Communication between cultures

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Source: A person who has an idea, feeling, experience, etc., that they wish to share with another person.

  • Encoding: The source creates a message through the selection of verbal or nonverbal symbols.

  • Messages: A set of written, pictorial, verbal, and/or nonverbal symbols that represent a source’s particular state of being at a specific moment.

  • Channel: Channels, in face-to-face interaction, are sights and sounds. However, channels can include a host of types of media.

  • Receiver: The receiver is the person who takes the message into account, and thereby is directly linked to the source.

  • Decoding: The converting of external stimuli to meaningful interpretations.

  • Feedback: The response the other person makes to your actions. That response may be words, a nonverbal reaction, or even silence. Feedback typically has two stages. First, it applies to the reactions you obtain from your communication partner. Second, in most instances you use that reaction to decide what to do next.

  • Noise: Any intended or unintended stimulus that affects the fidelity of a sender’s message, [and] disrupts the communication process.

    1. Characteristics of communication

    • Commnication is a dynamic process.

    + Communication is an ongoing activity that has no beginning or end.
    + Communication is a dynamic process because once a word or action is produced, it cannot be retracted.
    + Sending and receiving messages involves a host of variables, all in operation at the same time.

    • Communication is symbolic.

    + You cannot directly access the internal thoughts and feelings of other human beings; you can only infer what they are experiencing by what you see and hear.
    + Although all cultures use symbols, they assign their own meanings to the symbols.

    • Communication is contextual.

    + Setting and environment help determine the words and actions you generate and the meanings you give to the symbols produced by other people.
    + This contextualization of communication involves a number of variables: location, occasion, time, number of participants.

    • Most communication behavior is learned.

    + Being able to learn nearly any kind of information and numerous behavior patterns has resulted in your knowing how to communicate.
    + However, it is obvious that not all people and cultures have gathered the same information.

    • Communication has a consequence.

    What we say and do affects others: how they perceive themselves, how they think about themselves, and how they think about others.

    1. Elements of culture

    • Religion:

    It is an essential part of every culture and has been used by people to assist them in understanding the universe, natural phenomena, what to die for, and how to dwell among other people.

    • History:

    It links the old with the new while serving as a pointer for the future.

    • Values:

    They offer members of each culture a set of “instructions” about what is important and how they should live their lives.

    • Social organizations:

    They establish communication networks and regulate norms of personal, familial, and social conduct. They also establish group cohesion and enable people to consistently satisfy their basic needs.

    • Language:

    It is the main vehicle of cultural transmission from one generation to the next.

    1. Characteristics of culture
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