By District Election Officer & District Collector District- shivpuri (MP)



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Background


Since independence governance at local level has been in the agenda of the Government of India in order to develop the area as per the local needs. Even in the state of Madhya Pradesh the effort in this regard was initiated in July 1957 when the MP Government constituted the Local Self-Government (Urban) committee to suggest modifications in existing laws. Based on the recommendation of this committee, the State Government enacted The Madhya Pradesh Municipalities Act, 1961 and The Madhya Pradesh Municipal Corporation Act, 1956. Despite all the efforts and initiatives, n concrete framework could be devised. Increasing urban population and need of development in urban areas drew the attention of policy makers to decentralize the development activities based on the local needs and was realized that it was need of the moment to augment the process of decentralization in the form of strong local self-governance mechanism. In this regard, a landmark step was adopted by the Government of India by promulgating the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992. It is 74th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992, provided a statutory legitimacy to urban local bodies and made provisions for conceiving the framework to work with more freedom and devolution of power. The mandate of a Municipality is to undertake the tasks of planning for economic development, social welfare and implementation of city development plans. Members of urban local bodies are elected through elections wherein, residents of the respective urban area participate. As per the Article 243R of the Constitution all the seats in a municipality are filled by direct election of candidates from the territorial constituencies in the municipal area and for this each municipal area would be divided into small territorial units called Wards. State Election Commission is entrusted with the responsibility of conducting the election of local bodies.

While we are still grappling as to how to increase the turnout at assembly and parliamentary elections, taking electorates at polling stations in election of ULBs is not an easy task. People are not much aware about the existence and functionalities of ULBs, especially among youngsters.


The issues like low understanding the importance of electoral process in ULBs election, modest participation of women and young girls at polling booths pose challenges for the system. To

address all such issues, State Election Commission of Madhya Pradesh has unfolded the strategy of



Background:-

The Election Commission has declared 2014 as the 'year of the electoral roll'. The focus is on 'Purifying the electoral roll' by including more eligible voters particularly youth, women, and Homeless' and deletion of non -existent with the due process of law.

Summary Revision is done every year based on the qualifying date as on 1st January based on the Election Commission's directions and the time frame prescribed by them. There is lot of gap between what the voters should know and what they actually know in important areas related to Election functionary and management. This knowledge need to be addressed by election Managers with a sense of urgency.

Experience showed that even greater awareness does not necessarily get converted in to greater Participation and the answer of this question has been found in voter education which is the most appropriate way to improve participation in a democracy in the country like India. We know that this is not a simple exercise though we have tried our level best to make this plan specific to our district and with this background; we are submitting our SENSE Plan for Voter Registration of our District to achieve the goals and objective.

SENSE. When election of urban local bodies in Madhya Pradesh is on the cards, SENSE adopts its significance. SENSE stands for Systematic Education, Nurturing and Sensitization of Electorate, a process of concerted interventions to add people in electoral process by sensitization and facilitation and ascertains increased participation of eligible age group across all the sections and gender of urban areas. SENSE focuses on targeted approach to bridge the gaps of enrolment, increase turnout at Polling booths, reduce apathy and to wipe out the fear and favour factors by spreading awareness and confidence building measures. The diagram exhibited below shows the targets of SENSE interventions:






Overview Shivpuri District:-
Shivpuri is an ancient town and a sacred place. It was formerly known as Sipri. It received its current name after independence in honor of the God Shiva. It is steeped in the royal legacy of its past, when it was the summer capital of the Scindia rulers of Gwalior. Earlier to that, Shivpuri's dense forests were the hunting grounds of the Mughal emperors. Emperor Akbar captured herds of elephants for his stables while returning from Mandu in year 1564. The thick forests are still there and continue to be a source of forest-produce for domestic and industrial use. The district is bounded on the North by Morena, Gwalior and Datia districts, on the East by Jhansi district of U.P, on the West by Kota district of Rajasthan and on the South by Guna district. The district headquarter Shivpuri is located on NH-3 (Agra-Bombay National Highway) at a 113 Km from Gwalior and 98 Km from Guna. The district is mostly laid out over small hill tops covered with deciduous forests where the slope is gentle with verdant vegetation and good forests round about, the landscape is generally pleasing.

