Cahsee prep an lbg powerPoint To Pass You Need 66%



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CAHSEE PREP

To Pass You Need 66%

  • Out of every three questions you only need to get two right

Tactics

  • Each multiple choice question has 4 choices.
  • Eliminate 2 = a 50% chance of getting it right
  • [1 out of 3 right] + [ a 50/50 guess at the other 2] = [ 2 out of 3] = PASS

Remember

  • Take your TIME… Ask for Extra Time!
  • Stay Calm … Stay Focused!
  • Answer Every Question
  • Eliminate at least 2 Wrong Answers
  • Go with Your Gut (Read them out loud)
  • Then …

Stay Calm, Stay Focused … Take Your Time … Take Extra Time!

  • You WILL pass! 

STRATEGY TO PASS: Eliminate the Wrong Answers & Make an Educated Guess!

  • Answer EVERY Question
  • Eliminate wrong answers - You do not lose points for guessing
  • TRUST YOUR EARS! If it doesn’t sound right – it probably isn’t! Eliminate it!

Breakdown

  • 45 points = Reading passage questions
  • 15 points = Writing Conventions
  • 12 points = Writing Strategies
  • 18 points = Writing a short essay

The Facts

  • TOTAL POINTS:
  • CAHSEE ENGLISH TEST
  • Entire section = 90 points
  • NUMBER NEEDED:
  • to PASS = 59 points
  • 66% Correct and “You have done it!”

FORMAT

  • SENTENCE QUESTIONS
    • Grammar - Multiple Choice
    • Sentence Structure – Fill in the Blank or Choose the Best Version for the underlined part of the sentence
  • ESSAY REVISIONS
    • Rough Drafts – Sentence revision or reading comprehension
  • ESSAY – WRITING TASK

Rule #1: If it sounds wrong, it probably is wrong.

  • Rule #2: Identify the Concept being tested… or WHAT KIND OF QUESTION IS IT?

Focus on the Answer Choices

  • Sentence Questions #1: Fill in the Blank Pronouns, Adjectives, Contractions, Diction
  • Sentence Questions #2: Underlined/Replace? Verbs, Punctuation, Quotations, Parallelism, Modifiers

Writing Conventions

  • 1.2Understand sentence construction (e.g., parallel structure, subordination, proper placement of modifiers) and proper English usage (e.g., consistency of verb tenses).
  • 1.1Identify and correctly use clauses (e.g., main and subordinate), phrases (e.g., gerund, infinitive, and participial), and mechanics of punctuation (e.g., semicolons, colons, ellipses, hyphens).
  • 1.3Demonstrate an understanding of proper English usage and control of grammar, paragraph and sentence structure, diction, and syntax.

PUNCTUATION

  • Punctuation questions involve answer choices using different kinds of punctuation marks. COMMAS - - > , Commas indicate short pauses between separate parts of a sentence.
  • PERIODS - - > . Periods indicate the ends of complete sentences. SEMICOLONS - - > ; Semicolons separate two complete sentences, just like periods.
  • COLONS - - > : Colons introduce lists of things.

COMMAS = ,

  • Commas = indicates short pauses between separate parts of a sentence.
  • Questions that involve ONLY COMMAS and where they belong  place each of the answer choices into the sentence.
  • READ EACH SENTENCE WITH A PAUSE in place of the comma.
  • ASK YOURSELF: Which answer sounds wrong?
  • Eliminate the answers that sound wrong.

,

  • Commas … indicate pauses

Commas

  • WRONG WAY:
  • *Juan liked Jessica, he loved flaming hot Cheetos.
  • *Juan, liked Jessica, and he loved flaming hot Cheetos.
  • RIGHT WAY:
  • *Juan liked Jessica, and he loved flaming hot Cheetos.
  • *Juan, the flaming hot Cheetos -lover, liked Jessica.

Remember…

Semi-Colons… marry two complete sentences

  • Semi-colon = separates two complete independent CLAUSES.
  • If both clauses can be separate sentences with PERIODS, you can use a semi-colon.

So marry them…

  • WRONG WAY:
  • *Juan and Jessica; they got married.
  • RIGHT WAY:
  • *Juan loved Jessica; they ate flaming hot cheetos at their wedding.
  • Juan loved Jessica. They ate flaming hot cheetos at their wedding.

ElimiDate

    • TIP: When you see a question about a semicolon, change the semicolon to a PERIOD and CAPITALIZE the word that comes after it.
    • ASK YOURSELF: Are both parts of the answer choice COMPLETE SENTENCES?
    • If not, eliminate that choice – it’s wrong.

Colons say…

  • “Hey! There’s a list….”

Ask yourself  Is there a list? Where does it begin?

  • Wrong Way:
  • *Juan liked music: video games, the Dodgers, and flaming hot cheetos
  • *Juan liked music and video games: the Dodgers and flaming hot cheetos
  • Right Way:
  • *Juan was passionate about four things: music, video games, Dodgers and flaming hot cheetos

Periods .

  • Periods =
  • signals the end of a sentence.

Periods prevent run-on sentences!

  • Wrong Way:
  • * Juan liked Jessica he loved flaming hot cheetos he loved life he thought it would be lovely if he and Jessica could have a life.

Periods make a sentence perfect

  • Right Way:
  • *Juan liked Jessica. He loved flaming hot cheetos.
  • *Juan liked Jessica, and he loved flaming hot cheetos.
  • *Juan liked Jessica; he loved flaming hot cheetos.

Ellipsis = . . .

Only 3 dots …

  • Right Way
  • “Ernest Hemingway was fond of flaming hot Cheetos … he demonstrated this by including them in many of his writings.”

Quotations Hug  “”

  • Rule #1: Punctuation marks at the end of a sentence go inside the quotation marks. (The Quotes HUG)
  • Quotation Marks show that someone has spoken.
  • Rule #2: The comma before the quote always goes before the quotation mark.
  • Example:
  • Joe said, “My way is the best way.”

Quotation Marks  Outside Huggers

Use 1 ‘ quote’ or 2 “quotes”

  • Rule #3: Single Quotation marks are only used for quotations inside another quotation.
  • ‘quote’ = a quote within a quote.
  • Example:
  • Jessie said, “Eating flaming hot Cheetos while taking the CAHSEE, is ‘a big mistake’ and I listened to him!”

Parallelism matches words up

Parallelism

  • Rule #1: Words in a sentence that have the same function must be in the same form.
  • Tip: Lists of VERBS in DIFFERENT FORMS (Tenses) which means that they should have the same endings.
  • In other words, pick the matching ending

Are they a match??

  • Step 1: Check the question, look at the answers.
  • *What is underlined?
  • *Are they asking about commas?
  • *Are they asking about parallelism?
  • Step 2: Eliminate answer choices that have verbs with different endings.

Tips

  • 1.) Skim the question and look for the words AND or OR… check on each side of those words to see whether the items that are matching are identical triplets.
  • 2.) If they are not look for the answer that makes them identical.
  • 3.) If there are several items in a list put them in a column and see if they are alike or parallel
  • 4.) Read it to yourself are there words that make the same sound? i.e. Racing, skiing, boating, cooking

Let’s Try It!

  • greeting a customer, escort them to a table and offer a beverage
  • to greet customers, escorting them to tables and offering them a beverage.
  • to greet customers, escorting them to a table, and to offer a beverage.
  • greeting customers, escorting them to a table and offering beverages.

And the correct answer is…

  • D
  • greeting customers, escorting them to a table and offering beverages to them.

So now you can say…

  • Work on practice problems


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