Cathedral City High School Faculty Handbook

All students evacuated and accounted for that YES NO were present at the start of the period

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All students evacuated and accounted for that YES NO were present at the start of the period.

Teacher Name: Period: Date:

Wing Safety Leader:

Wing Safety Alt:

Names of missing students: (from those present at start of period)

Names of injured left in classroom:

Health Office Policies and Procedures

School Nurse

A school nurse is usually on campus daily and available by phone.

School LVN

A LVN is available on campus daily from 8:00 am-4:00 pm.


The health office is located next to the attendance office in the Administration Building.

Accidents or Injuries: STAFF

ALL employee injuries must be reported to the Health Office and principal’s assistant immediately. An Incident Report must be filled out and sent to Risk Management at the district office.
The District has a selection of medical facilities to which you will be sent in the case of a Workman’s Compensation accident or injury. If you would prefer to see your own physician, you must submit/have on file the proper form indicating this information with the risk management office at the District. You may contact Risk Management at 416- 6192 for details and forms.
For major injuries/seizures that occur in the classroom, call the Health Office first for their guidance. A nurse/LVN should respond to the classroom, as well as security and an administrator. The nurse/LVN will determine if 911 should be called and will contact authorities. If in the event you can not reach the Health Office or security, contact the office and use your discretion in contacting 911.
For any injury or incident in your classroom, teachers must fill out incident reports (triplicate) and return it to Health Office. (See Appendix)
The Health Office is available to assist students when feeling ill or need medical attention. For students to access the Health Office they are required to have a pass from their teacher. The Health Office coordinates vision and hearing screenings every year for special education students and all 10th graders.
The Health Office keeps current emergency cards for all students, with contact information and pertinent medical information. Occasionally, specific medical plans are written for students by the nurse and shared with teachers. These plans are confidential and must be followed by all teachers.

Student Attendance

The staff at Cathedral City High School believes that punctual, regular attendance directly impacts and improves academic progress, and develops responsibility in students. Parents are responsible for their student’s punctual, regular attendance. State law requires that:

  1. Students aged 6-15 must attend school full time;

  2. Students aged 16-17 must attend regular school, continuation high school, or another district alternative program;

  3. Students aged 18+ with unsatisfactory scholarship, citizenship, and/or attendance will be counseled about their options.

All administrators, counselors, and teachers are committed to working with students and parents or guardians to improve attendance. Because poor attendance affects academic achievement, parents are encouraged to monitor their students’ attendance.

Absence Procedures

CCHS is required to verify all student absences. Parental and student assistance in this area will avoid the need for the school to call home. Please follow these steps:

  1. Parents should call the Attendance Office between 7-10 AM on each day of the absence.

  2. Students are requested to bring written verification of absence (if not called in), signed by a parent, stating days absent and reason for absence. Students who have been absent from a class will be “excused.” Students are allowed 3 days to change unexcused absences to excused.

Excused Absences

Absences may be excused for the following: illness, court, doctor, dentist, religious holiday, family bereavement, vacation with prior approval, or other emergencies. All

pre-arranged absences of more than one week must be cleared through the Attendance Office.


This includes everything not listed above; oversleeping, family work, transportation, studying, period cuts, unauthorized field trips/excursions, unauthorized program change, leaving early without permission, and other trips. The Truancy Ordinance prohibits students from loitering, wandering, or roaming in public areas during the hours of 7:30 to 2:20 pm on official school days without proof of proper off-campus permission. If students are found in violation, they can be detained, returned to campus, and cited.


Students are expected to be on time for all classes in order to benefit from the instructional program and to develop habits of punctuality, self-discipline, and responsibility. To achieve these goals, promptness is considered a learning objective in every class. Any student who is not in his/her assigned class room/station when the bell rings is considered tardy.

Excused tardy

A tardy is excused only by a written note from a teacher, nurse, guidance counselor or administration official when a student has been detained for official reasons. Teachers may not hold a student over in their classroom or office and cause them to be late for another class unless it is an emergency or has been approved in advance by the teacher whose class the student will be late to.

Unexcused tardy

An unexcused tardy is considered being late to class without the proper authorization. Parents/students cannot decide if a tardy is excused.

