Contract Number: gbti II task Order No. Eem-4-07-07-00008-00 Contractor Name: Chemonics International, Inc

Download 4.25 Mb.
Size4.25 Mb.
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   33

June, 2012

Contract Number: GBTI II Task Order No. EEM-4-07-07-00008-00
Contractor Name: Chemonics International, Inc.
USAID Technical Office: Office of Economic Opportunities

USAID Pakistan

Date of Report: June 7, 2012
Document Title: FATA Assessment Study (South Waziristan Agency)

Final Report
Authors’ Names: Sohail Younas Moghal, Team Leader

Shahin Shah Safi, Project Manager/Value Chain Expert

Dr. Usman Mustafa, Value Chain Expert

Khalid Mahmood Rasool, Policy, Institutional and Work Force Expert

Zafar Habib, Policy & Institutional Development Expert

Javed Iqbal, Capacity Building Expert

FINCON Consulting Inc.
SOW Title and Work Plan Action: USAID Pakistan FIRMS Project

Data Page

Name of Component: Private Sector Development

Sohail Younas Moghal Team Leader

Shaheen Shah Safi Project Manager/Value Chain Expert

Dr. Usman Mustafa Value Chain Expert

Khalid Mahmood Rasool Policy, Institutional and Work Force Expert

Zafar Habib Policy and Institutional Development Expert

Javed Ahmad Capacity Building Expert

Practice Area:

Key Words
Apple, Capacity building, Development, Economy, Extension Services, FATA, FDA, FATA Secretariat, FCR, IDP, Institutional Framework, Livestock, Mehsud, Market, Peach, Pine Nut, Policy, Political Agent, Potato, Production, Remittances, Sector, Skills Development, South Waziristan, Technical Education, Tomato, Training, USAID, Value Addition, Value Chain, Walnut, Wazir, Workforce

South Waziristan is the largest Agency of FATA which has suffered at the hands of extremist elements and a subsequent military operation during the recent years. This has led to disruption of normal life and displacement of large segment of the local population from their homes. Government is undertaking peace restoration and rehabilitation efforts in the Agency. These efforts are being complemented by USAID through investments in various infrastructure projects like roads, irrigation dams and electricity transmission lines.
For restoration of livelihood opportunities and initiating a sustainable growth in South Waziristan, it is important to understand governance, institutional framework and dynamics of the local economy and identify viable solutions. The report provides an assessment of South Waziristan’s agriculture-based economy. A broader analysis of the overall policy and institutional framework has been carried out and constraints have been identified. The report includes a workforce analysis to identify areas for skills training for local youth for generating employment potential for them in other regions of Pakistan and in overseas markets. The report also identifies all the important sectors of the local economy which can quickly contribute to sustainable growth in SWA. Value chain analyses of three selected sectors, Apple, Pine nut and Livestock, have been carried out to identify their strengths and understand the constraints hindering realization of true potential of each sector. The report identifies specific projects which may be taken up by FIRMS/USAID for initiating a sustainable growth process in short to medium term timeframe.





Asian Development Bank


Business Development Service Provider


Cadet College Sararogha


Civil Society Organization


Di Ammonium Phosphate


Federally Administered Tribal Areas


Frontier Crimes Regulations


FATA Development Authority


Focus Group Discussion


FATA Investment Facilitation Authority


Frontier Region


FATA Secretariat


FATA Sustainable Development Plan


Government College of Management Sciences


Government of Pakistan


Government Technical Institute


Internally Displaced Person


International Organization for Migration


Input Sales and Marketing Center


Khyber Pakhtunkhwa


Local Government and Rural Development


Malakand Fruits and Vegetables Development Project


Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey


Non Government Organization


North Waziristan Agency


Political Agent


Post Crisis Need Assessment


Poverty Eradication Initiative


Public Private Partnership


Reconstruction Opportunity Zone


State and Frontier Regions


Skill Development Center


South FATA Development Project


Small and Medium Enterprise Development Authority


Sarhad Rural Support Program


South Waziristan Agency


Tribal Areas Chamber of Commerce and Industry


Terms of Reference


United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization


United States Agency for International Development


Value Chain Development


Waziristan Institute of Technical Education


Women Skill Development Center

Table of Contents

1.0Executive Summary 8

2.0BAckground and Introduction 12

2.1Introduction to South Waziristan Agency 12

2.2Demographic Profile of South Waziristan Agency 12

2.3Economic Profile of South Waziristan Agency 14

3.0South Waziristan Agency – A Situation Analysis 17

3.1Post-Military Operation Scenario 17

3.2Current State of Physical, Local and Economic Infrastructure 17

3.3Economic Infrastructure 21

3.3.1 South Waziristan Economy and Livelihoods 21

3.4Business Enabling Environment 23

3.5IDPs crisis 23

3.6Roles of Different Stakeholders in SWA 23

4.0Policy and Institutional Analysis 25

4.1Political Structure Analysis in SWA Context 25

4.2Institutional structure of FATA 26

4.3Analysis of Laws Governing FATA in Context of SWA 29

4.4Agriculture Markets and Marketing Regulations/Laws 33

4.5Judicial System - Jirga 33

4.6Local and Foreign Remittances 34

4.7Recommended Projects for Policy and Institutional Development 35

5.0Workforce Analysis 36

5.1Current Situation of Technical Education 36

6.0Value Chain AnalysEs 40

6.1Sector Selection 40

6.2Apple Sector Value Chain Analysis 41

6.3Pine Nut Value Chain Analysis 49

6.4Livestock Sector Value Chain 55

7.0Straetgy, REcommendations and Workable Projects 61

7.1Strategy Components 61

7.2Recommended Projects 62

7.3Implementation Approach 79

8.0Appendices 81

8.1Appendix 1 - Study Objectives and Methodology 81

8.2Appendix 2 - South Waziristan Climate 84

8.3Appendix 3 – Tehsil-wise Population and Rural Localities Size in SWA 85

8.4Appendix 4- Population Density, Male-Female Split, Household Size, Age Distribution 86

8.5Appendix 5 – Tribe-wise Population Distribution of SWA 90

8.6Appendix 6 - Population Split by Mother Tongue 91

8.7Appendix 7 – School Enrollment Rates, Literacy and Higher Education in SWA 92

8.8Appendix 8 – Ownership Status and Construction Material of Houses 99

8.9Appendix 9 – Access to Civic Facilities in South Waziristan 101

8.10Appendix 10 – Main Crops Profile of South Waziristan 106

8.11Appendix 11 – Fruits Sector Profile of SWA 109

8.12Appendix 12 – Vegetable Sector Profile of SWA 111

8.13Appendix 13 - Livestock Profile of SWA 113

8.14Appendix 14 – Mineral Profile of South Waziristan Agency 114

8.15Appendix 15 – Industry Profile of SWA 115

8.16Appendix 15A – Landholding Profile 116

8.17Appendix 16 – Road Network in FATA 117

8.18Appendix 17 – Current IDPs Situation 118

8.19Appendix 18 – Peach Sector Value Chain Analysis 119

8.20Appendix 18 – Value Chain Analysis of Tomato 124

8.21Appendix 20 – Potato Value Chain Analysis 131

8.22Appendix 21 – Walnut Value Chain Analysis 135

8.23Appendix 22 – Pine Nut Classes (product grades) 140

8.24Appendix 23 – Livestock Diseases in SWA 140

8.25Appendix 24 - FGD Participants, List of Key Informants and Pictures 141

  1. Download 4.25 Mb.

    Share with your friends:
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   33

The database is protected by copyright © 2023
send message

    Main page