A well-integrated quote is a lot like a sandwich (or a P.I.E.):
On top = a sentence that is your own thought setting the context for the quote that you intend to use to illustrate a point. Context can be the lead-in to a quote.
Filling = the quote (with author tag/signal phrase) to back up your thought.
Bottom = a sentence of your own that reflects back on the quote.
Midway into his famous “I Have a Dream” speech before 100,000 rapt listeners on a scorching hot day on the Washington Mall, King answered critics, who asked why he was not satisfied with the civil rights gains at the time, by detailing a litany of unjust public behavior towards Negroes, ranging from police brutality to disenfranchisement at the voting both. “We will not be satisfied until justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a mighty stream,” he sang out in his preacher’s voice (304). It was this stunning metaphor of running water and others like it that catapulted King into national respect and prominence.
Context? What’s that?
Providing context when introducing a quote means including information about when/where we are in the plot or development of the story, epic, novel, play etc.
Example: As the soldiers in the city of war fight with one another, “Hate [is] there with Confusion among them, and Death the/destructive” (18.535-6).
Providing context does NOT mean including the line numbers in your sentence! The reader should be able to follow your analysis WITHOUT having the text in front of him or her.
No-No Example: In Book 18, Lines 18.535-6, Homer writes, “Hate [is] there with Confusion among them, and Death the/destructive” (18.535-6).