[Kṛṣṇa is the lover of Radha. He displays many amorous pastimes in the groves of Vrndavana, He is the lover of the cowherd maidens of Vraja, and the holder of the great hill named Govardhana. He is the beloved son of mother Yasoda, the delighter of the inhabitants of Vraja, and He wanders in the forests along the banks of the River Yamuna!]
Hare Kṛṣṇa Hare Kṛṣṇa
Kṛṣṇa Kṛṣṇa Hare Hare
Hare Rāma Hare Rāma
Rāma Rāma Hare Hare
Krsna! Krsna! Krsna! Krsna! Krsna! Krsna! Krsna! he
Krsna! Krsna! Krsna! Krsna! Krsna! Krsna! Krsna! he
Krsna! Krsna! Krsna! Krsna! Krsna! Krsna! raksa mam
Krsna! Krsna! Krsna! Krsna! Krsna! Krsna! pahi mam
Rama! Raghava! Rama! Raghava! Rama! Raghava! raksa mam
Krsna! Kesava! Krsna! Kesava! Krsna! Kesava! pahi mam
All Glories All Glories toSrilaPrabhupada Before we start to think about Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam, it is essential that we should understand the importance of this month which is very correctly known as Puruṣottama māsa [month]. It reminds us in our Vedic calculation they are very precise since ancient times. Our years, our months, days are very nicely divided and we very well know in which part of the day, which part of the month we can perform auspicious activities. Which time is very auspicious and which is not auspicious. But since we depend upon computers etc. for these calculations, we realize our calculations go wrong. We remember in our childhood the Brahmin used to come and he will forecast about the weather –rainfall, etc. and it was quite correct. Now we hear weather report from all over the world and it is completely wrong and fat salaries are paid. Our Brahmin was very happy if he gets four annas or something. The life was very simple. In every dealings the money was completely absent. That was the blessing. Since, the whole thing is gold standardized, they call it gold standardized, and since then the difficulties are increasing. The name is very nice to hear “Gold Standardized” and in our hand there is a paper. It’s nothing. I remember that in our India, rupee was there and it had exactly the 1 rupee symbol in it and we had gold coins also. Now we don’t have anything in our hand and the name is very big “Gold Standardized”. The whole thing is going in completely wrong direction. Day by day in transactions particularly, they are the cheating transactions. There are no commodities and they buy and they sell. I do not know what they buy and what they sell and because there are no commodities they lose so much.
What is our duty in this age?
Anything happens in the world and we are at the risk of losing our riches. It is very pitiable condition that we have left our own original economic standards which very well depended upon the farming and the cows. Till that time, I remember, that whatever happened in our world economy, we were not affected at all. That is the Vedic culture. At the moment, please, just peacefully think what situation we are in. We are very busy working everywhere, in India and outside equally. In these foreign countries you are very busy, you don’t have time and really seriously if you think, what work we are doing? It’s no productive work. Product means you must grow, there is produce, and from produce the word product comes. How many of us are producing anything? We are not producing at all. Very busy in work, I don’t know what work? and there is no product. Soon the time is coming, when we will have all this computers and high rise buildings and so forth, and rice will be absent. We are not producing anything. We have to depend for our essential things on other people. How they try to grow, they try to farm, so it’s all artificial farming. Because few people are farming, the rest of the population is very busy in non-productive work. Seriously, we have to think about it. Suppose war breaks out and the continents cannot send to each other the grains this or that, we'll be starving. This was not the case before even 50-60 years. Every village was producing plenty of grains. The things are getting to this level. The question comes before us is that what is our duty in this age? We cannot stop the work which we are doing and we cannot go to the farming may be, but one thing we should try to understand, that in these times particularly, it becomes our pious duty to live to our own ancient teaching and to the best of our capacity we may try to mold our life. If you cannot mold, at least you please introduce this svādhyāya- that is study of, may not be all scriptures, but at least Bhagavad-gītā.
How to become very simple?
We have in our news media, we have BBC, British Broadcasting Corporation? Any news broadcast by the BBC is regarded as authoritative. We also have our BBC! Please take help of our BBC and think over it. Our BBC is Bhagavad-gītā, Bhāgavatam and Chanting. Minimum we should start to follow this BBC. Then we have AC- Air Condition everywhere. We cannot bear cold, we cannot bear heat. So we have to have the air conditioned offices, air conditioned premises. That is harmful again. It consumes so much energy. Everywhere in Dubai, there are so many people there, they cannot survive without AC. Here also you may be accustomed to it. The less we touch that AC its better for us. We want AC no doubt– as we have our own BBC, Bhagavad-gītā, Bhāgavatam and Chanting, the same way we have AC, that is we have Abhay Caran – our Prabhupāda’s name. You please buy some small books written by Prabhupāda and always study. At least you should start doing this in order to mold your life. I am sure that you’ll get the light from even a small book and slowly you will develop the taste to go through our big volumes that is Bhagavad-gītā and Bhāgavatam, etc. These things have got to be done and this way you please begin knowingly or unknowingly you will become very simple.
