Aquinas’ Natural Law Introduction



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Aquinas’ Natural Law

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Aquinas’ Natural Law

  1. Introduction

    1. Natural laws refer to the system of justice that equally applies to everyone and is derived from nature. Thomas Aquinas argues that natural laws ought to be obeyed by human. He claims that human, among other things in the world originated from nature. Therefore, nature should be obeyed and the best way of obeying nature is through following the Natural laws. Various nations of the world have specific practical laws that determine how to gauge whether an action or behavior displayed by an individual in the particular country is wrong or right. The purpose of this paper is to describe the Aquinas opinion of natural law, why human ought to obey them and how natural laws relate to the practical laws set for particular nations in the world.

  2. Human ought to obey natural law because it is derived from nature, which human happens to be part.

    1. Aquinas holds that human came to existence naturally, and obeying the principles of nature is a responsibility that they ought to take.

      1. Mankind stands the only social animal species in the world.

      2. They need to have a common ground for interaction, for them to flourish, which is provided by the natural law.

  3. Natural laws enable human understand the principles and laws of nature

    1. People need to understand the laws of nature to use their scientific knowledge and skills wisely.

      1. Scientific knowledge and understanding may

      2. Observing and obeying natural law is the most appropriate way of understanding the principles of nature.

    2. Aquinas discusses that human ought to obey natural law because it defines what is wrong and bad and enable identification of timing for every activity.

      1. Homosexuality and out-of-wedlock reproduction do not abide by the principles of nature.

      2. People need to avoid behaviors that are not deemed right by natural law.

  4. All practical laws in different countries of the world are in one way or the other, developed from natural law.

    1. The practical laws guide courts to give verdict on cases reported in a just and fair way.

      1. They aim to promote fairness and create common basis of wrong or right for all members of the particular nations.

      2. Natural law is therefore, the basis from which, the practical laws of individual nations are created and effected.

  5. Conclusion

Thomas Aquinas, therefore, insists that people ought to obey the natural law because; it helps them better understand the principles of nature and selves, facilitates creation of a common environment for their interaction and enable understanding of what is right and what is wrong. It is through the natural laws that various countries’ practical laws are based. Thus, obeying the natural laws make people easily abide by the practical laws set to distinguish right from wrong in countries.
References
Beattie, T. (2012, March 5). Thomas Aquinas, part 6: natural law. The Guardian; The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/belief/2012/mar/05/thomas-aquinas-natural-law
‌Agiyanto, U. (2018). Law enforcement in Indonesia: Exploration of the concept of justice in Islamic dimension with Pancasila ideology. Al-Hayat: Journal of Islamic Education2(2), 255-263.



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