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Musculoskeletal Podiatry 2





Credit rating




Type of module

Extensive over one semester


The aims of the module are to provide the student with:

  • An understanding of the growth, development and maturation of the structures involved in human locomotion

  • An exploration of some soft tissue and osseous pathologies that affect the foot and gait

  • An application of biomechanical assessment to common foot and leg pathologies

  • An appreciation that the understanding and complexity of foot pathologies will develop alongside the acquisition and assimilation of new information

Learning outcomes/objectives

On successful completion of the module students will be able to:

  1. Analyse normal changes that take place in human locomotion during the average lifespan of humankind.

  2. Appraise how the mechanisms of human locomotion adapt to specific circumstances

  3. Recognise the implications of different foot types on foot function

  4. Demonstrate a general understanding of the effects of damage to this system and the resulting loss of normal body function.

  5. Using the case based examples, appreciate the defining factors of soft tissue and osseous pathologies and how they affect foot function and gait.


The changes to human locomotion during growth, development and the ageing process (from paediatric to adult to geriatric).

Adaptation of the human gait cycle and lower limb to unfamiliar terrains and circumstances (surfaces, sight, age, direction, angle).

Discussion of some of the national service frameworks that are currently in existence that link with MSK Podiatry.

Foot types and all theoretical perspectives.

Soft tissue and osseous foot pathologies will be introduced, covering Hallux abducto-valgus deformity, lateral ankle sprain, peroneal tendon and nerve pathology.

Using a case based approach some basic pathology will be delivered with dissection and theory integration, including the effects on foot and lower limb function.

Teaching and learning strategies

Key note lectures including external clinicians providing links to clinical practice. Case based approach to learning with anatomy dissection integrated. Small group work. On-line learning materials such as discussion boards, wikis and interactive anatomy packages. Anatomy models, bones and plastinated specimens. Revision sessions and tutorials. Use of SHP Human Movement Laboratory with practical workshops and links to concurrent dissection and clinical podiatry modules. Practical sessions will be used to explore the biomechanical principles of lower limb function.

Learning support

Module team support; directed resources (on-line and text); ALS; information services support; student services support, use of DVD/ online anatomy package, StudentCentral.

Indicative reading:

Agur, A. M. R., Dalley A.F. (2004) Grant's atlas of anatomy 11th ed. London; Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Cunningham, D. J. (1986) Cunningham's manual of practical anatomy - Vol.1: Upper and lower limbs. 15th ed. by G.J. Romanes, London: Oxford University Press.

Drake, R. L., Vogl W., Mitchell A.W.M (2005) Gray's anatomy for students. London: Churchill Livingstone.

Gilroy, A. M., MacPherson, B. R., and Ross, L. M. 2008. Atlas of Anatomy. New York: Thieme.

Gosling, J.A., Harris P.F., Humpherson, J.R., Whitmore I. and Willan P.L.T. (2008) Human anatomy: color atlas and textbook. 5th ed. London: Mosby-Wolfe.

Kerr. 2010. Introductory Biomechanics. Andy Churchill Livingstone

Michaud. 1997. Foot Orthoses and Other Forms of Conservative Care. Chapter 1-3.

Munro and Campbell. 2000. McCleod's Clinical Examination. Churchill Livingstone.

Neale and Adams. 2005. Neale’s Common Foot Disorders. 7th Edition. Churchill Livingstone.

Valmassy. 1996. Clinical Biomechanics of the Lower Extremities. Mosby, St.Louis.

Palastanga, N, Soames R.W., Field D. (2006) Anatomy and human movement: structure and function. 5th ed. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Watkins. J. 2009. The Pocket Podiatry Guide. Functional Anatomy. Churchill Livingstone

Winston R. (2005) Body: an Amazing Tour of Human Anatomy. UK: Dorling Kindersley.

Assessment tasks

An 1800 word case study on the changes to gait through either the ageing process or a simple biomechanical dysfunction, addressing the assessment of the patient. (LO 1-5)

100% weighting.

Brief description of module content and/or aims (maximum 80 words)

This module will further develop students understanding of the concepts of human locomotion and its adaptations. It will provide students with a sound knowledge of the principles of biomechanics and their application of functional anatomy. It will introduce students to case based pathology and their effects on foot function and gait.

Area examination board to which module relates


Module team/authors/coordinator

Maria Young, Bev Durrant & Full-time academic team.

Semester offered, where appropriate

Year 1, semester 2

Site where delivered


Date of first approval


Date of last revision

Date of approval of this version


Version number


Replacement for previous module

Course(s) for which module is acceptable and status in that course

BSc (Hons) Podiatry:


School home

School of Health Professions

External examiner

Ms Margaret Bruce 2011-2015

Mr Andrew Bridgen 2012-1016

Allocation of study hours to activities
10 credits = 100 learning hours


Study hours



Lectures, seminars, tutorials, project supervision, demonstrations, practical classes and workshops, supervised time in workshop/ studio, fieldwork, external visits, work-based learning




Independent study including wider reading/ practice, follow-up work, completion of assessment tasks, revision etc




Learning away from the University that is not a year abroad or work-based learning

Assessment tasks
Type of assessment tasks

Summative assessment tasks which lead to the award of credit or which are required for progression (expressed as a %)


Further details



Written exam


Written assignment/ essay, report, dissertation, portfolio, project output

1800 word case study



Oral assessment and presentation, practical skills assessment


Set exercises assessing application of knowledge, analytical, problem-solving or evaluative skills

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