B. Ed. (Regular) Scheme of Examination


UNIT 1-Nature and scope of the subject



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UNIT 1-Nature and scope of the subject

-Meaning nature and scope of history.


-Importance of teaching history.
-Aims and objective of teaching History at different levels.
-Importance of studying Local History, National History and world History in the context of National Integration and International brotherhood and global citizenship.
-Co-relation of History with other school subjects.

UNIT II-Curriculum and Planning

-Meaning and concept of curriculum


-Fundamental principles of formulating curriculum in History and critical appraisals of the existing syllabus.
-Lesson plan-Annual plan, Unitplan and Daily lesson plan of teaching History.
-Qualities and professional growth of History teacher, his role in future prospective.

UNIT III-Methods and Approaches

-Various methods of teaching History (Story Telling, Biographical, Dramatization time sense, source, project and supervised study method)



UNIT IV-Instructional Support System.

-Audio Visual aids in teaching History


-Text book,teacher, co-curricular activities.
-Community Resources:Computer, T.V.
-History room
-Planning of historical excursion.
-Co-curricular activities

UNIT V-Evaluation

Concept and purpose of evaluation


Objectives based evaluation
Tools and techniques of evaluation in history teaching

  1. Various types of question

  2. Blue print

  3. Content analysis.

Session Work (20 Marks)

  1. One test of 10 Marks

  2. Any one of the following(10 Marks)

  1. Content analysis and preparation of instructional material related to any unit of subject related to History.

  2. Study of analysis aspect of Historical issue and preparation of a report

  3. Visit to any historical place and preparation of report.

  4. Collection of news paper cutting related to history's issues.

  5. Developing a lesson plan based on new methods/technique in history.

Bibliography/Book for study and reference

  1. Ghosh, K.D. : Creative teaching of History OUP 1951

  2. Ghate, V.D. :Suggestions for the Teaching of History in India.

  3. Hill, C.P. : Suggestions on the Teaching of History

  4. Johanson, H.: Teaching of History in Elementary and secondary schools Macmillan

  5. Verjeshwary,R:Handbook for history teacher in india.

  6. NCERT :Handbook of history teachers

  7. Choudhary, K.P:Effective teaching of history in india, NCERT.

  8. Gurusharan Tyagi :History Teacher, Raj.Hindi Granth, Akadami,Jaipur.

  9. Baghela ,Dixit:History teaching, Raj.Hindi Granth,Akadami,jaipur.

  10. B.D. Ghate :History Teaching,Hariyana Granth Akadami,Chandigarh.

METHODOLOGY OF TEACHING ECONOMICS


Objectives-To enable student Teachers to:

  1. Refresh the knowledge about the meaning,Importance,nature,scope and aims of Economics.

  2. Acquaint with the aims,objectives and value-outcomes through teaching Economics.

  3. Develop ability to plan for suitable instructions in economics.

  4. Organize group-activities and project and to use various instructional strategies and methods for effective teaching of the subject.

  5. Establish correlation of economics with other school-subjects.

  6. Develop necessary skills to use various teaching aids, (Particular locally available material aids).

  7. Develop skill to successfully use various evaluation techniques and to interpret the results.

  8. Develop appropriate attitude towards the subjects and country's economy.

Contents

UNIT I-Nature,Scope and objective.

  1. Meaning,nature,scope of Economics.

  2. Importance of economics in school curriculum.

  3. Aims and objectives of teaching economics at different level.

  4. Correlations of economics with school subjects.

UNIT II-Curriculum and planning

  1. Concept and objectives of curriculum.

  2. Fundamental principles of formulation of corriculium in economics.

  3. Critical Appraisal of the existing syllabus.

a)Lesson Plan-Annual Plan, Unit Plan and Daily Lesson Plan of teaching Economics.

