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Classical Realism and Neorealism



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Classical Realism and Neorealism

Essential Readings:


E. Carr, (1981) The Twenty Years Crisis, 1919-1939: An Introduction to the Study of International Relations, London: Macmillan, pp. 63-94.
H. Morgenthau, (2007) ‘Six Principles of Political Realism’, in R. Art and R. Jervis, International Politics, 8th Edition, New York: Pearson Longman, pp. 7-14.
T. Dunne and B. Scmidt, (2008) ‘Realism’, in J. Baylis and S. Smith (eds), The Globalization of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations, New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 90-107.
K. Waltz, (2007) ‘The Anarchic Structure of World Politics’, in R. Art and R. Jervis, International Politics, 8th Edition, New York: Pearson Longman, pp. 29-49.
Additional Readings:
M. Nicholson, (2002) International Relations: A Concise Introduction, New York: Palgrave, pp. 6-7.
H. Bull, (2000) ‘The Balance of Power and International Order’, in M. Smith and R. Little (eds), Perspectives on World Politics, New York: Routledge, pp. 115-124.

Liberalism and Neoliberalism

Essential Readings:


T. Dunne, (2008) ‘Liberalism’, in J. Baylis and S. Smith (eds.), The Globalization of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations, New York: Oxford University Press, pp.

108-123.
R. Keohane and J. Nye, (2000) ‘Transgovernmental Relations and the International Organization’, in M. Smith and R. Little (eds.), Perspectives on World Politics, New York: Routledge, pp. 229-241.


Additional Readings:
J. Goldstein and J. Pevehouse, (2007) International Relations, New York: Pearson Longman, pp. 127-137.

R. Jackson and G. Sorensen, (2007) Introduction to International Relations: Theories and Approaches, 3rd Edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 97-128.



Marxist Approaches

Essential Readings:


I. Wallerstein, (2000) ‘The Rise and Future Demise of World Capitalist System: Concepts for Comparative Analysis’, in Michael Smith and Richard Little (eds), Perspectives on World Politics, New York: Routledge, pp. 305-317.
S. Hobden and R. Jones, (2008) ‘Marxist Theories of International Relations’ in J. Baylis and S. Smith (eds), The Globalization of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations, New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 142-149; 155-158.
J. Goldstein and J. Pevehouse, (2007) International Relations, New York: Pearson Longman, pp. 494-496; 500-503.
Additional Readings:
J. Galtung, (2000) ‘A Structural Theory of Imperialism’, in M. Smith and R. Little, (eds), Perspectives on World Politics, New York: Routledge, pp. 292-304.
A. Frank, (1966) ‘The Development of Underdevelopment’ Monthly Review, pp. 17-30.
P. Viotti and M. Kauppi (2007), International Relations and World
Politics: Security, Economy, Identity, Pearson Education, pp. 40-85.

Modern History Sourcebook: Summary of Wallerstein on World System Theory, Available at http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/Wallerstein.asp, Accessed: 19.04.2013



Feminist Perspectives

Essential Readings:


J. Tickner, (2007) ‘A Critique of Morgenthau’s Principles of Political Realism’, in R. Art and R. Jervis, International Politics, 8th Edition, New York: Pearson Longman, pp. 15-28.

F. Halliday, (1994) Rethinking International Relations, London: Macmillan, pp. 147-166. Additional Readings:

M. Nicholson, International Relations: A Concise Introduction, New York: Palgrave, 2002, pp. 120-122.

J. Goldstein and J. Pevehouse, (2007) International Relations, New York: Pearson Longman, pp. 138-148.

S. Smith and P. Owens, (2008) ‘Alternative Approaches to International Theory’ in J. Baylis and S. Smith (eds), The Globalization of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations, New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 181-184.

IR, Eurocentricism and Perspectives from the Global South on Eurocentricism

Essential Readings:


A. Acharya and B. Buzan, (2007) ‘Why Is There No Non- Western IR Theory: Reflections on and From Asia’, International Relations Of The Asia- Pacific, Vol 7(3), pp. 285-286.

T. Kayaoglu, (2010) 'Westphalian Eurocentrism in I R Theory', in International Studies Review, Vol. 12(2), pp. 193-217.

Additional Readings:
O. Weaver and A. Tickner, (2009) ‘Introduction: Geocultural Epistemologies’, in A. Tickner and O. Waever (eds), International Relations: Scholarship Around The World, London: Routledge, pp. 1-31.


  1. Kanth (ed), (2009) The Challenge of Eurocentris: Global Perspectives,Policy & Prospects, New York: Palgrave-McMillan.

  2. Amin, (2010) Eurocentrism: Modernity, Religion & Democracy, New York: Monthly Review Press.

An Overview of Twentieth Century IR History
(a) World War I: Causes and Consequences
Hobsbawm, E. (1995) Age of Extreme: The Short Twentieth Century, 1914—1991. London: Abacus, pp. 22-35.

(b) Significance of the Bolshevik Revolution
Hobsbawm, E. (1995) Age of Extreme: The Short Twentieth Century, 1914—1991. London: Abacus, pp. 54-78.

(c) Rise of Fascism / Nazism
Hobsbawm, E. (1995) Age of Extreme: The Short Twentieth Century, 1914—1991. London: Abacus, pp. 108-141.
Carr, E.H. (2004) International Relations between the Two World Wars: 1919-1939. New York: Palgrave, pp. 197-231 and 258-278.
(d) World War II: Causes and Consequences
Taylor, A.J.P. (1961) The Origins of the Second World War. Harmondsworth: Penguin, pp.29-65.
Carrtuthers, S.L. (2005) ‘International History, 1900-1945’ in Baylis, J. and Smith, S. (eds.) (2008)
The Globalization of World Politics. An Introduction to International Relations. 4th edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 76-84.
(e) Cold War: Different Phases

Calvocoressi, P. (2001) World Politics: 1945—2000. Essex: Pearson, pp. 3-91.


Scott, L. (2005) ‘International History, 1945-1990’ in Baylis, J. and Smith, S. (eds.) (2008) The Globalization of World Politics. An Introduction to International Relations. 4th edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 93-101.
Hobsbawm, E. (1995) Age of Extreme: The Short Twentieth Century, 1914—1991. London: Abacus, pp. 225-226.
(f) Emergence of the Third World
Hobsbawm, E. (1995) Age of Extreme: The Short Twentieth Century, 1914—1991. London: Abacus, pp. 207-222.
(g) Collapse of the USSR and the End of the Cold War
Scott, L. (2005) ‘International History, 1945-1990’ in Baylis, J. and Smith, S. (eds.) (2008) The Globalization of World Politics. An Introduction to International Relations. 4th edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 93-101.

(h) Post Cold War Developments and Emergence of Other Power Centres of Power: Japan, European Union (EU) and Brazil, Russia, India, China (BRIC)
Brezeznski, Z. (2005) Choice: Global Dominance or Global Leadership. New York: Basic Books, pp. 85-127.34

Gill, S. (2005) ‘Contradictions of US Supremacy’ in Panitch, L. and Leys, C. (eds.) Socialist Register: The Empire Reloaded. London: Merlin Press. 2004, London, Merlin Press and New York, Monthly Review Press. Socialist Register, pp.24-47.


Therborn, G. (2006) ‘Poles and Triangles: US Power and Triangles of Americas, Asia and Europe’ in Hadiz, V.R. (ed.) Empire and Neo Liberalism in Asia. London: Routledge, pp.23-37.

4.1 Paper VIII- Political Processes and Institutions in Comparative Perspective
Course objective: In this course students will be trained in the application of comparative methods to the study of politics. The course is comparative in both what we study and how we study. In the process the course aims to introduce undergraduate students to some of the range of issues, literature, and methods that cover comparative political.

Unit-I

I. Approaches to Studying Comparative Politics (8 lectures) a. Political Culture

b. New Institutionalism

Unit-II

II. Electoral System (8 lectures)
Definition and procedures: Types of election system (First Past the Post, Proportional Representation, Mixed Representation)

Unit-III

III. Party System (8 lectures)

Historical contexts of emergence of the party system and types of parties



Unit-IV

IV. Nation-state (8 lectures)
What is nation–state? Historical evolution in Western Europe and postcolonial contexts ‘Nation’ and ‘State’: debates

V. Democratization (8 lectures)
Process of democratization in postcolonial, post- authoritarian and post-communist countries

Unit-V

VI. Federalism (8 lectures) Historical context Federation and Confederation: debates around territorial division of power.


READING LIST
I: Approaches to Studying Comparative Politics

Essential Readings:


M. Pennington, (2009) ‘Theory, Institutional and Comparative Politics’, in J. Bara and Pennington. (eds.) Comparative Politics: Explaining Democratic System. Sage Publications, New Delhi, pp. 13-40.
M. Howard, (2009) ‘Culture in Comparative Political Analysis’, in M. Lichback and A. Zuckerman, pp. 134- S. (eds.) Comparative Political: Rationality, Culture, and Structure. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
B. Rosamond, (2005) ‘Political Culture’, in B. Axford, et al. Politics, London: Routledge, pp. 57-81.
Additional Readings:
P. Hall, Taylor and C. Rosemary, (1996) ‘Political Science and the Three New Institutionalism’, Political Studies. XLIV, pp. 936-957.
L. Rakner, and R. Vicky, (2011) ‘Institutional Perspectives’, in P. Burnell, et .al. (eds.) Political in the Developing World. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 53-70.

II: Electoral System

Essential Readings:




  1. Heywood, (2002) ‘Representation, Electoral and Voting’, in Politics. New York: Palgrave, pp. 223-245.

  1. Evans, (2009) ‘Elections Systems’, in J. Bara and M. Pennington, (eds.) Comparative politics. New Delhi: Sage Publications, pp. 93-119.

Additional Reading:
R. Moser, and S. Ethan, (2004) ‘Mixed Electoral Systems and Electoral System Effects: Controlled Comparison and Cross-national Analysis’, in Electoral Studies. 23, pp. 575-599.

III: Party System

Essential Readings:


A. Cole, (2011) ‘Comparative Political Parties: Systems and Organizations’, in J. Ishiyama, and M. Breuning, (eds) 21st Century Political Science: A Reference Book. Los Angeles: Sage Publications, pp. 150-158.

A. Heywood, (2002) ‘Parties and Party System’, in Politics. New York : Palgrave, pp. 247-268.

Additional Readings:
B. Criddle, (2003) ‘Parties and Party System’, in R. Axtmann, (ed.) Understanding Democratic Politics: An Introduction. London: Sage Publications, pp. 134-142.

IV: Nation-state

Essential Readings:


W. O’Conner, (1994) ‘A Nation is a Nation, is a Sate, is a Ethnic Group, is a …’, in J. Hutchinson and A. Smith, (eds.) Nationalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 36-46.

K. Newton, and J. Deth, (2010) ‘The Development of the Modern State ‘, in Foundations of Comparative Politics: Democracies of the Modern World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 13-33.

Additional Reading:

A. Heywood, (2002), ‘The State’, in Politics. New York: Palgrave, pp. 85-102



V. Democratization

Essential Readings:

T. Landman, (2003) ‘Transition to Democracy’, in Issues and Methods of Comparative Methods: An Introduction. London: Routledge, pp. 185-215.
K. Newton, and J. Deth, (2010) ‘Democratic Change and Persistence’, in Foundations of Comparative Politics: Democracies of the Modern World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 53-67.
J. Haynes, (1999) ‘State and Society’, in The Democratization. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 20-38; 39-63.
Additional Reading:
B. Smith, (2003) ‘Democratization in the Third World’, in Understanding Third World Politics: Theories of Political Change and Development. London: Palgrave Macmillan, pp.250-274.
VI: Federalism

Essential Readings:


M. Burgess, (2006) Comparative Federalism: Theory and Practice. London: Routledge, pp. 135-161.
R. Watts, (2008) ’Introduction’, in Comparing Federal Systems. Montreal and Kingston: McGill Queen’s University Press, pp. 1-27

Additional Reading:


R. Saxena, (2011) ‘Introduction’, in Saxena, R (eds.) Varieties of Federal Governance: Major Contemporary Models. New Delhi: Cambridge University Press, pp. xii-x1.