1. A DEMOGRAPHY
Shivpuri district ranks fourteenth in terms of total population in the state and fifteenth in regard to decadal population growth rate (2001-11) among the fifty districts. With a sex ratio of 877, it ranks forty-sixth in the state. Shivpuri district comprises of nine tahsils, namely, Badarwas, Karera, Kolaras, Narwar, Pichhore, Pohri, Bairad, Shivpuri and Khaniyadhana. As per Census 2011, the district has 1417 villages and 7 towns distributed in five Legislative assembly constituencies. Census 2011 figures indicated that the percentage share of scheduled caste population to total population was 18.6 percent while that of scheduled tribes was 13.2 percent. A substantial population of 46.39 percent of the district lies below the poverty line; where BPL percentage is 47.77 percent in rural Shivpuri and in the urban areas this figure is registered as 37.87 percent as per 2004-05 estimates.

Particulars

Census 2011

Projected in 2014

Total Population

17.26,050

18,36,844

Male Population

9,19,795

9,98,463

Female Population

806,255

8,38,381

Sex Ratio

877

877

Population density

168

168

Literacy rate (%)

63.7%

63.7%

Literacy rate- Male (%)

76.2%

76.2%

Literacy rate- Female (%)

49.5%

49.5%

1 B. ADMINISTRATIVE SET UP
Administrative headquarters of the district is Shivpuri town while its divisional headquarters is Gwalior. District is further divided into sub-divisions and tehsils while from the point of view of the rural development the district is divided into development blocks, known as Janpads. Village Panchayat is a local unit of governance in rural area and Nagarpalikas are functional as a unit of local governance in the urban area of the district. The District Collector looks after the general administration, revenue, law and order of the entire district. He is assisted by Additional District Magistrate and Sub-Divisional Magistrates in discharging his duties. The Police department in the leadership of Superintendent of Police ascertains the maintenance of law and order with the support of district administration. Shivpuri district is situated in the northern part of the Madhya Pradesh and covers an area of about 10,278 sq. km. It lies between N Latitude 26o 05’ and 24o 40’ and E longitude 77o 01’ and 78o 29’ It is bounded in the North by district Gwalior, in the south by the district Guna, in the east by the district Datia and in the west by the Rajasthan state. Shivpuri district is divided into 08 tehsils and 8 blocks. It has 1326 villages.

SN

Particulars

Value

Name

1

Towns in the District

05

Shivpuri, karera, pohari, pichhor, &kolaras

2

Total no of villages(census2011)

1326

----------

3

Total no of Gram Panchayats

604

----------

4

Total no of Police Station

28

----------

5

Total no of Sub-divisions

05

Shivpuri, karera, pohari, pichhor, &kolaras

6

Total no of Tehsils

09

Shivpuri, karera, pohari, pichhor, kolaras,narwar ,khaniadhana,badarwas, & Biarad

7

Total no of Development blocks

08

Shivpuri, karera, pohari, pichhor, kolaras,narwar ,khaniadhana ,badarwas,

8

Municipality

01

----------

9

RI circle


18

----------

10

Patwari Circle


378

----------

11

Police Chowkis


11

----------


In accordance with the Article 243Q of the Constitution of India, Madhya Pradesh has three types of municipalities in urban areas. Shivpuri can’t boast of encompassing a big urban area and most of them are in transitional phase. That’s why Shivpuri district has One Municipal Councils and 07 Nagar Parishads. Shivpuri is municipal councils while KOLARAS ,BADARWAS,KARERA,PICHHORE,KHANIADHANA,BAIRAD,and NARWAR,are Nagar parsihads. These ULBs are headed by Chief Municipal officers and work under the Department of Urban Administration & Development. At the district level all the ULBs are coordinated by District Urban Development Authority (DUDA) and Project officer deputed at DUDA heads the authority.

Proposed Interventions in SENSE




Election of ULBs is scheduled to take place in the year 2014. Impressive turnout due to concerted and intensive SENSE interventions has raised a hope to stride further. Urban apathy in any election has been a great concern and election occurred in 2013 and Parliamentary election 2014 have enthused the policy makers and raise optimism that urban electorates have come out to exercise their fundamental right.
The salient features would be the introductory use of Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) and use of photo electoral roll at local level election. It would be a milestone towards technological advancement that electorates would be casting their votes through EVM. These EVMs are much more advanced and upgraded than those used in the recently held assembly and parliamentary elections.

Since, it is the first time that ULBs election is technology driven, it is of utmost priority that information, communication and awareness generation in this regard would be the prime objective of SENSE. Otherwise, it would be a daunting task for the authority to get the election conducted smoothly. Hence, entire exercise of SENSE would be registration of new and young voters, EVM demonstration and facilitation to electorates and political parties.