  1. Planning Outdoor activities.

UNIT III-Methods and Appproaches to Teaching Economics

  1. Various methods of teaching economics-Project,problem solving, Discussion, Analytic-Synthetic and Lecture Method.

  2. Innovative Practices in Economics teaching-Brain storming,work shop.

UNIT IV-Instructional Support System

  1. Use of Teaching aids in Economics

  2. Print and Non print media,community resources,Lab.and Museum.

  3. Economics teacher and his qualities.

  4. Critical appraisal of economics Text Book.


UNIT V-Evaluation of Teaching Economics

  1. Purpose and concept of evaluation.

  2. Objective of based evaluation

  3. Preparation of achievement test-

  1. Various types of question

  2. Blue print

  3. Preparation of question paper

Session Work (20 Marks)

  1. One test of 10 Marks.

  2. Any one of the following 10 Marks.

  1. Content analysis and preparation of instructional material related to any unit of subject related to Economics.

  2. Construction of objective type test items.

  3. Prepare five slides related to economics teaching content at senior secondary level.

  4. Critical appraisal fo economics syllabus at senior secondary level.

  5. Preparation of 10 frames of linear or branching type programmes on any topic of Economics.

Bibliography:

  1. Teaching of social studies in secondary schools :Bining and Bining.

  2. Teacher's Manual in economics :Dr.N.Hasen published law, Regional College of Edu.Ajmer.

  3. Arithshastra shikshan :Rampalsingh prakashak-shabd sanchar,ajmer

  4. Arithshastra shikshan :Harnarayan singh avum rajendra pal singh Prakash-Laxminarayan agarwal,Agra

  5. Arithshastra shikshan :Shri shukl prakashak-Nandkishor and Brothers Banaras

  6. Arithshastra shikshan :Dr. Kamto prasad pandey

  7. Arithshastra shikshan :Gursarandas tyagi,vinod pustak mandir,Agra

  8. Arithshastra shikshan :Mahendrapal singh

 Susham adhyan:Dr.R.P.Kathuriya,Vikas prakashan,Bhopal

 Shusham adhyapan:Dr. R.A.Sharma,Modern publishers,Merut

 Abhikramik adhyapan:Tela v srivastav

 Arithshastra ke sidhant:Anand swaroop Garg

 Bhartiya arithshastra ke sidhant:P.C. Jain

 Bharat ka arthik vikas:Harishchandra sharma v N.R. Singh

 Arithsharstra ke sidhant:Sundram avum Vesy
METHODOLOGY OF TEACHING GEOGRAPHY

Objectives-To enable student Teacher to:



  1. Understand the modern concept of Geography.

  2. Understand the aims and objectives of teaching Geography.

  3. Prepare yearly plan, unit plan, lesson plan for different classes and use them effectively.

  4. Critically evaluate the existing school syllabus and review the text book of Geography.

  5. Apply appropriate methods and techniques of teaching of particular topics a different levels.

  6. Arrange field trips and local surveys.

  7. Prepare achievement test and diagnostic test, administration of the test, analysis of result and make suggestion for remedial teaching.

Contents


I. Nature, Scope and objectives.

  1. Changing concept of Geography-Practical Geography

  2. Its place and scope (importance)

  3. Aims and objectives of Geography teaching at secondary level, its role in developing international understanding.

  4. Correlation of Geography with social sciences, economics, Civics Natural sciences, Environmental sciences.

II. Curriculum & Planning

    1. Characterstics of a good geography curriculum

    2. Critical Appraisal of geography syllabus.

    3. Planning daily lesson plan & Unit plan.

    4. Geography Text Book.

    5. Qualities, role and professional growth of Geography teacher

III. Methods & approaches

    1. Regional method, Demonstration, Inductive Deductive, Project commparative, Lab.Method.

    2. Field trips,local & Regional Geography

    3. Other Innovative practices-Programmed Learning, Computer geography Club,Geography Lab.

IV. Instructional support system

    1. Teaching aids lab equipment.

    2. Geography room/Laboratory & Museums.

    3. Resource material and use of local resources in teaching Geography.

    4. Co-Curricular activities.

V. Evaluation

    1. Tools techniques of evaluation in geography.

    2. Achievement Test

    1. Different types of questions.

    2. Blue print

    3. Preparation of question paper.

    4. Diagnostic & Remedial teaching in Geography.

Sessional Work (20 marks)

