Chapter-i ncc

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Philosophy of Training


NCC Song


Incentives for NCC Cadets

1. The National Cadet Corps (NCC) has its genesis in the ‘University Corps’, which was created under the Defence Act, 1917 with the object to make up the shortage of the Army. In 1920, when the Indian Territorial Act was passed, The `University Corps’ was replaced by the ‘University Training Corps (UTC)’ In 1942, the UTC was renamed as the ‘University Officers Training Corps’ (UOTC). The need to create a youth organisation at National level to train the young boys and girls to be better citizens and future leaders of our great country in all walks of life, including Defence forces, was rightly realized by our leaders. A Committee under Pandit HN Kunzru was set up in 1946 at the behest of our first Prime Minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. The NCC came into existence on 16th July, 1948 under the NCC Act XXXVI of 1948 under the Ministry of Defence (MOD).
NCC Motto
2. The Motto of the NCC is ‘Unity and Discipline’ which was adopted on 23 Dec 1957. In living upto its motto, the NCC strives to be and is one of the greatest cohesive forces of our nation, bringing together the youth hailing from different parts of our country and moulding them into united, secular and disciplined citizens of our nation.
Selection of NCC Flag
3. In 1954 the existing tricolour flag was introduced. The three colours in the flag depict the three Services of the Corps, red for the Army, deep blue for the Navy and light blue for the Air Force. The letters NCC and the NCC crest in gold in the middle of the flag encircled by a wreath of lotus, give the flag a colourful look and a distinct identity. Each lotus represents one NCC Directorate (Dte).
4. The aims of NCC as approved by MOD in Mar 2001 are as under:-
(a) To develop character, comradeship, discipline, leadership, secular outlook, spirit of adventure, sportsmanship and ideals of selfless service among the youth of the country.
(b) To create a human resource of organized, trained and motivated youth, to provide leadership in all walks of life and always be available for the service of the nation.
(c) To provide a suitable environment to motivate the youth to take up a career in the Armed Forces.


1. The NCC organization is administered through the MOD. The Defence Secretary is overall in-charge, who is responsible to the Govt, of India for efficient functioning of the NCC and other matters.

2. The NCC is headed by Director General (DG), an Army Officer of the rank of Lieutenant General, who is responsible for the functioning of the NCC in the country through the Dte Gen NCC situated at Delhi. The DG at the Dte Gen NCC is assisted by two Additional Directors General (ADsG), one Major General from the Army and the other a Rear Admiral from the Navy or an Air Vice Marshal from the Air Force. There are five Deputy Directors General (DDsG) of the rank of Brigadier and equivalent; three Brigadiers and one Commodore/Air Commodore and one civilian officer.
3. At the state level, the country has been divided into 17 Directorates (Dtes) covering all States and Union Territories. These Dtes are headed by an officer of the rank of Brigadier or its equivalent from the other two Services. Each of the State NCC Dte controls two to fourteen Group Headquarters (Gp HQ), headed by an officer of the rank of Colonel or its equivalent. In all, there are 95 Gp HQs in the country, who exercise control over a network of 657 Army Wing Units (including Technical and Girls’ Unit), 59 Naval Wing Units and 58 Air Squadrons. Details of NCC Dte’s and Gp HQs are given in Appendix ‘A’ & ‘B’ respectively. The NCC unit is commanded by a Lt Col/ Col (TS) or equivalent. In addition the NCC has two training establishments- Officers Training School (OTS), Kamptee (near Nagpur) and Women Officers Training School (WOTS), Gwalior where professors and teachers from colleges and schools are specially trained to impart training to the cadets as Associate NCC Officers (ANOs).


4. The NCC has been organized into three wings i.e. Army, Navy and Air Wing. Each Wing consists of Junior Division (JD) and Senior Division (SD). Each Wing in addition to JD and SD also has a Girls Division, consisting of Junior Wing (JW) and Senior Wing (SW).
5. The NCC is staffed by personnel drawn from the three Services
(a) Regular officers drawn from the three Services.
(b) Whole Time Lady Officers.
(c) Associate NCC Officers.
(d) Girl Cadet Instructors
(e) Permanent Instructional (PI) Staff.
(f) Civilian Gliding Instructors.
(g) Civilian Staff

(i) Regular Officers. The NCC Directorates are headed by Service Officers of the rank of Brigadier and equivalent, Group Headquarters are headed by Service Officers of the rank of Colonel and equivalent and Units are headed by Service Officers of the rank of Colonel (TS)/Lieutenant Colonel/Major and equivalent. They are responsible for proper training, planning and execution of NCC activities.

