosystem definition and ecosystem condition, resource and environment relationship, natural environment as resource supplier, eco-feminism.

  2. Theory of commons, market failure, public goods, externality.

  3. Economics of natural resources to open access and common property resource, renewable resources – introduction, growth curves, rate exploitation, cost and revenues: Exhaustible resources – introduction, fundamental principles of resource use, an exposition of optimal resource use, resource prices; measuring and mitigating natural resource scarcity.

  4. Environment as waste assimilator of resource use: degradation through pollution and depletion, the economics of pollution.

  5. Land resources: land scarcity, competing use of land in Bangladesh, urban and rural scene, land degradation and land management.

  6. Water resources: sources of surface water in Bangladesh, use of water resource – surface and ground water, problems of water pollution. Environmental aspects of water development projects in Bangladesh.

  7. Fish resource: fish resource of Bangladesh – sources and types, fisheries and environment, fish resource management.

  8. Forest resource: the forest resource base in Bangladesh, spatial distribution, problems of degradation, conservation strategies.

  9. Energy resource: convention and non-conventional sources, availability and use in Bangladesh, energy use, environmental degradation. Strategies for conservation and use.

REFERENCES

  1. Q.K Ahmed and K.B.S. Rashid (eds.): Resources, Environment and Development in Bangladesh, Academic Publishers, Dhaka. 1994.

  2. Anthony C. Fisher – Resources and Environmental Economics. CUP. 1981.

  3. Oliver S. Owen – Natural Resource Conservation and Ecological Approach. 1980.

  4. A.J. Harrison Economics and Landless Planning.

  5. Ian Carrathers and Collin Clark – The Economics of Irrigation, ELBS. 1983.

  6. Phillip A Neher – Natural Resource Economics: Conservation and Exploitation.

  7. UNDP – Bangladesh Agriculture Sector Review, Compendium, Vol. III, UNDP.

  8. A Jabbar – Bangladesh Poshu Sampad Unnayan Niti Abong Koushal, BARD and ARC.

  9. Government of Bangladesh – Five Year Plans.

  10. M. Howes – Who’s Water?

  11. Ministry of IWD and FC – National Water Plans – Phase I and II.

  12. Zilladon – Pond Fishing.

  13. Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD): A Review of Bangladesh’s Development. 1997.

  14. David W Pearce and R.K. Turner: Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment.

  15. Government of Bangladesh: Report of the Task Force on Bangladesh Development Strategies for the 1990s, Vols. I-IV, UPL.

  16. Jahangir Alam: Livestock Resources of Bangladesh, UPL, 1995.

  17. A Rahman and others (eds.): Environment and Development in Bangladesh, Vols. I and II, 1994, UPL

  18. P.D. Sharma: Ecology and Environment, Bastogi Publications, India, 1997.

  19. T. Tietenberg: Environmental Economics.



Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Total Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Attendance

Mid-Term

Course Final

Eco 2105

Introduction to Computer

10

10x2=20

70

100

3

CONTENTS

  1. Computer: Types of Computer, Working Structure of Computer, Hardware and Software, Input and Output Device, Operating Systems.

  2. Microprocessor: Past, Present and Future of Microprocessor, Development of Microprocessor, Internal Structure of Microprocessor, CISC versus RISC, Power Source of Microprocessor, Techniques for Increasing the Power of Microprocessor, Cache Memory, Clock Multiplying, Pipelining, Branch Prediction.

  3. Windows: Advantage of Windows, Types of Windows, Division of Windows Program, Multi Tasking Working System, Application Windows and Document Windows, Hardware and Software Required for Windows, Starting Windows, Common Menu Commands, Sharing Data in Open Windows.

  4. MS-Word: Title Bars, Tool Bars, Align Left, Align Right, Center, Justify, Cut, Copy, Paste, Redo, Undo, Bold, Italic, Underline, Font, Font Size, New Blank Document, Save, Zoom, Print Preview, Open, Drawing, Menu Bars, All the Essential Functions of File, Edit, View, Insert, Format, Tools and Table.