Absences due to school-related business (including those coded as “V” or “SB” in Synergy)

      • Student attendance at extra-curricular and school-day activities is subject to specifications stipulated by PSUSD Board Policy

      • Students are responsible to turn in all assignments due and pick up any new assignments BEFORE they are absent on school-related business. A school- related absence is not an acceptable reason for late work.

      • Any test or quiz missed because of a school-related absence is to be made up the next school day outside of class time unless arranged in advance with the teacher.

Unexcused Tardy Policy

  • Period 1 Tardies: All students who arrive to campus after 8:00 am are directed to the attendance office and/or ISS. Student tardies are then logged and recorded. Students with excused tardies are given passes by Attendance to report to their period one classes. Students with unexcused tardies are sent to ISS where they are logged and either given a pass to class (for students without chronic tardies) or remain in ISS for the remainder of the period. Teachers should NOT admit late students into their first period classes without a pass from Attendance or ISS.

  • All other period tardies: For students less than 30 minutes late, teacher records tardy in Synergy. For students more than 30 minutes late, teacher records absence in Synergy.

Discipline Policy and Procedures

Saturday School

At the beginning of the school year, teachers are allowed to sign up for Saturday School via email. This is a paid opportunity. However, to receive your pay you must fill out a time card with the Principal’s Secretary. The classes are held on occasional Saturdays from 8:00 AM – 12:00 PM. Students report to room 102. Campus Security opens and closes the campus, directs the students to the classroom, insures that the restrooms are open, and is available to handle any problems that may arise.

Teachers are permitted to use their classroom in lieu of the ISS room if it is in the vicinity of 102. Students are requested to bring schoolwork, but teachers are encouraged to have extra work for students to do if students are not adequately prepared for Saturday School.

Minor Infractions

Teachers should attempt to manage disciplinary problems within their classrooms as much as possible. This underscores the authority of the teacher. The administration recommends that teachers establish and make their students aware of a clear disciplinary system, including steps for handling inappropriate actions. Suggested steps include the following, which should be documented when applied: warning looks & mild verbal warnings, stern verbal warning, temporary reseating of student, private conference with student, parent contact and/or parent conference, teacher detention, or referral to administration, depending on severity and frequency of infraction.

Classroom Suspension

Under California Education Code (EC), teachers have the authority to remove students from their classroom for inappropriate behavior. If a student is chronically disruptive and fails to follow a teacher’s corrective action or if a students initial behavior cannot viably be addressed within a classroom setting, then the teacher may refer the student to Student Services for possible placement in “ISS”. When an incident occurs that is of an unexpected or particularly grievous nature, the teacher may elect to send the student to Student Services for a response that is in keeping with the nature of the offense.
If a teacher chooses to remove a student from the classroom it is mandatory that the teacher contact parents (per Education Code) to explain the circumstances. It is also mandatory that teachers follow up with a referral delivered to Student Services within 24 hours.

Student Referral Form

The Student Services Referral Form (available on the district “L” Drive) reports student behavioral problems that have not been corrected satisfactorily by other means. For recurring non-compliance issues, the classroom teacher is required to take multiple intervention steps that are to be documented on the form.
Teachers submit a completed referral to the Student Services Office. The teacher making the referral may attach additional documentation if appropriate, such as behavioral contracts, copies of student work, checklists, etc.
Next, the discipline office will log the referral and give it to an administrator. The administrator will follow-up with the student as soon as possible. The teacher will receive a copy of the referral after administrative action is taken. Any assistance with the referral process can be sought at Student Services.
Weekly Progress Report

An administrator, counselor, parent, student or teacher may initiate the weekly progress report form as a positive tool for improving a student’s behavior and/or academic performance in one or more classes. Students are required to take the form to one or more classes on a weekly basis. Teachers who note F’s on the form are asked to write specific comments regarding attendance, attitude, academic progress, and/or items of work that need to be completed. Teachers should write and sign the form in ink. Forms are available in the Counseling Office in both Spanish and English (see appendix for example). With the use of Student Vue and Parent Vue, the need for Weekly Progress Reports has diminished greatly.

Out of School Suspension

Under California Education Code, the site principal or his or her designee is provided the disciplinary tool to suspend a student for 1-5 consecutive days for a behavioral offense. Site administrators may request additional days of suspension if deemed appropriate; Pupil Personnel Services for PSUSD determines if additional days of suspension are warranted.
A student who is suspended from school is not allowed on the grounds of a PSUSD facility nor is the student to participate in any school-related function until his or her designated date to return as indicated on the suspension notice. A student may only return to a PSUSD facility during a period of suspension with explicit administrative approval.

