Close Reading

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  • Rhetoric:
    • The traditional definition of rhetoric, first proposed by Aristotle, and embellished over the centuries by scholars and teachers, is that rhetoric is the art of observing in any given case the “available means of persuasion.”
  • Close Reading:
    • Reading to “develop an understanding of a text that is based first on the words themselves and then on the larger ideas those words suggest.”
  • Rhetorical Analysis:
    • Defining an author’s purpose, then identifying and analyzing the techniques and strategies employed to achieve that purpose.

Why Goals and Objectives?

  • Course Goal—broad, long-term
  • Daily Objective—accomplishing “pieces” of the “goal,” one step at a time
    • To understand and evaluate the finer elements argument

Eco Fact of the Week

Whose idea was this rhetoric thing?

  • Socrates: 469-399 B.C.E.
    • Father of Western philosophy and Mentor to Plato. Epistemology and logic.
  • Plato: 424-348 B.C.E.
    • Student of Socrates and founder of “The Academy” Philosophy, logic, ethics, rhetoric and mathematics.
  • Aristotle: 384-322 B.C.E.
    • Student of Plato, and teacher to Alexander the Great.

Recognition and Congratulations!


  • Paz de Christo this Friday—thanks to the 3rd Hour Crew: Maddy, Kaitlyn and Alaria.
  • Did you not turn in your ECAP assignment? Now, counseling will be hunting you down, and, you’ve lost the points
  • Have you registered for your AP exams?
  • The Daily Course Calendar was last updated Nov. 29.
  • Writing Contests are now posted on the class website—you can earn optional credit for these.
  • Bringing your book to class—it’s on the assignment calendar, and you are responsible for bringing it!

Facts do matter—understand the point of credibility

AP Language and Composition Wednesday, 7 December 2016

  • Time will pass; will you? 11 school days remain in the fall semester.
  • Today’s Objective:
    • Wrapping up work at semester’s end:
    • Satire Project presentations
    • Completion of Thank You For Arguing reviews
    • SSR: Huck Finn or Lionel Trilling

51 of the most beautiful sentences in literature

  • 11. “The curves in your lips rewrite history.”
  • --Oscar Wilde, The Picture of Dorian Gray

Coming Due—do not squander time—that’s the stuff life’s made of!

    • Chapters 19-30, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn— tii upload required for the written work
      • Group 2: inner circle/Socratic Discussion
      • Groups 1 and 3: writing questions/even or odd chapters—you are also in the discussion

Today’s Class:

    • The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
      • Critical Reading: Lionel Trilling’s
      • Read the entire essay
        • Vocab Logs out (minimum three words)
        • HIGHLIGHT what you believe to be the three most important ideas in the essay (hint: underline them first).
      • Group Work—discussion and posting


  • The 9-point rubric
  • The Anchor Papers—these are “samples”—responses vary
  • Camera Shots (these are worth 50 points)
  • Scoring…

AP one-word scoring descriptors for timed writing essays:

  • Effective and Adequate Essays
  • A 9 is “unique”
  • An 8 is “sophisticated”
  • A 7 is “effective”
  • A 6 is “adequate”
  • A 5 is “uneven”
  • Ineffective Essays
  • A 4 is “inadequate”
  • A 3 is “unsuccessful”
  • A 2 is “confusing”
  • A 1 is “ugh?”

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