    1. One test of 10 Marks

    2. Any one of the following-10 Marks

    3. Preparation on maps,charts and models for physical geography

    4. Develop two lesson plan based on new methods and approaches.

    5. Critical appraisal of geography syllabus at secondary level.

    6. Construction of objective type test items

    7. Collection of news paper cuttings related to Geographical issues.

    8. Preparation of a report on visit some place of Geographical interest.


Biblogrpahy

    1. Source Book for Teaching of Grography, UNESCO Publication

    2. Singh L.R. Practical Geogrpahy, Allied Publication Allahabad.

    3. Monk House F.J.: Maps and Diagrams

    4. Verma J.P.: Bhugol Shikshan, Vinod Pustak Mandir,Agra

    5. Sharma ,C.R.: Buhgol Shikshan.Modern Publishers, Vinod Pustak Mandir,Agra.

    6. H.N. Singh Bhugol Shikshan,Vinod Pustak Mandir,Agra.

    7. Arora K.L.: Bhugol Shikshan,Praksh Bros.Ludiyana.

    8. Barnard,H.C.: Principles and Practice of Geography Teaching London University, Tutorial Press,1953.

    9. Kual A.K.: Why and How of Geography Teaching Ambanu Publication, Sringar 1983.

    10. Machee: Teaching of Geography,Oxford University Press,Bombay

    11. Mishra, A.N.: Bhugl Shikshan Opandhati Shikshan Niketan Kanpur 1959.

    12. Verma O.P.: and Vedanayagam E.G.: Geography Teaching Sterling Oublishers, New Delhi 3rd Ed. 1987.

    13. Simpson,C.A.: The Study of Local Geography Methuen.

    14. Gopsil,G.H.: The teaching of Geography Macmillon & Co. Ltd.London 1958.


METHODOLOGY OF TEACHING BOOK KEEPING AND ACCOUTANCY


Objectives: To enable student Teacher to:

    1. Acquire the basic understanding of teaching of Book-Keeping

    2. Develop the ability to plan curriculum and instruction in Book-Keeping & accoutancy at School level.

    3. Develop the ability to critically evaluate the existing school curriculum of Book Keeping & accountancy

    4. Impart knowledge of the methods and devices of teaching Book-Keeping and accountancy to develop the skill of using the same.

    5. Apply appropriate methods in teaching particular topics for Book-Keeping & accountancy.

    6. Prepare achievement and diagnostic test.

    7. Develop necessary skills in preparation of using various teaching aids.


Unit-I

    1. Meaning and scope of Book-Keeping and Accountancy, its value and importance in social life

    2. Aims and objectives of teaching Book-Keeping and Accountancy at Senior Secondary level.

Unit-II

Planning for teaching and role of teacher-



    1. Unit Plan and Daily Lesson Plan

    2. Teacher role and attitude

    3. Maxims and principles of classroom teaching

UNIT-III

    1. Journal teaching approaches of Book-Keeping and Accountancy

      1. Journal Approach

      2. Leader Approach

      3. Cash Book Approach

      4. Equation Approach

    2. Various Methods of teaching Book-Keeping and Accountancy with special reference to modern methods of teaching Project Problem solving. Lecture-cum-demonstration and discussion methods

    3. Techniques and devices to teaching Book-Keeping and Accountancy.

UNIT-IV

    1. Principles and approaches of framing syllabus and its critical appraisal at Senior Secondary level

    2. Text Book-keeping and Accountancy their importance criteria for selection of text book, reference books and journals.

UNIT-V

(A) Evaluation of Students performance.


