SUBJECT: US PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES 2008 (90%); US PRESIDENTS (89%); PRIVATELY HELD COMPANIES (74%); MATERIALS RECOVERY & RECYCLING (70%); SETTLEMENT & COMPROMISE (66%); STATE DEPARTMENTS & FOREIGN SERVICES (65%); ENVIRONMENT & NATURAL RESOURCES (61%); ETHICS (50%); TIRE RECYCLING (50%)
PERSON:BILL CLINTON (99%); HILLARY RODHAM CLINTON (94%); BARACK OBAMA (92%); BRUCE WILLIS (55%)
GEOGRAPHIC: KUALA LUMPUR, MALAYSIA (88%) MALAYSIA (95%); UNITED KINGDOM (56%)
LOAD-DATE: December 6, 2008
GRAPHIC: PHOTO: Vinod Sekhar, chief executive of the Petra Group, a rubber technology company, invited former President Bill Clinton to Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, on Friday.(PHOTOGRAPH BY SEKHAR FOUNDATION)
INSIDE THE TIMES: December 6, 2008
SECTION: Section A; Column 0; Metropolitan Desk; Pg. 2
LENGTH: 2307 words
SRI LANKAN ARMY PUSHES
For Military Defeat of Rebels
With Sri Lanka's military making its deepest push into rebel territory in a decade, Asia's longest-running civil war appears to be edging closer to a military solution. The government says its troops have ringed the rebel capital, Kilinochchi, near the northern tip of the island. But even if the rebel force is defeated, a major problem will remain: The government has yet to present a serious proposal on how this polarized multiethnic country of 21 million people will be governed. PAGE A6
A RABBI'S PLAN FOR PEACE
Menachem Froman, the chief rabbi of the Tekoa settlement in the West Bank, has been living there for 35 years, teaches at religious seminaries and wears conventional Orthodox rabbinical garb. But that is about where his similarity with other Jewish settlers in the West Bank ends. He believes in making peace with his Palestinian neighbors and has engaged in ''thousands of hours'' of dialogue, he said, with Palestinian leaders, including Yasir Arafat and leaders of the rival militant Islamist group Hamas. PAGE A8
ARGENTINE STIMULUS PACKAGE
Argentina on Thursday announced a $3.8 billion stimulus package that will grant low-cost loans to farmers, automakers and other exporters, who have struggled as the slowing world economy has trimmed demand for their goods. The move is the latest attempt by the government of President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner to restore flagging confidence in her handling of the economy. But business leaders and analysts reacted cautiously to the new stimulus package, saying it was a step in the right direction but that bolder moves would be needed to head off a major devaluation or default. PAGE A8
COALITION TROOPS LEAVING IRAQ
The majority of the foreign troops who were part of the multinational coalition in Iraq will withdraw in the next few weeks or have already done so, because the United Nations resolution authorizing their presence expires on Dec. 31. Other than the Americans, that will leave only the British and possibly two or three other countries with very small numbers of troops. The Iraqi and British governments are holding negotiations on a withdrawal agreement for the British troops. PAGE A7
Eight inmates died and 13 people, including three guards, were wounded Thursday in an uprising at Pul-i-Charki prison in Kabul, Afghanistan. An official said inmates in two cellblocks rose up in an attempt to resist a security sweep. The prison, where riots are common and criminals have been able to bribe their way to freedom, has become a symbol of the dysfunction and shortcomings of the Afghan judicial system. PAGE A7
NEW CAMPAIGN REPORT ADDS
To Story of Palin's Wardrobe
Senator John McCain's presidential campaign spent more than $165,000 on a trio of stylists for Gov. Sarah Palin of Alaska, according to a new campaign finance report filed with the Federal Election Commission. The filings furnished new details to what has become one of the lingering controversies of this year's presidential race: the expensive makeover of Ms. Palin. PAGE A9