School Resource Officer

The School Resource Officer at CCHS is a member of the Cathedral City Police Department and is assigned to the school full time. Their duties include the following:

    • Providing a visible police presence on campus

    • Receiving referrals from Campus Security regarding criminal activity: theft, drugs, vandalism, etc.

    • Counseling students involved in crimes

    • Investigation of crimes occurring on or around campus

Campus Probation Officer

A Campus Probation Officer is responsible for approximately twenty-five students from the Youth Accountability Team. These students have been involved in first-time misdemeanors, and if they complete the program, their cases will not proceed to court. The goal of the campus probation program is to prevent students from moving into more serious criminal activity. The probation officer monitors the grades and behavior of students in his/her charge; teachers are routinely asked to provide this information as needed.

Cell Phones and other electronic devices

Following are the rules and consequences for students’ use of cell phones and other electronic devices.


Personal electronic devices, including cell phones and i-pods, must be in the “off-mode” during class sessions unless the teacher has specifically given permission allowing the student to use such a device to complete a specific curriculum-related assignment. If a student fails to adhere to this policy the following steps will be taken:



1st offense

Teacher warns student that device will be confiscated; Teacher “logs” the offense.

2nd offense

Teacher confiscates the device for the duration of the class period; Teacher “logs” the offense.

3rd offense

Teacher confiscates the device and delivers it to the discipline office for the remainder of the day; student retrieves phone after school.

Teacher calls/notifies parent; Teacher “logs” the offense.

4th offense

Teacher confiscates device and delivers it to the discipline office;

Office records offense; device must be picked up by the parent/guardian (siblings can only pick up the device if they are the legal guardian). When the parent/guardian picks up the device, he/she is notified that the next offense will result in confiscation of the item for the remainder of the semester. Parent signs notice.

5th offense

Teacher confiscates device and delivers it to the discipline office; Device is retained by Student Services until the end of the semester.

6th and subsequent offenses

Teacher confiscates device and delivers it to the discipline office; Student assigned Saturday School detention.

Device is retained by Student Services until the end of the semester.

Note: A student who displays a repeated pattern of disregard for this policy will be subject to further review and disciplinary action by Student Services Office for defiance of school authority and disruption of the educational process.

Please note: Use of any electronic devices and/or media to bully, harass, or threaten another person may result in school suspension. Such action may result in expulsion.

Dress Code

Following is the dress code for students.

All students have the responsibility to themselves and to the entire student body to attend school appropriately dressed. Students shall dress in accordance with good standards of health and safety. Students not meeting these standards may be sent home to change their attire before re-entering school. Students should come to school properly prepared for participation in the education process. CCHS reserves the right to determine if particular styles of clothing disrupt the education environment. NO clothing or accessories which, in the opinion of the school administration, threaten the physical and/or psychological well-being of any person on campus will be tolerated.


  • No bare-midriff shirts or blouses.

  • No halter tops, tube tops, spandex tops or tank tops with plunging necklines.

  • No obscene, offensive or derogatory logos, graphics, lettering, handwritten wording or numbers.

  • No underwear-type t-shirts or tank tops.

  • No Muscle shirts or scrimmage type tops with the excessively large arm openings unless worn over a sleeved T-shirt.

  • No revealing or see-through apparel unless worn over a t-shirt

  • No work-type or uniform clothing including police/security type clothing

  • No cut-off or spandex shorts.


  • Shorts may be disallowed at certain school functions/events as inappropriate attire.

  • No swim trunks.

  • No “short shorts.”


  • No spandex skirts or dresses.

  • No short skirts and dresses.


  • Pants cannot sag (sized too large; worn low on the hips)

  • Pant legs cannot drag the floor.


  • No bandannas or hairnets of any type or color for any reason may be worn in any school building, gym or cafeteria during school hours, at school functions, or upon school grounds.

  • No apparel or accessories with gang indicators can be worn or carried in any school building, gym or cafeteria during school hours, at school functions, or upon school grounds.