(ii) Whole Time Lady Officers(WTLOs). A cadre of Whole Time Lady Officers (WTLO) with cadre strength of 110 officers has been sanctioned in 1995. They are to be commissioned partly through departmental channel and partly through UPSC in a phased manner.
(iii) Associate NCC Officers (ANOs). ANOs are teachers or lecturers in the respective schools or colleges, who volunteer to serve in the NCC. They are responsible for training and administration of the NCC sub units attached to their schools/colleges and for the overall discipline of the cadets placed under their charge. They are paid an honorarium for their service by the State Government. They are granted commission in NCC on a part time basis.
(iv) Girl Cadet Instructors (GCIs). For training of Girl Cadets, a cadre of Girl Cadet Instructors (GCIs) was instituted in the sixties. This is a group `C’ post. The GCIs look after the administration in the Girl’s Battalions and also perform escort duties for Girl Cadets when they go for camps and adventure activities. In order to give them better promotional avenues, the cadre has recently been restructured into three grades viz Grade I, II and III instead of two grades earlier.

(v) Permanent Instructional Staff (PI Staff). PI staff for the NCC consisting of Junior Commissioned Officers and Non-commissioned Officers of the Armed Forces are posted on tenure basis on Extra Regimental Employment.

(vi) Civilian Gliding Instructors (CGIs). CGIs are posted to NCC Air Wing Squadrons. Their primary task is to train NCC cadets in flying.


1. Training in NCC instils qualities like nationalism, patriotism, discipline, team spirit, esprit-de-corps, leadership and self confidence and promotes overall personality development. NCC gives a tremendous opportunity to one and all for betterment, irrespective of caste, creed, religion or economic status. Based on the aims of NCC, the organisation has laid down training syllabi for the cadets. The syllabi for the Junior Division cadets covers a period of two years and for Senior Division cadets a period of three years. Except for minor variations, the syllabi for each Division is similar for both Boy and Girl cadets. The training year matches the academic and financial years.

Training Activities
2. The training activities of NCC can be broadly classified as under:-
(a) Institutional Training Camps and Attachment Training
(i) Camp Training.

(ii) Attachment Training (Service/Units).

(iii) Naval Wing Activities.

(iv) Air Wing Activities.

(b) Social Service and Community Development Activities.
(c) Youth Exchange Programme (YEP).
(d) Adventure Training and Sports.
Institutional Training.
3. This training is mostly carried out in schools and colleges by the cadets. In addition, depending upon the type of wing, basic knowledge of that Service is imparted to the cadets e.g gliding and powered flying for Air Wing cadets and boat pulling and sailing for Naval Wing cadets.
4. Camp Training. Camp training constitutes the most important part of NCC training. Every cadet in the NCC is expected to attend at least two camps during one’s tenure to complete the Training Syllabi.
(a) Annual Training Camps (ATC). These are held within the state under the aegis of respective NCC Directorates. The camps are of 12 days duration for senior boys/girls and 10 days duration for junior boys/girls.
(b) Centrally Organised Camps (COC). These camps are of an all India nature and are planned by HQ DGNCC in consultation with the Directorates nominated to conduct them. Selected cadets, as per the vacancies allotted to each Directorate, participate in these camps. The following types of centrally organised camps are conducted.
(i) Leadership Camps. These camps are conducted on all India basis. There are four Advance Leadership Camps (ALC) and three Basic Leadership Camps held each year.
(ii) Thal Sainik Camp (TSC). Two TSCs are conducted at RD parade ground, Delhi Cantt every year i.e. one for SD/JD boys and the other for SW/JW girls.
(iii) Vayu Sainik Camp (VSC). This Centrally Organised Camp is organised for Air Wing Cadets. Cadets from all Directorates attend the camp. VSC is generally conducted in the month of Oct.
(iv) Nau Sainik Camp(NSC). This Centrally Organized Naval Camp is conducted annually for selected Naval Wing Cadets. Boat pulling, regatta and sailing competitions are the main attractions of this camp.
(v) Rock Climbing Camps. Rock climbing camps are held each year to expose the cadets to the basics of rock climbing and to inculcate the spirit of adventure.
(vi) National Integration Camps (NIC). The Camps are conducted on an all India basis and help bridge the cultural gap among various states of India. In addition the NCC conducts NICs at remote and forward areas to promote national integration. Special NICs are conducted regularly at Leh, Srinagar, North Eastern Region and at Port Blair.

(vii) Republic Day Camp (RDC) and Prime Minister’s (PM’s) Rally. The Republic Day Camp is a prestigious camp inaugurated by the Vice President of India and visited by the Raksha Mantri, Raksha Rajya Mantri, Chief Minister of Delhi, the three Service Chiefs and other dignitaries. During the Camp a Horse show and cultural programmes are held wherein important dignitaries are invited as Chief Guests. The camp culminates in the Prime Minister’s Rally on 27 January every year which showcases all the activities of NCC.

