J. Cropsey, (1987) ‘Karl Marx’, in L. Strauss and J. Cropsey, (eds) History of PoliticalPhilosophy, 2ndEdition. Chicago: Chicago University Press, pp. 802-828.
L. Wilde, (2003) ‘Early Marx’, in D. Boucher and P. Kelly, P. (eds) Political Thinkers: FromSocrates to the Present. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 404-435.
V. Bryson, (1992) ‘Marxist Feminism in Russia’ in Feminist Political Theory, London: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 114-122
C. Sypnowich, (1993) ‘Alexandra Kollontai and the Fate of Bolshevik Feminism’ Labour/LeTravail Vol. 32 (Fall 1992) pp. 287-295
A. Kollontai (1909), The Social Basis of the Woman Question, Available at http://www.marxists.org/archive/kollonta/1909/social-basis.htm, Accessed: 19.04.2013
A. Bloom, (1987) ‘Jean-Jacques Rousseau’, in Strauss, L. and Cropsey, J. (eds.) History ofPolitical Philosophy, 2nd edition. Chicago: Chicago University Press, pp. 559-580.
Selections from A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, Available at http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl302/texts/wollstonecraft/woman-a.html#CHAPTER%20II, Accessed: 19.04.2013.
Skoble and T. Machan, (2007) Political Philosophy: Essential Selections, New Delhi: Pearson Education, pp. 328-354.
Ollman (1991) Marxism: An Uncommon Introduction, New Delhi: Sterling Publishers.
G. Blakely and V. Bryson (2005) Marx and Other Four Letter Words, London: Pluto
Skoble, and T. Machan, (2007) Political Philosophy: Essential Selections, New Delhi: Pearson Education, pp. 286-327.
Kollontai, (1977) ‘Social Democracy and the Women’s Question’, in Selected Writings ofAlexandra Kollontai, London: Allison & Busby, pp. 29-74.
Kollontai, (1977) ‘Make Way for Winged Eros: A Letter to the Youth’, in Selected Writingsof Alexandra Kollontai Allison & Busby, pp. 201-292.
C. Porter, (1980) Alexandra Kollontai: The Lonely Struggle of the Woman who defied Lenin,
Course objective: Based on the study of individual thinkers, the course introduces a wide span of thinkers and themes that defines the modernity of Indian political thought. The objective is to study general themes that have been produced by thinkers from varied social and temporal contexts. Selected extracts from original texts are also given to discuss in the class. The list of additional readings is meant for teachers as well as the more interested students.
I. Introduction to Modern Indian Political Thought (4 lectures)
II. Rammohan Roy: Rights (4 lectures)
III.Balgangadhar Tilak (4 lectures)
IV. Vivekananda: Ideal Society (5 lectures)
V. Gandhi: Swaraj (5 lectures)
VI. Ambedkar: Social Justice (5 lectures)
VII. Tagore: Critique of Nationalism (4 lectures)
VIII. Iqbal: Community (5 lectures)
IX. Savarkar: Hindutva (4 lectures)
X. Nehru: Secularism (4 lectures)
XI. Lohia: Socialism (4 lectures)
I. Introduction to Modern Indian Political Thought
V. Mehta and T. Pantham (eds.), (2006) ‘A Thematic Introduction to Political Ideas in ModernIndia: Thematic Explorations, History of Science, Philosophy and Culture in Indian civilization’
Vol. 10, Part: 7, New Delhi: Sage Publications, pp. xxvii-ixi.
D. Dalton, (1982) ‘Continuity of Innovation’, in Indian Idea of Freedom: Political Thought ofSwami Vivekananda, Aurobindo Ghose, Rabindranath Tagore and Mahatma Gandhi,
Academic Press: Gurgaon, pp. 1-28.
II. Rammohan Roy: Rights Essential Readings:
R. Roy, (1991) ‘The Precepts of Jesus, the Guide to Peace and Happiness’, S. Hay, (ed.) Sources of Indian Traditio, Vol. 2. Second Edition. New Delhi: Penguin, pp. 24-29.
C. Bayly, (2010) ‘Rammohan and the Advent of Constitutional Liberalism in India 1800-1830’, in Sh. Kapila (ed.), An intellectual History for India, New Delhi: Cambridge University Press, pp. 18- 34.
T. Pantham, (1986) ‘The Socio-Religious Thought of Rammohan Roy’, in Th. Panthom and K. Deutsch, (eds.) Political Thought in Modern India, New Delhi: Sage, pp.32-52.