  5. Microsoft Excel: Starting Excel, Exit from Excel. Introduction to Excel Screen: Title Bar, Menu Bar, Tool Bar, Cell, Cell Address, Column Heading Bar, Row Heading Bar, Formula Bar. Opening a File, Setup Page, Adjusting Worksheet to Page, Adding Extra Column & Extra Row, Calculating Summation, Subtraction & Average, Counting Cells, Creating Chart.

  6. Software: Concepts and meaning, System Software and Application Software, Computer Virus and Anti-Virus, E-mail, Network, Internet, Computer and Globalization.

7. Significance of Information Systems (IS): Importance of IS in Business, How Do IS Help Managers? Information Technology, Components of IS, Information System Functions, Benefits of IS.

8. Access to World Wide Web (www): Getting connected to web; storing favorite websites; major gateways for online economic literature and data.

9. E-Business Systems: Concepts, Marketing Systems, Manufacturing Systems, Human Resource

Development Systems, Accounting Systems, Financial Management Systems.



REFERENCES

1. Cripps, Martin, Introduction to Computer Hardware.
2. Mursil, Pual W & Smith, Crecill L., Introduction to Computer Science.
3. Porat Arpad Barna Dan L, Introduction to Microcomputers and Microprocessor.
4. Sina, Pradeep K., Computer Fundamentals.
5. P J Davies and N.G. Backhurst, Exploiting MS-DOS.
6. Choudhury, Tariqul Islam, Internet E-mail
7. Rahman, Lutfar & Shahid Hasan, Computer Science
8. Rahman, Lutfar & Md. Alamgir, Modern Computer.


2nd Year 2nd Semester


Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Total Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Attendance

Mid-Term

Course Final

Eco 2201

Macroeconomics- I


10

10x2=20

70

100

3

CONTENTS



  1. Overview of Classical and Keynesian Model: Comparison between assumptions and output determinations.

  2. Labor Market , Aggregate supply, Aggregate demand, effects of monetary expansion, Decrease in the budget deficit

  3. Unemployment and Inflation: measurement of unemployment, Natural rate of unemployment, policy concern regarding unemployment, cost –Push and Demand Pull Inflation, , costs of inflation, control of inflation, Disinflation and sacrifice ratio, Rational Expectation and painless disinflation.

  4. Introduction to theories of Business Fluctuation: Anatomy of Business Cycles, Early Monetary theories of business cycle, Keynesian theory of Business cycle

  5. The Philips curve: Phillips curve and trade-off in output.

  6. IS-LM Curve analysis.

  7. Consumption theory.



REFERENCES

1. Gregory Mankew: Macroeconomics

2. Olivier Blanchard: Macroeconomics

3. Shaprio, Dornbusch and Fisher : Macro Economic Theory

4. McDougal and Dernberg: Macroeconomics

5. M.C Vesh, macroeconomics theory

6. R. Dornbusch and S. Fischer : Macroeconomics 6th ed. McGraw-Hill, 1994

7. W.J. Branson : Macroeconomic theory and policy

8. M. A. Taslim : Macroeconomics

9. Froyen: Macroeconomics: Theory and Policy







Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Total Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Attendance

Mid-Term

Course Final







Eco 2202

Money and Banking

10

10x2=20

70

100

3

CONTENTS




  1. The Function and Forms of Money: Definition of money; functions of money; importance of money; kinds of money-commodity standards; fiat standards; deposit money; near money;

  2. The Demand for Money: Keynesian Theory- Transactions, Precautionary, Speculative Demand, Baumol- Tobin Model.

  3. The Supply of Money: Open Market Operation, Money Multiplier, Currency Ratio, Reserve Ratio, Process of Money Creation.

  4. Tools of the Monetary Authority: Open Market Operations, Discount Policy, Reserve Requirements.

  5. Conduct of Monetary Policy: The Appropriate Goals and Targets of Monetary Policy. Monetary Policy of Bangladesh

6. Commercial Banking: Concept of balance sheet of a commercial bank; items of a balance sheet; portfolio management of commercial banks- risk-return indifference curves; the mean- variance portfolio; portfolio theory and financial intermediaries; Online balking.

