Contents reading Lists and Lecture Programmes

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Reading Lists and Lecture Programmes

Theory and Practice of Literary Criticism

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Old English

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Restoration and Eighteenth-Century Literature

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American Fiction

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Post-War Fiction and Poetry

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Literature of the Romantic Period

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Module convenors: Dr Mark Sandy and Dr Sam Thomas

This introductory list covers texts you should consider looking at over the long vacation.
Essential course material and recommended background reading
The set anthologies for the module are:
David Lodge (ed.), Twentieth Century Literary Criticism: A Reader, (Longman, 1972).

Philip Rice and Patricia Waugh (eds.), Modern Literary Theory, 4th ed. (Edward Arnold, 2001).

These two books contain excerpts from some of the most important works in literary theory over the past 100 years or so. Between them, the two course anthologies cover almost all topics on the module and provide key essays by major critics and theorists and brief but helpful introductions to critics and/or movements. The essays in these books will provide the primary material for your tutorial discussions and will be referred to in lectures. For this module, it is important to try to read relevant essays before each lecture: you will get much more out of the course if you do some preparatory reading.
There are also several other anthologies covering similar topics but with different essays: you may find a particular essay you are looking for in one of them. These are also a good way to read the primary sources of a topic in more depth. Particularly wide-ranging ones are the Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism, ed. V Leitch (Norton, 2001) and Literary Theory: an Anthology, eds. M Ryan and J Rivkin (Blackwell, 2004, 2nd ed.). Of course, many essays in anthologies are often taken from longer books by the author and very often the book in question is in the library.
Introductory surveys
All students are recommended to read one or more introductory guides to theory. The most comprehensive is Literary Theory and Criticism: an Oxford Guide, ed. Patricia Waugh (OUP, 2006). This is an invaluable collection of some 40 essays with a long introduction covering the history of, and most movements in, modern theory and criticism. It provides useful background material and suggestions for further reading.
There are several very accessible introductory guides, among which are:

Peter Barry, Beginning Theory, 3rd ed. (Manchester, 2009)

Andrew Bennett and Nicholas Royle, An Introduction to Literature, Criticism and Theory, 4th ed. (Pearson, 2005).

Jonathan Culler, A Very Short Introduction to Literary Theory (OUP, 1997)

Terry Eagleton, Literary Theory: An Introduction, (Blackwell, 1983; 2nd ed. 2003)

Jeffrey Hawthorn, Unlocking the Text, (Edward Arnold, 1987).

Ann Jefferson and David Robey, eds., Modern Literary Theory: A Comparative Introduction (Batsford, 1982). [Out of Print].

Raman Selden, Practising Theory and Reading Literature: An Introduction (Harvester

Wheatsheaf, 1989).
Please also consult online resources, which you can access via duo – there are some very valuable resources available including links to relevant websites.
Useful anthologies that apply theory to literature:
Donald Keesey, Contexts for Criticism (Mayfield, 1994)

Michael Ryan, Literary Theory: A Practical Introduction (Blackwell, 1999)

Douglas Tallack, Literary Theory at Work: 3 Texts (Batsford, 1987)
Students may also gather some initial information from:
David Macey, The Penguin Dictionary of Critical Theory (Penguin, 2000)

Gregory Castle, The Blackwell Guide to Literary Theory (Blackwell, 2007)


Lectures will be held every Tuesday at 1 pm. Venue will be notified in September 2012.
Michaelmas Term 2012
October Introduction: What is theory? Dr Nash
October Culture and Tradition (i) Arnold to Leavis Dr Nash
October Culture and Tradition (ii) Eliot Dr Harding
October The Canon and Literary Value Dr Harding
November Formalism (i) Russian Formalism Dr Nash
November Formalism (ii) New Criticism Professor Hart

November New Historicism Professor Hart

December Hermeneutics, Reception Theory and

Reader Response Professor Clark

December Marxism (i) Literature and Ideology Dr Thomas

December Marxism (ii) Adorno and the Frankfurt School Dr Thomas

Epiphany Term 2013
January Psychoanalysis (i) Freud Dr James
January Psychoanalysis (ii) Lacan Dr Thomas
February Feminisms Dr Wootton
February Gender and the Body Professor Waugh

