Author Bio: Sam Samiee (Iran, 1988) is an Iranian painter and essayist based in Amsterdam and Tehran. He has recently finished a two years residency program at the Rijksakademie van beeldende kunsten. In his work, Samiee focusses on the practices of painting and research in history or philosophy, Persian Literature, the history of painting and psychoanalysis. Characteristic of his work is the break from the tradition of flat painting and a return to the original question of how artists can represent the three-dimensional world in the space of painting as a metaphor for a set of ideas. In his essays and curatorial practice he organizes experimentations based on the the pedagogic potentials of Adab, a double meaning word signifiying both ethics and aesthetics.
Feminism, Islam and Psychoanalysis
Author: Dipl.-Psych. Susanne Schade
Link to draft paper
Institutional affiliation (if any): Institut fuer Psychotherapie (IfP) Berlin
Abstract: The ambiguity of the terms feminism and Islam does not allow for a fixed standpoint. The most emancipatory forms of feminism might be incompatible with Islam whilst other forms of feminism can be combined with Islam. This article thus relates empirical material to the broader debate of the Muslim-feminist movement that might act as a culmination point for future challenges and developments. The material gained via psychoanalytic interviews will be subject to an analysis, situating the text within the tradition of Freudian psychoanalytic theory as well as in the tradition of the grand dame of German psychoanalytic feminism Margarete Mitscherlich. The analysis will, furthermore, trace the way in which women make sense of the Islamic tradition back to the time in which the fantasy existed that the “orient was a place where one could look for sexual experience unobtainable in Europe” (Said, 2003[1978: 190]). In this manner, the article will enhance our understanding of how the three concepts of feminism, psychoanalysis and the Islamic tradition intersect and how each of the traditions can learn from the other.
Author Bio: Susanne Schade obtained her diploma in Psychology (MA) from the Technical University of Dresden in 2006. She also studied Psychology and Women Studies at the Manchester Metropolitan University and Modern Languages and Linguistics at the University of Sheffield. She is currently pursuing psychoanalytic training at the Institut fuer Psychotherapie Berlin. Since 2001, she has been an associated member of the Discourse Unit Manchester.
“Representations of the Psyche, of the Unconscious and of the Analytical Process: Suggestions from the Work of Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyah.”
Author(s): Chiara SEBASTIANI
Institutional affiliation (if any): University of Bologna, Department of Political and Social Sciences CIPA – Centro Italiano di Psicologia Analitica – IAAP - International Association for Analytical Psychology
Email address: email@example.com
Models of the psyche, moral psychology, Islamic spirituality
Abstract: Psychoanalysis, since its origins, has drawn some of its basic material not only from Western polytheistic mythology but also from Western monotheistic religions. The Freudian father image is not only the one experienced by Oedipus but also the one from whom Moses derived his relationship to a “jealous God”. The Jungian mother archetype builds not only on the pre-olympic goddesses but also on the Christian figure of Mary the notion of virginal motherhood. Times nowadays seem ripe to question what the third great monotheistic religion, born like the other two in the Middle East, and like the other two now steadily spreading in the West, can bring to psychoanalysis. In the sources of Islam – the Quran and the Sunnah – we find explicit references to the relationship between conscious and unconscious (the things within myself that God “knows better than myself”), a complex representation of the psychic structure, with three different words to designate the “heart” (qalb, fu’aad, sadr) plus those for soul (nafs), spirit (ruh) and mind (aql), and systematic distinction between actions the human being masters and emotions that are beyond his will and unto God’s. This paper’s aim is to present these contents through the work of the great Islamic scholar Ibn al-Qayyim al-Jawziyah (1292-1350) on the spiritual quest of the Muslim and to discuss whether they represent a challenge, a complement or an enrichment to Western psychoanalysis.
Author Bio: Chiara Sebastiani (University of Bologna, CIPA, IAAP) is a sociologist, political scientist and Jungian analyst based in Rome.