GOODBYE TO A SOUL FOOD LEGEND
The aging lions of the civil rights movement who hobbled into the funeral of James V. Paschal, right, the co-founder of a legendary soul food cafe in Atlanta, mentioned the cooking only briefly. Instead, they spoke of the entrepreneur and the role he played by providing nourishment and a sense of place to a fledgling movement that changed the nation. PAGE A9
IN MINNESOTA, TOO CLOSE TO CALL
The grueling hand recount of nearly all 2.9 million ballots cast in last month's Senate election in Minnesota is now complete, but whom the state will send to Washington remains uncertain. Senator Norm Coleman, the Republican incumbent, was leading Al Franken, the former comedian and a Democrat, by a margin of 687 votes, the secretary of state's office said. But the race could easily shift after a board examines 5,300 ballots still in question. PAGE A10
SPLIT IN ANGLICAN COMMUNITY
Conservative Anglicans in the United States and Canada said they intended to proceed immediately with plans to create their own branch of the Anglican Communion, separate from the Episcopal Church and the Anglican Church of Canada, despite warnings from the archbishop of Canterbury that winning official recognition could take years. PAGE A14
IMMIGRATION OFFICIAL IS CHARGED
A federal official who oversees immigration enforcement in three New England states, Lorraine Henderson, was charged with hiring three illegal immigrants to clean her home in Salem, Mass. PAGE A13
PATRIARCH ALEKSY II, 79
As leader of the sprawling Russian Orthodox Church, he presided over its restoration as a powerful influence in Russian society after decades of Soviet persecution. PAGE B10
FORREST J. ACKERMAN, 92
His obsessive devotion to science fiction and horror stories was so fierce that he helped propel their popularity. Indeed, he was widely credited with coining the term ''sci-fi.'' PAGE B10
Marc S. Dreier, a New York lawyer with celebrity clients and a large firm that bears his name, was released from a Canadian prison after promising to return to court to face charges that he impersonated another lawyer on Tuesday at the offices of a large Canadian pension fund. The arrest and the unclear circumstances leading up to it have lawyers on both sides of the border scratching their heads. Staff lawyers at Mr. Dreier's New York office forwarded calls for comment to the firm's spokeswoman, who spent the day unavailable for comment. PAGE A17
AGENCY MONITORING CENTER
Federal immigration officials said they would place no more immigration detainees at a detention center in Rhode Island that is under investigation for its treatment of a Chinese computer engineer from New York who died in custody last summer. A spokesman said Immigration and Customs Enforcement had sent experts in detention management ''to directly monitor conditions'' at the center and ''is taking all reasonable steps to ensure the safety and well-being of the 153 remaining detainees.'' PAGE A17
COACHING RIFTS ADD WRINKLES
To a California Rivalry
When U.C.L.A. plays fifth-ranked Southern California on Saturday, it will be the first time Norm Chow, U.C.L.A.'s offensive coordinator, has shared a stage with Coach Pete Carroll of U.S.C. since the two led the Trojans to the second of consecutive national championships four years ago. It was an extraordinarily successful pairing that could co-exist for only so long, but don't expect either man to say why. PAGE B12
HONDA PULLS OUT OF FORMULA ONE
The Honda Motor Company, citing global economic uncertainties, pulled out of Formula One racing, which bills itself as the world's richest sport. Honda was the circuit's biggest-spending owner; sustaining its two-car race team cost the company an estimated $217 million in 2008. The car company's departure is another example of the financial impact of the economic crisis in sports. But at Formula One, the recession is pushing the organization to a desperate financial brink. PAGE B11