5. Attachment Training. NCC Army Wing cadets are given an opportunity to live and work in regular Service units in the form of attachment training. Every year a large number of officers and cadets including women officers and Senior Wing girl cadets get attached to various units of the Army for a duration of two weeks.
(a) Attachment to Indian Military Academy (IMA) and Officers Training Acadamy (OTA). Every year selected SD/SW cadets are given attachment training with IMA and OTA respectively.
6. Naval Wing Activities. Naval wing syllabus is common for both boys & girls. During sea training naval subjects like Seamanship, Navigation, Communication, Gunnery, Damage Control and Ship Safety are taught to cadets. Swimming, Scuba Diving and Wind Surfing are other interesting activities.
7. Air Wing Activities. Gliding, Microlite Flying and attachment training with Air Force Stations/Establishments are the main activities.
Social Service and Community Development
8. NCC has adopted community development activities with the aim of NCC cadets imbibing selfless service to the community, dignity of labour, importance of self help, need to protect the environment and to assist weaker sections of society in their upliftment. Some of the major activities are:-
(a) Tree Plantation. NCC cadets plant saplings and look after them in conjunction with the concerned State Departments.
(b) Blood Donation. Cadets donate blood as voluntary service whenever needed by Hospitals/Red Cross.

(c) Old Age Homes. Old Age Homes in the country are patronised and regularly visited by NCC cadets.

(d) Adult Education. NCC cadets visit remote areas, villages and underdeveloped areas to emphasise the need for education and to assist in the conduct of the Adult Education Programmes.
(e) Community Work. Cadets of NCC participate in the rural and urban community projects and other development works like village track improvement, cleaning of streets and ponds, sanitation drives etc.
(f) Disaster Relief. NCC has always extended immediate support during natural disasters and accidents. NCC cadets are trained to provide services during floods, earthquakes, cyclones and major train accidents etc.
(g) AIDS Awareness Programme. NCC participates actively in the AIDS Awareness Programme and is presently working alongwith UNAIDS and DG AFMS in carrying out AIDS Awareness Programmes throughout the country.
(h) Cancer Awareness Programme. NCC cadets actively participate in Cancer Awareness Programmes organised at various cities.
Youth Exchange Programme (YEP)
9. The aim of YEP is a country-to-country exchange of cadets belonging to NCC/equivalent Govt/Youth Organisations of friendly countries and participation in NCC activities of the host country to create an increased awareness among participants and appreciation of each others’ socio-economic and cultural realities.
Adventure Training and Sports
10. NCC takes part in Subroto Cup Football Tournament, Jawahar Lal Nehru Hockey Cup Tournament and Mavlankar Shooting Championship on regular basis. Other than this, NCC cadets take part in Mountaineering, Trekking and Cycle/Motorcycle expeditions, Parachute Sailing, Para Courses, Slithering , Desert Safari and White Water Rafting.
Cadet Induction in NCC
11. Induction into NCC is on voluntary basis and students both boys and girls can join at the age of 13 years in Junior Division (JD)/Junior Wing (JW) (Class VIII to X) and in Senior Division (SD)/Senior Wing (SW) from class XI onwards.
12. Eligibility Conditions for Certificate Examination
(a) ‘A’ Certificate
(i) The candidate must have attended a minimum of 75% of total training periods laid down in the syllabus for the first and second years of Junior Division/ Wing NCC (All Wings).

  1. Must have attended one Annual Training Camp.

(b) ‘B’ Certificate

(i) The cadet must have attended a minimum of 75% of total training period laid down in the syllabus for the first and second years for Senior Division Wing NCC (All Wings).
(ii) Must have attended one Annual Training Camp/NIC.

  1. Cadets possessing ‘A’ certificate will be awarded 10 bonus


(iv) An Air Wing Cadet must do a minimum of 10 Glide Launches.

(c) ‘C’ Certificate
(i) The candidate must be in possession of Certificate ‘B’.
(ii) The cadet must be in third year of SD/SW NCC Training.
(iii) The cadet must have attended a minimum of 75% of the periods of 3rd year syllabus during the academic session.
(iv) Must have attended Two ATCs or one ATC and in addition one of the following:-
(aa) RD Camp at Delhi (RDC).
(ab) Centrally Organised Camp (COC).
(ac) Para Training Camp (PTC).

(ad) National Integration Camp (NIC) (when applicable for SD/SW Cadets).

(ae) All India Trekking Expedition (DG NCC organised).
(af) All India Mountaineering Expedition (DG NCC organised).
(ag) Attachment Training with Service units.
(ah) Any one of the Adventure Courses approved by DG NCC.
(aj) Sailing Expedition , with actual sailing exceeding 10 days, duly approved by DG NCC.
(ak) Any cadet participating in National Rifle Association of India (NRAI) matches as part of DG NCC team.
(al) Special Services Camps (essentially with 50% Service training).
(am) Successfully done Scuba Diving Course.
(an) Youth Exchange Programme.
(ao) Foreign cruise (Navy).

