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Freedom of speech - Freedom of speech, dissent and truth



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Freedom of speech - Freedom of speech, dissent and truth

  • The notion that the expression of dissent or subversive views should be tolerated, not censured or punished by law, developed alongside the rise of printing and the press

Freedom of speech - Freedom of speech, dissent and truth

Freedom of speech - Freedom of speech, dissent and truth

  • Milton's defense of freedom of expression was grounded in a Protestant worldview and he thought that the English people had the mission to work out the truth of the Reformation, which would lead to the enlightenment of all people

Freedom of speech - Freedom of speech, dissent and truth

  • As the "menace" of printing spread, governments established centralized control mechanism

Freedom of speech - Freedom of speech, dissent and truth

  • A succession of English thinkers was at the forefront of early discussion on a right to freedom of expression, among them John Milton (1608–74) and John Locke (1632–1704)

Freedom of speech - Freedom of speech, dissent and truth

  • By the second half of the 17th century philosophers on the European continent like Baruch Spinoza and Pierre Bayle developed ideas encompassing a more universal aspect freedom of speech and toleration than the early English philosophers

Freedom of speech - Freedom of speech, dissent and truth

  • John Stuart Mill (1806–1873) argued that without human freedom there can be no progress in science, law or politics, which according to Mill required free discussion of opinion

Freedom of speech - Freedom of speech, dissent and truth

  • In Evelyn Beatrice Hall's biography of Voltaire, she coined the following phrase to illustrate Voltaire's beliefs: "I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it." Hall's quote is frequently cited to describe the principle of freedom of speech

Catalytic triad - Ser-cisSer-Lys

  • The triad is further unusual in that the lysine and cisserine both act as the base in activating the catalytic serine but the same lysine also performs the role of the acid member as well as making key structural contacts.

L'aile ou la cuisse

  • L'aile ou la cuisse

L'aile ou la cuisse

L'aile ou la cuisse

  • Starring Louis de Funès

L'aile ou la cuisse

  • Julien Guiomar

L'aile ou la cuisse

  • Monique Isnardon

L'aile ou la cuisse

  • L'aile ou la cuisse (French pronunciation: ​[lɛ.lu.la.kɥis]) French for The Wing or the Thigh) is a 1976 French comedy film directed by Claude Zidi, starring Louis de Funès and Coluche.

Dissertation

  • Leiden University Library, 2005 Dissertations and theses may be considered as grey literature.

Dissertation

  • The word dissertation can at times be used to describe a treatise without relation to obtaining an academic degree. The term thesis is also used to refer to the general claim of an essay or similar work.

Dissertation - Etymology

  • The term thesis comes from the Greek language|Greek , meaning something put forth, and refers to an intellectual proposition. Dissertation comes from the Latin dissertātiō, meaning path.

Dissertation - Structure

  • A thesis (or dissertation) may be arranged as a thesis by publication or a monograph, with or without appended papers respectively

Dissertation - Structure

  • Thousand Oaks: Sage, Rudestam Newton (2007) Surviving your dissertation

Dissertation - Style

  • Degree-awarding institutions often define their own house style that candidates have to follow when preparing a thesis document. In addition to institution-specific house styles, there exist a number of field-specific, national, and international standards and recommendations for the presentation of theses, for instance ISO 7144. Other applicable international standards include ISO 2145 on section numbers, ISO 690 on bibliographic references, and ISO 31 on quantities or units.

Dissertation - Style

  • Some older house styles specify that Book design#Front matter|front matter (title page, abstract, table of content, etc.) uses a separate page-number sequence from the main text, using Roman numerals

Dissertation - Style

  • Presentation requirements, including pagination, layout, type and color of paper, use of acid-free paper (where a copy of the dissertation will become a permanent part of the library collection), paper size, order of components, and citation style, will be checked page by page by the accepting officer before the thesis is accepted and a receipt is issued.

Dissertation - Style

  • However, strict standards are not always required. Most Italy|Italian universities, for example, have only general requirements on the character size and the page formatting, and leave much freedom on the actual typographic details.

Dissertation - Literature review

  • A literature review examines the existing academic literature to:

Dissertation - Literature review

  • a) place the proposed or current work with the stream of academic development and history, and/or

Dissertation - Literature review

  • b) to discover the strengths and weakness in the literature, uncovering gaps which may justify the significance of the current work.

Dissertation - Literature review

  • A thorough review of literature provides the backdrop to, and reasons for, conducting the research. In addition, the discussion sets up the items in the methodology in a 1:1 correspondence. For example, if a researcher wants to query variable A in a particular population, their review of the literature should discuss the importance of, or other research that has studied variable A.


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