7. Central Banking: Functions of central banks; objectives of monetary policy; the goals of central banking; central banking in an underdeveloped country.



8. Development Banking: Problems of formation and operation of development banks.



REFERENCES




  1. Mishkin, Frederick, The Economics of Money, Banking, and Financial Markets, 8th edition, Harper Collins.

  2. Campbell and Campbell: An introduction to Money and Banking,5th edition






Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Total Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Attendance

Mid-Term

Course Final







Eco 2203

International Economics- I

10

10x2=20

70

100

3

CONTENTS




  1. Basic concepts: Meaning of International Economics, Reasons for Undertaking International Economics as a Separate Study, Distinction between Interregional and International Trade.



  1. Trade Theory: Adam Smith absolute advantage theory, Ricardian Theory- Principle of Comparative Advantage, Gains from Trade, Heckscher-Ohlin Theory, Factor Price Equalization.




  1. Trade and Welfare: Consumption and Production Gains from Trade, Definition and Derivation of Offer Curve, Trading Equilibrium, Concepts of Terms of Trade and Importance of Their Movements for Changes in Welfare.




  1. Trade Policy: Tariffs and Their Welfare Effects, Equivalence of a Tariff and Quota, Relative Efficiency of Tariff, Quota and Subsidy in Providing Protection, Concept and Determination of Optimum Tariff, Infant Industry Argument for Protection.




  1. Imperfect competition & trade: Monopolistic Competitions and trade relations.




  1. Balance of Payments Concepts: Principles of Balance of Payments Accounting, Various Balances and Disequilibrium in Balance of Payments, Concept of Equilibrium Foreign Exchange Rates, Analysis of the Determination of Equilibrium Rate of Exchange.




  1. Balance of Payments Adjustment: Methods – Variations in External Prices Through Exchange Rate Changes, Variations in Internal Prices Under Fixed Exchange Rate and Variations in National Income, Theories – Elasticity and Absorption Approaches.




REFERENCES




  1. Krugman and Obstfeld : International Economics

  2. Miltiades Chacholiades, International Economics, McGraw – Hill, 1990 or later edition.

  3. Bo Soderesten: International Economics

  4. Dennies Appleyard and Alfred Field, International Economics, 4th Edition, McGraw – Hill, 2001 or later edition.

  5. Dominick Salvatore: International Economics






Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Total Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Attendance

Mid-Term

Course Final







Eco 2204

Bangladesh Economy

10

10x2=20

70

100

3

CONTENTS

  1. Overview of Bangladesh Economic Sectors : Economic and non-economic sectors in Bangladesh, characteristics of Bangladesh Economy: natural resource: major economic natural resources and region wise availability, power and energy resources of Bangladesh,




  1. Growth and Structural Change: Population growth, labor force and its distribution, GDP growth and per capital income, structure and composition of GDP, macroeconomic changes since independence.



  1. Agricultural Sector: Definition, structure and growth of agriculture and its importance in the national economy, the resource base and the production organization, factors behind growth, agricultural asset distribution, agricultural credit performance, co-operative strategies for development, changes in agricultural policies, green revolution and its impact.




  1. Industrial Sector: Definition, structure and growth of industries, categories of industries: large, small and cottage industries, comparison of different industries, the public and private sector, experiences with nationalization, de-nationalization and privatization, growth performance of RMG sector since independence, factors behind faster growth and factors of competitiveness of RMG products in the global market.



  1. External Sector: Exports: growth and composition, imports: growth and composition, balance of payments and foreign exchange reserves, trends of FDI inflow, role of FDI and influencing factors of FDI inflow in Bangladesh, foreign aid and its classification, trends and nature of foreign aid in Bangladesh, effectiveness of foreign aid in economic development of Bangladesh, remittance: trends of inflow, source and its utilization in Bangladesh.