(d) Grading

(i) A cadet has to obtain 45% marks in each paper and 50% marks in the aggregate to pass the examinations. Grading based on total marks obtained will be awarded as follows:-
(aa) Grading `A’ - Cadets obtaining 80% marks or above.
(ab) Grading `B’ - Cadets obtaining 65% marks and above but below 80%.

(ac) Grading `C’ - Cadets obtaining 50% marks and above

but below 65%.
(ad) Fail - Cadets obtaining less than 45% in any

paper or less than 50% of the aggregate.

13. Authorisation of Clothing Items. On joining NCC a cadet does not have to pay for his/her uniform. Certain clothing items are given to cadets on retention basis and few items on returnable basis. Details of these items are given as at Appendix ‘C’ & ‘D’ respectively.


1. The desirability of composing a NCC song was considered in January 1956. The official song of the NCC – ‘Kadam Mila Ke Chal’- was adopted in 1963 and registered in 1969 with the approval of the Ministry of Defence. In 1974, it was felt that the NCC song has failed to catch the imagination of the youth and there was a need for a change.

2. Director of documentary film on NCC , ‘A Cadet’s Diary’, happened to hear the song- ‘Ham Sab Hindi Hain’- which appears to have been first sung at a Youth Festival at Chandigarh, sometime during 1968-69 and he introduced it in the documentary film. The song was a hit and played repeatedly in Republic Day Camps. In 1980, the word ‘Hindi’ was substituted with ‘Bhartiya’.

NCC Song
Hum Sab Bhartiya Hain, Hum Sab Bhartiya Hain.

Apni Manzil Ek Hai, Ha, Ha, Ha, Ek Hai, Ho, Ho, Ho, Ek Hai

Hum Sab Bhartiya Hain
Kashmir Ki Dharti Rani Hai,

Sartaj Himalaya Hai,
Sadiyon Se Hamne Isko Apne Khoon Se Pala Hai

Desh Ki Raksha Ki Khatir, Hum Shamshir Utha Lenge,

Hum Shamshir Utha Lenga.

Bikhere-Bikhere Tarey Hain Hum Lekin Jhilmil Ek Hai

Ha, Ha, Ha, Ek Hain

Hum Sab Bhartiya Hain,
Mandir Gurdware Bhi Hain Yahan

Aur Masjid Bhi Hai Yahan,

Girja Ka Hai Ghadiyal Kahin

Mullah Ki Kahin Hai Ajaan.
Ek Hi Apna Ram Hai, Ek Hi Allah Taala Hai,

Ek Hi Allah Taala Hai, Rang Birange Deepak Hai Hum,

Lekin Jagmag Ek Hai Ha, Ha, Ek Hai, Ho Ho, Ho, Ek Hai.

Hum Sab Bhartiya Hain, Hum Sab Bhartiya Hain.

1. From time to time Central and State Governments announce number of incentives for NCC Cadets. These incentives are in the field of employment as well as academics and personal incentives including medals, trophies, cash awards etc. These are listed as under:-
Concession in Employment
2. (a) Vacancies reserved for Army 64 per year- Indian Military

commission in Defence Forces Academy (IMA), Dehradun through

for NCC `C’ Certificate UPSC and Service Selection Board

(SSB) Interview.

100 per year - in Officers Training Academy

(OTA), Chennai for Short Service

Commission Non Technical No UPSC

Exam, only SSB.

Navy -6 per Course. No UPSC Exam,

Only Naval SSB.

IAF – 10 % in all courses including

Flying Training courses. No UPSC

Exam only Air Force SSB.
(b) For ORs, Sailors, Airmen 5 to 10% bonus marks awarded for


(c) Para Military Forces 2 to 10 bonus marks awarded for


(d) Department of Bonus marks awarded for recruitment.


(e) CRPF NCC Cadets holding third division

degree eligible for recruitment to

gazetted post.
(f) National Cadet Corps Civilian Gliding Instructors/Girl Cadet

Instructors and NCC WTLOs.

(g) State Governments Preference in State Services in certain

(h) Industry Some Industries give preference to

NCC ‘C’ Certificate holders for various

3. State-wise incentives are given as Appendix ‘E’

Financial Benefits
4. The expenditure incurred on NCC training is borne by the Govt. A cadet does not have to pay for uniform, camps, parade, adventure sports, or transportation from a central place to the place of training. In addition they are given good refreshment during parade and wholesome meals during camps. In order to make cadets’ association with NCC more pleasant and rewarding, various kinds of financial assistance are also given to the deserving cadets.
Cadets Welfare Society
5. In order to provide financial assistance and relief to cadets who sustain injury/death during NCC related activities, a Society named ‘NCC Cadets Welfare Society’ was established and registered in Feb 1985 under the Societies Registration Act 1860.

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