S. Sarkar, (1985) ‘Rammohan Roy and the break With the Past’, in A Critique on colonialIndia, Calcutta: Papyrus, pp. 1-17.
III. Pandita Ramabai: Gender Essential Readings:
P. Ramabai, (2000) ‘Woman’s Place in Religion and Society’, in M. Kosambi (ed.), PanditaRamabai Through her Own Words: Selected Works, New Delhi: Oxford University Press, pp.150-155.
M. Kosambi, (1988) ‘Women’s Emancipation and Equality: Pandita Ramabai’s Contribution to Women’s Cause’, in Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 23(44), pp. 38-49.
U. Chakravarti, (2007) Pandita Ramabai - A Life and a Time, New Delhi: Critical Quest, pp. 1-40.
G. Omvedt, (2008) ‘Ramabai: Women in the Kingdom of God’, in Seeking Begumpura: TheSocial Vision of Anti Caste Intellectuals, New Delhi: Navayana. pp. 205-224.
IV. Vivekananda: Ideal Society
S. Vivekananda, (2007) ‘The Real and the Apparent Man’, S. Bodhasarananda (ed.),
Selections from the Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda, Kolkata: Advaita Ashrama, pp.126-129.
A. Sen, (2003) ‘Swami Vivekananda on History and Society’, in Swami Vivekananda, Delhi: Oxford University Press, pp. 62- 79.
H. Rustav, (1998) ‘Swami Vivekananda and the Ideal Society’, in W. Radice (ed.), SwamiVivekananda and the Modernisation of Hinduism, Delhi: Oxford University Press, pp. 264-280.
Raghuramaraju, (2007) ‘Swami and Mahatma, Paradigms: State and Civil Society’, in Debatesin Indian Philosophy: Classical, Colonial, and Contemporary, Delhi: Oxford University Press,pp. 29-65.
V. Gandhi: Swaraj
M. Gandhi, (1991) ‘Satyagraha: Transforming Unjust Relationships through the Power of the Soul’, in S. Hay (ed.), Sources of Indian Tradition, Vol. 2.Second Edition, New Delhi: Penguin, pp. 265-270.
A. Parel, (ed.), (2002) ‘Introduction’, in Gandhi, freedom and Self Rule, Delhi: Vistaar Publication.
D. Dalton, (1982) Indian Idea of Freedom: Political Thought of Swami Vivekananda,AurobindoGhose, Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore, Gurgaon: The AcademicPress, pp. 154- 190.
R. Terchek, (2002) ‘Gandhian Autonomy in Late Modern World’, in A. Parel (ed.), Gandhi,Freedom and Self Rule. Delhi: Sage.
VI. Ambedkar: Social Justice
B. Ambedkar, (1991) ‘Constituent Assembly Debates’, S. Hay (ed.), Sources of IndianTradition, Vol. 2, Second Edition, New Delhi: Penguin, pp. 342-347.
V. Rodrigues, (2007) ‘Good society, Rights, Democracy Socialism’, in S. Thorat and Aryama (eds.), Ambedkar in Retrospect - Essays on Economics, Politics and Society, Jaipur: IIDS and Rawat Publications.
B. Mungekar, (2007) ‘Quest for Democratic Socialism’, in S. Thorat, and Aryana (eds.),
Ambedkar in Retrospect - Essays on Economics, Politics and Society, Jaipur: IIDS and RawatPublications, pp. 121-142.
P. Chatterjee, (2005) ‘Ambedkar and the Troubled times of Citizenship’, in V. Mehta and Th. Pantham (eds.), Political ideas in modern India: Thematic Explorations, New Delhi: Sage, pp. 73-92.
VII. Tagore: Critique of Nationalism
R. Tagore, (1994) ‘The Nation’, S. Das (ed.), The English Writings of Rabindranath Tagore, Vol. 3, New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi, pp. 548-551.
R. Chakravarty, (1986) ‘Tagore, Politics and Beyond’, in Th. Panthams and K. Deutsch (eds.),
Political Thought in Modern India, New Delhi: Sage, pp. 177-191.
M. Radhakrishnan, and Debasmita, (2003) ‘Nationalism is a Great Menace: Tagore and Nationalism’ in P. Hogan, Colm and L. Pandit, (eds.) Rabindranath Tagore: Universality andTradition, London: Rosemont Publishing and Printing Corporation, pp. 29-39.
Nandy, (1994) ‘Rabindranath Tagore & Politics of Self’, in Illegitimacy of Nationalism, Delhi: Oxford University Press, pp. 1-50.