  1. Economic Planning: Seven five year plan, PRSP (Features, problems and effectiveness), social safetyness program, Annual Development Program (ADP). Classification, characteristics, year wise comparison and analysis. MDGs SDG and Bangladesh.

REFERENCES




  1. A. R Khan: The strategy of development in Bangladesh, Memllan 1989.

  2. Hossain, M: Green Revolution in Bangladesh. University press Limited, Dhaka. 1989.

  3. M. Hossain and A. R Khan: Strategies for Economic Development of Bangladesh.

  4. N. Islam: Development Planning in Bangladesh

  5. Faaland & Parkinson: Bangladesh A test case of Development.






Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Total Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Attendance

Mid-Term

Course Final







Eco 2205

Comparative Economic Systems

10

10x2=20

70

100

3

CONTENTS

  1. Subject Matter and Methodology: Concept of economic systems and socio-economic formations, Economic interpretation of history.

  2. Pre-capitalist Modes of Production: Primitive Communal Economy, Economy of Slavery, Feudal Economic System.

  3. Capitalistic Mode of Production
    3.1: Pre-Monopoly Capitalism

Commodity and money, Theory of value (classical and radical views), Conversion of money into capital, General theory of capital, Theory of surplus value: Absolute and relative surplus value, Wage: Essence and forms, Law of accumulation. Metamorphosis and circuit of capital, Composition of capital: Constant and variable, fixed and circulatory, Theory of reproduction (simple and extended), Transformation of surplus value into profit, rent and interest.
3.2: Monopoly Capitalism/Economy of Imperialism

Emergence of monopoly capitalism, The features of monopoly capitalism, Neo-colonialism, Globalization.



  1. Socialistic Mode of Production

Transition period from capitalism to socialism, Forms of property in socialism, Money commodity relations in socialism, Principles of planning in socialism.

5. History of Socialist Development



5.1 Soviet Economic Development since 1917

War communism, New Economic Policy, Industrialization debate, Collectivization of agriculture, Five year plans.

5.2 Chinese Economic History since 1949 Revolution

Rehabilitation period, First five year plan, Collectivization of agriculture, People’s Commune and Great Leap Forward, Cultural revolution, Economic reforms since 1978.



REFERENCES

  1. Burkitt Brian, Radical Political Economy: An introduction to the alternative Economics.

  2. Ilyin and Metylev, What is Political Economy?

  3. Fusfeld D., The Age of the Economist

  4. Kozlow, Political Economy of Capitalism

  5. Abalkin, Short Course on Political Economy

  6. Ryndina, Fundamentals of Political Economy

  7. Kulmov AlexanderPolitical Economy

  8. Seligman B (ed.), Basis of Political Economy

  9. Mendel Ernest, Political Economy of Capitalism

  10. Korovkin Feodor, Ancient Age

  11. Agibalova, Y. and Donskoy, G, History of the Middle Ages.

  12. Barkat A, “On Asiatic Mode of Production”, Dhaka University Studies: Vishwa Vidyalaya Patrika, Vol. XXII, June 1985; Vol. XXVI, October 1986: Vol. XXVII, February 1987.

  13. Schumpeter, History of Economic Analysis 

  14. Sen A.K., Development as Freedom

  15. Marx K, Contribution of the Critique of Political Economy (Preface) 

  16. Marx K, Capital

  17. Marx K, Pre Capitalist Economic Formations (GRUNDRISSE).

  18. Engels F, Anti-Duhring 

  19. Lenin VI,  Imperialism – the Highest Stage of Capitalism

  20. Bernal JD,  Science in History

  21. Ankin A, Science in its Youth

  22. Ankin A, The Yellow Devil – Gold and Capitalism

  23. Dobb, Maurice, Soviet Economic Development since 1917

  24. Huges, Luard, Chinese Economic Histroy.






Course Code

Course Title

Total Marks

Total Credits

Eco 2206

Viva Voce

50

2


3rd Year 1st Semester



Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Total Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Attendance

Mid-Term

Course Final

Eco 31 01

International Economics- II

10

10x2=20

70

100

3

CONTENTS




  1. Economic Integration: Definitions and Stages of Economic Integration, Positive and Normative Analysis of Economic Integration.