First thing you will change is you will change your dress. It is very easy phase. Very simple - we can put on dhotis or kurtas or whatever, outside for work you may keep some suits or something. But please life should be very simple. As soon as you understand these things, then it brings us to the importance of this month.
How Puruṣottama month became auspicious?
This month depends upon the difference of the calculation between the Candra Varsh they call i.e. the moon year. Every month moon is revolving around our planet and takes certain set time. In the same time, twelve times it revolves and that is known as Moon Year, Candra Varsh and side by side again there is another movement and that is Sun movement. Sun also goes around the world. Our planet moves around the Sun within a year. That is known as Surya Varsh. Now these two movements have different timings. If you think about the Moon year, 12 times it goes around the planet and the definite minutes and seconds are given about this movement. It is 354 days 8 hours 48 minutes and 33.55 seconds. Up to the seconds the calculations is given. This is very correct calculation. You should remember the 354 days 8 hours 48 minutes and 33.55 seconds. This is Candra Varsh- Moon year. Then we have Sun year, Surya Varsh. It takes us again 365 days, 48 minutes 47.5 seconds. This is the length taken by the Sun. This is how there is a difference between these two years. So, if they are allowed to continue like this, then the difference will widen. So they have their own way to make up for this difference and that’s why after every 32 months and 16 days, they add an additional month, and this additional month is the extra month. That is why it is known as Adhikmāsa. The beauty is that we may not know, but we are completely controlled by the demigods all the time. That’s why our 12 months have its own demigods, but this month being extra it doesn't have any demigod. So this month is without owner and that’s why it was regarded as inauspicious time. And because it was regarded as inauspicious time, no auspicious activities were performed during these thirty days of extra month. So this Adhik māsa was feeling like left [out], they call it Mala māsa, inauspicious month. So eventually he [the month personified] surrendered to Kṛṣṇa, Puruṣottama. Kṛṣṇa was very merciful to this month.
He [Kṛṣṇa] said “As people get extra time during your month, so now you are mine because you are surrendered to Me.”
As soon as we actually sincerely try to surrender toKṛṣṇa, He gives us everything. In Ramayana it is very nicely said, sakrd eva prapanno yas tava asmi iti ca yaachate [Lanka Kandha 18.22] This is our duty. Only sincerely we should go Kṛṣṇa or Rāma and just sincerely tell Him, “tava asmi”, “I am yours, please look after me”. “tava asmi iti ca yaachate” because this yachana thisis beggiing we have to do in front of the Supreme Absolute Truth, Krsna. “tava asmi iti yachate”, “Abhayam sarvada tasmai dadamy etad vrtam mama”. This is vrtammama, this is My vow He says, as soon a living entity surrenders I give him fearlessness, abhayam. In the same way, this māsa also, this month also when he surrendered to Kṛṣṇa, He made him fearless.
“Don’t worry about it. Henceforth, you will be known as Puruṣottama māsa, and because you don’t have any demigod, to look after you, so I myself will look after you.”
This is how this month immediately, being recognized by Kṛṣṇa became very auspicious. What is that verse in Bhagavad-gītā?
api cet su-durācāro bhajate mām ananya-bhāk
sādhur eva sa mantavyaḥ samyag vyavasito hi saḥ [Even if one commits the most abominable actions, if he is engaged in devotional service, he is to be considered saintly because he is properly situated.](BG 9.30)
Kṛṣṇa has very clearly said that “Maybe he is a durācāri, his behavior is very inauspicious, even then, bhajate mām ananya-bhāk, without deviation if that durācāri, if he worships Me, sādhur eva sa mantavyaḥ, he should be regarded as sādhu[saintly].”
However sinful we may be, it does not matter, but because we have come to Kṛṣṇa, the whole thing becomes immediately auspicious. Why He says that? samyag vyavasito hi sah. He is very equally situated with Me, it is My duty now to make him a completely auspicious living entity.”
How to get manifold results from our pious activities?
The same way this Puruṣottama māsa was given this special benediction that anybody who gives charity, who chants something, who sacrifices something, he will have the manifold result out of his pious activity. That’s why it was very nice of these boys to organize this Harināma sankirtan. Here we are understanding Kṛṣṇa and we try to follow the instructions of Puruṣottama in this month. We must be getting manifold results out of it. It doesn't matter who speaks, it doesn't matter who hears. Wherever it is spoken and wherever it is heard, everything is completely purified. jagat-pavitraḿ pragṛṇīta karhicit[SB 1.5.10]. In Srimad Bhāgavatam, He insisted that as soon as we chant Kṛṣṇa’s name, jagat-pavitraḿ, it has the capacity to purify and sanctify the whole atmosphere of the whole of universe, what to talk of one town or one continent or one place like this. As soon as you counteract the inauspicious activities, by chanting, I am sure, that we are getting manifold results out of this.
