Dear Sir/Madam



Download 12.47 Kb.
Date13.03.2017
Size12.47 Kb.

Dear Sir/Madam,

  • Dear Sir/Madam,
  • This power point presentation on Research
  • proposal will be an excellent resource for
  • students doing research .
  • My best wishes
  • DR.I.SELVARAJ

Research refers to a search for knowledge

  • Research refers to a search for knowledge
  • Research means a scientific and systematic search for pertinent information on a specific topic
  • In fact, research is an art of scientific investigation.
  • The purpose of research is to discover answers to questions through the application of scientific procedures

Type of Research study

  • To gain familiarity with a phenomenon or to achieve new insights into it (Exploratory or formulative research studies
  • To describe accurately the characteristics of a particular individual, situation or a group (Descriptive research studies)
  • To determine the frequency with which something occurs or with which it is associated with something else (Diagnostic research studies)
  • To test a hypothesis of a causal relationship between variables (Hypothesis-testing research studies).

Descriptive research includes surveys and fact-finding

  • Descriptive research includes surveys and fact-finding
  • enquiries. The main characteristic of this method is that
  • the researcher has no control over the variables; he can
  • only report what has happened or what is happening
  • In analytical research, on the other hand, the researcher has to
  • use facts or information already available, and analyze these to make
  • a critical evaluation of the material.
  • Applied research aims at finding a solution for an
  • immediate problem facing a society or an industrial/business
  • organisation
  • “Gathering knowledge for knowledge’s sake is termed ‘pure’ or
  • ‘basic’ research.

Attitude or opinion research i.e., research designed to find out how people feel or what they think about a particular subject or institution is also qualitative research

  • Attitude or opinion research i.e., research designed to find out how people feel or what they think about a particular subject or institution is also qualitative research
  • Empirical research is data-based research, experimental type of research. Such research is thus characterised by the experimenter’s control over the variables under study and his deliberate manipulation of one of them to study its effects

One-time research or longitudinal research

  • One-time research or longitudinal research
  • Field-setting research or laboratory research or
  • Simulation research
  • Clinical or diagnostic research
  • Historical research
  • Conclusion-oriented
  • and decision-oriented

RESEARCH PROPOSAL

  • Any Medical research / Epidemiological
  • study should have a proper proposal in
  • written form before it is actually carried
  • out
  • It is like a blue print of a building plan
  • before the construction starts

Writing a research proposal is both

  • Writing a research proposal is both
  • science and art
  • A good research proposal is based on scientific facts and on the art of clear communication

Writing a formal research proposal should

  • Writing a formal research proposal should
  • be started by the time one has decided on
  • the topic for the study

Go to next slide

  • Go to next slide

Objective

  • Objective
  • Justification
  • Introduction
  • Background /Review of literature
  • Methodology
  • Time frame and work schedule/Gantt chart
  • Personnel needed / available
  • Facilities needed / available
  • Budget

Objectives

  • This is a very important and pivotal section
  • and everything else in the study is centered
  • around it
  • The objective of the proposed study should
  • be stated very clearly
  • The objective stated should be specific, achievable and measurable
  • Too many objectives to be avoided
  • Even just one clearly stated relevant objective for a study would be good enough
  • If there is more than one objective the objectives can be presented in the appropriate order of importance

Introduction

  • The problem proposed to be studied
  • is introduced in this section
  • It should help the reader to acquaint
  • with the topic

Introduction should be short about one

  • Introduction should be short about one
  • or two pages
  • The problem should be stated in such a
  • way that it’s importance and relevance
  • is realized by any one who reads it

Background (Review of Literature)

  • This section reflects extensive review of literature done by the investigator
  • In this section what is already known about the topic is written including the lacunae
  • Just quoting the literature verbatim will not serve the purpose
  • It is important to make it coherent, relevant and easily readable knowledge
  • It helps the investigator to gain good knowledge in that field of inquiry
  • It also helps the investigator to have insight on different methodologies that could be applied

Research methodology

  • Research methodology is a way to
  • systematically solve the research problem. It
  • may be understood as a science of studying
  • how research is done scientifically

It is necessary for the researcher to know not only the research methods/techniques but also the methodology.

  • It is necessary for the researcher to know not only the research methods/techniques but also the methodology.
  • Researchers not only need to know how to develop certain indices or tests and how to calculate the mean, the mode, the median or the standard deviation or chi-square etc.,

It is essential to discuss procedures clearly

  • It is essential to discuss procedures clearly
  • and completely with considerable amount
  • of details

Study design

  • Study design
  • Study population / Sampling specifications
  • Sample size needed
  • Instrumentation
  • Specific procedures

Study design

  • Definition: A study design is a specific plan
  • or protocol for conducting the study, which
  • allows the investigator to translate the
  • conceptual hypothesis into an operational
  • one.

The study design should be clearly

  • The study design should be clearly
  • stated
  • The study design to be used should be
  • appropriate for achieving the objective
  • of the study

Study population / Sample specifications 

  • Study population / Sample specifications 
  • It is important to describe which would be
  • the study population
  • How study subjects would be selected,
  • randomization process and other details
  • should be given

Sample size

  • Sample size
  •  It is important to mention in the protocol what
  • would be the minimum sample required and how
  • it is arrived

Determination of sample size is a

Description of process 

  • Description of process 
  • Proposal should include the details of all process
  • to be adopted in the study
  • How exposures, outcome variables and other
  • variables are going to be measured should be described in
  • detail
  • A brief description of how the data will be processed
  • and use of statistical package if any should be given
  • What statistical tests of significance would be used?

Time Frame & Work Schedule

  • The proposal should include the sequence of
  • tasks to be performed, the anticipated length
  • of time required for its completion and the
  • personnel required

It can be presented in tabular or graphic form (Gantt chart)

  • It can be presented in tabular or graphic form (Gantt chart)
  • Flow charts and other diagrams are often
  • useful for highlighting the sequencing and
  • interrelationship of different activities in the
  • study

Facilities

  • The proposal should also include the
  • important facilities required / available
  • for the study namely computers, laboratories, special equipment etc

Personnel

  • Proposal should include who are the primary investigators and co- investigators, their qualifications, research experience etc
  • The proposal may also include the Major
  • roles to be taken up by different investigators

Budget

  • The budget translates project activities
  • into monetary terms
  • It is a statement of how much money will
  • be required to accomplish the various tasks

Budget

  • Major items
  • Salary for staff
  • Travel
  • Purchase of equipment
  • Printing / Xeroxing
  • Consultancy charges
  • Institutional overheads

Acknowledgement

  • Acknowledgement
  • 1.Dr.B.W.C.Sathyasekaran, Professor,SRMC&RI(DU)
  • Refence:
  • 1. Basic epidemiology R.Beaglehole,R.Bonita,T.Kjellstrom
  • 2 World health organization.Health research methodology:Aguide for training in researh methods
  • 3.Oxford text book of public health
  • 4.Handout on workshop on epidemiology at SRMC&RI(2006,2007,2008)

Thanking you



Download 12.47 Kb.

Share with your friends:




The database is protected by copyright ©sckool.org 2020
send message

    Main page