(b) OBJECTIVES Objectives of Teaching English as a Second language (a) Skill based (LSRW) (b) Competence based: Linguistic Competence (LC) and Communicative Competence (CC) in reference of LSRW skills.
(c) METHODS AND APPROACHES Introducation to methods of and approaches to teaching of english as a second language.
(1) (a) Direct Method (b) Structural Situational Approach (c) Audio-Lingual Method (d) Bilingual Method (e) Communicative Language Teaching (CLT)
(2) Role of Computer and Internet in Second Landuge Teaching-Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) Computer Assisted Language Teaching (CALT)
(3) Eclectic Approach to Second Language Teaching Study of the above methods and approacher in the light of :
Psychology of second language learning.
Nature of second language learning
Classroom environment and conditions
Aims of language teaching, role of mother-tongue role of teacher learners text-book and A.V. and language skills testing errors and remedial work.
Unit-2 Teaching of listening and speaking skills (A) Listening:
Concept of listening in second language;
The phonetic elements involved in listening at the receptive level.(Monothongs, diphthongs, consonansts, pause, juncture, stress, accent beat, intonation, rhythm);
Listening skills and their sab-skills;
Authentic listening vs Graded listening
Techniques of teaching listening
Role of teaching aids in teaching listening skills
(b) Speakings: Concept of listening in second language;
The phonetic elements involved in listening at the receptive level (Monothongs, diphthongs,consonansts, pause, juncture stress, accent, beat, intonation, rhythm.)
Techniques of teaching speaking skills and pronunciation Pronuciation practice and drillsEar Training Repetition Dialogues and Converation
Role of A.V. aids in teaching speaking skills
Unit-3 : Teaching Reading and Writing skills: READING SKILLS Concept of Reading in second language;
Mechanics of Readings (Eype span,Pause,Fixations,Regression);
Types of Reading: Skimming,Scanning,Silent reading Reading aloud,Intensive Reading, Extensive reading, Local and Global Comprehension.
Role off speed and pace;
Relating teaching of Reading to listening and speaking skills;
Teaching silent reading,intensive reading,extensive readings and genuine reading comprehenslon in terms of Inference Prediction Critical Reading, Interpretation,Judgement,Summarizing ,Central idea,etc.
Role of course reader and repid reader, Cloze procedure , Maza method, dictionary in teaching Reading skills.
WRITING SKILLS: Written Skills;
Concept of Writing in First Language and the Second language;
Types of composition oral, written, controlled guided, contextulized and integrated composition;
Teaching the following items keeping in view their style ingredients and mechanics Letters (formal and informal),Essays, Report, Telegram, E-mail, Notices, Precis, Paragraph, Developing stories,Note Making
UNIT-4 : RESOURCES AND PLANING FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING (A) RESOURCES FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING The Blackboard and the White Board
Blackboard drawings and sketches
The Overhead Project (OHP)
Flashcards, Posters and Flip Charts
Songs, raps and chants
Newspapers, Magazines and Brochures
Stories and anecdotes
(B) PLANNING FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING AS A SECOND
LANGUAGE (B.1) : PROSE LESSONS: Content Analysis:
Planning a Unit (Bases on a lesson in the Course Reader (text book)
Identifying and listing language material to be taught (New lexical and structural items, their usage and uses)
Planning for teaching the content and skills in the following order:
New lexical items (vocabulary)
New Structural items
(B.2) : Poetry Lessons: Components of Poetry
Concept aims and objectives of teaching Poetry in Second Language
Steps of teaching Poetry at the Secondary stage
Unit 5: Testing and Evaluation in English Concept of testing and evaluation in English as a second language, Difference in Testing in content-subjects and skill-subjects;
- Testing language skills (LSRW) lexical and structural items and poetry.
- Type of test (Achievement test,Proficiency test,Diagnostic test, prognostic test, Formative and Summative Test).
- Preparation of unit and examination paper-their blue print and answer key;
- Types and preparation of test-items'
- Error analysis;
- Concept and need of remedial teaching and remedial work.
SESSIONAL WORK(20 Marks)
One test of (10 Marks)
The Student will be required to do any one of the following (10 Marks)
Review of a text book
Preparation of a list of structural items included in the text-book at the Secondary stage and its critical analysis
Preparation of five (5) word-cards five (5) picture cards and five(5) cross word puzzles
Preparation of twenty (20) test items in Listening/Spaking/Reading/Writing Skill
Preparation of five (5) OHT for teaching structures/composition exercises
Preparation of CALL material (five (5) pages)
Preparation of CALT material (five (5) pages)
Preparation of Language Lab.Magazine on Listening/Speaking skill (five (5) pages)
Collection of Newspaper and Magazine adversisement for teaching lexical and structural items and preparing language exercises bases on them.
