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Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan has said that a new Happiness Ministry will be constituted. The department will strive to bring happiness and bliss in people’s life. The department will promote sports and entertainment activities.

Chouhan was addressing block level Antyodaya Mela at Ringnaud in Sadarpur development block of Dhar district on Saturday. He gave gifts of over Rs 125 crore to people. These included foundation stones/dedication of works costing Rs 86 crore, sanction letters, materials and cheques worth over Rs 40 crore .

The Chief Minister said that no stone will be left unturned to make agriculture profitable. Efforts would be made to reach water to every field. At present, 36.5 lakh hectare area is being irrigated in the country. In deference to wish of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the State Government is committed to doubling farmers income in next 5 years. Efforts would be made to promote crops which give more income including spices, medicinal plants, fruits-flowers, vegetables etc. He said that Prime Minister has launched Agriculture Crop Insurance Scheme. Every farmer in the state will be covered under the scheme.

Expressing happiness over attendance of large number of women, the Chief Minister said that this is proving increasing awareness among then. He said that women have come forward in political arena after 50 per cent reservation was given to them in Panchayats. The Chief Minister informed that after taking oath of Chief Minister for the first time, he had chalked out Ladli Laxmi Yojana. Till date, 22 lakh girls have become Ladli Laxmis. He said that a scheme will be implemented to provide LPG and stoves to poor tribal women in Dhar district.

The Chief Minister said that rules of free cycle and uniform scheme for students will be changed. Now, instead of deposting amount in bank accounts, it would be given directly. He said that a piped water scheme will also be sanctioned for Ringnaud. Rs one crore will be sanctioned to supply water from backwater of Mahi Dam in Rajgarh district.

Chouhan informed about sanction of Rs 14.43 crore for Billighati Mangarh lake in Sardarpur development block, Rs 3.15 crore for Dhumela lake and Rs 75 lakh from his discretionary fund for Sardarpur urban area. Besides, he informed about sanction of Rs 5 crore for construction of 100 housing units.

On the demand of MLA Wel Singh Bhuria, the Chief Minister announced for survey and preparing DPR for reservoirs at 4 places. He also assured for survey of bringing Naramda water to Mahi River. About Kharmor sanctuary, he said that efforts would be made to send its proposal to National Wildlife Board and seek Central Government’s sanction.

MP Savitri Thakur, MLAs Wel Singh Bhuria, Collector Shriman Shukla also spoke on the occasion. MLA Ranjana Baghel, Bhanwar Singh Shekhawat, Kalu Singh Thakur, Nirmala Bhuria, district Panchayat President Malti-Mohan Patel, District BJP President Raj Barfa, Rajgarh Nagar Parishad President Madhulika Tanted, other public representatives and large number of people were present on the occasion.



SC allows common entrance test for medical courses, recalls its 2013 order

Amit Anand Choudhary 

  • Supreme Court has paved the way for implementation of National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET) for medical courses across the country

  • SC set aside its 2013 order by which the common entrance test for admissions to MBBS, BDS and PG courses in all medical colleges was quashed.

NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court on Monday paved the way for implementation of National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET) for medical courses across the country.

The top court set aside its 2013 order by which the common entrance test for admissions to MBBS, BDS and PG courses in all medical colleges was quashed.

Hearing a review petition on NEET, the top court said it will hear the case afresh on validity of the common entrance test. "Till the matter is decided NEET can be implemented," the top court said.
The Supreme Court had, in June 2013, had ruled that the Medical Council of India (MCI)'s notification for holding common entrance tests for MBBS, BDS and post-graduate medical courses as invalid. A three-judge bench by a 2:1 verdict held that the notification was against the Constitution.

The court had ruled that the MCI did not have the jurisdiction to enforce common entrance test (CET) on private medical colleges and that the move could also violate constitutional guarantee to minority communities to establish and manage their own educational institutions.

MCI clears joint medical test proposal, ball in govt court

Apart from students being forced to cough up thousands towards the fee for appearing in multiple exams and travel expenses, many students are robbed of the opportunity to stake admission claim to different colleges, an MCI official said.

Over 90 medical entrance tests are held across India.