  1. External Economies of Scale and the International Location of Production: Economies of Scale and International Trade: An Overview, Economies of Scale and Market Structure, The Theory of External Economies, External Economies and International Trade, Interregional Trade and Economic Geography.




  1. International Institutions: IMF and World Bank as Sources for Short-Term and Long-Term Finance, WTO – Functioning of WTO, Dispute Settlement Mechanism, Subsidies, Countervailing Duties, Antidumping.




  1. Controversies in Trade Policy :Sophisticated Arguments for Activist Trade Policy , Technology and Externalities, Imperfect Competition and Strategic Trade Policy, Globalization and Low-Wage Labor: The Anti-Globalization Movement, Trade and Wages Revisited, Labor Standards and Trade Negotiations, Environmental and Cultural Issues, The WTO and National Independence, Globalization and the Environment : Globalization, Growth, and Pollution, The Problem of “Pollution Havens”, The Carbon Tariff Dispute.




  1. Exchange Rates and the Foreign Exchange Market: An Asset Approach: Exchange Rates and International Transactions , The Foreign Exchange Market ,The Demand for Foreign Currency Assets, Equilibrium in the Foreign Exchange Market , Interest Rates, Expectations and Equilibrium.




  1. Money, Interest Rates, and Exchange Rates: Money Defined: A Brief Review, The Demand for Money by Individuals, Aggregate Money Demand, The Equilibrium Interest Rate: The Interaction of Money, Supply and Demand, The Money Supply and the Exchange Rate in the Short Run Money, the Price Level and the Exchange Rate in the Long Run, Inflation and Exchange Rate Dynamics.




REFERENCES

  1. Miltiades Chacholiades, International Economics, McGraw – Hill, 1990 or later edition.

  2. Bo Soderesten: International Economics

  3. Dennies Appleyard and Alfred Field, International Economics, 4th Edition, McGraw – Hill, 2001 or later edition.

  4. Krugman and Obstfeld : International Economics

  5. Maurice Lvi: International Finance

  6. Kaves, Jones and Frank: World Trade and Payment: an Introduction

  7. K.S. Jorno(ed): Tiger in Trouble, Financial Governance , Liberalization and Crisis in East Asia, 1998.



Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Total Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Attendance

Mid-Term

Course Final







Eco 31 02

Industrial Economics

10

10x2=20

70

100

3

CONTENTS

  1. Conceptual Issues: Importance and scope of Industrial Economic, Concept of a Plant, Firm and Industry and their Interrelationship

  2. Business Organization: Types of Organizational Form, The Choice of the Organizational Form, Business Motives.

  3. Determinations of Optimum size of the Firm: The Theory of Cost and Production, The Efficiency and size of the Firm, Empirical Estimation: The Engineering Technique, The Survivor Technique and The Statistical Technique, The Effect of Firm Size on Other Performance Indicators and Conduct.

  4. Industrial Concentration: Types of Concentration, Average Concentration, Market concentration, Measurement of market concentration :Concentration Curve, Concentration Ratio, Lorenz curve, Hirschman –Herfindahl index, Lerner index

  5. Integration: Concept and Types of integration, Objectives of Vertical Integration and Horizontal Integration, Vertical Integration and Monopoly Power, Types of Merger, Motives of Merger, Economic Gain and Cost of Mergers.

  6. Diversification: Typology of Diversification: Convergent Lateral diversification, Divergent Lateral Diversification, Diagonal Diversification, Conglomerate Diversification. Measurement of Diversification: Specialization Ratio, Berry’s Index, Objectives of Diversification, Diversification and Competition

  7. Conditions of Entry: Barriers to Entry, Absolute Cost Advantage, Economies of scale, Patent Right.

  8. Advertising: Effects of advertising on firm’s decisions, optimal level of advertising, advertising as barriers to entry.

  9. Industrialization and Bangladesh: Size of the industrial sector, Composition of industries, growth of investment for accelerating industrial development in Bangladesh, policies and incentives, industrial supports, structure and trend of the growth for export oriented industries.