AVERY SUSPENDED FOR COMMENTS
The N.H.L. has suspended Dallas Stars forward Sean Avery for six games for the inflammatory comments he made Tuesday about his former girlfriends who have dated other N.H.L. players. And there is doubt that Avery will return to the Stars after his suspension is served. PAGE B14
TRYING TO PICK THE MOMENT
For That First-House Plunge
A golden age is on its way for first-time home buyers. How soon is impossible to know, it can only be seen in hindsight at what point the bottom arrived. But that moment is certainly getting closer. Housing prices have fallen drastically, rates on 30-year fixed-rate mortgages are already close to 5.5 percent and may go to 4.5 percent. And first-time home buyers have the same advantage they have always had, which is that they do not have to sell their old place before buying a new one. Ron Lieber, Your Money. PAGE B1
STOCKS RALLY ON GRIM NEWS
All the makings of a bleak day for Wall Street were there: more uncertainty about the auto industry, grim new data on delinquent home loans and the worst monthly job losses in more than 30 years. And so the markets, as if determined to confound, surged more than 3 percent. After losing 200 points in early trading, the Dow Jones industrial average did an about-face and climbed sharply in the last hour of trading, closing up 259.18 points. PAGE B6
END TO DEPOSIT GUARANTEES SOUGHT
The chief executive of HSBC's Asian operations called for Asian governments to abandon as soon as possible their guarantees of bank deposits, saying they amount to inappropriate assistance to weak banks at the risk of imposing a costly burden on taxpayers. PAGE B3
CHINA ISSUES UNRESOLVED
The two days of economic dialogue between United States and Chinese officials that ended Friday produced a modest stream of achievements. But the talks also left many large issues unresolved, including, for the Americans, efforts to open China's financial sector to United States securities firms and, for the Chinese, oblique criticisms that America's profligate ways had sent the global economy into a tailspin and threatened China's stability. PAGE B3
LIGHTENING BLITZER'S LOAD
John King, the CNN White House correspondent who raised his profile this election season with his work on the network's high-tech, Electoral College touch-screen wall, is close to being named as host of the Sunday program ''Late Edition.'' He would succeed Wolf Blitzer, whose daily show ''The Situation Room'' already has him on the air three hours a day. PAGE B2
FINDING VALUE IN A DOWN MARKET
Alan Brown, group chief investment officer for Schroder Investment Management, has stock market advice for those who will listen: ''People should be dusting off their checkbooks and putting money in month after month.'' Some who look may find that banks -- yes, banks -- are among those segments of the market with value in these down times. Market Values. PAGE B6
PONDERING ART'S PURPOSE
(Aside From Commerce)
Art Basel Miami Beach, the frenetic fair of more than 200 galleries and many ancillary exhibitions and events, prompts collective soul-searching, as many similar events do. This is true especially now, as the art world grapples with recession. What is art for, after all, assuming that it is not just something for sale? (And by the way, pieces are selling.) PAGE C1
OH YEAH? SAYSWHO?
The recession has ushered in a new note of suspicion and defiance on cable news and talk shows, Alessandra Stanley writes, with even normally mild-mannered anchors getting in touch with their inner Upton Sinclair. Class rage must be back, she says: Even Kathie Lee Gifford has gotten testy, with Ivanka Trump on the ''Today'' show. The TV Watch. PAGE C1
A PROPOSITION 8 'WHAT IF?'