VIII. Iqbal: Community Essential Readings:
M. Iqbal, (1991) ‘Speeches and Statements’, in S. Hay (ed.), Sources of Indian Tradition, Vol.2, Second Edition, New Delhi: Penguin, pp. 218-222.
A. Engineer, (1980) ‘Iqbal’s Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam’, in Social Scientist, Vol.8 (8), pp. 52-63.
Madani, (2005) Composite Nationalism and Islam, New Delhi: Manohar, pp. 66-91.
L. Gordon-Polonskya, (1971) ‘Ideology of Muslim Nationalism’, in H. Malik (ed.), Iqbal: Poet-Philosopher of Pakistan,New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 108-134.
IX. Savarkar: Hindutva Essential Readings:
V.Savarkar, ‘Hindutva is Different from Hinduism’, available at http://www.savarkar.org/en/hindutva-/essentials-hindutva/hindutva-different-hinduism, Accessed: 19.04.2013
J. Sharma, (2003) Hindutva: Exploring the Idea of Hindu Nationalism, Delhi: Penguin, pp. 124-172.
Dh. Keer, (1966) Veer Savarkar, Bombay: Popular Prakashan, pp. 223-250.
X. Nehru: Secularism Essential Readings:
J. Nehru, (1991) ‘Selected Works’, in S. Hay (ed.), Sources of Indian Tradition, Vol. 2, Second Edition, New Delhi: Penguin, pp. 317-319.
R. Pillai, (1986) ‘Political thought of Jawaharlal Nehru’, in Th. Pantham, and K. Deutsch (eds.), Political Thought in Modem India, New Delhi: Sage, pp. 260- 274.
B. Zachariah, (2004) Nehru, London: Routledge Historical Biographies, pp. 169-213.
P. Chatterjee, (1986) ‘The Moment of Arrival: Nehru and the Passive Revolution’, in
Nationalist Thought and the Colonial World: A Derivative Discourse? London: Zed Books, pp.131-166
XI. Lohia: Socialism Essential Readings:
M. Anees and V. Dixit (eds.), (1984) Lohia: Many Faceted Personality, Rammanohar Lohia Smarak Smriti.
S. Sinha, (2010) ‘Lohia’s Socialism: An underdog’s perspective’, in Economic and PoliticalWeekly, Vol. XLV (40) pp. 51-55.
Kumar, (2010) ‘Understanding Lohia’s Political Sociology: Intersectionality of Caste, Class, Gender and Language Issue’, in Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. XLV (40), pp. 64-70.
GENERIC ELECTIVE (INTERDISCIPLINARY)-1to 4 (two subjects, Minor-1 and Minor-2) Minor-1 subjects to choose from (Indian history/Indian economy/Maths/Odia/Psychology/Sociology) except core subject
Minor-2 subjects to choose from (Indian polity/Indian Philosophy/Home science/Education/ Indian Labour studies)
SEMESTER-IV (C)DISCIPLINE SPECIFIC ELECTIVE -4 (DSE)
1. Human Rights in a Comparative Perspective Course objective: This course attempts to build an understanding of human rights among students through a study of specific issues in a comparative perspective. It is important for students to see how debates on human rights have taken distinct forms historically and in the contemporary world. The course seeks to anchor all issues in the Indian context, and pulls out another country to form a broader comparative frame. Students will be expected to use a range of resources, including films, biographies, and official documents to study each theme. Thematic discussion of sub-topics in the second and third sections should include state response to issues and structural violence questions.
Unit-I_I._Human_Rights:_Theory__Understanding_Human_Rights:_Three_Generations_of_Rights__Unit-II'>Unit-I I. Human Rights: Theory Understanding Human Rights: Three Generations of Rights
Institutionalization: Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Rights in National Constitutions: South Africa and India
II. Issues (5 weeks)
Torture: USA and India
Terrorism and Insecurity of Minorities: USA and India
Unit-IV Surveillance and Censorship: China and India
Unit-V III. Structural Violence (4 weeks) Caste and Race: South Africa and India
Gender and Violence: India and Pakistan
Adivasis/Aboriginals and the Land Question: Australia and India
READING LIST Human Rights: Theory and Institutionalization
Hoffman and P. Graham, (2006) ‘Human Rights’, Introduction to Political Theory, Delhi, Pearson, pp. 436-458.
SAHRDC (2006) ‘Introduction to Human Rights’; ‘Classification of Human Rights: An Overview of the First, Second, and Third Generational Rights’, in Introducing Human Rights, New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, Chapter 2: Bill of Rights.
