B. Ed. (Regular) Scheme of Examination

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Objectives of Teaching English as a Second language (a) Skill based (LSRW) (b) Competence based: Linguistic Competence (LC) and Communicative Competence (CC) in reference of LSRW skills.
Introducation to methods of and approaches to teaching of english as a second language.
(1) (a) Direct Method (b) Structural Situational Approach (c) Audio-Lingual Method (d) Bilingual Method (e) Communicative Language Teaching (CLT)
(2) Role of Computer and Internet in Second Landuge Teaching-Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) Computer Assisted Language Teaching (CALT)
(3) Eclectic Approach to Second Language Teaching Study of the above methods and approacher in the light of :

  1. Psychology of second language learning.

  2. Nature of second language learning

  3. Classroom environment and conditions

  4. Language functions

  5. Aims of language teaching, role of mother-tongue role of teacher learners text-book and A.V. and language skills testing errors and remedial work.

Unit-2 Teaching of listening and speaking skills
(A) Listening:

  1. Concept of listening in second language;

  2. The phonetic elements involved in listening at the receptive level.(Monothongs, diphthongs, consonansts, pause, juncture, stress, accent beat, intonation, rhythm);

  3. Listening skills and their sab-skills;

  4. Authentic listening vs Graded listening

  5. Techniques of teaching listening

  6. Role of teaching aids in teaching listening skills

  7. Note taking.

(b) Speakings:

  1. Concept of listening in second language;

  2. The phonetic elements involved in listening at the receptive level (Monothongs, diphthongs,consonansts, pause, juncture stress, accent, beat, intonation, rhythm.)

  3. The Stress System-Weak Forms and scheme

  4. Use of pronouncing dictionary

  5. Phonetics transcription

  6. Techniques of teaching speaking skills and pronunciation Pronuciation practice and drillsEar Training Repetition Dialogues and Converation

  7. Role of A.V. aids in teaching speaking skills

Unit-3 : Teaching Reading and Writing skills:

  1. Concept of Reading in second language;

  2. Mechanics of Readings (Eype span,Pause,Fixations,Regression);

  3. Types of Reading: Skimming,Scanning,Silent reading Reading aloud,Intensive Reading, Extensive reading, Local and Global Comprehension.

  4. Role off speed and pace;

  5. Relating teaching of Reading to listening and speaking skills;

  6. Teaching silent reading,intensive reading,extensive readings and genuine reading comprehenslon in terms of Inference Prediction Critical Reading, Interpretation,Judgement,Summarizing ,Central idea,etc.

  7. Role of course reader and repid reader, Cloze procedure , Maza method, dictionary in teaching Reading skills.


  1. Written Skills;

  2. Concept of Writing in First Language and the Second language;

  3. Types of composition oral, written, controlled guided, contextulized and integrated composition;

  4. Teaching the following items keeping in view their style ingredients and mechanics Letters (formal and informal),Essays, Report, Telegram, E-mail, Notices, Precis, Paragraph, Developing stories,Note Making


  1. The Blackboard and the White Board

  2. Blackboard drawings and sketches

  3. The Overhead Project (OHP)

  4. Flashcards, Posters and Flip Charts

  5. Songs, raps and chants

  6. Video clips

  7. Pictures,Photos,Postcards,and Advertisements

  8. Newspapers, Magazines and Brochures

  9. Mind Maps

  10. Radio Tape-recorder,T.V.

  11. Language Laboratory

  12. Realia

  13. Stories and anecdotes



  1. Content Analysis:

    1. Planning a Unit (Bases on a lesson in the Course Reader (text book)

    2. Identifying and listing language material to be taught (New lexical and structural items, their usage and uses)

  2. Planning for teaching the content and skills in the following order:

  1. New lexical items (vocabulary)

  2. New Structural items

  3. Reading comprehension

  4. Textual exercises

  5. Writing/composition

  6. Unit Test

(B.2) : Poetry Lessons:

  1. Components of Poetry

  2. Concept aims and objectives of teaching Poetry in Second Language

  3. Steps of teaching Poetry at the Secondary stage

Unit 5: Testing and Evaluation in English
Concept of testing and evaluation in English as a second language, Difference in Testing in content-subjects and skill-subjects;
- Testing language skills (LSRW) lexical and structural items and poetry.
- Type of test (Achievement test,Proficiency test,Diagnostic test, prognostic test, Formative and Summative Test).
- Preparation of unit and examination paper-their blue print and answer key;
- Types and preparation of test-items'
- Error analysis;
- Concept and need of remedial teaching and remedial work.