The Internet video ''Prop 8 -- The Musical,'' a comedic song-and-dance diatribe about the California ballot initiative voters approved last month to define marriage as existing only between a man and a woman, has proved a hit since being posted Wednesday on FunnyOrDie.com. But for the creator and like-minded colleagues, it is a bittersweet reminder of how events might have turned out if they had been vocal and organized before the vote. PAGE C3
ARTS & LEISURE
Movies about revolutions tend to spotlight the fighting and to elide the often grimier business of governing in their aftermath. Although clearly intended to exploit the fascination of the late-'60s radical youths with their favorite countercultural martyr, Steven Soderbergh's ambitious new film, ''Che,'' starring Benicio Del Toro as Ernesto Guevara, does touch on some uncomfortable truths about the ambiguities of revolutionary governing. PAGE 18
Reading of Casanova's life could leave one feeling as though his own was wasted. Duelist, actor, millionaire -- at one point -- spy, healer, the list grows. The role of reviving the debauched is on fine display here, as one discovers a man in Casanova beyond the most famous lover to have lived. Page 44
Monty Python has spent 25 years living off and marketing the group's legacy, and this parrot -- of the skit fame -- is just resting, apparently. Eric Idle, the man responsible for other licensing decisions for the group, is helping to introduce pythonline.com, a social networking site with blogs, killer rabbits and other absurdities. Page 2
THE PAKISTAN CONNECTION
There are strong signs that the terrorists who attacked Mumbai were members of a Pakistani-based group. It is not hard to imagine that their real goal was to disrupt recent efforts to improve relations between India and Pakistan -- and provoke an even greater cataclysm. Everything must be done to avoid that. page A18
GRADING PROGRESS ON FOOD SAFETY
The Food and Drug Administration is claiming considerable progress over the last year in protecting the nation's food supply from pathogens and toxic substances. But the steps described in its self-assessment warrant only a so-so grade. page A18
IMPROVING THE LANDMARKS PROCESS
A State Supreme Court judge concluded last month that the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission habitually acted in a manner that was ''arbitrary and capricious.'' Her conclusions are welcome and frustratingly familiar. page A18
The Georgia runoff election was more important than you might imagine. Certainly more significant than anything Senator Saxby Chambliss has done since he skipped a closed-door session on Iraq intelligence data to go golfing with Tiger Woods. page A19
SUBJECT: REBELLIONS & INSURGENCIES (92%); CLERGY & RELIGIOUS (90%); ARMIES (90%); ARMED FORCES (89%); CAMPAIGNS & ELECTIONS (77%); JEWS & JUDAISM (75%); EXPORT TRADE (74%); MUSLIMS & ISLAM (74%); AUTOMOBILE MFG (73%); RELIGION (69%); UNITED NATIONS INSTITUTIONS (61%); RIOTS (60%); US PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS (60%); FARMERS & RANCHERS (53%); AUTOMAKERS (51%); AGRICULTURAL LENDING (51%)
PERSON: CRISTINA FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER (67%); SARAH PALIN (50%); JOHN MCCAIN (50%)
GEOGRAPHIC: KABUL, AFGHANISTAN (92%) SRI LANKA (94%); PALESTINIAN TERRITORY (93%); IRAQ (93%); AFGHANISTAN (93%); UNITED KINGDOM (93%); ASIA (92%); UNITED STATES (79%); ARGENTINA (79%)
LOAD-DATE:December 6, 2008
Copyright 2008 The New York Times Company
89 of 1231 DOCUMENTS
The New York Times
December 6, 2008 Saturday
Late Edition - Final
Remembering a Soul Food Legend Who Nurtured Civil Rights Leaders
BYLINE: By ROBBIE BROWN
SECTION: Section A; Column 0; National Desk; ATLANTA JOURNAL; Pg. 9
The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. loved the vegetable soup. Representative John Lewis always ordered the peas. And Andrew Young, as mayor of Atlanta, would not tolerate anyone else's fried chicken.
But the aging lions of the civil rights movement who hobbled into the funeral on Friday of James V. Paschal, the co-founder of a legendary soul food cafe in Atlanta, only briefly mentioned the cooking. Instead, they spoke of the entrepreneur, and the role he played by providing nourishment and a sense of place to a fledgling movement that changed the nation.
Mr. Paschal, with his older brother Robert, orchestrated the meteoric rise of Paschal's Restaurant from a red-brick chicken shack into a defining symbol of food and politics in black Atlanta. He was 88 when he died Nov. 28 of complications from heart surgery.
''Lord, I tell you, it's hard to even imagine black politics in Georgia without the Paschal brothers,'' said Tyrone Brooks, a state representative from Warrenton. ''You can't hardly find one elected official from the '60s to today who hasn't been touched by that restaurant and that family.''