REFERENCES

  1. R R Barthwal: Industrial economics

  2. William G Shepherd: The economics of industrial organization

  3. J S Bain: Industrial organization.







Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Total Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Attendance

Mid-Term

Course Final

Eco 31 03

Public Finance

10

10x2=20

70

100

3

CONTENTS

  1. Introduction: Nature and Scope of Public Finance, Objectives of Public Finance, Role of public finance in the developing economics.

  2. Public Good: Characteristics of Public Goods, Provision of Public good, The Demand for a Pure Public Good, Efficient Output of a Pure Public Good. The Free Rider Problem.

  3. Externalities and Government Policy: Types of Externalities, Internalization of Externalities, Property Rights and Coase Theorem, Markets for Pollution Rights.

  4. Public Choice & The Political Process: Concept of Political Equilibrium, Voting and Resource allocation, Majority Rule and Political Process, Participants in the political process, Bureaucracy and The Supply of Public Output.

  5. Public Resource Mobilization: Principal of Taxation, Composition of the Tax Structure, Method of Tax Analysis.

  6. Public debt: Budget Balance and Government Debt, Burden of Public Debt, Intergenerational Equity.

  7. Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations and Local Government Finance: Fiscal Federalism and Fiscal Decentralization, Resource Transfer and Own Source Revenue, Local Govt. Debt Financing.

  8. Fiscal Structure in Bangladesh: Reforms in Bangladesh Fiscal Sector, A Review of the Budgets of Bangladesh (last five years): State of the Revenue Budget, State of the Capital (development budget) Budget, Sources of Funding of Development Expenditure. Relative Importance of Direct and Indirect Taxes.

REFERENCES




  1. Musgrave & Musgrave: Public Finance in theory and practice

  2. Harvey S Rosen: Public Finance

  3. Joseph. E. Stiglitz: Economics of the Public Sector

  4. David N Hyman : Public Finance – A contemporary Application of Theory to Policy

  5. Browning & Browning: Public Finance and the price system.






Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Total Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Attendance

Mid-Term

Course Final

Eco 31 04

Patterns of Economic Development

10

10x2=20

70

100

3

CONTENTS

  1. Agrarian Revolution in the UK: Manorial System and other Agrarian Revolution in U.K, Prior to Industrial Revolution, The Break Down of Feudalism in UK, Industrial Revolution and Financial Capitalism in the UK, Trends in the British Economy Since World War-II.

  2. American War of Independence: The American War of Independence and It’s Consequences, The Process of Agricultural Development in the USA, The Role of State Intervention and Policy in the Economic Development of USA. The Growth of the US Industry and Foreign Trade.

  3. The Reign of Toukagua in Japan: Causes of Break Down of the Reign of Toukagua (Feudalism) in Japan, Meiji Restoration in Japan. Role of Small-Scale Industrial Development. The Role of State Policy in the Economic Development of Japan.

  4. Transition Economics: Policies of Agricultural and Industrial Development in the USSR, Reasons for Disintegration on of the USSR, Different Plans of USSR. Problems and Prospects of CIS.

  5. China: Land Reform and Interventionist Policies until the Late 1970s. Market Reforms since 1970 in China. Rural Industrialization and Modernization of Agriculture. The Process of Industrialization. The Mobilization of Labor Forces and Utilization of Surplus Manpower.

  6. South Korea : Macroeconomic Stability, Export Drive, Investment in Human Resources, Selective Industrial Policies, The Role of State Intervention and State Policy in the Economic Development of South Korea.

  7. Malaysia: Macroeconomic Stability, Investment in Human Resources, Import Openness, State Owned Enterprises.

REFERENCES

1. Jardan and Jardan : The Economic history of Great Britain.

2. Southgate : Economic History of UK.

3. Faulkner : American Economic history.


  1. Lock wood : Economic History of Japan.

  2. World Bank : Economic growth and public policy.

7. A Maddison : Economic growth of USSR and Japan (OECD)

8. World bank : The East Asian Miracle

9. Prybyla : Political Economy of Communist China.

10. Fite and Reese : An Economic History of the United States.







Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Total Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Attendance

Mid-Term

Course Final

Eco 3105

Population Economics

10

10x2=20

70

100

3

CONTENTS




  1. The Nature of Demographic Data: Basic Sources of Statistics; Primary Demographic Data; Secondary Sources; Census and Surveys; Vital Statistics.