Among her works “Psiche nella città” (with Angela Connolly, 2007), “The Gendered Dimension of Public Spaces: a Cross-Cultural Perspective” (2011) and the book Una città una rivoluzione. Tunisi e la riconquista dello spazio pubblico (2014) on her research in Tunisia during and after the 2011 revolution. She has translated and edited in Italian Max Weber’s Sociology of religion and Samuels – Shorter – Plaut’s Dictionary of Analytical Psychology.
She currently coordinates and supervises a Jungian developing group in Belarus.
Institutional affiliation: Oriental Institute, Leipzig University; Humanities Centre for Advanced Studies ‘Multiple Secularities - Beyond the West, Beyond Modernities’, Leipzig
Email address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: affect, cultural critique, contemporary Arab thought
Abstract: With women being the site of (cultural) identity and civilisational measure, concerns of gender equality, sexual desire and identity have been at the core of cultural critique in post-colonial, post-1967 Arab contemporary thought, as well as of psychoanalytic feminist writing. Based on the presumption that the ‘obsession with sex’ (Elizabeth Kassab) marks the meaningful urgency with which feminist concerns are debated within these genres, this presentation will address the following research question: How do Arab contemporary psychoanalytic thinkers conceptualise the relation between the psychosexual formation of the subject and larger societal or collective structures (e.g., ‘Islam’, ‘Arab culture’, ‘Islamicate societies’) on an affective and rationale level? Analysing a number of Arabic and French texts by contemporary Arab thinkers that are located at the intersection of psychoanalytic thought and cultural critique, this presentation will not merely trace the rationales developed within these writings. Rather, it will consider the aesthetic surplus they contain, and how they operate in terms of evoking affects, implicating the author and her readership, and advocating cultural change. Non-the least, by deploying Dietrich Busse’s methodology of historico-semantic discourse analysis, this presentation will be instructive as to the interplay between cultural critique and psychoanalytic thought, their textual traditions, and processes of discursive formation.
Author Bio: Eva-Maria Tepest has completed her Bachelor’s Degree in Arab Studies at Leipzig University, Germany and Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt as well as a Master’s Degree in Middle Eastern Studies at Lund University, Sweden and University College of London Qatar. She is currently a PhD student at the Oriental Institute, Leipzig University, and a junior fellow at the Humanities Centre for Advanced Studies ‘Multiple Secularities – Beyond the West, Beyond Modernities’. Her research interests include trans-cultural conceptual history, psychoanalysis in the Arab world, feminist and social movements in the Middle East and practices of secularity in Islamicate societies.
The Experience of Unveiling
Author(s): Ilknur Unal
Link to draft paper
Institutional affiliation (if any): Istanbul Bilgi University
Abstract: Choosing to Unveil: Shame for the sake of Individualization
Psychotherapists face new challenges continually in the global world of today. They confront different cultures, different beliefs, religions and sects to which they have to approach with respect and in a considerate way. Besides, modernization and individualization of Islam compel more Muslims to undergo the process of psychotherapy. It follows, then, that the cultural aspects of Islam should gain a seat in the literature of psychoanalysis in order for therapeutic relations to flourish in an effective way. This study about the experience of unveiling attempts to contribute to this domain by pointing out the necessity to acknowledge the experience of veiling and unveiling which is referred to as (un)veiling as a significant psychic experience. (Un)veiling has a potential towards changing a woman’s relationship to her own body. Veiling aims to conceal not only the hair but also the body contours of a woman with a background intention to diminish if not extinguish the sexual appeal of a woman. The use of the veil for the invisibility of one’s sexuality depends on the devotion of the woman. Putting it this way helps to imagine the extent of the effect (un)veiling creates on the psyche. Unveiling is a multidimensional psychic experience which deserve to be investigated from a psychoanalytical perspective. In this study, unveiling is discussed through separation from the mother, in relation to female sexuality, shame, individualization and self-realization.
Author Bio: Ilknur Unal is currently working as a therapist in private practice in Istanbul. She holds a masters degree in clinical psychology from Istanbul Bilgi University. She had an internship experience in the university clinic. Her training in clinical psychology and the supervisions she took during internship was mainly psychoanalytic. She has trainings in other approaches and likes to integrate “body” to the work of psychotherapy. Other than her education in clinical psychology, she holds a BSc in Economics from London School of Economics external program; also an MSc in financial economics.