Don’t waste your valuable human existence
This Harināma is very, very powerful. It is inconceivably powerful. Being non-different from Kṛṣṇa, it has an inconceivable potency. As yet, we have no realization and that’s why in our laziness we keep sleeping. We waste our time and if we are awake, in waking also we talk about so many topics, and we uselessly waste the human existence. Please, this existence is not meant for wasting. It is only very short existence. In the vast expanse of the unlimited time, how many years are we going to survive? Sixty, seventy, eighty, ninety maybe? Please, please… make best of your existence, and out of our whole years which we may have by Kṛṣṇa s mercy at our disposal, half of it goes in sleep, then rest of the time, I am sure we have to perform our bodily activities, then again we have to perform for some time for our maintenance activities. Frankly speaking we don’t have anything left. Those who are lucky souls, they may leave the material world and come to this point to just devote the time for these things. But because of the material glamour around us, these living entities also, because we may not be very sincere or properly guided, so they also feel very tired, and lament then and maybe go back to the material rut. This is the serious situation in this age.
Please you go on doing your own activities, but at the same time, don’t waste your human existence only in the material activities. I would earnestly request on behalf of all our scriptures, saints, sages and Prabhupāda that “Please, let us use atleast fraction of our time to have the pure consciousness.” As soon as, you purify your consciousness, inauspicious things will never touch you.
How to perfect the mind and speech?
Mind is the source of all inauspicious things. It is insisted in sastras, that it should be always full [of rememberance of Kṛṣṇa.
sa vai manaḥ kṛṣṇa-padāravindayor
karau harer mandira-mārjanādiṣu
śrutiḿ cakārācyuta-sat-kathodaye [Maharaja Ambarisa always engaged his mind in meditating upon the lotus feet of Krsna, his words in describing the glories of the Lord, his hands in cleansing the Lord's temple, and his ears in hearing the words spoken by Kṛṣṇa or about Krsna.](SB 9.4.18)
Vaca, [one] should always speak about Kṛṣṇa. This is the perfection of our speech. This is the perfection of our mind. sa vai manah krsna-padaravindayor. In this way if we can utilize our time in Puruṣottama māsait will always be with us. We are fortunately already in atmosphere of chanting His names or understanding Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam, Bhagavad-gītā, etc. This is the time now. It’s not only for seven days. It is very nicely said that, Sunday goes through Saturday, i.e. seven days. Every time we have seven days. Sunday goes Saturday comes, Sunday comes again, Sunday goes, Saturday comes, so every time we have seven days at our disposal. So Bhāgavatam should be recited in seven days. Here we have very fraction of time, only today, tomorrow and day after tomorrow you have holiday. So we discuss here for two-three hours, then rest of the week we have only two hours at our disposal. Time is very little. So please make it a point, take some vowin this month. This is the month wherein you should take the vow. You please take the vow that, at least during this month, every day, one hour, you will devote to remembering Kṛṣṇa through chanting,
Hare Kṛṣṇa Hare Kṛṣṇa Kṛṣṇa Kṛṣṇa Hare Hare
Hare Rāma Hare Rāma Rāma Rāma Hare Hare
How avoiding mental concoction saves time?
Have beads, if you don’t have, have beads or clicker, whatever you wish and try to chant mahamantra and don’t think anything else, at least during this month. Make it a point, that we’ll not talk anything about anything else, but we’ll chant Kṛṣṇa’s names and continue to read something about Kṛṣṇa. We don’t want to be jñānīs, we are not interested. jñāna, knowledge, on its’s own, becomes speculative. Suppose I know that early to bed and early to rise is the way to be happy, healthy, wealthy and wise. This is jñāna, I know that if I go to bed early and rise up early then I may be healthy, wealthy and wise. This is knowledge. But unless this knowledge is realized, it doesn’t have any meaning at all. Only knowledge becomes speculative. Don’t do that please. This speculation must be avoided. It is known in Bhagavad-gītā, as mano-gatān, mentally concocted things.
There is a nice verse in second chapter verse number 55 [BG 2.55], and it gives you clear instruction.
prajahāti yadā kāmān sarvān pārtha mano-gatān
ātmany evātmanā tuṣṭaḥ sthita-prajñas tadocyate [The Blessed Lord said: O Pārtha, when a man gives up all varieties of sense desire which arise from mental concoction, and when his mind finds satisfaction in the self alone, then he is said to be in pure transcendental consciousness.] (BG 2.55)
He says that those who have steady intelligence and those who have resolved that they will definitely try to recognize the Supreme authority of Kṛṣṇa and will sincerely try to go to Him, to understand Him, their first symptom is prajahāti yadā kāmān sarvān pārtha mano-gatān, mano-gatān is very significant here. Mental concoction we have to completely stop, at least during this month. We should habituate ourselves to stop altogether the mental concoction during our lifetime, and you will see that more than half the time is at your disposal, to carry on research about Kṛṣṇa or chant His names.