Beginning of the Industrial Revolution

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Beginning of the Industrial Revolution

  • HSLPS * Global III * Mr. McEntarfer

Aim: How did the Industrial Revolution begin?

  • Do Now: What changes took place in how cloth was produced between the picture 1 and 2?

The Industrial Revolution

  • Period beginning around 1750 in which the means of producing products went from hand made at home to machine made at a factory.

Agrarian (Agricultural) Revolution

  • Technology changed the way people farmed. Fertilizers and inventions like the seed drill dramatically increased food production
  • Enclosure movement – Forced small farmers off common lands and created large farms which were more productive.
  • Effects
    • Larger food surpluses created a population explosion
    • Small farmers were forced to move to the city and found work in factories. Rapid urbanization.

Cause and Effect

  • Agrarian Revolution – Larger food surpluses
  • Better food production – Can feed more people.
  • Population Explosion
  • Faster Production of products (goods)
  • Industrial Revolution
  • More demand for products (goods)

In order to industrialize you must have: C.L.I.N.T.S

  • C – Capital $$$
  • L – Labor Supply
  • I – Increased Demand
  • N – Natural Resources
  • T – Transportation
  • S – Stable Government

Capital – No $, No Business.

  • Investments
  • Bank loans

Labor Supply

  • The population explosion and urbanization (people moving from the country to the city) created a large work force for the factories.

Increased Demand

  • The population explosion created an increase in demand for products. No customers, no business $$$.

Natural Resources

  • Needed to make fuel, products, factories and machines. Coal and iron were most desirable. Why?

Transportation > Railroad Boom

Stable Government

  • A country must be free of problems to start a successful economy. Revolution and civil unrest target industry and discourage investment.


  • Create a visual graphic organizer on what is required for a nation to industrialize.
    • Refer to your notes – CLINTS and visuals from the power point
    • Create 1 visual depicting each factor in CLINTS
  • C
  • S
  • T
  • N
  • I
  • L
  • Factors promoting
  • Industrialization

Aim: Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in Great Britain?

  • Do Now: Look at the map. Why doesn’t Nike build a factory in Afghanistan?

Factors of Production

  • Britain had all the resources needed to produce goods and services, including land, labor and capital

Abundant Natural Resources

  • Britain had the natural resources needed for industrialization: water power, coal, iron ore, rivers, and harbors

Stable Government

  • Enabled Britain to devote its energies and resources to economic expansion, industrialization and overseas trade. Peace and prosperity created a climate for progress. The rest of Europe was torn by wars of Napoleon and revolution.
  • How did Great Britain benefit from her geography during the Napoleonic Wars?

What is essential to having a great business?

  • Location, location, location.
  • Great Britain benefited from having a great location. It had great access to the sea allowing for easy exporting and importing.

Great Britain had a huge overseas empire to trade with, open new markets and draw labor from.


  • Answer Documents on handout.
  • Use documents and answers to respond to essay question.

Instructional Objectives

  • Describe the causes of the Industrial Revolution.
  • Explain what factors are needed for a country to industrialize.
  • Explain how Great Britain led the way in the Industrial Revolution.
  • Respond to DBQ’s and incorporate them into a mini essay.

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