Creationism presentation by: Sam barrett Over view


Black Rocks Red-Flag Uniformitarian Flaws



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Black Rocks Red-Flag Uniformitarian Flaws

  • Red flags traditionally act as warning signals. In this case of a surprising rock discovery in West Virginia the flag is black rather than red, but the results are the same. Geologist Callan Bentley recently blogged about another problem with the uniformitarian model.1 As he and Alan Pitts examined the Hampshire Formation in eastern West Virginia, they came across an unexpected phenomenon: a 16-foot black shale and lime layer. The problem? This new layer is sandwiched smack-dab within a 2000-foot-thick pile of red-rock strata that has been labeled by secularists as continental river, delta, and floodplain deposits.

The finding bewildered the researchers. On closer examination, they found brachiopod (lamp shell) and gastropod (snail) fossils indicative of an ocean source. What they thought was a thick pile of exclusively land-derived sediments turned out to contain concrete evidence of ocean-derived sediments. Bentley wrote, "Wow—this surprised us. Neither of us thought the Hampshire Formation had any marine strata within it."1

  • The finding bewildered the researchers. On closer examination, they found brachiopod (lamp shell) and gastropod (snail) fossils indicative of an ocean source. What they thought was a thick pile of exclusively land-derived sediments turned out to contain concrete evidence of ocean-derived sediments. Bentley wrote, "Wow—this surprised us. Neither of us thought the Hampshire Formation had any marine strata within it."1

And the black color was also baffling. Uniformitarian theories usually interpret dark-gray and black sediments as having formed in a restricted marine environment with an abundance of preserved organic material and, therefore, low oxygen levels.2

  • And the black color was also baffling. Uniformitarian theories usually interpret dark-gray and black sediments as having formed in a restricted marine environment with an abundance of preserved organic material and, therefore, low oxygen levels.2
  • Bentley arrived at two possible conclusions. Either they misidentified the rocks as being part of the Hampshire Formation, or this was a discovery of "a new marine portion of a previously-thought-to-be- terrestrial-only geologic unit."1
  • If the latter conclusion is true, according to Bentley this ocean-derived layer "seems to have come on pretty suddenly," appearing abruptly and disappearing upward just as fast.1

If the former conclusion is the best explanation and this rock bed comprises a different formation, it still doesn't eliminate the problem of discovering a marine deposit embedded within a unit traditionally interpreted as terrestrial. Secularists nearly always considered beds surrounding abundant black shale as non-marine deposits.2

  • If the former conclusion is the best explanation and this rock bed comprises a different formation, it still doesn't eliminate the problem of discovering a marine deposit embedded within a unit traditionally interpreted as terrestrial. Secularists nearly always considered beds surrounding abundant black shale as non-marine deposits.2
  • Something is definitely wrong with the uniformitarian story—why else would scientists be so surprised by the black rock and marine fossils? Could it be that all these strata—the red and black rocks—are deposits from the great Flood? This interpretation eliminates the mystery of how marine fossils are found sandwiched in between red sands and shale. It also solves the mystery of the black, organic-rich shale.

Rapid deposition during the Flood would have preserved ample organic material to give a black coloration to the rocks. There is no need to call on special, restricted, low-oxygen conditions to explain the dark color. Organic debris was merely buried within the Flood sediments along with the fossil shelled animals.

  • Rapid deposition during the Flood would have preserved ample organic material to give a black coloration to the rocks. There is no need to call on special, restricted, low-oxygen conditions to explain the dark color. Organic debris was merely buried within the Flood sediments along with the fossil shelled animals.
  • A Flood origin for the sediments accounts for the rock types we observe much better than secular models. Creationists don't have to fabricate tales of the sea level rising and then draining off the land suddenly, over and over. We just recognize it happened once, in a catastrophic way, about 4,500 years ago.

References

  • Bentley, C. A marine incursion in the Hampshire Formation? Mountain Beltway blog. Posted on blogs.agu.org February 17, 2014, accessed March 12, 2014, emphasis in original.
  • Boggs, S., Jr. 2006. Principles of Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, 4th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.
  • http://www.icr.org/article/8014/

Asteroid Medley Challenges Naturalistic Origins

  • Data from recent spacecraft flybys challenge the prevailing naturalistic perspective on asteroid origins. Secular astronomers assume that natural processes, rather than miracles, created the sun, Earth, planets, and asteroids from ancient, swirling masses of gases, but this new evidence points to something different.
  • Writing in the British science journal Nature, Harvard's Francesca DeMeo and the Paris Observatory's Benoit Carry summarized the latest asteroid puzzles.1 For decades, secularists argued that asteroids somehow formed from merging dust particles in a hot nebula. Thus, where they orbit and what they're made of should reflect the material content and temperature of the nebula at the time of their formation.

However, secular astronomers have not yet explained how less common asteroids mixed so thoroughly with more common types. DeMeo and Carry wrote, "The rarer asteroid types, such as the crust and mantle remnants of fully heated and melted bodies, are seen in all regions of the main belt."1 Nor can they easily explain why "the smorgasbord of compositional types of small bodies throughout the main belt contrasts with the compositional groupings at large sizes."1

  • However, secular astronomers have not yet explained how less common asteroids mixed so thoroughly with more common types. DeMeo and Carry wrote, "The rarer asteroid types, such as the crust and mantle remnants of fully heated and melted bodies, are seen in all regions of the main belt."1 Nor can they easily explain why "the smorgasbord of compositional types of small bodies throughout the main belt contrasts with the compositional groupings at large sizes."1
  • To help solve the riddle of mixed asteroids, some entertain a notion called the "Grand Tack model." It posits that Jupiter migrated near to Mars' orbit and somehow cleared out and redistributed the main belt asteroids in its mighty wake. "Jupiter then reversed course and headed back towards the outer Solar System," eventually taking up its current residence, according to the Nature study authors.1


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