February Deconstruction Professor Clark

March Ecocriticism Professor Clark

March Postcolonialism (i) Professor Regan
March Postcolonialism (ii) Dr Terry
Easter Term 2013
April. Postmodernism Dr Grausam

April Theory, Value, Aesthetics: The Professor Waugh

‘Two Cultures Debate’

May New Directions in Criticism and Professor Waugh

OLD ENGLISH – Levels 2 and 3
Module Convenor: Dr Ashurst (Dr Cartlidge in Easter term)
To prepare for this module you should read as widely as possible in Old English literature in translation. For the poetry use Bradley or Hamer, and for the prose use Swanton if you can get hold of it (see below for details). You would also do well to read a study such as that by North and Allard or the one by Fulk and Cain. The only book you must have your own copy of is Marsden, which is the set text for the module and will be used in all the translation classes. You will be taught Old English grammar from scratch – no prior knowledge is required. Before Easter you sit a two-hour examination in which you are asked to translate a short passage that you have not previously seen, as well as several you have studied in class, and to write a short literary-critical essay; the exam counts for fifty percent of the assessment. After sitting the exam you produce a summative essay of 3,000 words, which counts for the other fifty percent of the overall mark.
Introductory Bibliography
Extensive bibliographies for specific topics, including standard editions of the Old English texts, will be available on Duo. For the purposes of this introductory bibliography, Old English texts without translations have been excluded; the point is that you should be able to read any of this material during the summer if you wish.

Asterisked items are recommended for possible purchase.

1. Grammars
* Marsden, Richard, The Cambridge Old English Reader, Cambridge: CUP, 2004. (Essential. You do not need any other grammar book, although an alternative could be useful.)

Mitchell, Bruce, and Fred. C. Robinson, A Guide to Old English, 7th edn, Oxford: Blackwell, 2007.

Sweet, Henry, Old English Primer, 9th edn, rev. Norman Davis, Oxford: OUP, 1965.

Quirk, Randolph, and C.L. Wrenn, Old English Grammar, 2nd edn, London: Methuen, 1957.

2. Texts and Translations
*Anglo-Saxon Poetry, ed. and trans. S.A.J. Bradley, London: Dent Everyman, 1982.

*A Choice of Anglo-Saxon Verse, ed. and trans. Richard Hamer, London: Faber, 1970.

Anglo-Saxon Prose, ed. and trans. Michael Swanton, rev. edn, London: Dent Everyman, 1993.

Old and Middle English: An Anthology, ed. Elaine Treharne, Oxford: Blackwell, 1999.

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, ed. and trans. Michael Swanton, rev. edn, London: Dent Everyman, 2000.

Beowulf, ed. and trans. Michael Swanton, Manchester: Manchester UP, 1978 (Old English text with facing page translation).

Beowulf and its Analogues, trans. G.N. Garmonsway and Jacqueline Simpson, London: Dent, 1980 (includes a translation of Beowulf and much other legendary material).

Shippey, T.A., ed. and trans., Poems of Wisdom and Learning in Old English, Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 1976 (texts and facing page translations).

Bede, Ecclesiastical History of the English People, trans. Leo Sherley-Price, rev. edn, London: Penguin, 1990.
3. Introductory Studies
*North, Richard, and Joe Allard, eds, Beowulf and Other Stories: A New Introduction to Old English, Old Icelandic and Anglo-Norman Literatures, Harlow: Pearson, 2007.

*Fulk, R.D. and Christopher M. Cain, A History of Old English Literature, Oxford: Blackwell, 2003.

*Companion to Medieval Poetry, ed. Corinne Saunders, Oxford: Blackwell, 2010. This volume contains many useful essays on Old English poetry.

Greenfield, Stanley B. and Daniel G. Calder (with Michael Lapidge), A New Critical History of Old English Literature, New York and London: New York UP, 1986.

