Changing Our Water Ways



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Closing and Assessment

Meeting Students’ Needs

A. Exit Ticket: What Will Be the Most Difficult Aspect of Writing This Paper? (2 minutes)

  • Distribute and ask students to complete the Exit Ticket: What Will Be the Most Difficult Aspect of Writing This Paper? Collect students’ exit tickets.




B. Review Homework (2 minutes)

  • Distribute the researcher’s notebook and tell students that their homework is to identify the three reasons they will address in their position paper.




Homework

Meeting Students’ Needs

  • Look through your research and identify three reasons you will address in your position paper.





Grade 7: Module 4B: Unit 3: Lesson 1

Supporting Materials




Model Position Paper

“Changing Our Water Ways”




Name:

Date:

Every day, Americans waste water in their homes without realizing it. All this wasted water adds up to more than you might think. Since our world has a limited amount of freshwater, and only 1% of the world’s water is drinkable (Darrow), it is important that we save every drop we can so that the world’s water supply is sustainable. Some might say that the contribution of one person can’t make a difference, but in a world where water is managed in a sustainable way, we all individually need to contribute to the solution. Sustainability, after all, means to make sure that the world today has the water it needs, while still making sure that the world of tomorrow will also have the water it needs. Reforming our personal use of water is the quickest and easiest way to begin thinking sustainably about water use. In addition, personal demand determines the amount of water we use in other places in society, such as our companies and farms. In fact, if we all made some changes in our personal use of water, we could save billions of gallons of water a day, which could help prevent a water crisis in the future.


In order to save the earth’s freshwater, there are several steps we can take personally to use less water every day, starting with flushing the toilet. Toilet flushing is an immediate, everyday solution for sustainable water management that can be implemented quickly and easily, for huge water savings. The average American flushes a toilet five times a day, which adds up to 5.7 billion gallons of water that goes down the toilet every day (Fishman, 5). The problem with this is that the water we flush down the toilet is actually safe drinking water. We can switch to using low-flow toilets, some of which use air pressure to assist with the flushing and use only .8 gallons of water each flush (Nash). If installing a new toilet seems too difficult, then we can just be mindful of the times we may flush the toilet when it’s not necessary, such as when we dispose of something by using the toilet instead of the trash, and break this habit. Indeed, it is better to take small steps toward water conservation than to do nothing while we wait for larger water-using institutions in society to change their ways.
There are multiple other ways we can save water by making small, easy changes in our everyday habits—many more than just relying on companies or farms to change their policies. As Charles Fishman, author of The Big Thirst, advocates in his video about The Big Thirst, when doing the dishes, we can save water if we do not run the faucet on full force or if we are sure to fully load the dishwasher before running it. Showers also consume many gallons of water, and much of that is wasted.

Model Position Paper

“Changing Our Water Ways”


According to The Daily Green, a guide to green living made by Good Housekeeping,a typical shower uses up to 25 gallons of the wet stuff, while each American uses an average of 100 gallons of water a day total,” but low-flow shower heads could cut water use by 50 to 70% (Daily Green staff). Even if we simply cut our daily showers by two minutes, we could save up to 150 gallons of water per month (Davis).
Consider this also: Farms and companies respond only to consumer demand. If we get smarter about what we personally demand in terms of goods and services, we will reduce the primary reason to spend water on producing those goods and services. For example, According to Charles Fishman, large amounts of water are used to run our electronic devices and provide us with the goods we use, such as clothing and food. It takes 250 gallons of water a day to run our computers, refrigerators, and TVs. By turning off appliances and lights—or not buying some of them—we can save up to 10 gallons of water every hour. Another example is clothing. According to the Indian Textile Journal, the textile industry creates more wastewater than any other industry and “the EPA claims that it takes 2,900 gallons of water to produce one pair of jeans. Most of the water is used in the ‘wet processing’ and dyeing of materials” (Leader). On the individual level, we could think about this more and purchase fewer pairs of jeans over the years, which might not be that difficult but could make a massive difference.
We could save a surprising amount of water if everyone followed the suggestions outlined above. By making small changes in our water use habits at home with toilets, showers, and swimming pools, unplugging electronics, and being careful consumers, we could be the primary reason for preventing a water shortage. With all of these benefits, we could keep our water supply sustainable for the world now, and for future generations.


Works Cited

Darrow, Siobhan. “Water, Water Everywhere—but Will There Be Enough to Drink?” CNN. N.p., 03 Jan. 2000. Web. 04 July 2013.


Davis, Jeff. “Shower Time—Save Time, Go Green, Save Money.” Go Green America TV. N.p., 06 June 2011. Web. 02 July 2013.
Fishman, Charles. The Big Thirst: The Secret Life and Turbulent Future of Water. New York: Free, 2011. Print.
Leader, Jessica. “World Water Day 2012: Shocking Ways You Waste Water Every Day.” The Huffington Post. HuffingtonPost.com, 22 Mar. 2012. Web. 26 June 2013.
Nash, Jenny. “The Lowdown on Low-Flow Toilets.” Rooms: Home & Garden Television. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 July 2013.
“Save Money Each Time You Shower.” The Daily Green. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 July 2013.

