Chapter-i introduction



Download 295.71 Kb.
Page7/11
Date09.08.2018
Size295.71 Kb.
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11

Table: 5.3 Share of the Sectors in GDP from 1980-81 to 2009-10.

Year

Agriculture

Industry

Services

1980-81

35.69

25.66

37.65

1981-82

35.35

26.23

37.49

1982-83

34.25

25.85

39.03

1983-84

34.97

25.86

38.25

1984-85

34.17

25.88

39.04

1985-86

32.91

25.97

40.36

1986-87

31.42

26.30

41.62

1987-88

29.86

26.81

42.76

1988-89

31.35

26.56

41.51

1989-90

29.89

27.10

42.58

1990-91

29.53

27.63

42.55

1991-92

28.54

27.33

43.91

1992-93

28.89

26.77

44.05

1993-94

28.24

26.73

44.76

1994-95

27.80

27.42

44.52

1995-96

25.73

28.44

45.63

1996-97

26.19

28.03

45.51

1997-98

24.47

27.95

47.53

1998-99

24.39

27.28

48.24

1999-00

23.72

26.87

49.85

2000-01

22.31

27.32

50.37

2001-02

22.42

26.57

51.02

2002-03

20.13

27.39

52.48

2003-04

20.32

27.20

52.48

2004-05

19.03

27.93

53.05

2005-06

18.27

27.99

53.74

2006-07

17.37

28.65

53.98

2007-08

16.81

28.74

54.45

2008-09

18.77

28.13

56.11

2009-10

14.64

28.27

57.09

Source: CSO, Government of India.

Figure: 5.2: Share of different Sectors during the period 1980-81 to 2009-10.

Given this overall picture, now we engage our attention to the situation of the states. At the state level, the State Domestic Product (SDP) represents output. Undoubtedly, significant structural changes have taken place in the sectoral composition of income at states level broadly on the pattern observed at the national level. A steady fall in the share of agriculture to about 15%, a moderate rise in the share of the industry to around 28% and a steady rise in the share of services to about 57% in 2009-10.



The share of agriculture in total GSDP had remained at around 45-50% in 1980-81 in respect of a large number of states such as Assam, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Manipur, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tripura and Uttar Pradesh. The Share of agriculture in Gross Domestic Product at the level of aggregate economy was around 36% in 1980-81 as per the CSO, Government of India’s National Accounts Statistics (NAS). Thus high agriculture share was observed both in agriculturally advanced states with high per Capita income (Punjab and Haryana) and in many states with low per capita income indicating general backwardness. Punjab is the only state which has retained the share of agriculture in GSDP at 40% or above until the end of the 1990s (Table 5.4).

Table: 5.4 Shares of Agriculture, Industry and Services Sector in total GSDP at constant prices-state wise.

States /U.T.

Agriculture

Industry

Services

1980-81

1990-91

2000-01

2010-11

1980-81

1990-91

2000-01

2010-11

1980-81

1990-91

2000-01

2010-11

Andhra Pradesh

42.85

36.66

28.85

20.69

20.11

22.15

24.65

24.74

37.04

41.19

46.49

54.62

A & N Island

55.32

58.94

29.98

10.17

17.70

8.40

22.84

24.57

26.98

32.66

47.18

65.29

Arunachal Pradesh

44.48

42.56

32.91

29.73

24.51

24.31

22.88

31.41

31.01

33.13

44.21

38.85

Assam

45.43

38.32

33.46

26.34

14.68

16.95

22.37

23.28

39.89

44.73

44.17

50.38

Bihar

45.99

38.23

43.63

26.42

26.36

31.29

10.66

19.77

27.65

30.48

45.71

53.81

Chattisgarh

N.A

N.A

19.39

21.42

N.A.

N.A

41.34

40.41

N.A.

N.A

39.27

38.16

Delhi

4.03

2.99

1.36

.75

25.25

28.91

22.85

14.12

70.72

68.09

75.79

85.12

Goa

19.09

12.10

8.46

4.80

35.05

36.08

41.70

45.14

45.87

51.82

49.84

50.06

Gujarat

37.27

25.24

14.68

13.19

30.42

37.52

41.55

32.36

32.31

37.24

43.77

44.45

Haryana

53.39

44.87

32.23

16.67

19.86

24.42

28.30

29.34

26.77

30.71

39.47

53.99

Himachal Pradesh

46.81

36.88

21.37

19.02

20.11

25.37

37.21

41.04

33.08

37.75

31.42

39.94

Jharkhand

N.A.

N.A

20.17

14.02

N.A.

N.A

51.13

42.00

N.A.