For 61 years, Mr. Paschal quietly shepherded a generation of black politicians from protest to power. Drawn by the flaky, ungreasy chicken and fast-melting peach cobbler, they planned marches in Selma and Birmingham over lunches and breakfast. They mourned Dr. King's death in the main dining room. And in 1984 and 1988, they began the Rev. Jesse Jackson's campaigns for the presidency from a connecting hotel owned by Paschal's.
''I used to say that all the decisions in Atlanta were made between 6:30 and 8 in the morning, and they were made at Paschal's,'' Mr. Young said. ''Any politician in Atlanta who wanted to get elected needed the black vote, and the best place to get it was Paschal's.''
Over the years, Paschal's expanded and evolved, to the perpetual concern of loyalists. The speakeasy atmosphere yielded to an upscale, white-linen setting. Its signature elbow-to-elbow seating was replaced with spacious but less conversation-friendly tables. And in 2002, the restaurant changed locations, abandoning the one at 530 Martin Luther King Jr. Drive, which became part of Clark Atlanta University, for a vaulted building several blocks away. (It also has two outposts at Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport for travelers needing a soul food fix.)
''It used to be the kind of place where everybody talked,'' said Curtis Paschal, the son of Mr. Paschal and an executive at the company that owns the restaurant. ''A politician could sit and have a coffee with a local artist. A Ph.D. in physics could sit down with the local numbers guy and discuss theoretical physics.''
Mr. Lewis ate his first meal in Atlanta at Paschal's, in 1963, but feels less attachment to the new location. ''The new place just doesn't have the same feeling,'' he said. ''It's much more sophisticated and contemporary.''
On a recent afternoon, Charles Releford Jr., a chief of staff in the Fulton County government, returned to Paschal's for the food he has been having for the last 40 years: fried chicken, collard greens and macaroni and cheese. ''When you come here, you always see everyone you know,'' Mr. Releford said. ''It's not just people from Atlanta either. When friends from New York come to town, they always just say, 'I'll meet you at Paschal's.' ''
The restaurant's clientele once included members of the King family, Julian Bond, the Rev. Ralph David Abernathy, the Rev. Joseph E. Lowery and Maynard Jackson. An adjacent jazz club, La Carrousel, also run by the Paschals, drew performances by Aretha Franklin, Dizzy Gillespie, Ramsey Lewis, Lena Horne, Cannonball Adderley and Joe Williams.
Even in the 1950s, the restaurant seated white and black patrons together, a daring violation of segregation laws in Atlanta. At La Carrousel, Connie Curry, the first white woman on the executive committee of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, enjoyed her first dance with a black man.
Mr. Paschal's funeral service, at Morehouse University's chapel, attracted more than 500 people. Overlooking a coffin draped in red roses and lined with poinsettias, a parade of civil rights veterans paid effusive tributes to the restaurant.
To shouts of ''Amen'' and ''Oh, yes,'' they told how Mr. Paschal, the son of a sharecropper, became a millionaire without forgetting his roots or his community. They described his patience, the little bow of his head that he gave every customer as he went table to table asking about the service.
''He provided the place where we could meet, strategize and plan to go to jail,'' said the Rev. Timothy McDonald, the former president of the Concerned Black Clergy.
The restaurant was also a place to calm frayed nerves after arrests, death threats and beatings. ''You'd leave the front lines of the movement, in South Georgia or Alabama,'' Mr. Lewis said, ''and when you made it to Paschal's you were safe.''
But Mr. Paschal was also a businessman, interested in profit as well as social progress.
