B. Sc. (Yoga ) 3 years duration (6 semesters)


III -BASICS OF Yogic PHYSIOLOGY



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III -BASICS OF Yogic PHYSIOLOGY


Total Marks

Hrs. of instructions/week

Credits

100 (75+25)

2L+1T

3 Credits

All Units Carry equal hours of teaching and excluding teachers continuous evaluation

UNIT I: INTRODUCTION TO GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY


    1. Introduction to Human Physiology, Basic Physiological terms; Cell: Functions, different Cell Organelles and their functions.

    2. Tissues and Organization of human system; Introduction of different body Systems,


UNIT II: SYSTEMIC PHYSIOLOGY

    1. Functions of the Skeletal Muscles, Smooth Muscles and Cardiac Muscles; Concept of Muscle Tone and types of Muscle Contraction

    2. General introduction to Physiology of Special Senses and systems as per the text book of yogic anatomy and physiology.


UNIT IV: APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY

    1. Introduction to Execrcise Physiology and its relevance in Yoga practice

    2. Physiological basis of Yogic kriyas and asanas

BOOKS FOR REFERENCE



Dr Rajendar Deshpande

Text

Book of sharir kriya Part 1,II



Yogic kriyas purification techniques
















MM Gore : Anatomy and physiology of yogic practice















































































IV -BASICS OF SANSKRIT – II


Total Marks

Hrs. of instructions/week

Credits

100 (75+25)

3 L+1T

4 Credits



UNIT-I: कर्मवाच्य एवं भाववाच्य

    1. पठ् एवं कृ धातु का कर्मवाच्यरूप ज्ञान पांच लकारों (लट्,लृट्,लङ्,लोट्,लिङ्) में एवं वाक्य निर्माण अर्थज्ञान सहित।

    2. अस् एवं भू धातु का भाववाच्यरूप ज्ञान पांच लकारों (लट्,लृट्,लङ्,लोट्,लिङ्)में एवं वाक्य निर्माण अर्थज्ञान सहित।

    3. कर्तृवाच्य एवं कर्मवाच्य का परिचय वाक्यरचना, वाक्यरूपान्तरण एवं अनुवाद।

    4. कर्तृवाच्य एवं भाववाच्य का परिचय वाक्यरचना, वाक्यरूपान्तरण एवं अनुवाद।


UNIT-II: कृदन्त

    1. शतृ एवं शानच् प्रत्ययों से शब्दनिर्माण, वाक्यरचना और अनुवाद।

    2. क्त्वा,ल्यप्,तुमुन् प्रत्ययों से शब्दनिर्माण, वाक्यरचना और अनुवाद।

    3. क्त एवं क्तवतु प्रत्ययों से शब्दनिर्माण, वाक्यरचना और अनुवाद।

    4. तव्यत्, अनीयर् एवं यत् प्रत्ययों से शब्दनिर्माण,वाक्यरचना और अनुवाद।


UNIT-III: सन्धि एवं भाषाभ्यास |

    1. अच्, हल् एवं विसर्ग सन्धियों का ज्ञान एवं सन्धि विच्छेद का अभ्यास।

    2. भगवद् गीता के द्वितीय अध्याय के sampoorna श्लोकों ka gahan swadhaya

    3. Manusmiriti 2nd chapter- bhramcharya ke jartavya

    4. संस्कृत में परस्पर वार्त्तालाप एवं मौखिक व्याख्यान का अभ्यास।


UNIT-IV: भाषादक्षता |

    1. द्वितीयदीक्षा के प्रथम एवं द्वितीय अध्याय से वाक्यनिर्माण एवं अर्थज्ञान का अभ्यास।

    2. द्वितीयदीक्षा के तृतीय अध्याय से वाक्यनिर्माण एवं अर्थज्ञान का अभ्यास।

    3. द्वितीयदीक्षा के चतुर्थ अध्याय से वाक्यनिर्माण एवं अर्थज्ञान का अभ्यास।

    4. द्वितीयदीक्षा के पंचम एवं षष्ठ अध्याय से वाक्यनिर्माण एवं अर्थज्ञान का अभ्यास।