N.A

28.70

43.98

Karnataka

43.13

32.63

29.60

16.97

23.31

26.19

26.04

29.53

33.56

41.18

44.35

53.50

Kerala

36.57

31.18

18.90

10.11

25.29

24.00

21.28

21.04

38.14

44.81

59.82

68.84

Madhya Pradesh

48.90

41.04

26.75

22.35

24.27

28.55

32.95

30.61

26.83

30.40

40.30

47.04

Maharashtra

26.74

21.37

15.60

8.71

36.03

36.31

29.94

29.62

37.23

42.32

54.46

61.67

Manipur

46.23

35.20

30.63

25.16

10.39

13.71

20.19

31.03

43.38

51.09

49.18

43.81

Meghalaya

36.64

24.75

24.82

16.66

19.50

21.81

23.15

29.42

43.86

53.44

52.03

53.92

Nagaland

29.51

27.88

31.72

27.69

16.25

26.43

15.51

16.25

54.24

45.69

52.77

56.08

Odisha

50.19

35.80

28.24

18.08

19.53

26.69

27.26

34.11

30.28

37.51

44.50

47.81

Puducherry

18.61

12.77

6.94

4.56

54.27

57.48

51.43

41.00

27.12

29.75

41.63

54.43

Punjab

49.11

47.06

40.03

23.86

20.03

24.17

23.67

30.79

30.86

28.77

36.30

45.35

Rajasthan

41.62

44.99

25.41

22.59

23.92

22.24

30.62

30.93

34.46

32.77

43.97

46.47

Tamil Nadu

24.33

21.58

17.23

8.27

35.00

35.15

34.13

31.54

40.66

43.27

48.64

60.19

Tripura

52.46

40.43

23.27

24.05

10.07

9.45

27.11

25.41

37.47

50.12

49.63

50.54

Uttar Pradesh

50.38

41.16

35.57

22.99

16.86

22.01

24.14

24.24

32.77

36.82

40.29

52.77

Uttranchal

N.A.

N.A

34.22

11.30

N.A.

N.A

24.17

36.23

N.A.

N.A

41.61

52.44

West Bengal

30.06

29.02

26.14

18.53

31.19

29.45

23.29

19.97

38.75

41.54

50.57

61.50

Source: CSO, Government of India.

Bihar from a low per capita income group also has agriculture share above 40% till 1999-00 and the share has declined to near 36% in 2005-06. In respect of many other states, the share of agriculture sector has declined to the range of 20-30% in 2005-06. The national average stood at about 22:42 in 2000-01, 18.27% in 2005-06 and 14.64% in 2009-10. The relatively low national average could be because; a few states are relatively advanced industrially or in services sector activities, such as Maharashtra, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Gujarat has under gone a large transformation with share of agriculture in GSDP declining from 38% in 1980-81 to 13% in 2010-11.

The largest transformation has however, been experienced by Karnataka reducing share of agriculture in its GSDP from 43% to 17% during 1980-81 to 2010-11.Kerala is the other state where structural transformation has been fast. Slowest transformation is observed in Punjab and West Bengal. Over the period of almost 30 years the contribution of non-agricultural sectors has increased from 54 to 66 percent in Punjab. It still derives about one third of its SDP from agriculture highest in any state. Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh are also in the same category. These have agriculture shares below national average with their shares even being averaged at around 15% or less as depicted in Table5.4.

A shift from agriculture to services is observed in the case of the most of the major states. In some cases where industrialization has been rapid declined in agriculture has been accompanied, to a large extend by an increase in industry. In the case of Gujarat, the share of agriculture declined from 38 to 16 percent, that is, by 22 percentage point, it was accompanied by an equal increase in the share of industry and of services by 11 percentage point each. Similarly, a decline in the share of agriculture was accompanied not only by increase in the share of services but also that of industry to a significant extent. In Punjab, agriculture has seen a relatively smaller decline in its share, it is the only state in which it still contributed almost one third (32.6%) of GSDP. The decline in the share of agriculture has however benefitted industry more than services. On the other side, in Kerala and Karnataka services have taken the major share of the loss in the share of agriculture. West Bengal is another alone case with everything happening rather slowly, agricultural GSDP has declined by 11 percentage point only (against 24 percent at the national level) industry share has significantly declined and that of services was much less than the national average. Tamil Nadu is yet another exceptional case where share of agriculture has sharply declined, it is now at the lowest (11 percent) in any state, share of industry has also significantly declined, and all the gains have gone to services sector only. Among smaller states and UTs, a very sharp shift from agriculture to non agriculture sector is observed in the case of Goa and Puducherry. In the case of Goa share of agriculture declined from 21 to 4 percent which was mostly compensated by an increase in the share of services from 40 to 56 percentages, Puduchery saw a decline in the share of agriculture from 29 to 4 percent, industry increased its share by 45 percentage points from 20 to 65 percent.

In the case of the services sector, the rising share has been experienced in almost all states. Rapid increases in their services sector share has been witnessed by Kerala and Maharashtra, these have increased from around 38-40% in the 1980s to about 68% and 62% in 2010-11 respectively. Agriculturally dominating states like Punjab also had an increase in the share of services sector from around 30% to 45% during the same period. Small states like Delhi had the highest share of 70% in services throughout the period and it has increased further to near 85% in 2010-11. Eastern states like Meghalaya, Tripura and Nagaland also had a share of 50% or more in services during the most part of the period under review. Emerging new states viz., Uttrakhand (to more than 50%) and Chattisgarh(to near 40%) witnessed increasing share of services sector while that of Jharkhand hovered around less than 30% in the 1990s which increased to 43% in 2010-11.

It is clear from the Table 5.5 that Gujarat has been the fastest growing state during the entire period 1980-81 to 2008-09 and in all the sub –periods since 1991, having recorded a GSDP growth rate of 9.48% during 1991-2001 and 11.71% during 2001-2009. Odisha has experienced the second highest growth, after Gujarat during 2001-09. Kerala is another state where both growth rate and structural transformation have been fast. Among the North Eastern states, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkm are the fastest growing states, having recorded a GSDP growth rate of 10& per annum during 1981-2009. The growth rate of Punjab has been one of the lowest around 5% against the National average of 7% during 1980-81 to 2008-09. During 2000-01 to 2008-09 when the national economy grew at 8.3% per annum Punjab’s economy grew at 5.4%. Tamil Nadu has also not done very well in terms of the growth of its GSDP. The state experienced an average growth rate of 6.5% over the period 1980-81 to 2008-09, though it has accelerated to 7.6% during 2001 to 2008-09.




Download 295.71 Kb.

Share with your friends:
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11




The database is protected by copyright ©sckool.org 2020
send message

    Main page