  2. Population Change and Its Components: The Component of Population growth; The Component of Change Expressed as Rates; The Process of Demographic Transition; Population Size; Population Density; Age and Sex Composition of Population.

  3. Overview of Population and Economic Growth: Food and renewable resources, Labor Force Participation.

  4. Demographic Dividends: Standard growth models and Important Extensions that Incorporate Demographic Detail. Alternative Analytic Approaches to Studying the Macroeconomic Effects of Population,

  5. Migration: Internal and International; Techniques of Analysis– Net Migration; Gross Migration and Migration Ratios; Methods of Measuring Internal Migration.

  6. Economics of Aging: Why Populations Age and Which Countries are aging? Economic Implications of Population Aging. Important Policy Issues Surrounding Aging.

  7. Population Projections: Methods of Preparing Population Projection– Mathematical Methods; Component Methods; Projections of Mortality; Projections of Fertility; Uses of Population Projection.

  8. Population and Development: Human Resource Development, Human Impact on The Environment.




REFERENCES

  1. Bogue Donald J., Principles of Demography, John Wiley & Sons.

  2. Demographic methods: (Shryock, Siegel et al. 1976)

  3. Population projections, methods: U.S. National Research Council (2000) Beyond Six

Billion. The NRC book is available for free in an on-line version:

http://books.nap.edu/html/beyond_six_billion/



  1. United Nations (2005). World Population Prospects: the 2004 Revision. New York,

  2. United Nations Population Division (2003). Partnership and Reproductive Behavior in Low-Fertility Countries.

  3. http://unpopulation.org




3rd Year 2nd Semester

Course Code

Course Title

Distribution of Total Marks

Total Marks

Total Credits

Attendance

Mid-Term

Course Final

Eco 3201


Econometrics I

10

10x2=20

70

100

3

CONTENTS




  1. Introduction: Preliminary Concepts of Econometrics, Econometrics as a separate discipline. Methodology of Econometrics, Types of Econometrics

  2. Review of Probability and Statistics: Basics of Probability and Statistics, Basic Probability Distribution in Econometrics, Normal Distribution, t-Distribution, Chi-Square Distribution, F-Distribution

  3. Nature of Regression Analysis: Meaning of Regression, Modern Interpretation of Regression, Statistical and Deterministic Relationships, Regression versus Causation, Regression versus Correlation, Terminology and Notation, economic Data.

  4. Simple (Two-Variable) Regression Analysis: Concept of Population Regression Function (PRF),Meaning of the term Linear, Stochastic Specification of PRF, Significance of the Stochastic Disturbance Term, Sample Regression Function (SRF).

  5. Simple (Two-variable Regression) Model: Method of Ordinary Least Squares (OLS), Classical Linear Regression Model, Precision or Standard Errors of least Square Estimates, Gauss-Markov Theorem, Coefficient of Determination.

  6. Classical Normal Linear Regression Model (CNLRM): Probability Distribution of Disturbances Ui, Normality Assumption for Ui, Properties of OLS Estimators under the Normality Assumption, Method of Maximum Likelihood.

  7. Statistical Inference: Interval Estimation and Hypothesis Testing, Confidence Intervals for regression Coefficients, Confidence Interval for σ2, Hypothesis Testing, regression Analysis and Analysis of Variance




REFERENCES

  1. Thomas Andren: Econometrics, BookBoon.

  2. Damodar N. Gujarati and Sangeetha: Basic Econometrics, McGraw-Hil.

  3. Jeffrey M. Woolridge; Econometrics, Cengage Learning.

  4. J. Johnston: Econometric Methods, McGraw-HILL,


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