  1. One test of (10 Marks)

  2. The Student will be required to do any one of the following (10 Marks)

  1. Review of a text book

  2. Preparation of a list of structural items included in the text-book at the Secondary stage and its critical analysis

  3. Preparation of five (5) word-cards five (5) picture cards and five(5) cross word puzzles

  4. Preparation of twenty (20) test items in Listening/Spaking/Reading/Writing Skill

  5. Preparation of five (5) OHT for teaching structures/composition exercises

  6. Preparation of CALL material (five (5) pages)

  7. Preparation of CALT material (five (5) pages)

  8. Preparation of Language Lab.Magazine on Listening/Speaking skill (five (5) pages)

  9. Collection of Newspaper and Magazine adversisement for teaching lexical and structural items and preparing language exercises bases on them.


  1. Bansal, R.K. and Harrison,J.B. (1972) : Spoken English for Indian, Madras: Orient Longman Ltd.

  2. Baruag, T.C. (1985): The English Teacher's Handbook, New Delhi Starling publishing Pvt.Ltd.

  3. Bright and McGregor: Teaching English as Second Language, Longman

  4. Brumfit,C.J. (1984): Communicative Methodology in Language Teaching Cambridge: C.U.P.

  5. Collins Cobuild English Grammar (2000) Harper Colling Publisher India

  6. Doff,A (1988) Teach English: Cambridge: CUP

  7. Freeman Diane-Larsen(2000): techniques and Principles in Language Teaching Oxford: CUP

  8. Gimson A.C. (1980): An Introduction to the Pronunciation of English London: Edward Arnold.

  9. Hornby, A.S. (1968): A Guide to Patterns and Usage in English Oxford: OUP

  10. Lado, Robert (1971): Language Teaching, New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill Publishing House Co. LTD.

  11. Leech Geoffrey and Svartvil,Jan (2000) Communicative Grammar of English Cambridge C.U.P.

  12. Paliwal,A.K., (1988): English Language Teaching,Jaipur: Surbhi Publication

  13. Palmer,H.L. (1964-65) The Principles of Languagu Study, Lonodn: O.U.P.

  14. Quirk, Randolph and Greenbaum, (1973): A University Grammar of English London

  15. Richards,J.C. and Rodgers, T.S. Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching Cambridge C.U.P.

  16. Roach, Peter,(1991): English Phonoetics and Phonology, Cambridge, C.U.P.

  17. Thomson A.J. and Martiner (1998) A Practical Grammer, ELBS,O.U.P.

  18. Ur P. 1996, A course in Language Teaching Cambridge CUP

  19. Venkateshwaran, S (1995) Principles of Teaching English Delhi: Vikas Publishing House Pvt.Ltd.

  20. Willis, Jane: Teaching English Through English,O.U.P.

  21. Woodward, Tessa (2001) Planning Lessons and Courses. Cambridge; CUP.


Objectives: To enable student teachers to :

  1. Understand the basic concepts in an functions of Language with special reference to Urdu

  2. Acquire a knowledge of objectives of teaching Urdu at the Secondary stage.

  3. Acquire a knowledge of different methods of teaching Urdu at the Secondary stage.

  4. Teach grammar, prose, composition and poetry lessons in Urdu.

  5. Prepare lesson and Unit plans and to analyse the subject content in terms of Language skills and teaching objectives

  6. Knowlege of evaluation system in Urdu and to methodically prepare Exams and test papers in Urdu

  7. Conduct remedial teaching in Urdu



  1. Language: Importance and functions with special reference to the Urdu language.

  2. Language skills, Listening and Art of Listening


- Pronunciation, Recitation and Punctuation


- Aloud silent, Intensive and Extensive


- Knowledge of Urdu script

  1. Khat-e-Naskh

  2. Khat-e-Nastaliq

  3. Khat-e-Shikasht

Place of Urdu language in the present educational system as prevalent in the State of Rajsthan
Suggesting for a better of Urdu in the syllabi
Relation of Urdu with other Indian Languages


Objectives of teaching Urdu at Secondary stages of education.

Problems of teaching and learning Urdu and their solutions
Value outcomes of teaching, Urdu at different levels of education
Methods of teaching Urdu:1) Direct Methods,ii) Structural Method iii) Grammar Method,iv) Translation Method.