Godden, Malcolm, and Michael Lapidge, eds, The Cambridge Companion to Old English Literature, Cambridge: CUP, 1991.

Pulsiano, Philip, and Elaine Treharne, A Companion to Anglo-Saxon Literature, Oxford: Blackwell, 2001.

4. Reference and History
*The Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Anglo-Saxon England, ed. Michael Lapidge and others, Oxford: Blackwell, 1999.

Fisher, P.J.V., The Anglo-Saxon Age, c. 400-1042, London: Longman, 1973.

Hunter Blair, Peter, An Introduction to Anglo-Saxon England, 2nd edn, Cambridge: CUP, 1977.

Stenton, F.M., Anglo-Saxon England, 3rd edn, Oxford: OUP, 1971.

LECTURE LIST 2012-2013

All lectures take place in Michaelmas Term at 9 am on Mondays.

Venue will be notified in September 2012.

Michaelmas Term 2012

1 Introduction: Alfredian Prose Dr Ashurst

2 Old English Riddles Dr Cartlidge
3 Old Testament Heroic Poetry: Exodus and Genesis B

Professor McKinnell

4 Saints in the Exeter Book: Juliana and Guthlac Professor Saunders
5 Apollonius Professor Archibald
6 Beowulf Dr Cartlidge
7 Women’s Voices in Old English Professor Saunders
8 Wisdom Poetry Dr Ashurst
9 Body and Soul Dr Cartlidge
10 Wulfstan Dr Ashurst

The seminars that happen weekly throughout Michaelmas and Epiphany terms are devoted to grammar, translation and practical criticism. The texts to be studied will probably include selections from the following: Apollonius, Riddles, Deor, The Dream of the Rood, Wulfstan’s De falsis deis,The Seafarer, Judith, Exodus, Genesis B, Beowulf.