  • No wallet chains, metal chain jewelry or spikes on jewelry are acceptable

  • No steel-toed shoes of any style are allowed

  • No Trench coats/Dusters

  • No Belts or belt buckles containing, advertising, or symbolizing drug, alcohol or gang related messages or insignias

  • No clothing or jewelry cannot be worn: with sexually explicit or implied obscene messages;

  • No clothing that promotes the drug, tobacco, or alcohol industry;

CCHS staff will inform students that they are in violation of dress code. Depending on the degree of violation, faculty members may elect to send a student who is in violation of the dress code to Student Services. The student may be required to remove or to change the item prohibited. The student Services office will call parents when the violation makes that necessary.

Students playing extra-curricular sports

Students playing a sport must maintain a 2.0 or higher GPA in order to compete.
All students must complete an online registration, have medical insurance, and submit a completed physical form to the Athletics Office before they will be cleared to participate in sports.  This is required each year.

Family and children on campus

The PSUSD and CCHS policies prohibit children of staff members to be on campus during the employee’s workday unless the child is a registered student at CCHS. Any questions regarding his policy are to be addressed with administration. In addition, it should be noted that students are also not allowed to bring family members on campus without prior written approval of Student Services and a Guest Pass has been issued.

Field trips

Teachers may request trips for students that offer an educational experience, if field trip funds are available. The trip(s) must be well planned and all arrangements made in advance. This policy is in effect for all extra-curricular and co-curricular trips whenever they occur (during the school day or not). A field trip may be deemed “a requirement” for a class if included in the course syllabus.

Board Policy Adopted Summer, 2006

Transportation for field trips should be planned carefully. Requests for both the field trip and for transportation need to be submitted at the same time. Reservations should be confirmed 1 week prior to the field trip.
All trips involving out-of-country or out-of-state travel require the prior approval of the Governing Board. Other trips may be approved by the Superintendent or designee.
Students must have written parental permission in order to participate in trips requiring transportation and any time a field trip requires a student to leave campus. (Education Code 35350) The teacher shall provide an alternative educational experience for students whose parents/guardians do not wish them to participate in a trip.

Safety and First Aid

  1. While conducting a trip, the teacher, employee, or agent of the school shall have a school first aid kit in his/her possession or immediately available. (Education Code 332040, 32041) All athletic field trips are required to have a CPR trained employee participating in the trip.

  2. Whenever trips are conducted in areas known to be infested with poisonous snakes:

    1. The first aide kit taken on the trip shall contain medically accepted snake bit remedies. (Education Code 32043)

    2. The trip shall be accompanied by a teacher, employee, or agent of the school who has completed first aid course which is certified by the American Red Cross and which emphasizes the treatment of snakebites. (Education Code 32043)

  3. Before trips of more than one day, the principal or designee shall hold a meeting for staff, parents/guardians, and students to discuss safety and the importance of safety-related rules for the trip. For non-certificated adults who will assist in supervising students on the trip, the principal or designee may also hold a meeting to explain how to keep appropriate groups together and what to do if an emergency occurs.


Students on approved trips are under the jurisdiction of the Governing Board and subject to school rules and regulations.
The ratio of adults to students on high school school-sponsored trips is 1:20. If the trip involves water activities, this ratio shall be revised to ensure closer supervision.

  1. Teachers or other certificated personnel shall accompany students on all trips and shall assume responsibility for their proper conduct. For athletic events, coaches may be permitted to assume responsibility for students’ behavior and welfare.

  2. Before the trip, teachers shall provide any adult chaperones who may accompany the students with clear information regarding their responsibilities.

  3. Chaperones shall be 21 years of age or older and have been cleared annually through the PSUSD Volunteer process.

  4. Chaperones shall be assigned a prescribed group of students and shall be responsible for the continuous monitoring of these students’ activities.

  5. Teachers and chaperones shall not consume alcoholic beverages or use controlled substances while accompanying and supervising students on a trip.

  6. When a trip is made to a place of business or industry, the teacher shall arrange for an employee of the host company to serve as conductor.


No student shall be prevented from making a field trip because of a lack of sufficient funds. No field trip shall be authorized if any student will be excluded from participation because of a lack of sufficient funds. (Education Code 35330) (Advisors and Teachers

can insure the participation of all their students by utilizing Fundraising activities as a means of minimizing or deferring the expense to all or any student). Funding sources for field trips must be secured by the teacher or group planning the field trip before completing requisite paperwork.

