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Intelligence dissemination management - Warning and Current Intelligence



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Intelligence dissemination management - Warning and Current Intelligence

  • The goal of 'strategic warning' is to prevent major surprises for policy officials.

Intelligence dissemination management - Warning and Current Intelligence

  • Surprises, in part, manifest themselves in changes in the probability that some conceived-of event will take place, such that contingency plans are in place to respond to tactical warnings. A warning to national policymakers that a state or alliance intends war, or is on a course that substantially increases the risks of war and is taking steps to prepare for

Intelligence dissemination management - Warning and Current Intelligence

  • :* Attacks against the analyst's country and its interests, which can come from state or non-state actors, through military, terrorist, economic, information, and other means

Intelligence dissemination management - Warning and Current Intelligence

  • :* The breakdown of stability in an area or country critical to one's own side

Intelligence dissemination management - Warning and Current Intelligence

  • :* Key changes in adversary strategy and practice, especially with respect to terrorism or WMD proliferation attacks against the United States and its interests abroad by states and non-state actors via military, terrorist, and other means

Intelligence dissemination management - Warning and Current Intelligence

  • In combination, indications and warning (IW) provide alerts of potential or highly probable threat on the part of a hostile organizations. Indications may suggest preparation, such as an unusual pace of preventive maintenance, troop or supply transfers to shipping points, etc. Warnings are more immediate, such as the deployment of units, in combat formation, near national borders. Positive indications and warning may call for more specific news reports and briefings.

Intelligence dissemination management - Warning and Current Intelligence

  • Countries with modern intelligence and operations communications networks can, on detecting indications and warnings, can initiate collaboration tools to help analysts share information. Specific actions, ranging from border crossings in large formations, to sorties of nuclear-capable ships and aircraft, to actual explosions, move at high priority on both operational and intelligence networks.

Intelligence dissemination management - Warning and Current Intelligence

  • In the current environment of asymmetrical warfare by transnational groups, a given person dropping from sensors, or suddenly appearing outside their usual place, can be an indication of activity.

Intelligence dissemination management - Tactical Intelligence

Intelligence dissemination management - Tactical Intelligence

  • Fundamental to decision-making in regard to any military operation is knowledge of the environment since it enables combatants to optimize the assets they have, to target their effort, to anticipate developments and husband their force

Intelligence dissemination management - Tactical Intelligence

  • :#Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield (IPB). IPB helps the commander understand the current situation and its background.

Intelligence dissemination management - Tactical Intelligence

  • :#Situation development, which presents potential Enemy Courses of Action (ECOA) to the commander.

Intelligence dissemination management - Tactical Intelligence

  • :#Conduct police intelligence operations.

Intelligence dissemination management - Tactical Intelligence

  • :#At appropriate organizational levels, contribute to national intelligence through the Joint Military Intelligence Program (JMIP). Tactical Intelligence and Related Activities (TIARA) is the mirror image of military JMIP, providing direct support to warfighters

Intelligence dissemination management - Tactical Intelligence

  • :#With supporting intelligence units, synchronize intelligence development with surveillance and reconnaissance. The Operations Officer tasks the various units, with the Intelligence Officer defining objectives and analyzes the result.

Intelligence dissemination management - Tactical Intelligence

  • :#Manage distribution of national-level information (i.e., TENCAP, or Tactical Exploitation of National Capabilities), which may be Classified information in the United States#Sensitive Compartmented Information (SCI) and Special Access Programs (SAP)|Sensitive Compartmented Information (SCI) or Special Access Programs (SAP). SCI and SAP need special access controls

Intelligence dissemination management - Tactical Intelligence

  • All these tasks take place within the dimensions of threat, political, unified action, land combat operations, information, and technology.

Intelligence dissemination management - Starting with the Basics: SALUTE

  • Standardization works very well for reporting, when it is drilled in from the beginning. The US Army has a new slogan, reinforced with video games, that every soldier is a sensor. Standardized reporting for the most basic tactical things work under pressure, such as that which is defined by the acronym SALUTE, for a report about spotting the enemy:

Intelligence dissemination management - Starting with the Basics: SALUTE

  • :*'S'ize: how many men in the unit?

Intelligence dissemination management - Starting with the Basics: SALUTE

  • :*'U'nit: who are they? Uniforms? Descriptions?

Intelligence dissemination management - Starting with the Basics: SALUTE

  • :*'E'quipment: what weapons do they have? Vehicles? Radios? Anything else distinctive?

Intelligence dissemination management - Friction and Standardization

  • With a trend toward multinational operations, there is even more opportunity for friction, when different doctrines (e.g., US intelligence cycle vs. NATO CCIRM) and restricted-to-own-nationals information become involved. US units, through TENCAP, are able to access national-level assets such as IMINT satellites, but rarely can share it with coalition partners.


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