Teaching of various forms of urdu Literature (i) Prose (ii) Composition (iii) Grammar, (iv) Poetry: Ghazal;Nazam and Drama.
Support system of teaching Urdu: Visual aids: Verbal Pictorial (non-projected-two and three dimensional) projected still and motion Audio and Audio-visual aids.
Co-curricular activities,Language Laboratory.

Planning for Teaching Urdu Need and Importance of Planning Content Analysis

Yearly Plan, Unit Plan and Daily Lesson Plan.


Purpose of concept of Evaluation in Urdu

Techniques of evaluation, teacher made test, Examination Paper Design and blue print various types of Questions and their uses for Evaluation.

  1. One test of 10 Marks

  2. Any one of the following (10 Marks)

  1. Preparation on One Achievement Test

  2. Analysis of one text book prescribed at the Secondary Stage.

  3. Writing knowledge, Understanding and skill objectives of teaching prose and poetry with specification (5 for each area)

  4. Preparation of two teaching aids useful for Urdu teaching.

  5. Preparation of a lesson plan for remedial teaching.



. Author





Hum Urdu Kaise Padhen

National Council for Promotion of Urdu Language,West Block, RK Ouram,New Delhi



Urdu Zaban Ki Tadrees

National Council for Promotion of Urdu Language,West Block,RK Puram, New Delhi.




Usmania Book Depot 1,25,Rabindra Saraud Cal.73


Rasheed Hasan

Hum Urdu Kaise Likhaen

Maktaba Jamia Limited Jamia Nagar,New Delhi
Makataba Jamia Limited Jamia Nagar,New Delhi.


Rasheed Hasan

Urdu Imla

Maktaba Jamia Limited Jamia Nagar ,New Delhi


Maulvi Abdul


Anjuman Taraqqi Urdu (Hindi) New Delhi.


Afazal Hyssain

Fun-e-Ataleem aur

Makazi Maktaba Islam Delhi.


Akhta Ansar

Ghazai and Dara-e-

National Council for Promotion of Urdu
Langauage,West Block R.K. Puram,New Delhi.


Objectives : To enable the student teacher to

  1. Define and differentiate the concept of Social Studies and explan its relative position in the Syllabus.

  2. Understand the aims and objectives of teaching Social Studies.

  3. Prepare Unit plans and Lesson plans for different classes.

  4. Critically evaluate the exisiting school syllabus of Social Studies.

  5. To enable the pupil teacher to review the Text-book of Social Studies (Secondary level)

  6. Apply appropriate methods and techniques of teaching to particular topic at different levels.

  7. Prepare select and Utilize different teaching aids

  8. Evaluate his pupils in Social Studies

  9. Clarity particular concepts, trends, principles methods etc. with the help of Co-relation to similar Content or situation.

Unit-I-Nature,Scope and Objectives
-Nature,scope and concept of Social Studies
- Importance
- Aims and Objectives of teaching Social Studies at different levels
- Co-relation of Social Studies with other school subjects.
Unit-II-Curriculum and Planning
- Nature,scope and concept of Social Studies
-Characteristics of good Social Studies curriculum.
- Critical appraisal of Social Studies curriculum,
- Concept and objective of lesson planning
- Social Studies text books.
- Qualities role and professional growth of a teacher of Social Studies.
Unit-III-Instructional Strategies, Methods and Approaches
-Various methods of teaching Social Studies (Lecture,Socialized recitation Story Telling Project Problem Solving Methods).
-Field trips
-Other innovative practices (Brain storming role Playing)
Unit-IV-Instructional Support System
- Planning of Social Studies lab its use.
- Use of mass media and Computers in Social Studies teaching
- Resource material-use of local resources in teaching social studies
Unit-V-Evaluation of Teaching Social Studies
- Concept and objectives of evaluation
- Tools and teachiques of evaluation in social studies teaching
-Preparation of achievements test

  1. Different types of question

  2. Blue Print

  3. Preparation of question papers

Sessional Work (20 Marks)

  1. One test of 10 Marks

  2. Any one of the following (10 Marks)

  1. Content analysis and preparation of instructional material related to any unit of subject related to Social Studies.

  2. Preparation of TV/Radio Script.

  3. Study of anyone aspect of social issue and prepare report.

  4. Collection of newspaper cutting related to Social Study's issues.

  5. Construction of different objective types test items.

Bibliography/Book for study & reference

1. Bining and Bining

: Teaching of Social Studies.

2. Brantom,F.K.

: The teaching of Social Studies in changing World

3. Dray and David jordon

: A Hand Book of Social Studies.