The Constitution of India, Chapter 3: Fundamental Rights
a. Torture: USA and India
M. Lippman, (1979) ‘The Protection of Universal Human Rights: The Problem of Torture’
Universal Human Rights, Vol. 1(4), pp. 25-55
J. Lokaneeta, (2011) ‘Torture in the TV Show 24: Circulation of Meanings’; ‘Jurisprudence on Torture and Interrogations in India’, in Transnational Torture Law, Violence, and State Powerin the United States and India, Delhi: Orient Blackswan,
D. O’Byrne, (2007) ‘Torture’, in Human Rights: An Introduction, Delhi: Pearson, pp. 164-197.
b. Surveillance and Censorship: China and India
D. O’Byrne, (2007) ‘Censorship’, in Human Rights: An Introduction, Delhi: Pearson, pp. 106-138.
D. Lyon, (2008) Surveillance Society, Talk for Festival del Diritto, Piacenza, Italia, September 28, pp.1-7.
Fu Hualing, (2012) ‘Politicized Challenges, Depoliticized Responses: Political Monitoring in China’s Transitions’, paper presented at a conference on States of Surveillance: Counter-Terrorism and Comparative Constitutionalism, at the University of New South Wales, Sydney, 13-14 December.
U. Singh, (2012) ‘Surveillance Regimes in India’, paper presented at a conference on States of Surveillance: Counter-Terrorism and Comparative Constitutionalism, at the University of New South Wales, Sydney, 13-14 December.
c. Terrorism and Insecurity of Minorities: USA and India
E. Scarry, (2010) ‘Resolving to Resist’, in Rule of Law, Misrule of Men, Cambridge: Boston Review Books, MIT, pp.1-53.
M. Ahmad, (2002) ‘Homeland Insecurities: Racial Violence the Day after September 11’, Social Text, 72, Vol. 20(3), pp. 101-116.
U. Singh, (2007) ‘The Unfolding of Extraordinariness: POTA and the Construction of Suspect Communities’, in The State, Democracy and Anti-terror Laws in India, Delhi: Sage Publications, pp.165-219
3. Structural Conflicts
a. Caste and Race: South Africa and India
A. Pinto, (2001) ‘UN Conference against Racism: Is Caste Race?’, in Economic and PoliticalWeekly, Vol. 36(30)
D. O’Byrne, (2007) ‘Apartheid’, in Human Rights: An Introduction, Delhi: Pearson, pp. 241-262.
R. Wasserstorm, (2006), ‘Racism, Sexism, and Preferential Treatment: An approach to the Topics’, in R. Goodin and P. Pettit, Contemporary Political Philosophy: an Anthology, Oxford: Blackwell, pp-549-574
R. Wolfrum, (1998) ‘Discrimination, Xenophobia and Racism’ in J. Symonides, Human Rights:New Dimensions and Challenges, Aldershot, Ashgate/UNESCO, pp.181-198.
b. Gender and Violence: India and Pakistan
A. Khan and R. Hussain, (2008), ‘Violence Against Women in Pakistan: Perceptions and Experiences of Domestic Violence’, Asian Studies Review, Vol. 32, pp. 239 – 253
K. Kannabiran (2012) ‘Rethinking the Constitutional Category of Sex’, in Tools of Justice:Non-Discrimination and the Indian Constitution,New Delhi, Routledge, pp.425-443
N. Menon (2012) ‘Desire’, Seeing Like a Feminist, New Delhi: Zubaan/Penguin, pp. 91-146
c. Adivasis/Aboriginals and the Land Question: Australia and India
H. Goodall, (2011) ‘International Indigenous Community Study: Adivasi Indigenous People in India’, in A. Cadzow and J. Maynard (eds.),Aboriginal Studies, Melbourne: Nelson Cengage Learning, pp.254-259.
K. Kannabiran, (2012) ‘Adivasi Homelands and the Question of Liberty’, in Tools of Justice:Non-Discrimination and the Indian Constitution, New Delhi: Routledge, pp.242-271.
N. Watson (2011) ‘Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Identities’ in A. Cadzow and J. Maynard (eds.),Aboriginal Studies, Melbourne: Nelson Cengage Learning, pp.43-52.
