June 19, 1865- Enslaved people find out they are free
February 10, 2016
Review the three fundamental issues dividing the North and the South at this time: states’ rights, tariffs, and slavery. I want you to choose one issue, and organize into three groups based on the issues they chose. I will allow you to use your phone to research the issue you chose. Then each student in the group will need to write an essay explaining the group’s issue from both the North’s perspective and the South’s perspective.
Today I want you to take the sheet of paper you have been given, write your name on the top along with today’s date. You are then going to write me at least ¾ of a page on the following topic: COMPARE PRESIDENT LAMAR WITH PRESIDENT HOUSTON. Remember these are the two presidents of the Republic of Texas we compared a few weeks ago. You may not use a book to help you with this, you must use the knowledge you have gained through this class.
Prior to the Civil War, the United States was not really united.
Our country was more like two separate countries sharing the same land.
The North had industry, large cities, a diverse population, and favored the politics of the Republican party which supported the abolition of slavery.
The South had an economy based on agriculture, a plantation lifestyle, the views of the Democratic party, and the institution of slavery.
Southerners were especially loyal to their section. They thought of themselves...
as citizens of their own state first,
as Southerners second,
and as U.S. citizens third.
This loyalty to your state or section of the country first and the nation second is called...
The intense feelings of sectionalism further divided the country into two separate sections- North and South.
Slavery was a cause of the Civil War for two reasons.
#1. The South viewed slavery as a necessity to maintaining economic wealth.
However, many people in the North viewed slavery as evil and unconstitutional.
#2. Slavery was not just a moral issue but a political issue as well.
If there were more slave states in the U.S., then the South would have more power in Congress.
If there were more free states in the U.S., then the North would have more power in Congress.
Both Northerners and Southerners fought fiercely over the moral and political issue of slavery.