4. Hamming,James

: The teaching of Social Studies in Secondary School.

5. Wesley Edger Brose

:Social Studies for schools

6. Taneja,V.R.

: Teaching of Social Studies in Hindi Edition

7. Horn.E.E.

: Methods of instruction in the Social Studies.

8. Kochhar,S.K.

: Teaching of Social Studies in Hindi Edition

9. Bhuwneshwar Prasad

: Social Studies teaching in Indian Schools,


: Method of Social Science teaching

11. Jain Ameerchand

: Social Science teaching

12. Ram Pal Singh

: Social Studies teaching.

Methodology of teaching Civics

Objectives : To enable the Student teachers to-

  1. Refresh the knowledge of Student teacher about the meaning and importance of Civics.

  2. Establish co-relation of Civics with other school subjects

  3. Apply appropriate methods in teaching particular topics at a different level

  4. Select and use relevant teaching aids

  5. Imbibe and develop basic teaching skills

  6. Clarify particular concepts, trends, principles,methods etc. with the help of correlation to similar content or situation.

  7. Prepare yearly unit and daily Lesson plans

  8. Prepare achievement and diagnostic test on scientific basis

  9. Develop skills and abilities for organizing school activities related to the subject.

Unit-I - Nature, Scoper and Objectives

- Concept, nature and scope of Civics

- Contemporary importance of Civics
- Aims and Objectives of teaching Civics at different level (elementary, Upper Primary,Secondary and Senior Secondary)
- Correlation of Civies to other subjects.
-Role of Civics in promoting international Understanding

Unit-II-Curriculum and planning

- Meaning and concept of Curriculum

- Fundamental principles of formulation of curriculum in Civics.
-Critical appraisal of the existing syllabus
- Lesson Plan-Annual Plan,Unit plan and Daily lesson plan of teaching Civics.

Unit-III- Methods and approaches of civics teaching

- Various methods of teaching Civics (Project,Problem Solving,Supervised Study,Lecture,Discussion and Brain Storming)

-Innovative practices in Civics teaching
- Field trip
-Mock Session

Unit -IV- Instructional Support System

- Community resources

- Teaching aid in Civics Teaching
- Teachinques of interviewing

Unit-V-Evaluation of Civics teaching

- Purpose and concept of evaluation

-Objectives based evaluation
-Preparation of achievement test-

  1. Various types of question

  2. Blue Print

  3. Preparation of question paper

Sessional Work (20 Marks)

  1. One test of 10 Marks

  2. Any one of the following(10 Marks)

  1. Content analysis and preparation of instructional material related to any unit of subject related to civics.

  2. Preparation of TV/Radio script.

  3. Study of anyone aspect of indian political issues.

  4. Visit any local bodies as panchayat, Municipality, Municipal corporation and nagar nigam and prepare report about the functions of local bodies.

  5. Prepare a plan of civics class room.

  6. Preparation of a plan for equipping a civics lab.

  7. Prepare five slides relataed to civics teaching contents at secondary level.

  8. Collection of news paper cutting related to civics issues.

Bibliography/Book the study and reference

  1. Bining and Bining : Teaching of social studies in secondary school, New York, Mc.Graw Hill Book Co.1952

  2. Harlikar : Teaching of civics in India,Bombay,Padma publication Ltd.

  3. Cray Ryland, W.: Education for Democratic citizenship.

  4. Michaelies :Social studies for children in a Democracy, New York,Prentice Hall Inc.1956

  5. Bourne, H.E.: Teaching of History and civics, Bombay, Longmans 1972

  6. Tyagi, G.S.D.:Nagrik Shastra Ka Shikshan, Agra, Vinod Pustak Mandir.

  7. Prescribed books of Board of Secondary Education for Higher Secondary Classes.

  8. Ram Pal Singh :Nagrik Shastra Ka Shikshan


Objectives:To enable the student teachers to:-

  1. Understand the concept, nature and scope of History.

  2. Understand the nature of history as continuous process of development and change.

  3. Understand the aims objectives of teaching history at different levels of the secondary stage.

  4. Prepare unit plans, lesson plan and its related teacher aids.

  5. Develop the syllabus for teaching history for different classes and its critical calculation.

  6. Review the text book of history at the secondary level.

  7. Understand the spirit and applying different methods and techniques of teaching history at the secondary stage.

  8. Evaluate methodically the tools and techniques of evaluation at the different levels of secondary stage.

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