Conventions of Punctuation 16-19 Add missing commas



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Conventions of Punctuation 16-19

Add missing commas:

  • Steve bought sunglasses sunscreen and aloe vera gel.
  • The clear cool ocean water rose with the tide.
  • “Marathon Key is much more quiet than Key West” said Sue.
  • Groundhog’s Day was first celebrated on Feb. 2 1886.
  • p7

Add missing commas:

  • Steve bought sunglasses, sunscreen, and aloe vera gel. (separating elements in a series)
  • The clear, cool ocean water rose with the tide. (between equal and reversible adjectives)
  • “Marathon Key is much more quiet than Key West,” said Sue. (with quoted words)
  • Groundhog’s Day was first celebrated
  • on Feb. 2, 1886. (in a date)
  • p1

Add commas:

  • Cathy asked for a $60000 salary at the interview.
  • Jack Reilly M.D. opened a new office
  • in Chicago.
  • Groundhog’s Day was first celebrated in Punxsutauwney PA.
  • Street performers in Boulder Colorado populate Pearl Street.
  • p7

Add commas:

  • Cathy asked for a $60,000 salary at the interview. (in a number)
  • Jack Reilly, M.D., opened a new office
  • in Chicago. (in a personal title)
  • Groundhog’s Day was first celebrated in Punxsutauwney, PA. (to separate city and state)
  • Street performers in Boulder, Colorado, populate Pearl Street. (to separate city and state)
  • p7

Do I need a comma before the and??

  • There is a common understanding that the last comma (before the “and”) is not necessary.
  • While this is true in many cases, both MLA and ACT require the last comma to be included.
  • BUT WHY??

How are these sentences different?

  • The Veterinarian’s waiting room was filled with meowing cats, talking people and dogs.
  • The Veterinarian’s waiting room was filled with meowing cats, talking people, and dogs.

Parenthesis Basics

  • Emphasizes content
  • Provides more emphasis than commas
  • Use to set off nonessential material
    • like dates
    • clarifying information
    • Sources
    • --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    • The most common error in using parenthesis (besides using them too much) is to forget to enclose the parenthetical material with a final, closing parenthesis mark.

Dash Basics

  • Emphasizes content more than parenthesis OR commas
  • Use to set off phrases that already have commas
  • --------------------------------------------------------------------
  • Bertha packed her favorite things- a banjo, a toothpick, and a shotgun- and left for vacation.
  • Bertha packed her favorite things-
  • a banjo, a toothpick, and a shotgun.

Quotation Marks: Two Uses!

  • Use to enclose direct quotations
  • Use around the titles of poems, song titles, short stories, magazine or newspaper articles, essays, speeches, chapter titles, short films, and episodes of television or radio shows.
  • “Punctuation always goes INSIDE the quotation marks!” shrieked Mrs. Ruckoldt.
  • “Never forget that,” warned Mrs. Kopeny.

Why is the corrected version better?

  • The car accident damaged the headlights, the bumper and the hood. (incorrect)
  • The car accident damaged the headlights, the bumper, and the hood. (correct)
  • p2

Why is the corrected version better?

  • The car accident damaged the headlights, the bumper and the hood. (incorrect) This one makes it seem like the bumper and the hood are connected in some way.
  • The car accident damaged the headlights, the bumper, and the hood. (correct) This one shows that each item is a separate part of a series.
  • p2

Why is the corrected version better?

  • “I had to be in the city by 5 a.m. in order to see the filming of Transformers”, said Peter. (incorrect)
  • “I had to be in the city by 5 a.m. in order to see the filming of Transformers,” said Peter. (correct)
  • p2

Why is the corrected version better?

  • “I had to be in the city by 5 a.m. in order to see the filming of Transformers”, said Peter. (incorrect) In this one the comma is off by itself and not following a word.
  • “I had to be in the city by 5 a.m. in order to see the filming of Transformers,” said Peter. (correct) In this one the comma is placed correctly inside the quotation marks.
  • p2

Why is the corrected version better?

  • Connie invited three friends-(Kim, Maggie, Jeff)-to the movie premiere.(incorrect)
  • Connie invited three friends-Kim, Maggie, Jeff-to the movie premiere. (correct)
  • p2

Thinking Exercise Model

  • The pool and the cat cemetery seem connected in some way. (incorrect)
  • This one shows that each item is a separate part of a series. (correct)
  • A semicolon should only be used to separate clauses, not items in a series. (incorrect)
  • This one emphasizes the pool. (incorrect)
  • p4
  • One of the many medical careers that has high demand is nursing. However, nursing school is very competitive. Nursing schools look for high-achieving, hard-working, students.
  • 1
  • 1. A. NO CHANGE
  • B. high-achieving, hard-working students.
  • C. high-achieving hard-working students.
  • D. high-achieving, hard-working; students.
  • THINKING EXERCISE:
  • You should never place a comma between the adj and the word it modifies. (Inc)
  • Coordinate adjectives need to be separated with a comma. (Correct)
  • Missing the comma (Inc)
  • Wrong use of semicolon (Inc)
  • p7
  • The attractive, young vampires in
  • 2
  • modern movies seem to go against the tradition of scary vampires of the past. This has caused much debate between the old
  •  vampire fans and the new vampire fans.
  • 2. A. NO CHANGE
  • B. The attractive young vampires
  • C. The attractive, young, vampires
  • D. The attractive – young vampires
  • THINKING EXERCISE:
  • Coordinate adjectives need to be separated with a comma. (Correct)
  • Missing the comma (Inc)
  • Never place a comma between adj and word it modifies (Inc)
  • Incorrectly emphasizes “young vampires.” (Inc)
  • p7
  • This generation is living in a digital world that keeps
  • on growing. Technology is making it much easier for
  • people to communicate as well. E-mail is now a necessity.
  • It is how everyone communicates when it comes to
  • business, school and family “Neuborne.” Cell phones are
  • widely used as well.
  • Generation Y has become very familiar with all of the applications of cell phones whether it be texting, IMing, e-mailing, downloading, music. ("Generation Y: the Millennials") Another huge trend among Generation Yers is social networking. Millions of users log onto Facebook or MySpace every day to update a status, upload pictures, or chat with friends (Yan).

BONUS QUESTION!! What kind of sentence structure is this?

  • Because Generation Y has been able to grow up
  • around all of these new gadgets, they have been
  • able to become familiar with them and use them
  • to their advantage.

Did you guess D,I?



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