Anatomy and physiology


Q Compare and contrast the structure and function of different types of bones. (4)



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Q Compare and contrast the structure and function of different types of bones. (4)
So you need to do four comparatives for 4 marks. E.g., long bones are located in the limbs or the appendicular skeleton, whereas flat bones tend to be located in the axial skeleton.
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BONE GROWTH




Structure

Function

Articular cartilage


Epiphysis



Diaphysis



Epiphyseal plates



Compact bone



Bone marrow





What can you do to reduce the loss in bone density as you age?



How can the knowledge of bone development affect our decision to take part in physical activity? Page 37 book

Growth plate and physical activity

Read page 37 and make notes on the causes of growth pate injuries in children. Is the impact of the same activity on adults? Can you explain why?


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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Hp-2PUGkfs


Osteoporosis page 36 book
1) What is Osteoporosis and how does physical activity impact on maintaining bone density?

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Reduction in bone density can lead to issues around posture as well as physical activity.



Impact of sports on bones

Issues 1

What is it?
Cause
Effect
Who’s at risk?

Looking at each of the sheets and identify the impact of participation in each of the different types of activities.

Should they take part in it? If not why not? If yes then why yes?

E.g., what is the impact on ___________________ if you take part in contact sports?__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
What is the impact on ______________________ if you take part in high impact sports?__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
What is the impact on ___________________if you take part in low impact repetitive sports/activities?_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Impact of sports on bones

What is it?
Cause
Effect
Who’s at risk?

Issue 2

Should they take part in it? If not why not? If yes then why yes?

E.g., what is the impact on ___________________ if you take part in contact sports?

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What is the impact on ______________________ if you take part in high impact sports?

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What is the impact on ___________________if you take part in low impact repetitive sports/activities?

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Impact of sports on bones

What is the positive effect of taking part in physical activity?

This should cover peak bone density and use examples. Explain your answer. What would be another reason for exercise being positive for a healthy balances active lifestyle?
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