Bibliography Bansal, R.K. and Harrison,J.B. (1972) : Spoken English for Indian, Madras: Orient Longman Ltd.
Baruag, T.C. (1985): The English Teacher's Handbook, New Delhi Starling publishing Pvt.Ltd.
Bright and McGregor: Teaching English as Second Language, Longman
Brumfit,C.J. (1984): Communicative Methodology in Language Teaching Cambridge: C.U.P.
Collins Cobuild English Grammar (2000) Harper Colling Publisher India
Doff,A (1988) Teach English: Cambridge: CUP
Freeman Diane-Larsen(2000): techniques and Principles in Language Teaching Oxford: CUP
Gimson A.C. (1980): An Introduction to the Pronunciation of English London: Edward Arnold.
Hornby, A.S. (1968): A Guide to Patterns and Usage in English Oxford: OUP
Lado, Robert (1971): Language Teaching, New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill Publishing House Co. LTD.
Leech Geoffrey and Svartvil,Jan (2000) Communicative Grammar of English Cambridge C.U.P.
Paliwal,A.K., (1988): English Language Teaching,Jaipur: Surbhi Publication
Palmer,H.L. (1964-65) The Principles of Languagu Study, Lonodn: O.U.P.
Quirk, Randolph and Greenbaum, (1973): A University Grammar of English London
Richards,J.C. and Rodgers, T.S. Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching Cambridge C.U.P.
Thomson A.J. and Martiner (1998) A Practical Grammer, ELBS,O.U.P.
Ur P. 1996, A course in Language Teaching Cambridge CUP
Venkateshwaran, S (1995) Principles of Teaching English Delhi: Vikas Publishing House Pvt.Ltd.
Willis, Jane: Teaching English Through English,O.U.P.
Woodward, Tessa (2001) Planning Lessons and Courses. Cambridge; CUP.
METHODOLOGY OF TEACHING URDU
Objectives: To enable student teachers to :
Understand the basic concepts in an functions of Language with special reference to Urdu
Acquire a knowledge of objectives of teaching Urdu at the Secondary stage.
Acquire a knowledge of different methods of teaching Urdu at the Secondary stage.
Teach grammar, prose, composition and poetry lessons in Urdu.
Prepare lesson and Unit plans and to analyse the subject content in terms of Language skills and teaching objectives
Knowlege of evaluation system in Urdu and to methodically prepare Exams and test papers in Urdu
Conduct remedial teaching in Urdu
UNIT-I Language: Importance and functions with special reference to the Urdu language.
Language skills, Listening and Art of Listening
- Pronunciation, Recitation and Punctuation
- Aloud silent, Intensive and Extensive
- Knowledge of Urdu script
Place of Urdu language in the present educational system as prevalent in the State of Rajsthan
Suggesting for a better of Urdu in the syllabi
Relation of Urdu with other Indian Languages
Objectives of teaching Urdu at Secondary stages of education.
Problems of teaching and learning Urdu and their solutions
Value outcomes of teaching, Urdu at different levels of education
Methods of teaching Urdu:1) Direct Methods,ii) Structural Method iii) Grammar Method,iv) Translation Method.
UNIT-III Teaching of various forms of urdu Literature (i) Prose (ii) Composition (iii) Grammar, (iv) Poetry: Ghazal;Nazam and Drama.
Support system of teaching Urdu: Visual aids: Verbal Pictorial (non-projected-two and three dimensional) projected still and motion Audio and Audio-visual aids.
Co-curricular activities,Language Laboratory.
Planning for Teaching Urdu Need and Importance of Planning Content Analysis
Yearly Plan, Unit Plan and Daily Lesson Plan.
Purpose of concept of Evaluation in Urdu
Techniques of evaluation, teacher made test, Examination Paper Design and blue print various types of Questions and their uses for Evaluation.
SESSIONAL WORK (20 MARKS) One test of 10 Marks
Any one of the following (10 Marks)
Preparation on One Achievement Test
Analysis of one text book prescribed at the Secondary Stage.
Writing knowledge, Understanding and skill objectives of teaching prose and poetry with specification (5 for each area)
Preparation of two teaching aids useful for Urdu teaching.
Preparation of a lesson plan for remedial teaching.