W. Fernandes (2008) ‘India's Forced Displacement Policy and Practice. Is Compensation up to its Functions?’, in M. Cernea and H. Mathus (eds), Can Compensation PreventImpoverishment? Reforming Resettlement through Investments and Benefit-Sharing,pp.181-207, New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
A. Laws and V. Iacopino, (2002) ‘Police Torture in Punjab, India: An Extended Survey’, in Health and Human Rights, Vol. 6(1), pp. 195-210
D. O’Byrne, (2007) ‘Theorizing Human Rights’, in Human Rights: An Introduction, Delhi, Pearson, pp.26-70.
J. Morsink, (1999) The Universal Declaration of Human Rights: Origins, Drafting and Intent, Philadelphia: University of Pensylvania Press, pp. ix-xiv
J. Nickel, (1987) Making Sense of Human Rights: Philosophical Reflections on the UniversalDeclaration of Human Rights,Berkeley: University of California Press.
Goldman, (2005) ‘Of Treaties and Torture: How the Supreme Court Can Restrain the Executive’, in Duke Law Journal, Vol. 55(3), pp. 609-640.
Tsutsui and C. Wotipka, (2004) Global Civil Society and the International Human Rights Movement: Citizen Participation in Human Rights International Nongovernmental Organizations, in Social Forces, Vol. 83(2), pp. 587-620.
Rabben, (2001) Amnesty International: Myth and Reality, in Agni, No. 54, Amnesty International Fortieth Anniversary pp. 8-28
Mohanty, (2010) ‘In Pursuit of People’s Rights: An Introduction’, in M. Mohanty et al., Weapon of the Oppressed: Inventory of People’s Rights in India, New Delhi: Danish Books,pp.1-11
M. Cranston, (1973) What are Human Rights? New York: Taplinger
M. Ishay, (2004) The History of Human Rights: From Ancient Times to the Globalization Era, Delhi: Orient Blackswan.
R. Sharan, (2009) ‘Alienation and Restoration of Tribal Land in Jharkhand in N Sundar (ed.) Legal Grounds, New Delhi: Oxford University Press, pp. 82-112
Text of UDHR available at http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/index.shtml
Baxi, (1989) ‘From Human Rights to the Right to be Human: Some Heresies’, in S. Kothari and H. Sethi (eds.), Rethinking Human Rights, Delhi: Lokayan, pp.181-166
2.Development Process and Social Movements in Contemporary India Course objective: Under the influence of globalization, development processes in India have undergone transformation to produce spaces of advantage and disadvantage and new geographies of power. The high social reproduction costs and dispossession of vulnerable social groups involved in such a development strategy condition new theatres of contestation and struggles. A variety of protest movements emerged to interrogate and challenge this development paradigm that evidently also weakens the democratic space so very vital to the formulation of critical consensus. This course proposes to introduce students to the conditions, contexts and forms of political contestation over development paradigms and their bearing on the retrieval of democratic voice of citizens.
I. Development Process since Independence (2 weeks) a. State and planning
Liberalization and reforms
II. Industrial Development Strategy and its Impact on the Social Structure (2 weeks) Mixed economy, privatization, the impact on organized and unorganized labour
Emergence of the new middle class
III. Agrarian Development Strategy and its Impact on the Social Structure (2weeks) Land Reforms, Green Revolution
Agrarian crisis since the 1990s and its impact on farmers
IV. Social Movements (Ancient)
Social Movement (Modern) Tribal, Peasant, Dalit and Women's movements
Mozoomdar, (1994) ‘The Rise and Decline of Development Planning in India’, in T. Byres (ed.) The State and Development Planning in India. Delhi: Oxford University Press, pp. 73-108.
Varshney, (2010) ‘Mass Politics or Elite Politics? Understanding the Politics of India’s Economic Reforms’ in R. Mukherji (ed.) India’s Economic Transition: The Politics of Reforms, Delhi: Oxford University Press, pp 146-169.
P. Chatterjee, (2000) ‘Development Planning and the Indian State’, in Zoya Hasan (ed.), Politics and the State in India, New Delhi: Sage, pp.116-140.
P. Patnaik and C. Chandrasekhar, (2007) ‘India: Dirigisme, Structural Adjustment, and the Radical Alternative’, in B. Nayar (ed.), Globalization and Politics in India. Delhi: Oxford University Press, pp. 218-240.
P. Bardhan, (2005) ‘Epilogue on the Political Economy of Reform in India’, in The PoliticalEconomy of Development in India. 6th impression, Delhi: Oxford University Press.
T. Singh, (1979) ‘The Planning Process and Public Process: a Reassessment’, R. R. KaleMemorial Lecture, Pune: Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics.