Chapter one general introduction background of the Study

Statement of Research Problem

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1.2 Statement of Research Problem
The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, usually known as the Berne Convention of 1886 is the current international law that provides protection to video games. Article 2 of the Convention in its expression of “literary and artistic work” accords protection to video games by way of copyright. However, the current issue is whether Video Game pertains only to literary and artistic work? Prima facie the answer seems to be in the negative.
Also in Nigeria, the creation of Video Games predated all current Nigerian intellectual property legislations. For instance, Copyright Act which came in to existence in 1988, by virtue of Copyright Decree No. 47, 1988, almost twenty-seven years after the creation of the first Video Game in 1961. Video Games predate even the Trade Marks Act,23 which is the oldest of all the Nigerian IP legislations. But yet, there is no mention of Video Games in any of the legislations, specifically in Nigerian Copyright Act, but almost all the components of Video Games are mentioned in the Act and technically they can therefore be protected under the Act.
As a result, questions related to the legal regime applicable to video games in Nigeria do not seem to have obvious answers. This and many other problems are going to be examined in this research.
1.3 Aim and Objectives of the Study
The main aim of this research is to find out if and to what extent is Video Game related to IP; what aspect of Video Game may be protected by Intellectual Property; and by which area of IP? Arising from this aim, are the following objectives:

  1. To examine and understand the various components of Video Games.

  2. To know the different classifications of Video Games.

  3. To discuss on global perspective related to Video Games.

  4. To examine some Video Games developed in Nigeria and to know the aspect of IP laws that can be applied to protect video games in Nigeria.

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