Part 3 III. Short Answer Questions What sports were taught in school in Sparta?
Olympic based sports such as gymnastics and the art of war.
Describe the first civilizations in early Greece
-Located on island of Crete.
-Strong artistic society.
-Trade was important and they had a strong navy.
-Destroyed by a tsunami and defeated by the Mycenaeans.
-Established on Greek mainland from 1600-1200 B.C..
-Great traders and warriors.
-Isolated by mountain ranges.
-Volcanic eruptions & earthquakes caused civilization to fall.
-Did not keep a written record of their history. We do not know a lot about them.
-Time period known as the “Dark Ages”
-Stories such as the “Trojan Horse Story” were written during this time period in order to explain why/how things happened.
3. What were the Olympics and what do they explain about the culture of the ancient Greeks?
The Olympics were a religious ceremony/sporting event celebrated by ALL Greeks. Men were allowed to compete and single women. The Olympics show us the value the Greeks held to religion and athletics.
4. What influence did ancient Greece have on modern civilizations? Give multiple examples.
Ancient Greece influenced the modern world in many ways. In the United States we have a democracy. Our government was based on the ideas of the democracy formed in Athens. We also participate in the Olympic games. Many countries around the world participate and celebrate it’s best athletes every 4 years.
5. How did the geography of ancient Greece impact the civilization? Use specific examples in your answer.
The mountains caused isolation from city-states and also made some city-states hard to invade. Seas provided fishing, trade, and travel for many civilizations.Many city-states lacked fresh water and fertile land because of jagged coastlines and rough, short rivers.
6. What impact did the Peloponnesian War have on ancient Greek history? (Hint explain the result of the war and its lasting impact)
The Peloponnesian War reshaped Greek society. The war was a civil war between Sparta and Athens. Athens crumbled as a society while Sparta rose to power. Greece never held the same world or economic power again.
In a well-written paragraph, explain how ancient Greece impacted the United States. Give multiple examples to support your answer.
See # 4-Short Answer
Map Skills: Using the map below, identify the major city-states and landforms.
(Landforms: Seas, Mountains) (City-States: Minoans, Mycenaeans, Athens, Sparta)