Trip Approval

  1. Teachers planning a trip shall make a request School Stream at least fifteen (15) days prior to the date desired. Whenever practical, an alternate date should also be listed. The purpose for the trip and its relation to the course of study shall be stated in the request.

With the exception of activities under the jurisdiction of the Athletic Director:

  1. The principal shall approve or disapprove the request. The Principal will forward an approved request to the Director of Curriculum and Instruction for final approval. Upon approval, the principal will notify the teacher. If the trip is disapproved, the principal will state the reasons.

  2. Principals may exclude from the trip any student whose presence on the trip would pose a safety or disciplinary risk.

No field trips which include swimming or wading are permitted unless interscholastic in nature or approved by the Superintendent or designee.

Modes of Transportation

As a general rule, if a student elects to utilize District transportation, they must do so going to and returning from the event. The District may opt to provide transportation one-way and require parents to provide transportation one-way for certain events. If parents or guardians choose to arrange for alternative transportation for their child, they must do so going to and returning from the event unless the filed trip advisor approves of combined transportation agreement using both district and alternative transportation. In addition, the appropriate authorization form must be completed prior to the event.

School Bus

When at all possible, students should be transported with a District approved transportation carrier. These carriers provide the District with contractual language that states that the driver and vehicles meet all Federal, State and District safety and liability requirements.

Private Transportation

If District approved carriers are not available, private vehicles are permissible as long as the Principal approves day field trips within Riverside County. The Superintendent of the Governing Board or his /her designee must approve all other field trips. The Principal will verify that the driver is at least 21 years of age and possesses a valid driver license. Students are not allowed to drive rented vehicles.
Students may be allowed to drive themselves to and from school events with the appropriate authorization form signed by their parent or guardian. No other students are allowed to be passengers in the car.

Athletic Vans

Athletic Vans are available for small group trips as there are only a few available. Vans must be requested 30 days in advance and may only be used if Athletics Teams are not using them. Each van holds 7 students plus a driver. Teachers must ensure vans are left free of debris and clean. In addition, teachers requesting vans are responsible for the cost of gas.
The Athletic Directors Secretary is in charge of scheduling the use of Athletic Vans. All drivers must fill out forms concerning their driver’s license and insurance, as well as a Van Usage Form, all of which are available in the Athletic Office.
If there is a change in athletic contest and a van is needed there is a possibility your reservation will be cancelled. The secretary will let you know as soon as possible if this occurs. Upon returning the van, please notify the Athletic Office if you notice any concerns in the operation of the van so that it can be fixed promptly.

School Site Procedures

A minimum of thirty days is required prior to the field trip day for processing and approval. Out-of-state travel requires forms to be submitted a minimum of 8 weeks prior to travel. All forms listed below are available from the principals secretary.
In determining the cost of your trip, the district transportation department will provide a cost estimate for First Student services. Bus cost estimates are available on School Stream.
In general, the principal will not pay for bussing. You will need to determine how transportation will be paid for before your trip.

Overnight Trips

The district requires additional insurance be purchased at a cost of $1.50 per student per day. Complete “Short-Term (24hour) Coverage.” Contact Risk Management for more detailed information (416-6192) regarding the insurance obligations.

Out of State Travel

If Out of State Travel is being planned, Board of Education approval must be requested no less than eight weeks prior to travel. The appropriate “Agenda Item for Out of State Travel” form (available in electronic format from the Principal’s secretary) must be completed and submitted to the principal’s office along with the regular field trip procedure forms.
Before school personnel leave on any type of field trip, the following requirements need to be met:

    • Completed “Educational Field Trip Request Application” with flyer/documentation attached for appropriateness to the curriculum. Indicate funding source for Guest Teacher and transportation (if needed) and district “Field Trip Authorization Form”

  • Attach “Educational Field Trip Request” application with flyer/documentation.

  • “Field Trip Authorization Form”- required for district approval.

  • “Field Trip Request and Driver Report” indicating funding source (if First Student services needed).

CCHS Library
Request Materials:  Please email us if you would like to bring students to the library to check out novels or textbooks throughout the year.  We are happy to schedule classes to check out/return books as a class, before/after school, or at lunch.  Check out is expedited when students have their IDs with them.

