Born to conjugate?



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BORN TO CONJUGATE?

  • I have wrote a book that needs editing.
  • The forms have already went to the president’s office.
  • I should have did the right thing by apologizing.
  • The mail carrier hasn’t came yet.
  • I seen you at the Earth, Wind, and Fire concert.
  • If you say or write nonstandard verb forms like the ones in the sentences above, you will likely be judged by the conjugation of your verbs and not the content of your character.
  • It is a universal feeling that people who speak nonstandard English are not considered educated or employable.

VERB FORMS

  • Every English verb except “be” has 5 forms, which vary depending on whether the verb is REGULAR (changes its form in a regular/standard way such as “type” and “text”) or IRREGULAR (changes its forms in an irregular way such as “write”).
  • BARE/INFINITIVE type text write
  • -s Form (Present) types texts writes
  • -ing (Present Participle) typing texting writing
  • -ed (Past) typed texted wrote
  • -en (Past Participle – used typed texted written
  • with has, have, had, and
  • other helping verbs)

VERB FORMS

  • Use the past participle form with a helping verb (is, are, was, were, has, have).
  • PRESENT PAST PAST PARTICIPLE
  • come came (has) come
  • do did (has) done
  • drag dragged (has) dragged
  • dream dreamed, dreamt (has) dreamed, dreamt
  • drive drove (has) driven
  • drink drank (has) drunk
  • go went (has) gone
  • see saw (has) seen
  • shine shone (has) shined, shone
  • shrink shrank, shrunk (has) shrunk
  • strive strived, strove (has) strived, striven
  • swim swam (has) swum
  • write wrote (has) written

BORN TO CONJUGATE

  • This module will help you learn to conjugate standard verb forms and help you create education and job opportunities for yourself.

UWF WRITING LAB RULES OF THUMB FOR VERB FORMS AND TENSES

  • From Real Good Grammar, Too by Mamie Webb Hixon

TENSE

  • Tense refers to the ability of verbs to indicate the time of an action.
  • IN REAL TIME
    • Class starts now.
  • IN HABITUAL OR RECURRING TIME
    • The class meets on Mondays from 5:00 till 8:30 p.m.
  • A GENERAL TRUTH
    • The university offers undergraduate and graduate courses.
  • IN THE PAST
    • Classes were cancelled last Friday because of inclement weather.
  • CONTINUING ACTION
    • Enrollment in online classes is increasing each year.
  • IN THE FUTURE
    • The university will be closed during Thanksgiving holidays.

MOOD

  • Mood enables verbs to express attitudes, intentions, commands, wishes, recommendations, and possibilities.
  • COMMANDS
    • Place all assignments in the dropbox by the deadline.
  • WISHES
    • I wish I were rich.
    • If I were the professor, I would give all of my students an A.
  • RECOMMENDATIONS
    • It is important that everyone be on time.

NEW VERBS

  • Google portmanteau and find out what it means.
  • Google
  • Googles
  • Googling
  • Googled
  • (have) Googled
  • I’ll friend you on Facebook.
    • friend
    • friends
    • friending
    • friended
    • (have) friended

Choosing the Right Time (the Right Tense) and the Right Mood

  • The professor has already (went, gone) over the course requirements.
  • The syllabus requires that each student (write, writes) three papers and take two essay tests.
  • In that article, the author (examined examines) several causes of crime.
  • My history professor reminded us that the Hitler diaries (are, were) not authentic.
  • If I (was, were) a rich person, I’d still buy lottery tickets and clip coupons from the paper.