Getting the Gist of the Model Position Paper


Name:

Date:

Use this Main Idea/Claim note-catcher to get the gist when you read the model position paper. Remember that the main idea and the details are often not just a single sentence of the text; rather, they may involve multiple sentences.




Main Idea/Claim:


Reason:



Evidence/Reasoning:


Reason:


Evidence/Reasoning:

Reason:


Evidence/Reasoning:

Reason:



Evidence/Reasoning:




Getting the Gist of the Model Position Paper
(For Teacher Reference)
Use this Main Idea/Claim note-catcher to get the gist when you read the model position paper. Remember that the main idea and the details are often not just a single sentence of the text; rather, they may involve multiple sentences.


Main Idea/Claim:

“If we all made some changes in our personal use of water, we could save billions of gallons of water a day, which could help prevent a water crisis in the future.”




Reason:
The ease of reforming personal water use: toilets



Evidence/Reasoning:
Low-flow saves water (.8 gallons).



Reason:

The multiple options of reforming personal water use:

Dishwashers/showers


Evidence/Reasoning:

Load dishwashers fully (Fishman video).

Cut showers short (saves 50–70%).

Reason:
Cutting down on water demand as a consumer means other water uses in society will decrease as well.



Evidence/Reasoning:
Reducing use of appliances can save 10 gallons of water an hour.

Jeans use 2,900 gallons of water to make.


Reason:



Evidence/Reasoning:



Sustainable Water Management

Position Paper Planner




Name:

Date:


Focus Question: Which category of water management would be a good place to begin to make the way we manage water more sustainable?
Purpose of Position Paper: To craft a logical, well-supported argument in favor of one good place to begin changing our water management to become more sustainable


I. Introduction

A. Hook to capture the reader’s interest and attention






B. Define the issue of water management in terms of sustainability






C. Claim








Sustainable Water Management

Position Paper Planner




II. Body Paragraph 1

First reason to support your claim




Topic sentence





Evidence/Reasoning 1





Analysis of Evidence/Reasoning 1





Evidence/Reasoning 2





Analysis of Evidence/Reasoning 2





Evidence/Reasoning 3





Analysis of Evidence/Reasoning 3






Concluding sentence








Sustainable Water Management

Position Paper Planner




III. Body Paragraph 1

Second reason to support your claim




Topic sentence





Evidence/Reasoning 1





Analysis of Evidence/Reasoning 1





Evidence/Reasoning 2





Analysis of Evidence/Reasoning 2





Evidence/Reasoning 3





Analysis of Evidence/Reasoning 3






Concluding sentence







Sustainable Water Management

Position Paper Planner




IV. Body Paragraph 1

Third reason to support your claim




Topic sentence





Evidence/Reasoning 1





Analysis of Evidence/Reasoning 1





Evidence/Reasoning 2





Analysis of Evidence/Reasoning 2





Evidence/Reasoning 3





Analysis of Evidence/Reasoning 3






Concluding sentence








Sustainable Water Management

Position Paper Planner




V. Conclusion

Restate claim and its connection to sustainability







Summarize reasons







Explain why your view is worth consideration by the reader








Sustainable Water Management

Position Paper Planner




VI. Counterclaim

What counterclaim(s) will you use in your essay?








Where in your essay will you acknowledge the counterclaim(s)?









Sustainable Water Management

Position Paper Planner


Where would I like peer feedback on this planner?
1)






2)








Sustainable Water Management Position Paper Planner
(For Teacher Reference)
Focus Question: Which category of water management would be a good place to begin to make the way we manage water more sustainable?
Purpose of Position Paper: To craft a logical, well-supported argument in favor of one good place to begin changing our water management to become more sustainable


I. Introduction

A. Hook to capture the reader’s interest and attention


Every day, Americans waste water in their homes without realizing it. All this wasted water adds up to more than you might think.

B. Define the issue of water management in terms of sustainability


Since our world has a limited amount of freshwater, and only 1% of the world’s water is drinkable (Darrow), it is important that we save every drop we can.

C. Claim


In fact, if we all made some changes in our personal use of water, we could save billions of gallons of water a day, which could help prevent a water crisis in the future.



Sustainable Water Management Position Paper Planner

(For Teacher Reference)




II. Body Paragraph 1

First reason to support your claim


Personal reform of water use is simple and easy.

Topic sentence


In order to save the earth’s freshwater, there are several steps we can take personally to use less water every day, starting with flushing the toilet.

Evidence/Reasoning 1


The average American flushes a toilet five times a day, which adds up to 5.7 billion gallons of water that goes down the toilet every day (Fishman, 5).

Analysis of Evidence/Reasoning 1


The problem with this is that the water we flush down the toilet is actually safe drinking water.

Evidence/Reasoning 2


We can switch to using low-flow toilets, some of which use air pressure to assist with the flushing and use only .8 gallons of water each flush (Nash).

Analysis of Evidence/Reasoning 2


If installing a new toilet does not seem worthwhile, then we can just be mindful of the times we may flush the toilet when it’s not necessary, such as when we dispose of something by using the toilet instead of the trash, and break this habit.


Evidence/Reasoning 3





Analysis of Evidence/Reasoning 3





Concluding sentence



Indeed, it is better to take small steps toward water conservation than to do nothing while we wait for larger water-using institutions in society to change their ways.



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