Hum Urdu Kaise Padhen
National Council for Promotion of Urdu Language,West Block, RK Ouram,New Delhi
Urdu Zaban Ki Tadrees
National Council for Promotion of Urdu Language,West Block,RK Puram, New Delhi.
Objectives : To enable the student teacher to
Define and differentiate the concept of Social Studies and explan its relative position in the Syllabus.
Understand the aims and objectives of teaching Social Studies.
Prepare Unit plans and Lesson plans for different classes.
Critically evaluate the exisiting school syllabus of Social Studies.
To enable the pupil teacher to review the Text-book of Social Studies (Secondary level)
Apply appropriate methods and techniques of teaching to particular topic at different levels.
Prepare select and Utilize different teaching aids
Evaluate his pupils in Social Studies
Clarity particular concepts, trends, principles methods etc. with the help of Co-relation to similar Content or situation.
Unit-I-Nature,Scope and Objectives -Nature,scope and concept of Social Studies
- Aims and Objectives of teaching Social Studies at different levels
- Co-relation of Social Studies with other school subjects.
Unit-II-Curriculum and Planning - Nature,scope and concept of Social Studies
-Characteristics of good Social Studies curriculum.
- Critical appraisal of Social Studies curriculum,
- Concept and objective of lesson planning
- Social Studies text books.
- Qualities role and professional growth of a teacher of Social Studies.
Unit-III-Instructional Strategies, Methods and Approaches -Various methods of teaching Social Studies (Lecture,Socialized recitation Story Telling Project Problem Solving Methods).
-Other innovative practices (Brain storming role Playing)
Unit-IV-Instructional Support System - Planning of Social Studies lab its use.
- Use of mass media and Computers in Social Studies teaching
- Resource material-use of local resources in teaching social studies
Unit-V-Evaluation of Teaching Social Studies - Concept and objectives of evaluation
- Tools and teachiques of evaluation in social studies teaching
-Preparation of achievements test
Different types of question
Preparation of question papers
Sessional Work (20 Marks) One test of 10 Marks
Any one of the following (10 Marks)
Content analysis and preparation of instructional material related to any unit of subject related to Social Studies.
Preparation of TV/Radio Script.
Study of anyone aspect of social issue and prepare report.
Collection of newspaper cutting related to Social Study's issues.
Construction of different objective types test items.
Bibliography/Book for study & reference
1. Bining and Bining
: Teaching of Social Studies.
: The teaching of Social Studies in changing World
3. Dray and David jordon
: A Hand Book of Social Studies.
: The teaching of Social Studies in Secondary School.
5. Wesley Edger Brose
:Social Studies for schools
: Teaching of Social Studies in Hindi Edition
: Methods of instruction in the Social Studies.
: Teaching of Social Studies in Hindi Edition
9. Bhuwneshwar Prasad
: Social Studies teaching in Indian Schools,
: Method of Social Science teaching
11. Jain Ameerchand
: Social Science teaching
12. Ram Pal Singh
: Social Studies teaching.
Methodology of teaching Civics
Objectives : To enable the Student teachers to-
Refresh the knowledge of Student teacher about the meaning and importance of Civics.
Establish co-relation of Civics with other school subjects
Apply appropriate methods in teaching particular topics at a different level
Select and use relevant teaching aids
Imbibe and develop basic teaching skills
Clarify particular concepts, trends, principles,methods etc. with the help of correlation to similar content or situation.
Prepare yearly unit and daily Lesson plans
Prepare achievement and diagnostic test on scientific basis
Develop skills and abilities for organizing school activities related to the subject.
Unit-I - Nature, Scoper and Objectives
- Concept, nature and scope of Civics
- Contemporary importance of Civics
- Aims and Objectives of teaching Civics at different level (elementary, Upper Primary,Secondary and Senior Secondary)
- Correlation of Civies to other subjects.
-Role of Civics in promoting international Understanding
Unit-II-Curriculum and planning
- Meaning and concept of Curriculum
- Fundamental principles of formulation of curriculum in Civics.
-Critical appraisal of the existing syllabus
- Lesson Plan-Annual Plan,Unit plan and Daily lesson plan of teaching Civics.
Unit-III- Methods and approaches of civics teaching
- Various methods of teaching Civics (Project,Problem Solving,Supervised Study,Lecture,Discussion and Brain Storming)
-Innovative practices in Civics teaching
- Field trip
Unit -IV- Instructional Support System
- Community resources
- Teaching aid in Civics Teaching
- Teachinques of interviewing