''He'd always say, 'I don't just want y'all to meet in here,' '' Mr. McDonald recalled. '' 'I want y'all to eat in here, too.' ''
SUBJECT: CIVIL RIGHTS (91%); RESTAURANTS (90%); US STATE GOVERNMENT (78%); LEGISLATIVE BODIES (78%); ENTREPRENEURSHIP (76%); HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES (69%); SURGERY & TRANSPLANTATION (69%); PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS (66%); VOTERS & VOTING (64%); AIRPORTS (50%); ARTISTS & PERFORMERS (50%)
PERSON: JOHN LEWIS (91%); JESSE JACKSON (54%)
GEOGRAPHIC: ATLANTA, GA, USA (94%) GEORGIA, USA (94%) UNITED STATES (94%)
LOAD-DATE: December 6, 2008
GRAPHIC: PHOTOS: The lunch counter at the original Paschal's, left, a hub of the civil rights movement that continued to be central to black politics, and today's version of the restaurant. The soul food has not changed.(PHOTOGRAPH BY ERIK S. LESSER FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES)
(PHOTOGRAPH BY ALAN S. WEINER FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES)
Copyright 2008 The New York Times Company
90 of 1231 DOCUMENTS
The New York Times
December 5, 2008 Friday
Late Edition - Final
Soaring in Art, Museum Trips Over Finances
BYLINE: By EDWARD WYATT and JORI FINKEL
SECTION: Section A; Column 0; National Desk; Pg. 1
LENGTH: 1507 words
DATELINE: LOS ANGELES
When this city's Museum of Contemporary Art appointed a classically trained curator from the Art Institute of Chicago as its director in 1999, many viewed it as a welcome sign that art rather than business would be kept at the forefront of one of the most dynamic museums in the country.
They did not know how right they were. Nearly 10 years later, the museum remains internationally renowned for its collection of postwar art and for organizing some of the most serious and ambitious contemporary art exhibitions anywhere.
Yet by putting art ahead of the bottom line, the Museum of Contemporary Art has nearly killed itself. The museum has operated at a deficit in six of the last eight years, and its endowment has shrunk to about $6 million from nearly $50 million in 1999, according to people who have been briefed on the finances.
Now the California attorney general has begun an audit to determine if the museum broke laws governing the use of restricted money by nonprofit organizations. And local artists, curators and collectors, including current and former board members, are lobbying to remove the museum's director, Jeremy Strick, its board, or both.
The museum's tailspin has brought an outpouring of grief and disbelief in a city that has recently cast itself as a rival to New York as the nation's art capital. The closing of such a respected museum, or even its merger into another institution, would leave a formidable hole not only in the city's psyche but in the national cultural landscape as well.
''The museum has a very significant role beyond the culture of Los Angeles,'' said Connie Butler, a former curator there who is now chief drawings curator at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. ''People in the art world feel they are going to wake up one morning and one of the greatest resources in terms of contemporary art in the Western world is going to be permanently altered.''
Museum officials say they expect a solution to the crisis by the end of the year, if not by the next board meeting, on Dec. 16. A possible merger with the Los Angeles County Museum of Art has been discussed and is supported by some trustees, although the museum's official position is that it wants to remain independent.
Eli Broad, the billionaire philanthropist who frequently plays the role of Medici here, offered $30 million last month in support of the Museum of Contemporary Art, on the condition that half of it be matched by contributions from other donors. So far, no other donors have stepped forward.
Museum officials would not agree to be interviewed for this article or to discuss the scope of the state's audit. In written responses to questions, the museum said it was ''pursuing and assessing all of its options,'' including talks with Mr. Broad and with the Los Angeles County Museum of Art about possible partnerships. ''Central to all these discussions is MOCA's commitment to its core mission,'' the museum said.
Part of its challenge may be that the very people who are considering the museum's options include those who oversaw its decline. One of the board's two co-chairmen, Tom Unterman, for example, has served on the board's finance committee for the last eight years and was finance chairman the last three. David G. Johnson, the other co-chairman of the board, was previously head of its governance committee.
''It's obvious that there needs to be new management,'' said Jane Nathanson, a member of the boards of both the Museum of Contemporary Art and the Los Angeles County Museum of Art. ''MOCA needs to look deeply into the way it has functioned and move forward to rebuild the reputation of the museum.''
Some trustees have departed in recent years, frustrated with what they called the museum's financial recklessness and lack of leadership. ''I saw the train wreck coming,'' said Susan Nimoy, a collector who left the board in 2006 after pushing hard, she said, to bring the budget in line with available money.