Class Sets:  If you would like a class set (ie. novels), we will check out the set to you.  You are then responsible for any lost/stolen/misplaced books.

Teacher Editions:  Available in the library for teacher check out.

Chrome Carts & Chromebooks:  Please keep your Chromebooks in your room.  Chromebooks should not travel with students to other classes or home.  Each cart is checked out to a teacher, who is responsible for all Chromebooks and chargers in their cart.  

  • Repair needs:  Go to, follow prompts, AND include the serial number for each Chromebook needing service.  Bring Chromebooks to library for Brian Guzman to repair.

  • Additional Chromebooks:  If your class size is larger than the Chromebooks you have available, please email us to help you secure more Chromebooks.

  • Cleaning:  Please have students wipe down Chromebooks once a week to keep them clean.

  • Accountability:  Assign students the number on the back of the Chromebook to keep track who uses which device. This will help with reporting any vandalism or breakage issues.

Use Destiny:  From the district site, log in to Destiny to see what you have checked out, what books are available, etc.  This is an unutilized resource by both faculty and students.

CCHS Library Website: Access from Destiny or from this address - - it’s a work in progress!

Let’s Collaborate:  Research, EBSCO, MLA/APA, writing assignments, introducing novels, front-loading, vetting websites, using Destiny, OverDrive, using the Mac lab, etc. I would love to have you and your students in the library.  Please let me know how I can help you!  Check out the calendar on the library website for scheduling and shoot us an email.

Sending Students to the Library:  Please send students with a pass and a purpose.  All students will sign in on the Chromebooks so there is a record of them entering the library.

LCD projector:  Please contact us if your bulb burns out or your LCD projector dies.

Online Services:  EBSCOhost, Destiny (school online catalog), World Book Online, library website, etc. can be accessed through the Destiny homepage found on the website.

Library Hours:  7:30-3:30 Monday-Friday, except collab/minimum day schedule.  Most days we are open later than 3:30.

Contacts:   Karilyn Dangleis Dionne Camacho

CCHS Librarian CCHS Library Tech

X1465 X1467

Student Programs


The Digital Arts and Technology Academy (DATA) is a three- or four-year course of study that centers on a core high school curriculum that includes the study of video production, multimedia production and graphic arts. DATA is also supervised and supported by community businesses and organizations such as The Desert Sun, KMIR TV, Palm Springs Air Museum, and Casa Blanca Studios.


The Health and Environmental Academy of Learning (HEAL) is a four-year course of study which meets academic requirements for transition to a four-year university, community college or the workforce. Concepts from health and environmental science are integrated into other academic areas. Students take a specialized course each year which provides academic support, career exploration, guidance counseling, and industry based experiences outside the classroom.


Advancement Via Individual Determination (AVID) is a four-year elective program designed to assist students who want to attend a four-year university upon graduating high school. The program encourages students to exceed college entrance requirements and teaches them the study skills needed to be successful in academically challenging courses.

The International Baccalaureate® (IB) Diploma Programme (DP) is a curriculum framework for students in the last two years of high school. The Diploma Programme (DP) curriculum is made up of six subject groups and the DP core, comprising theory of knowledge (TOK), creativity, activity, service (CAS) and the extended essay.

Through the Diploma Programme (DP) core, students reflect on the nature of knowledge, complete independent research and undertake a project that often involves community service.
Research suggests that there are many benefits to choosing the Diploma Programme (DP). The programme aims to develop students who have excellent breadth and depth of knowledge – students who flourish physically, intellectually, emotionally and ethically.
The International Baccalaureate® (IB) Diploma Programme (DP) is recognized as representing one of the highest standards in university preparatory education. More than 1,000 colleges and universities in North America have recognition policies on how they weigh it in admissions, advanced standing, college credit and scholarships.


Air Force Junior Reserve Officer’s Training Corps (AFJROTC) is a four-year program of study that satisfies PE and elective credit requirements. Students may enroll in the program their freshman year, or may join at a later time. Each of the four, year-long courses has a specific focus, and builds skills such as self-discipline and confidence.

