We have 5 possible groupings of the countries with cycles associated with one or more countries for the World. The grouping based on the Median is left out in this table because no country in that pool can be portrayed as a reference because the Median is considered as a fictitious country. The Minimum Gap pool for example contains all countries that were selected by the minimum average gap criterion with SR above 0.50 irrespective of the income group. Minimin is the minimum of all minimum average output gap for the reference countries within each pool. Once this minimum is found the country associated is considered under Selection, and a decision is made as to whether it is plausible to use this country as one of the references for the pool. If the country is a less-developed or a very small open-economy country it defies common sense to use it as a reference cycle when there is a large country in the group. A check mark is used if the answer is yes and a cross is used otherwise. If we have to reject the country selected by the Minimin as a potential reference cycle, we take the large country in the group of 5 previous references the bivariate set up within that specific pool as the AD HOC Minimum Reference. The Global Reference cycle is the country with the minimum average output gap in the big pool. Since Luxembourg and Sweden kept reappearing as Global Reference, an effort was made to rid the results of such bias by computing the minimum average gap for the pool while setting aside these two countries. Common sense was used to either accept the alternative found or look into the pool for an OECD country, hence the terms Global Reference but * and Global Reference OECD but *. USA is of course used an ad hoc reference since it is the largest economy of the world. We have also brought France as another ad hoc whenever none of the criteria pointed to France. This accords with our earlier finding that France might play an even greater role than the USA in driving the world business cycle.