    5. Ishoupnishad shukla yajur veda chapter 40


BOOKS FOR REFERENCE

1-प्रारम्भिक रचनानुवाद कौमुदी : कपिल देव द्विवेदी;विश्वविद्यालय प्रकाशन वाराणसी।

2-रचनानुवादकौमुदी : कपिल देव द्विवेदी;विश्वविद्यालय प्रकाशन वाराणसी।

3-प्रौढ-रचनानुवादकौमुदी : कपिल देव द्विवेदी;विश्वविद्यालय प्रकाशन वाराणसी।

4-प्रथमदीक्षा- राष्ट्रिय संस्कृत संस्थान नईदिल्ली

5-द्वितीयदीक्षा- राष्ट्रिय संस्कृत संस्थान नईदिल्ली

6 Govind Ram Hasanad (nai sarak)–Ishoupnishad Yajurveda


V --FUNCTIONAL ENGLISH – II


Total Marks

Hrs. of instructions/week

Credits

100 (75+25)

2 L+1T

3 Credits


UNIT – I: READING SKILLS

    1. Factual passages e.g. instructions, descriptions, reports

    2. Discursive passages involving opinion e.g. argumentative, reflective, persuasive etc.

    3. Literary texts e.g. poems, extracts from fiction, Literary texts e.g. biography, autobiography, travelogue

    4. Literary passages e.g. poems, extracts from fiction, biography, autobiography, travelogue etc.

    5. Factual passages e.g. illustrations, description, reports, Discursive passages involving opinion e.g. argumentative, persuasive


UNIT – II: EFFECTIVE WRITING SKILLS

    1. Short writing tasks such as composing messages, notices, e-mails and factual description of people, notices, advertisements, factual description of people arguing for or against topics, places and objects, drafting posters, accepting and declining invitations, arguing for or against a topic 

    2. Writing Official letters for making inquiries, suggesting changes-registering complaints asking for and giving information, placing orders and sending replies based on given verbal/ visual input

    3. Writing letters to the editor on various social, national and international issues. (120-150 words)

    4. Long and sustained writing tasks such as writing a speech or writing an article based on a verbal or a visual input

    5. Writing letters to the editor on various social, national and international issues (125-150 words), Writing task such as writing a speech, a report


UNIT – III: APPLIED GRAMMAR

    1. Application of grammar items in context (i.e. not in isolated sentences)

    2. Grammar items: prepositions, verb forms, connectors

    3. Modals, determiners, voice and tense forms, Prepositions, verb forms, connectors

    4. Composing a dialogue based on the given input, Recognizing consonant and vowel values in pronunciation, stress and intonation

    5. Correction of errors in sentences, Reordering of words and sentences


UNIT- IV: LITERATURE

    1. Test of local and global comprehension involving interpretative, inferential, evaluative and extrapolatory skills.

    2. Test of global comprehension, exploration, usage, lexis and meaning from the Literature Reader

    3. Extracts from different poems from the Literature Reader, each followed by two or three questions to test local and global comprehension of ideas and language used in the text; test of theme, setting and literary devices based on different poems

    4. Test of comprehension and drawing/evaluating inferences based on the play from the Literature, usage & lexis and meaning based on different prose texts from the Literature Reader

    5. Test of global comprehension and for extrapolation beyond the text based on one of the prose texts in the Literature Reader 


BOOKS FOR REFERENCE


Nagaraj, Geetha.

:

English language Teaching. Hyderabad: Orient Longman, 2008.

Trask R. L.

:

Key Concepts in language & Linguistics. London: Routledge, 2004.

Trask R. L.

:

Language the Basics. London : Routledge, 2003

Halliday MAK.

:

Spoken and written Language. London: OUPP,

Halliday MAK.