Some general Information and guidelines teachers need to know

The following information is included so that teachers are aware of some of the more important issues related to safety and privacy expectations. Some of these are the result of court rulings. Many are directly stated in California’s Education Code. This list does not cover all issues in the California Education Code; but these do address some concerns that a number teachers frequently raise and discuss:

  1. Teachers may not leave a class or students unattended. Teachers are to keep all students “in the line of sight.” Much of this obligation rests on California Civil Code: “Every person is bound, without contract, to abstain from injuring the person or property of another, or infringing upon any of his or her rights. (CCC1708).

California Civil Code 1714.1. states: (a) Any act of willful misconduct of a minor which results in injury or death to another person or in any injury to the property of another shall be imputed to the parent or guardian having custody and control of the minor for all purposes of civil damages, and the parent or guardian having custody and control shall be jointly and severally liable with the minor for any damages resulting from the willful misconduct. A number of court decisions have found teacher negligence and liability for student safety. Among these are: Dailey v. Los Angeles Unified School District, Lilenthal v. San Leandro Unified School District, and Dawson v. Tulare School District.

  1. A teacher’s suspension of a student is limited to the day of suspension and the following day. The California legislature provides direction to school officials by stating that suspensions and expulsions are not to be used as the primary means of student discipline. “Suspension shall be imposed only when other means of correction fail to bring about proper conduct.” (E. C. 48900.5)

  1. The teacher is required to ask the parent or guardian of the student for a conference regarding the suspension. (E.C. 48910) Therefore, at the time of suspension, a reasonable effort must be made to contact the student’s parents or guardian by a school employee.

  1. The principal of the school, the principal's designee, or the superintendent of schools may suspend a pupil from the school for any of the reasons enumerated in Section 48900, and pursuant to Section 48900.5, for no more than five consecutive school days. (E.C. 48911)

  1. With few exceptions, districts may not suspend a student for more than 20 cumulative days in any school year. Cumulative suspensions are not necessarily the final step to an expulsion hearing. (E.C. 48911)

  1. Expulsion is the permanent separation of a student from care and control of a school district and only the school board has the power to take such an action. Courts have held that expulsion of a student from school jeopardizes a student’s property interest in

education. Consequently students who are considered for expulsion are guaranteed at least minimum due process under the Fourteenth Amendment.

  1. Expulsion is usually the result a student committing a serious, verified offense such as causing serious physical injury to another person, possessing or selling weapons, committing robbery, or extortion. The evidence that a student is an immediate threat to the safety of himself and others, or causes major disruption may also lead to expulsion. The degree of such offenses must be serious and the student and his/her parents are entitled to a hearing.

  1. California students are protected from discrimination or harassment based on sexual orientation or gender identification. Assembly Bill 537 Under the California Student Safety and Violence Prevention Act of 2000 (AB 537), all California public schools have a duty to protect students from discrimination and/or harassment on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity.

  1. The California Safety and Violence Prevention Act of 2000 (Assembly Bill 537) was enacted to amend California Education Code specifically prohibiting discrimination against and harassment of students and staff in schools on the basis of sex, ethnic group identification, race, national origin, religion, color, or mental or physical disability. This law added the provision that all students and staff in public schools have the same right to a safe learning environment, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity. The Legislature has recently defined "gender" for purposes of identifying hate crimes and eliminating unlawful discrimination in public schools in Senate Bill 1234, amending Penal Code Section 422.58 as follows: "Gender" means sex, and includes a person's gender identity and gender related appearance and behavior whether or not stereotypically associated with the person's assigned sex at birth.

  1. 504 Meetings are usually scheduled at 3:00 pm. Attendance is mandatory for the parents, student, teachers, counselor and an administrator. At the 504 meeting, critical and current educational, social, and medical information is shared. Accommodations and modifications are discussed and implemented.

  1. Under Part B of IDEA, each child is guaranteed a right to a free and appropriate public education regardless of disability. Students with disabilities are placed on an Individualized Education Plan or IEP. The IEP serves as a blueprint for the child's special education needs and any related services and must be followed by ALL teachers regardless of content area. A failure to abide by the IEP puts the teacher(s) and school district in a position where legal action may be taken. It is the responsibility of the special education teacher and case carrier to inform each student’s teachers of the contents of the IEP at least twice a year (start of school and at semester break) and notify them of upcoming IEP meetings or behavior plan meetings. According to federal law, the IEP team consists of the parent(s), the student (if appropriate), at least one of the child’s regular classroom education teachers, at least one of the child's special education teachers, and a qualified representative of the public agency (administrator).

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