''My main complaint to the board was that none of you would run your household budget the way this institution is run,'' Mrs. Nimoy said. ''I think every one of those trustees should resign and Jeremy should resign.''
The museum was founded in 1979 by a corps of collectors after the demise of the Pasadena Art Museum left Los Angeles without a major museum dedicated to modern or contemporary art. The city agreed that if the founders could raise $10 million for operating costs, it would help pay for construction of a new museum downtown.
While the building was in development downtown, a nearby city warehouse was renovated for use as a temporary home. It opened in 1983, three years before the main building was completed on Grand Avenue. (The warehouse, known as the Geffen Contemporary, remains in use, and the museum also maintains a small gallery at the Pacific Design Center in West Hollywood.)
Dean Valentine, a media entrepreneur and former museum trustee, described the museum as central to the city's becoming a major cultural center. ''For many artists in Los Angeles, it was the first institution that expressed interest in their work,'' Mr. Valentine said, comparing its importance for West Coast artists to that of MoMA in New York for the Abstract Expressionists some 50 years ago.
Historically, one problem dogging the museum has been the lack of a proper home for its permanent collection, which features early work by John Baldessari, Ed Ruscha and Robert Rauschenberg, among others. The Grand Avenue building is considered too small by today's standards while the larger Geffen Contemporary lacks necessary climate controls to preserve art.
''It's a source of frustration for many of us,'' Mr. Valentine said. Like Mrs. Nimoy, he left the museum board in 2006, unhappy with the leadership; both have since joined the board of the Hammer Museum here.
Given its financial crisis, the Museum of Contemporary Art has announced plans to close the Geffen for six months next year and is promoting the location online for rental to film crews.
According to its financial statements, the only time in the last seven years that the museum has managed to finish with a surplus was in the 2007 fiscal year, when its revenues topped expenses by $3 million. But much of that surplus came from a gain on the sale of investments; admissions and membership revenues had declined, and the budget surpassed $21 million, the highest ever.
The museum said it expected its audited financial statements, once completed, to show that it generated a surplus in the 2008 fiscal year as well, although it declined to provide details.
Yet in nearly every year since 2000, the museum has drawn down on the principal of its endowment to pay for operations, a practice frowned upon as risky in the museum world.
And at times the museum has secured financing for exhibitions in ways that many other museums would shun. To help pay for last year's Takashi Murakami exhibition, the museum solicited hundreds of thousands of dollars in donations from art galleries that represented the artist and therefore stood to gain from any related career boost.
The museum said in a statement that it recently bolstered its ability to raise money, hiring a new director of development and nearly doubling its donations in the last two years. It noted that in the last seven years, 20 of the board's 40 members, including life trustees, have given more than $1 million in addition to their required annual gifts.
But others say the reluctance of potential donors to respond publicly to Mr. Broad's offer of matching money stems from a lack of confidence in the museum's stewardship.
Meanwhile, his rescue planhas stirred concern that Mr. Broad will try to call the shots at the Museum of Contemporary Art, as he did while a trustee there in the 1980s, before a rift led to his departure. Some potential donors have said privately that his role as a major benefactor of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art would give him too much power if he were to lead the rescue of the Museum of Contemporary Art.
In an interview this week, Mr. Broad offered details of his plan, saying he would give the museum $15 million in installments equal to however much the museum raised, plus $3 million a year for five years to pay for operations and exhibitions.
Mr. Broad has also said privately that he favors a management change, according to people who have been part of the discussions. Although the museum does not receive direct city financing, its main buildings were financed by or leased from the city. Eric Garcetti, who as president of the Los Angeles City Council is a nonvoting member of the museum's board, said, ''There does seem to be a consensus forming that new leadership should be brought in to run the museum, that the board should be reinvigorated and there should be a paring down of the budget.''
''I believe,'' Mr. Garcetti said, ''that the public deserves more reassurance that an institution that the public helped fund will be held to a higher standard.''