This module includes a good deal of fiction, some of which is quite lengthy. If you think you may be interested in pursuing work on (for example) Richardson, Fielding, Sterne or Burney, it’s a very sensible idea to use the summer vacation to get ahead with some of the reading (which is not to say, of course, that you shouldn’t also read some poetry and/or drama as well if you wish!). The lecture series follows a broadly chronological order, so writers from earlier in the period (Dryden, Vanbrugh, Otway, Buckingham, Behn, Gay, Defoe, Swift, Pope and Anne Finch, Countess of Winchelsea) will be covered in Michaelmas, later writers (Thomson, Richardson, Fielding, Johnson, Sheridan, Goldsmith, Sterne, Leapor, Yearsley, Cowper, Smart and Burney) in Epiphany and Easter.
These are the recommended editions of works to be focused on in lectures.
Aphra Behn: Janet Todd (ed.), ‘Oroonoko’, ‘The Rover’ and Other Works (Penguin).
Frances Burney: Vivien Jones (ed.), Evelina (Oxford).
William Cowper: Nick Rhodes (ed.), Selected Poems (Carcanet: Fyfield Books).
Daniel Defoe: Paula R. Backscheider (ed.), A Journal of the Plague Year (Norton); Roxana, ed. David Blewett (Penguin).
John Dryden: Paul Hammond & David Hopkins (eds), Selected Poems (Longman). We shall definitely be looking at ‘Mac Flecknoe’, Absalom and Achitophel, and ‘The Medal’. We shall also cover his comedy Marriage A-la-Mode, available in paperback, edited by David Crane (New Mermaids).
Henry Fielding: Thomas Keymer (ed), Joseph Andrews (Oxford) and John Bender & Simon Stern (eds), Tom Jones (Oxford);
Anne Finch, Countess of Winchelsea: Denys Thompson (ed.), Selected Poems (Fyfield Books).
John Gay: Bryan Loughrey (ed.), The Beggar’s Opera (Penguin).
Oliver Goldsmith: Nigel Wood (ed.), She Stoops to Conquer and Other Plays (Oxford). Also contains a selection of other contemporary comedies.
Samuel Johnson: Donald Greene (ed.), Samuel Johnson: The Major Works (Oxford). Contains Rasselas, the ‘Life of Savage’, excerpts from The Rambler and both his major poems, London and The Vanity of Human Wishes, all of which will be covered in lectures.
Alexander Pope: Pat Rogers (ed.), Selected Poetry (Oxford). We shall definitely be looking at The Rape of the Lock and The Dunciad.
Samuel Richardson: Peter Sabor & Thomas Keymer (eds), Pamela (Penguin) and Angus Ross (ed.), Clarissa (Penguin).
Richard Brinsley Sheridan: Michael Cordner (ed.), The School for Scandal and Other Plays (Oxford).
Christopher Smart: Marcus Walsh (ed.), Religious Poetry (Carcanet: Fyfield Books).
Jonathan Swift: Claude Rawson and Ian Higgins (eds) The Essential Writings of Jonathan Swift (Norton Critical Editions). We shall definitely be looking at A Modest Proposal and Gulliver’s Travels. Alternatively you could buy Gulliver’s Travels (Oxford) and/or Modest Proposal (Penguin) separately. The Rawson and Higgins may be cheaper than buying both in separate editions.
Laurence Sterne: Howard Anderson (ed.), Tristram Shandy (Norton).
John Vanbrugh: James L. Smith (ed.), The Provoked Wife (New Mermaids).
Ann Yearsley: Tim Burke (ed.), Selected Poems (University of Gloucestershire Press).
Some authors/texts to be lectured on in the course are not available in cheap paperback editions, but can be found in the library and/or accessed via the internet, as follows:
George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham: David Crane (ed.), The Rehearsal (Durham University Press).
Mary Leapor: Richard Greene & Ann Messenger (eds), Works (Oxford). See also anthologies of poetry below.
Thomas Otway: Aline Mackenzie Taylor (ed.), The Orphan (University of Nebraska Press) and Malcolm Kelsall (ed.), Venice Preserved (Edward Arnold).
Thomson: The Seasons, ed. James Sambrook (Oxford). ‘Spring’ is reproduced in its entirety in Fairer and Gerrard (see below).
J. Douglas Canfield & Maja-Lisa von Sneidern (eds), The Broadview Anthology of Restoration and Early Eighteenth-Century Drama (Broadview) includes many of the plays to be focused on in lectures and has useful introductions, annotations and glossary.
The database Eighteenth-Century Collections Online (ECCO) is accessible via the library and offers access to a huge range of eighteenth-century publications (and eighteenth-century editions of earlier works).
Anthologies for possible purchase:

David Fairer and Christine Gerrard (eds), Eighteenth-Century Poetry: An Annotated Anthology (Blackwell), offers a useful and well-annotated selection of verse from a good range of poets, including all the poets covered in lectures apart from Dryden and Behn. David Womersley’s Restoration Drama: An Anthology (Blackwell) is a comprehensive selection, of which the following texts will definitely be covered on the course: Behn, The Rover; Otway, Venice Preserved; Buckingham, The Rehearsal. There are copies of these anthologies in the library.

Several texts on the course are also available in the Norton Anthology of English Literature.
Preliminary secondary reading:

For a broad examination of the context, Roy Porter’s Enlightenment: Britain and the Creation of the Modern World (Penguin, 2000) offers a wide-ranging and eminently readable portrait of the period, in which literature figures as just one of the many cultural forms in which he is interested. For a beautiful as well as fascinating book about culture and the arts, go to John Brewer’s The Pleasures of the Imagination: English Culture in the Eighteenth Century (London: Harper Collins, 1997). For a more specifically literary approach (and one more narrowly focused historically), Moyra Haslett’s Pope to Burney, 1714-1779: Scriblerians to Bluestockings (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003) provides a lively discussion of the literary culture of the eighteenth century (and finishes with brief chapters discussing three major texts, The Dunciad, Gulliver’s Travels, and Pamela). Brean Hammond and Shaun Regan’s Making the Novel: Fiction and Society in Britain, 1660-1789 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006) is a helpful starting-point for thinking about the emergence of the novel form in the period. You could also look at some of the following:

David Fairer, English Poetry of the Eighteenth Century (Harlow: Longman, 2003).