Assessment


Assessment of present condition and status would be a major task to begin with. In the preparatory phase and assessment of male and female voters would be done. Simultaneously, the enrolment and registration process would be expedited to add more young voters. Another exercise of would be started to identify the pockets wherein the dismal turnout had been recorded during previous ULBs election. It would be started soon and registration process would be ongoing.






Strategy & Planning




Strategy and planning would be done considering the points discussed below:

3. Proposed Interventions in SENSE

SENSE will adopt a multi-pronged approach as the spectrum is much broader. It will have participation and co-operation from various govt and private organizations. In addition, all possible types of media would be used for the awareness generation.

3A. TARGETS

SENSE will try to accomplish the following targets mentioned below:

  • 100% photo coverage and 100% EPIC coverage to be achieved

  • Efforts for encouraging women to cast their votes, especially in the areas where female voter turnout has been low

  • Maximizing the participation of young voters

  • Increasing voter registration

  • Inclusion of excluded voters,

  • Exclusion of dead, shifted and duplicate voters and

  • Sensitizing service voters to cast their votes while on duty

3B. DIVISION OF WORK

Since management of election is an arduous task, it is of utmost importance that the responsibility at each level should be defined. In this regard, work distribution has been done at the various levels as:

1. District level

  • Meetings with political parties

  • Appeal to appoint BLA for each polling station by political parties.

  • Wide publicity with the help of information dept. in local news papers.

  • Scroll in local cable TV

  • Banners & Hoarding at prominent places, Govt. Offices, Railway Station and other Public places etc.

  • Involving NGOs, various associations & other voluntary organization in SENSE

  • Bulk SMS may be used.

  • Motivate young voters to carry the message to masses

2. RO/ARO/ERO/AERO LEVEL

  • Appointment / updation of BLO of each polling station.

  • Training to BLO / Aanganwadi worker, Health Worker & other officials to make a

  • successful effort.

  • Informing the public regarding the details of Booth Level Officer of the area by putting

  • "KNOW YOUR BLO” board with details of BLO at his home or at his service place.

  • Organizing various programmes at colleges.

  • Publicity through Drama and skits

  • Involving political parties, traders association, Lions club, Rotary Club, different types of

  • Groups, Social or religious leaders in this programme.

3. B.L.O. LEVEL

  • Implementation of instructions given from upper level

  • Regular meetings with local residents.

  • Registration of youth and newly married females.

  • Display of banners on panchayat/ school / colleges / PHC / CHC/public places.

  • Distribution of pamphlets in melas, gram sabhas, etc.

  • Encouraging female registration with the help of Anganwadi workers.



3C. SENSE COMMITTEE

In accordance with the Directives of Election Commission of India, a full-fledged SENSE

committee has been constituted at the district level. The committee would oversee the time-boundand effective implementation of the plan. As directed, Chief Executive Officer (CEO), Zila Panchayat would be the Chairperson of SENSE committee. The Committee comprises following

members mentioned here:-

SN

Who

In the Committee as

1

CEO, Zila Panchayat

Chairperson

2

Dist. Lok seva manager-Mr Ravi Sharma

Member Secretary

3

District Programme Officer, ICDS

Member

4

District Education officer (DEO)

Member

5

District Project Coordinator (DPC)

Member

6

Post Master ,Main Post office Shivpuri

Member

7

District Lead Bank Manager

Member

8

Public Relation officer.

Member

9

Chief District Health Officer

Member

10

Principal Govt. P.G. College shivpuri

Member

11

Principal K.V. School.

Member

12

Program officer AIR and Doordarshan kendra

Member

13

Road and Transport Officer

Member

14

C.M.O. Nagar Palika.

Member

15

District Labor Officer

Member

16

Dy. Director Social Justice Department

Member

17

Distt. Tribal Officer

Member

18

Zila Prod shiksha adhikari

Member

19

Lead Bank Officer

Member

19

Incharge of NYK





On similar lines, a Steering Committee at the Assembly Constituency level would constitute:

SN

Who

In the Committee as



Registration Officer,

Nodal officer



Assistant Electoral Registration Officer,

Member



Taluka Development Officer,

Member



Block Health Officer,

Member



CDPO,

Member



Taluka Coordinator of Lead Bank,

Member



Chief Officer, Municipality,

Member



Representative of Local Educational Institutions,

Member



Representative of Local NGOs

Member

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