A global university can be a shot in the arm for medical teaching

Devi Shetty & Vinay Kumar

It costs about Rs 500 crore to start a government or private medical college. With such a high cost there is no hope of bringing down the cost of medical education. Indirectly, we are admitting that medical education is not for the poor. Furthermore, our medical education system is based on the 70-year-old model we inherited from the British.
Medical practice requires both knowledge and the competence to apply the knowledge. An MBBS graduate of today has full knowledge of medical sciences, but is weak in competence to handle even common conditions such as coronary artery disease.
Knowledge is imparted through endless lectures, but unlike in the past, facts and details of medical procedures can also be accessed online. By contrast, competence is best imparted through apprenticeship: A senior doctor mentoring students by teaching the art of healing. Medical students in India and in most parts of the world hardly touch the patients. If technology could be used to deliver essential knowledge in a standardised form to colleges across the globe, we have an opportunity to build thousands of medical colleges across Asia, Africa and Latin America and skill highly-skilled doctors. India alone requires close to two million doctors.
The idea is to create a global medical university on the lines of United Nations. The university would be truly virtual. It will identify outstanding medical teachers to deliver lectures on topics of their interest, which will then be recorded and made available on a website. So, the university will not require classrooms.
The university will recognise busy hospitals across the world having over 300 beds, broad specialties like medicine, surgery, gynecology, pediatrics as mini medical colleges. Any medical specialist with over five years of experience, after careful vetting, can be recognised as a medical teacher. Each 300-bed hospital will be allowed to take only 30 students per year based on their performance in an online exam.
The first year will be structured roughly as follows: In the first month, the students will attend virtual dissection classes online. After this they will work in the hospital for five hours every day as nurse assistants and spend two hours a day in group discussions on anatomy, physiology and biochemistry. These discussions will supplement the online lectures and demonstrate their importance in clinical care. The students will also work in hospital labs as assistants to understand biochemical, hematological and microbiological tests. At the end of the first year, the students will have adequate knowledge about the basic sciences in the clinical context.
In the second year, they can work as student doctors under medical specialists by taking care of the patients under the resident doctors. They will be substitutes for some of the activities performed by the nurses and also take part in on-call duty at night working as assistants to on-call doctors. During the clinical years they will assist surgeons and take care of the patients in the intensive care unit under the resident doctors. Essentially, these student doctors will take care of the patients for at least six to seven hours a day, spend two hours in a group discussion about the patients admitted in the ward rather than on an imaginary patient based on textbook descriptions.
What will the hospitals gain from the training programme?
At any given time, hospitals will have 30-150 students working with great passion and taking care of their patients, which will improve the outcome of clinical care. Also, a modest tuition fee paid by the students is an additional attraction to maintain the highest standards and attract bright students.
The students will be evaluated through online tests every quarter. A student’s promotion to a higher class will depend entirely on the aggregation of their performance in the quarterly exam rather than on a final exam at the end of the year. By exposing the medical students to clinical settings and a gruelling schedule from day one will encourage the less motivated ones to drop out. Another advantage of having a global university is that the doctors would be able to practise in any of the member countries.
India requires 500 new medical colleges. With the current cost structure, not many governments or private enterprises will be keen to set up medical colleges. With this backdrop, we are in a unique position to have as many as 10,000 medical colleges across Asia, Africa and Latin America by adopting medical education as apprenticeship and online education to supplement classrooms. We can convert, for instance, 150 naxal-affected district hospitals into medical colleges with a little over Rs 100 crore investment and change the medical economy of the districts. Interestingly, quite a few African countries are keen to adopt this model and many are looking at India to take the lead. Some of the most respected medical teachers from England and the US have liked the concept. This model is not aimed at claiming superiority over the existing models of medical education. It is a proposal for a different and affordable model as a pilot, which, at the end of five years, can be compared with the existing forms of medical education.
Devi Shetty is chairman and senior consultant cardiac surgeon, Narayana Health Group of Hospitals, Bangalore
Vinay Kumar, MD, FRCPath is chairman, department of pathology, The Pritzker Medical School, University of Chicago
The views expressed are personal


TRIBUNE, APR 14, 2015

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