Choosing the Right Time (the Right Tense) and the Right Mood

  • The professor has already (went, gone) over the course requirements. Restricted use of this verb form
  • The syllabus requires that each student (write, writes) three papers and take two essay tests. Subjunctive mood - requirement
  • In that article, the author (examined, examines) several causes of crime. Literary present
  • My history professor reminded us that the Hitler diaries (are, were) not authentic. Literary present
  • If I (was, were) a rich person, I’d still buy lottery tickets and clip coupons from the paper. Subjunctive mood - wish

Choosing the Right Time (the Right Tense) and the Right Mood

  • I like to read books I wish I had (wrote, written).
  • It is important that each student (submit, submits) all papers on time.
  • The Writing Lab tutor told us that all right (is, was) two words
  • Macbeth (is, was) written by William Shakespeare; it (is, was) a play in which the king (is, was) a tragic hero.
  • The Help by Katherine Stockett (is, was) a remarkable novel that (gives, gave) a realistic portrayal of the lives of maids in the South in the sixties.

Choosing the Right Time (the Right Tense) and the Right Mood

  • I like to read books I wish I had (wrote, written). Restricted use of this verb form
  • It is important that each student (submit, submits) all papers on time. Subjunctive mood - importance
  • The Writing Lab tutor told us that all right (is, was) two words. Present tense – general truth
  • Macbeth (is, was) written by William Shakespeare; it (is, was) a play in which the king (is, was) a tragic hero. Historical past tense and literary present tense
  • The Help by Katherine Stockett (is, was) a remarkable novel that (gives, gave) a realistic portrayal of the lives of maids in the South in the sixties. Sequence of tenses/ present tense for literature

USE PRESENT TENSE

  • In universally true statements not limited to a particular time:
    • The Sun is ninety-three million miles from Earth.
  • In definitions:
    • Hardware is the physical system of a computer.
  • In statements about the content of literature and other published works:
    • Hamlet is extremely indecisive.

USE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

  • (the present form of have (have or has) with a past participle verb form)
  • For an action that began in the past but continues into the future:
    • I have lived in Pensacola all my life.

USE PAST TENSE

  • For historical or past information:
    • Malcolm X said, “If you don’t stand for something, you’ll fall for anything.”

USE PAST PERFECT TENSE

  • (the past form of have (had) with a past participle verb form)
  • For an earlier action that is mentioned after a later action:
    • Marvin bought the car that he had seen advertised in the paper. (First, he saw it; then he bought it.)

USE FUTURE PERFECT TENSE

  • (the auxiliary will have or shall have with a past participle verb form)
  • For an action that will have been completed at a specific future time:
    • By 2020, I shall have graduated from college.

USE A PRESENT PARTICIPLE VERBAL

  • (-ing verb form used as an adjective)
  • For an action that occurs at the same time as the verb:
    • Speeding down the interstate, I saw a police officer.

USE A PAST PARTICIPLE VERB FORM

  • Only with auxiliary/helping verbs (is, are, was, were, has, have, had):
    • The professor has already (went) gone over the assignment, and I have (wrote) written the paper.
    • The bell has (rang) rung.
    • I should have (came) come to class sooner.
    • I have (did) done my work.

USE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD

  • To express a condition contrary to fact or a wish:
  • To express insistence, importance, necessity, or urgency after the word that:
    • It is important that you be on time.
    • We demand that the company do something about its toxic waste.
    • The syllabus requires that each student write a research paper.

Use of the Subjunctive

  • The IRS requires that everyone submit [not submits] a tax return by April 15.
  • It is important that all employees be [not are] on time.
  • I wish I were [not was] in Haiti to help the earthquake victims.

Let’s Practice!!!

  • I have already (spoken, spoke) to the optician about my new pair of contact lenses.
  • SPOKEN
  • In college, I hope (to study, to have studied) subjects which will be useful to me later.
  • TO STUDY
  • We were told at the service station that it (is, was) at least fifty miles from Plattsburg to Saranac Lake.
  • IS

More Practice!!!

  • It is necessary that our signatures (are, be) witnessed by a notary.
  • BE
  • Have you ever (flew, flown) coast to coast using Eastern Airlines’ excursion rates?
  • FLOWN
  • If Ted (had apologized, would have apologized) I would have forgiven him.
  • HAD APOLOGIZED


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