3. Text Book-Keeping and Accountancy-their importance,criteria for selection of text book, reference books and journals.
Sessional Work (20 Marks)

    1. One test of 10 Marks

    2. Any one of the following-10 Marks

    3. Preparation of teaching aids

    4. Preparation and construction of a achievement test

    5. Preparation of a lesson plan based on any innovative method.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

    1. Verma A Musselma and J. Marshall Hannia: Teaching Book-keeping and Accountancy,Gregg Pub.Div., Mc Graw Hill Book Co., Inc. New York.

    2. Williams: Principles of Teaching applied in Book-keeping and Accounts Sir Issac Pitman. London

    3. Selby: The teaching of Book-keeping

    4. Tonne,Pohem and Freeman: Method of teaching Business Subject Gregg Pub. Dir., Mc Graw Hill Book Co., Inc., New York.

    5. Harvey: Ways to teach Book-keeping and Accounting

    6. Boynton Lewis D:Methods of teaching Book-keeping,south western publication Co. Cincinnanti, Ohio.

    7. Aggarwal, J.C.:Teaching of commerce.

    8. Gupta and Gupta:Intermediate Book-keeping and Accounts, Agra Book store, Agra (Hindi and English Version)

    9. J.N.Vaish:Book-keeping and Accounts, Part I and II (Hindi and /English version).

    10. Parikh, Dr.A.K.M.:Lesson planning in India schools,Subha sanchar,Ajmer.



METHODOLOGY OF TEACHING COMMERCE

Objectives-To enable student Teacher to:



      1. Help the students to acquire the-basic understanding in the field of commerce education.

      2. Develop the ability to plan curriculum and instructions in commerce at school Level.

      3. Develop the ability to critically evaluate existing school syllabus and text book.

      4. Impart knowledge about the methods and devices of teaching commerce and to develop the skill of using the same.

      5. Develop the ability of preparing an achievement test.

      6. Develop commercial efficiency among students.


Contents
UNIT-I

      1. Meaning, Nature and scope of commerce education.

      2. Aims, objectives and values of teaching commerce at senior secondary Level.

      3. The place of commerce in Education.

UNIT-II

Methodology of teaching



      1. Unit plan and daily lesson plan.

      2. Maxims of Teaching

      3. Classroom observation

UNIT-III

      1. Modern methods of teaching commerce.

      2. Devices of teaching commerce.

      3. A critical estimate of the present syllabus in commerce at senior secondary Level.

UNIT-IV

Instructional material for :



      1. Importance of proper equipment and meterial for effective instruction.

      2. Criteria for selection of instructional material and equipment.

      3. Different audio-visual equipment and material used in Commerce education

      4. Evalution of text books in Commerce at Senior Secondry Level.



UNIT-V

      1. Qualities of commerce teacher, role and professional growth of commerce teacher.

      2. Evaluation in commerce-Importance,type of Tests-Essay, short answer and objective type.


Sessional Work (20 Marks)

(1) One test of 10 Marks


(2) Any one of the following-10 Marks

      1. Preparation of teaching aids.(Two)

      2. Preparation and construction of achievement test on any unit.

      3. Preparation of lesson plan based on any innovative method.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

      1. Roo,Seema:Teaching of commerce,Anmol publication Pvt.Ltd.,1995.

      2. Jain KCS:Vanyjava Shikhan (Hindi) General Academy,Jaipur,1986.

      3. Gortside, L:Teaching Business subject,The Modern Approach made and printed in Great Britain by the Garden Press Ltd., Letehworth,Hert Fordshire,year 1970.