4.2 Paper-IX PUBLIC POLICY AND ADMINISTRATION IN INDIA
Objective: The paper seeks to provide an introduction to the interface between public policy and administration in India. The essence of public policy lies in its effectiveness in translating the governing philosophy into programs and policies and making it a part of the community living. It deals with issues of decentralization, financial management, citizens and administration and social welfare from a non-western perspective.
Unit-I


    1. Public Policy [ 10 lectures ]




  1. Definition, characteristics and models

  2. Public Policy Process in India


Unit-II


    1. Decentralization [ 10 lectures ]




  1. Meaning, significance and approaches and types




  1. Local Self Governance: Rural and Urban

Unit-III
III. Budget [12 lectures ]


  1. Concept and Significance of Budget

  2. Budget Cycle in India




  1. Various Approaches and Types Of Budgeting

Unit-IV
IV. Citizen and Administration Interface [ 15 lectures ]


    1. Public Service Delivery




    1. Redressal of Public Grievances: RTI, Lokpal, Citizens’ Charter and E-Governance

Unit-V
V. Social Welfare Administration [ 20 lectures ]


    1. Concept and Approaches of Social Welfare




    1. Social Welfare Policies:




      • Education: Right To Education,




      • Health: National Health Mission,




      • Food: Right To Food Security




      • Employment: MNREGA


READINGS
Public Policy

T. Dye, (1984) Understanding Public Policy, 5th Edition. U.S.A: Prentice Hall


R.B. Denhardt and J.V. Denhardt, (2009) Public Administration, New Delhi: Brooks/Cole
J. Anderson, (1975) Public Policy Making. New York: Thomas Nelson and sons Ltd.
M. Howlett, M. Ramesh, and A. Perl, (2009), Studying Public Policy: Policy Cycles and Policy subsystems, 3rd edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press
T. Dye, (2002) Understanding Public Policy, New Delhi: Pearson

Y. Dror, (1989) Public Policy Making Reexamined. Oxford: Transaction Publication



Decentralization
Satyajit Singh and Pradeep K. Sharma [eds.] Decentralisation: Institutions And Politics In Rural India, OUP,2007
D. A. Rondinelli and S.Cheema, Decentralisation and Development, Beverly Hills: Sage Publishers, 1983
N.G.Jayal, Democracy and The State: Welfare, Secular and Development in Contemporary India, Oxford : Oxford University Press,1999
Bidyut Chakrabarty, Reinventing Public Administration: The Indian Experience, Orient Longman,2007
Noorjahan Bava, Development Policies and Administration in India, Delhi: Uppal Publishers, 2001
Gabriel Almond and Sidney Verba, The Civic Culture, Boston: Little Brown, 1965
M.P.Lester, Political Participation- How and Why do People Get Involved in Politics Chicago: McNally, 1965
III. Budget
Erik-Lane, J. (2005) Public Administration and Public Management: The Principal Agent Perspective. New York: Routledge
Henry, N.(1999) Public Administration and Public Affairs. New Jersey:Prentice Hall
Caiden, N.(2004) ‘ Public Budgeting Amidst Uncertainity and Instability’, in Shafritz, J.M. & Hyde, A.C. (eds.) Classics of Public Administration. Belmont: Wadsworth
IV Citizen And Administration Interface

R. Putnam , Making Democracy Work , Princeton University Press, 1993


Jenkins, R. and Goetz, A.M. (1999) ‘Accounts and Accountability: Theoretical Implications of the Right to Information Movement in India’, in Third World Quarterly. June
Sharma, P.K. & Devasher, M. (2007) ‘Right to Information in India’ in Singh, S. and Sharma, P. (eds.) Decentralization: Institutions and Politics in Rural India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press

Vasu Deva, E-Governance In India: A Reality, Commonwealth Publishers, 2005


World Development Report, World Bank, Oxford University Press, 1992.
M.J.Moon, The Evolution of Electronic Government Among Municipalities: Rheoteric or Reality, American Society For Public Administration, Public Administration Review, Vol 62, Issue 4, July –August 2002
Pankaj Sharma, E-Governance: The New Age Governance, APH Publishers, 2004
Pippa Norris, Digital Divide: Civic Engagement, Information Poverty and the Internet in Democratic Societies, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
Stephan Goldsmith and William D. Eggers, Governing By Network: The New Shape of the Public Sector, Brookings Institution [Washington], 2004
United Nation Development Programme, Reconceptualising Governance, New York, 1997 Mukhopadyay, A. (2005) ‘Social Audit’, in Seminar. No.551.
V. Social Welfare Administration

Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen, India, Economic Development and Social Opportunity, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995


J.Dreze and Amartya Sen, Indian Development: Selected Regional Perspectives, Oxford: Clareland Press, 1997
Reetika Khera- Rural Poverty And Public Distribution System, EPW, Vol-XLVIII, No.45-46, Nov 2013
Pradeep Chaturvedi [ed.], Women And Food Security: Role Of Panchayats, Concept Publishers, 1997
National Food Security Mission: nfsm.gov.in/Guidelines/XIIPlan/NFSMXII.pdf
Jugal Kishore, National Health Programs of India: National Policies and Legislations, Century Publications, 2005
K. Lee and Mills, The Economic Of Health In Developing Countries, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983
K. Vijaya Kumar, Right to Education Act 2009: Its Implementation as to Social Development in India, Delhi: Akansha Publishers, 2012.
Marma Mukhopadhyay and Madhu Parhar(ed.) Education in India: Dynamics of Development, Delhi: Shipra Publications, 2007


Nalini Juneja, Primary Education for All in the City of Mumbai: The Challenge Set By Local Actors', International Institute For Educational Planning, UNESCO: Paris, 2001


Surendra Munshi and Biju Paul Abraham [eds.] Good Governance, Democratic Societies and Globalisation, Sage Publishers, 2004
Basu Rumki (2015) Public Administration in India Mandates, Performance and Future Perspectives, New Delhi, Sterling Publishers

www.un.org/millenniumgoals http://www.cefsindia.org www.righttofoodindia.org



4.3 Paper X- Global Politics
Course objective: This course introduces students to the key debates on the meaning and nature of globalization by addressing its political, economic, social, cultural and technological dimensions. In keeping with the most important debates within the globalization discourse, it imparts an understanding of the working of the world economy, its anchors and resistances offered by global social movements while analyzing the changing nature of relationship between the state and trans-national actors and networks. The course also offers insights into key contemporary global issues such as the proliferation of nuclear weapons, ecological issues, international terrorism, and human security before concluding with a debate on the phenomenon of global governance.
Unit-I
I. Globalization: Conceptions and Perspectives (23 lectures)

  1. Understanding Globalization and its Alternative Perspectives (6 lectures)




  1. Political: Debates on Sovereignty and Territoriality (3 lectures)




  1. Global Economy: Its Significance and Anchors of Global Political Economy: IMF,

Unit-II

Globalization : Conceptions and Perspectives




  1. World Bank, WTO, TNCs (8 lectures)




  1. Cultural and Technological Dimension (3 lectures)

f. Global Resistances (Global Social Movements and NGOs) (3 lectures)
Unit-III

II. Contemporary Global Issues (20 lectures)


  1. Ecological Issues: Historical Overview of International Environmental Agreements, Climate Change, Global Commons Debate (7 lectures)




  1. Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (3 lectures)

Unit-IV


  1. International Terrorism: Non-State Actors and State Terrorism; Post 9/11 developments (4 lectures)

  2. Migration (3 lectures)




  1. Human Security (3 lectures)

Unit-V

III. Global Shifts: Power and Governance (5 lectures)
READING LIST
I. Globalization – Conceptions and Perspectives Understanding Globalization and its Alternative Perspectives

Essential Readings:

G. Ritzer, (2010) Globalization: A Basic Text, Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 33-62.
M. Strager, (2009) Globalization: A Very Short Introduction, London: Oxford University Press, pp. 1-16.
R. Keohane and J. Nye Jr, (2000) ‘Globalization: What’s New? What’s Not? (And So What?)’, in Foreign Policy, No 118, pp. 104-119.

Additional Reading:




  1. McGrew, (2011) ‘Globalization and Global Politics’, in J. Baylis, S. Smith and P. Owens (eds.) Globalization of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations, New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 14-31.




  1. Heywood, (2011) Global Politics, New York: Palgrave-McMillan, pp. 1-24.

W. Ellwood, (2005) The No-nonsense Guide to Globalization, Jaipur: NI-Rawat Publications, pp. 12-23.




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