Thomas Keymer and Jon Mee, The Cambridge Companion to English Literature from

1740 to 1830 (Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2004).

Paul Langford, A Polite and Commercial People: England 1727-1783 (Oxford:

Oxford UP, 1989) and The Eighteenth Century: 1688-1815 (Short Oxford History of

the British Isles; Oxford: OUP, 2002).

Susan J. Owen, Perspectives on Restoration Drama (Manchester: Manchester UP,


Roy Porter, English Society in the Eighteenth Century (London: Penguin, 1982).

James Sambrook, The Eighteenth Century: The Intellectual and Cultural Context of

English Literature, 1700-1789, Longman Literature in English (2nd ed. Longman,


David Womersley, A Companion to Literature from Milton to Blake (Oxford:

Blackwell, 2001).

Stephen Zwicker, The Cambridge Companion to English Literature, 1650-1740

(Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1998).


LECTURE LIST 2012-2013

Lectures will be held every Wednesday at 11 am. Venue will be notified in September 2012.

Michaelmas Term 2012
1. Introduction: the Restoration and early

eighteenth century Dr Skinner

2. Restoration comedy (Dryden, Marriage

A-la-Mode; Vanbrugh, The Provoked Wife) Dr Ravelhofer
3. Restoration tragedy (Otway, The Orphan,

Venice Preserved) Dr Ravelhofer
4. Self-conscious theatre (Buckingham, The

Rehearsal; Gay, The Beggar’s Opera) Dr Ravelhofer
5. Behn (The Rover, The Fair Jilt, Oroonoko) Dr Green
6. Defoe (Journal of the Plague Year, Roxana) Dr Crane

7. Swift (Gulliver, Modest Proposal) Dr O’Connell

8. Classicism and the satiric mode (Dryden,

‘Mac Flecknoe’; Pope, Dunciad) Dr Green

9. Political poetics (Dryden, Absalom and
, ‘The Medal’) Dr Green
10. ‘A woman that attempts the pen’: the poetry

of Anne Finch, Countess of Winchelsea Dr Skinner

Epiphany Term 2013
11. Introduction: the mid- and later eighteenth

century Dr Skinner

12. Eighteenth-century comedy (Sheridan, The

School for Scandal, The Rivals; Goldsmith,

She Stoops to Conquer) Dr James

13. Richardson (Pamela/Clarissa) Dr Skinner

14. Fielding (Joseph Andrews/Tom Jones) Dr Skinner
15. Sterne (Tristram Shandy) Dr Nash

16. Ideas of Nature (Thomson, Seasons) Professor O’Neill

17. Poetry and the labouring classes (Gray,

‘Elegy’; Leapor, Yearsley) Dr Skinner

18. Johnson and Juvenal (London, The Vanity of

Human Wishes) Dr Carver

Easter Term 2013

19. Poetry, enthusiasm and madness (Smart,

Cowper) Dr Crane
20. Journalism and the public sphere

(Johnson, Rambler, Rasselas, Life of Savage) Dr Crane

21. Politeness, consumerism and luxury (Pope,

Rape of the Lock & Burney, Evelina) Dr Skinner


Module convenor: Dr Barbara Ravelhofer
Michaelmas Term lectures will be on tragedies (Hamlet, Othello, Macbeth, and King Lear), and historical drama (Richard II, Henry IV/1,2). You should read all of these works during the summer vacation. Epiphany and Easter Term lectures will be on the Sonnets and narrative poems (Venus and Adonis), forms of comedy (A Midsummer Night’s Dream, All’s Well, The Merchant of Venice), Roman plays (Julius Caesar, Antony and Cleopatra), as well as several later plays (including Cymbeline and The Tempest). You need to engage with the full range of Shakespeare’s works, so it is important that you read as widely and as deeply as possible, rather than trying to rely on your A-Level knowledge.
Collected Works: A good collected edition, with an aggressively modern editing policy, is The Oxford Shakespeare: The Complete Works, ed. Stanley Wells and Gary Taylor (Oxford: OUP, 1988, 2nd edn, 2005). This text is also available in annotated form (including an essay on the Shakespearean stage by Andrew Gurr), The Norton Shakespeare, ed. Stephen Greenblatt et al. (New York: Norton, 1997). William Shakespeare: Complete Works, ed. Jonathan Bate and Eric Rasmussen (New York: Random House, 2007; pbk Basingstoke: Macmillan / The Royal Shakespeare Company, 2008) represents a modernized version of Shakespeare’s First Folio edn (1623). Also of interest are The Riverside Shakespeare, gen. ed. G. Blakemore Evans (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2nd edn, 1997), the original-spelling Complete Works, ed. Stanley Wells and Gary Taylor (Oxford: OUP, 1986), the Shakespeare Association Facsimiles, ed. W. W. Greg and Charlton Hinman, 1939–, and The Norton Facsimile: The First Folio, ed. Charlton Hinman, 1968 (2nd ed., intro. P. W. M. Blayney, 1996).
Editions of individual works: the Arden Shakespeare, launched in 1899 and now in its Third Series, provides copious introductions, annotation, and textual apparatus of the highest scholarly standard. Other editions include Signet Classic, New Penguin, New Cambridge, and Oxford series (now available as World’s Classics). The recommended edition for non-dramatic verse is Complete Sonnets and Poems, ed. Colin Burrow (OUP, 2002).
Editions suitable for the Shakespeare examination:

The Shakespeare examination is an ‘open book’ paper: candidates must take a copy of the collected works into the examination. No loose papers or photocopies of the works must be brought to the exam. The editon must be an unannotated text. It must not contain any commentary or glosses of difficult words in the margins. Introductions to individual plays should not exceed one page. Texts should include a line count.

Standard edn for the examination: Oxford Shakespeare: The Complete Works, ed. Wells and Taylor, 1988/2005.

Unsuitable for the examination: The Norton Shakespeare (Greenblatt); The RSC/ Macmillan Shakespeare (Bate and Rasmussen); The Riverside Shakespeare.
Reference works and introductions

Armstrong, Katherine, and Graham Atkin. Studying Shakespeare: A Practical Introduction. London: Prentice Hall, 1998.

Bate, Jonathan, and Russell Jackson, Shakespeare: An Illustrated Stage History. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1996.

Bullough, Geoffrey, ed. Narrative and Dramatic Sources of Shakespeare. 8 vols. London: Routledge, 1957-75.

Dobson, Michael, and Stanley Wells, eds. The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2001.

Findlay, Alison. Women in Shakespeare: A Dictionary. London: Continuum, 2010. An A-Z of over 350 entries on how women were represented on the stage.

Gurr, Andrew. The Shakespearean Stage, 1574-1642. CUP, 4th edn 2009.

Kastan, David Scott, ed. A Companion to Shakespeare. Oxford: Blackwell, 1999.

Muir, Kenneth, and Samuel Schoenbaum, eds. A New Companion to Shakespeare Studies. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1971.

Schoenbaum, Samuel. William Shakespeare: A Documentary Life. Oxford: Clarendon, 1975.

Smith, Emma, ed. Shakespeare’s Histories. Oxford: Blackwell, 2004.

Smith, Emma, ed. Shakespeare’s Tragedies. Oxford: Blackwell, 2004.

Smith, Emma, ed. Shakespeare’s Comedies. Oxford: Blackwell, 2003.

Wells, Stanley, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Shakespeare Studies. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1986.

Wells, Stanley, and Gary Taylor. William Shakespeare: A Textual Companion. Oxford: Clarendon, 1987.

Wells, Stanley, ed. Shakespeare: A Bibliographical Guide. Oxford: Clarendon, 1990.


The following is a select list of the vast Shakespeare literature. Individual lecturers may recommend further specific works in tutorials and lectures.

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