      4. Neeb, W.B.:Modern Business Practice, The Ryerson Press, Toronto,1965.

      5. Khan, M.S.:The Teaching of commerce,Sterling publishers (P) Ltd., Jullunder-3.

      6. Singh, I.B.:Vanijaya Ka Adhyayan,Laxmi Narayan Agarwal, Agra,1968.

      7. Bhorali Devadas:Commerce Education in India.D.K. Publishers Distributors (P) Ltd.,New Delhi,1988.

      8. Rai,B.C.:Method or Teaching commerce,Prakashan kendra,Lucknow,1986.

METHODOLOGY OF HOME SCIENCE TEACHING


Objectives-To enable student teacher to:



  1. Understand the nature and importance of home science and its correlation with other subjects.

  2. Understand aims and objectives of the subject.

  3. Realise the essential unity between laboratory work and theoretical background of the subject.

  4. Analysis school syllabus of the subject in relation to its applicability to practical situation and adaptability of the curriculum to local needs.

  5. Utilize effectively the instrutional material in teaching Home Science.

  6. Construct test items to measure objectives belonging to various cognitive levels.

  7. Identify specific learning difficulties in Home Science and to provide suitable remedial individual instructions to them.


Contents
UNIT-I

  1. Nature and meaning of Home Science.

  2. Values and importance of Home Science for students of higher secondary stage.

  3. Correlation of Home-Science with other subjects.

  4. Aims and objectives of Home-science (Bloom's approach to specify the outcomes)

UNIT-II

  1. Problem solving Method

  2. Demonstration Method

  3. Experimental Method

  4. Project method

  5. Lecture-Cum-demonstration method

  6. Question-Answer Techniques

  7. Text Book

  8. Dramatization and Field Trips

UNIT-III

  1. Concept of planning for home science teaching.

  2. Various steps of planning-unit and lesson planning.

  3. Importances and advantage for planning of unit and lesson plan.

  4. Qualities of a good Home-science teacher.

  5. Role of Home-Science teacher.


UNIT-IV

  1. Specific use of the following:Audio visual aids in teaching of Home science.

  2. Laboratory (Location, Buildings)

  3. Charts

  4. Diagrams

  5. Black Board

  6. Reference books

  7. Graphs

  8. Radio

  9. T.V.

  10. Magazines

  11. Computer

UNIT V

  1. Concept,principles,basis and measures to improve a syllabus.

  2. Curriculum in Home-science for different stages of school instruction

  3. Concept of measurement and evaluation.

  4. Criteria of good evaluation.

  5. Merits and limitation of evaluation.

  6. Preparation of Blue-Prints Test.


Session works :(20 Marks)

(1)One test of 10 Marks.


(2)Any one of the following-10 Marks

  1. Writing of any Essay on any topic based on the content of the above units.

  2. Preparation of visual-aid for solving community nutrition problems.


References:

  1. Sherry.G.P.avum saran,D.P. grah vigyan sikshan vonod pustak mandir,Agra

  2. Asthana, S.R., Grah vigyan ka adhyapan,Laxminarayan Agarwal,Agra

  3. Dass, R.R.and Ray,Binita,Teaching of Home Science, Sterling Publisher Pvt.Ltd., New Delhi.

  4. Sukhiga, S.P.avum Mahrotra,grah vigyan, hariyana sahitya academy,chandigar

  5. Sherry, G.P.Grah prabandh v vyavastha

  6. Agarwal laxminarayan ka adhyan


METHODOLOGY OF TEACHING GENERAL SCIENCE

Objectives-To enable student Teacher to:



  1. Understand the nature, scope values and objectives of teaching science at secondary level.

  2. Develop competence in teaching different topics of science effectively.

  3. Develop Scientific temper & provide teaching in scientific method to their student.

  4. Use various methods with appropriateness of content, level and classroom situations to make pupils learning meaningful.

  5. Utilize the instructional material effetively in the teaching of Science.

  6. Organize Co-curricular activities & practical work Science.

  7. Use method most apropriate to asses the progress & achievement of the pupil & thus prepare appropriate test for the purpose.

  8. Diagnose the gaps and misconception in learning science and evolve remedial measures.


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