Basic concepts what is Polygraphy?



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Forensic Polygraphy
Ordeal by rice chewing - Practiced by Indians; It is formed with a kind of rice called sathee, prepared with various incantations; The person on trial eats, with his face to the and then spits upon an eyeful leaf; If the saliva is mixed with blood or the corner of his mouth swell or he trembles, he is declared then a liar.

  • Ordeal of the red water - Used in a wide region of Eastern Africa; The ordeal of the “sassy bark” or red water is used; The accused is made to fast for twelve hours; The swallow a small amount of rice; Then he will be imbibed in dark colored water. This water is actually an emetic and if the suspects ejects all the rice, he is considered innocent of the chare, Otherwise, the accused is guilty.

  • Combination of Drinks and Food Ordeal -The accused first fasted for 12 hours and the given small amount of rice to ear followed by large amount of black colored water. If the concoction was vomited, the accused was pronounced innocent; Otherwise, guilty. And practiced by “West African Regions”.

  • Trial by Combat - A fight between the accuser and the accused, whoever lost the battle will be the adjudged guilty. Originated from India and one of the examples of this: a rich man or accuser could hire somebody or bigger one to fight the accused. After the fight the loser is adjudged guilty of crime.

  • Trial by Torture - The accused was put into a severe physical test.

  • Drinking Ordeal - The accused was given a decoction to drink by a priest – if innocent; no harm befalls him, but if guilty, will die. Practiced in Nigeria and India.

  • Trial of the Eucharist - This trial is reserved for the clergy, and administered with pomp and ceremony. If the accused was guilty, the Angel Gabriel will descend from heaven and prevent the accused from swallowing the food given to him. Practiced in the European countries.

  • Ordeal by heat and fire - The accused was compelled to walk bare footed through a fire; if he remains unhurt then he is innocent. Practiced in East Germany, Early Scandinavian Countries and early England.


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