:

An Introduction to Functional Grammar. London: Arnold

Mathew, et al.

:

Language Curriculum: Dynamics of Change (Vol. I & II). Orient Longman

Tickoo, M. L.

:

Teaching and Learning English. Orient Longman

Vygotsky, L. S.

:

Mind in Society. Cambridge: Harvard University Press

Richards, Jack C and Theodore S Rodgers.

:

Approaches and methods in language teaching .Cambridge : CUP,1995.

Hatim ,Basil and Jeremy Munday.

:

Translation: An Advanced Resource Book. Oxon: Routledge,2004.

Crystal, David.

:

English as a Global Language. Cambridge: CUP

Mascull, Bill.

:

Business vocabulary in Use. Cambridge : CUP,2004


VI --Practical IV (YOGA PRACTICAL – III)


Total Marks

Hrs. of instructions/week

Credits

100 (60+40)

6 P

3 Credits

Repetition of previously taught practices and the followings new Practice of the following Yogic practices with brief theoretical knowledge about their importance of name, technique, salient points, precautions to be taken and benefits of each of the following Yogic practices




  1. SHATKARMA - 20 MARKS

  2. PRANAYAMA - 20 MARKS

  3. PRACTICE LEADING TO MEDITATION - 20 MARKS

  4. Continuous evaluation by the Teachers - 40 MARKS

TOTAL - 100 MARKS


I. SHATKARMA Marks: 20


    1. Dhauti

    2. Neti

    3. Nauli Madhyama, Vama, Dakshina and Nauli Chalana

1.4 Trataka (Jatru and Jyoti)

II. PRANAYAMA Marks: 20

2.1 Nadi Shodhana (Technique 1: Same Nostril Breathing)

2.2 Nadi Shodhana (Technique 2: Alternate Nostril Breathing)

2.3 Nadi Shodhana (Technique 3: Alternate Nostril Breathing + Antar Kumbhak)

2.4 Nadi Shodhana (Puraka + Antar Kumbhak + Rechaka + Bahya Kumbhak) (1:4:2:2)

2.5 Bhramari Pranayama


III. PRACTICES LEADING TO MEDITATION Marks: 20
3.1 Pranav and Soham Japa

3.2 Yoga Nidra (1,2,3)

3.3 Antarmauna



3.4 Ajapa Dharana (Stage 1,2,3)

IV Counselling When not to do yoga – situations where different yogic kriyas and asanas should not be done and taught

V. Continuous evaluation by the Teachers Marks: 40

BOOKS FOR REFERENCES





















Saraswati, Swami Satyanand

:

Asana, Pranayama, Bandha, Mudra, Bihar School of Yoga, Munger, 2006

Joshi, K.S.

:

Yogic Pranayama, Oriental Paperback, New Delhi.

Swami Kuvalyananda

:

Pranayama, Kaivalyadhama, Lonavla, 2009

Iyengar, B.K.S.

:

Light on Pranayama, Harper Collins, Swami Vivekanand Yoga Prakashan, 2012

Nagendra, H.R

:

The Art and Science of Pranayama, Swami Vivekanand Yoga Prakashan, 2005, Bangaore.

Swami Rama

:

Science of Breath, A Practcal Guide, The Himalayan International Institute, Pennselvenia, 1998

Gharote, M.L.

:

Pranayama: The Science of Breath, The Lonavla Yoga Institute, Lonavla, 2003.

Lajpat, Rai & others

:

Meditation, Anbhava Rai Publications, Gurgaon.










Sarswati, Swami Niranjananand

:

Dharana Darshan, Yoga Publication Trust, Munger, 2003

Krishnamacharya, T.

:

Dhyanamalika, KYM, Chennai, 2005

Swami Satyananda

:

Yoganidra, Yoga Publication Trust, Munger, 1998.

Swami Adiswarananda

:

Meditation & its practices, Advaita Ashrama Publication, Kolkata, 2006













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