Chapter 10 The Roman Republic Study Guide



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Chapter 10 The Roman Republic Study Guide

  • Mrs. Marilou Brown

1. In geographic terms, Italy is a _____________

  • 1. In geographic terms, Italy is a _____________
  • 2. Rome’s growth was made possible by its ____________which provided Romans with a ___________________
  • 3. Many of Italy’s ancient
  • cities were ___________________
  • (Rome on 7 hills)
  • peninsula
  • climate
  • built on top of hills

4. No written records exist for Rome’s _________________________

  • 4. No written records exist for Rome’s _________________________
  • 5. Romans believe that ________ came from _______ to Rome
  • 6.Legend says that the founders of Rome were ________________
  • (twins raised by a wolf and later a shepherd)
  • early history = not well documented
  • Aeneas
  • Troy
  • Romulus and Remus

7. Nobles did not want any more kings so they _________ their last king.

  • 7. Nobles did not want any more kings so they _________ their last king.
  • If they _______, Rome would have had _______ kings.
  • overthrew
  • more
  • hadn’t

Romans created a republic-but not a democracy (only Patricians could vote at first)

  • Romans created a republic-but not a democracy (only Patricians could vote at first)
    • 8. _________ -people ______ their leaders
    • 9. __________ -wealthy landowners; ___________ of Roman society
    • 10. Plebeian- ______________
  • Republic
  • elect
  • Patricians
  • upper class
  • common people

11. _________ - ruler with absolute power

  • 11. _________ - ruler with absolute power
  • 12. Rome’s government included offices that could only be held by __________.
  • 13. _______-to reject or
  • prohibit actions and
  • laws of other
  • government officials
  • Dictator
  • Plebeians
  • Veto

14. The Roman law of the Twelve Tables is similar to the U.S. Constitution because they both were written to ______________________

  • 14. The Roman law of the Twelve Tables is similar to the U.S. Constitution because they both were written to ______________________
  • 15.Checks and balances restrict the power of other officials and keep any one part of government from ___________________.
  • protect people’s rights
  • becoming too strong

16. The Roman Forum was the_____________________.

  • 16. The Roman Forum was the_____________________.
  • 17. The Forum also served as a_______________________.
  • center of Roman life
  • meeting place

18. The Roman trade network grew as Romans needed to bring in ______from other parts of the Mediterranean

  • 18. The Roman trade network grew as Romans needed to bring in ______from other parts of the Mediterranean
  • 19. Many nearby countries declared war on Rome because they were _______________________
  • 20. Rome was protected by
  • ________ -groups of Roman soldiers
  • food
  • threatened by Rome’s power
  • legions

21. ___________ a series of wars against _________.

  • 21. ___________ a series of wars against _________.
  • 22. _________________ led an attack on Rome. His army included war elephants!
  • Punic Wars-
  • Carthage
  • 218- B.C. Hannibal

23. When Greece was conquered by Rome, _____________ was adopted —including their gods and goddesses.

  • 23. When Greece was conquered by Rome, _____________ was adopted —including their gods and goddesses.
  • 24.When the Gracchus brothers were killed Romans learned that
  • __________ could be used
  • as a political weapon.
  • 25. The Gracchus brothers wanted to _______ the Romans
  • Greek culture
  • violence
  • help

ESSAY QUESTION

  • List all three types of government in Rome and carefully explain each
    • Monarchy- rule by a king or queen=Etruscans were the last
    • Republic- people vote to select officials to make government decisions- this was Rome’s “favorite” form of government but at first only Patricians could make decisions
    • Dictatorship- one leader is in absolute control and usually the military enforces all government decisions. At first, dictators only could rule for 6 months

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