Analogy essay structure analogy essay



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ANALOGY ESSAY

  • STRUCTURE

ANALOGY ESSAY

  • GENERAL OUTLINE
  • TITLE
  • INTRODUCTION
  • DIFFERENCES
  • RESEMBLANCES
    • R. #1
    • R. #2
    • R. #3
    • R. #4
  • CONCLUSION

ANALOGY ESSAY

  • GENERAL OUTLINE
  • I. TITLE:
  • Identify the 2 subjects
  • Identify their relationship
    • analogous, alike,
    • similar, resemble
  • What is your analogy?!

ANALOGY ESSAY

  • GENERAL OUTLINE
  • I. TITLE:
  • X Is like Y
    • format = like a SIMILE
    • X (your focus) should be the 1st word
    • capitalize “is” (verb)
    • don’t capitalize “like” (preposition)
  • Fast Food Is like Prostitution
  • A Drug Addiction Is like a Life Sentence

ANALOGY ESSAY

  • GENERAL OUTLINE
  • II. INTRODUCTION:
  • Introduces Subject X
    • the issue at hand, its status
    • perhaps through recent events, court cases, headlines
  • Ends with your ANALOGY STATEMENT
    • Subject X is like Subject Y in terms of 1, 2, and 3.
    • Fast food is like prostitution due to its effects on the body, its initial price, and its long-term costs.
    • A drug addiction is like a life sentence in terms of its effects on family, friends, and society.

ANALOGY ESSAY

  • GENERAL OUTLINE
  • III. DIFFERENCES:
  • Admit the minor or obvious differences
    • “minor” in comparison to the resemblances
    • the 3 most obvious differences
  • One (1) paragraph
    • “Name” and “explain” briefly
    • Merely acknowledge them, recognize, concede, grant
  • However, they are NOT the crux of your essay
    • Do NOT go into great detail
    • Thus, they do not make up half the essay
    • Thus, they are not as long as the resemblance section
    • Thus, they can be dealt with in a single paragraph

ANALOGY ESSAY

  • GENERAL OUTLINE
  • III. DIFFERENCES:
  • Admitting the differences is necessary –
    • Helps build your ETHOS
      • You are proving you’ve thought this idea through
      • You are admitting the other side
      • You are confessing & addressing its vulnerability
      • You are showing that you have nothing to hide
        • Now your opponent cannot attack your argument from this angle because you have already discussed these issues.

ANALOGY ESSAY

  • GENERAL OUTLINE
  • III. DIFFERENCES:
  • Admitting the differences is necessary –
    • Helps fortify a vulnerable rhetorical strategy
      • Susceptible because of these differences, because subjects rarely are perfect matches,
      • Protect your flank, shore up defenses, buttress

ANALOGY ESSAY

  • GENERAL OUTLINE
  • IV-VII. RESEMBLANCES:
  • This section is the CRUX of your essay
    • These resemblances between Subjects X&Y are the purpose of the paper
    • More significant, important, relevant than the differences
    • More illustrative of your argument
    • The majority/bulk of the Body deals with them
  • ****************************************

ANALOGY ESSAY

  • GENERAL OUTLINE
  • IV-VII. RESEMBLANCES:
  • Discuss in full
    • 1 resemblance per paragraph
  • Emphatic Order:
    • Save the most significant resemblance for last
    • And label it as such, in a transition
  • See “paragraph structure” below
  • See “transitions” below

ANALOGY ESSAY

  • PARAGRAPH STRUCTURE
  • NAME
  • EXPLAIN
  • ILLUSTRATE
    • Y
    • X
  • REITERATE

ANALOGY ESSAY

  • PARAGRAPH STRUCTURE
  • I. NAME:
  • In a TOPIC SENTENCE, clearly identify the particular resemblance to be discussed in the paragraph.
  • This is a trait that BOTH subjects share.
  • One resemblance between a life sentence and a drug addiction involves the missing of special events.
  • Another trait that both fast food and prostitution share is long-term effects.

ANALOGY ESSAY

  • PARAGRAPH STRUCTURE
  • II. EXPLAIN:
  • Define your term BUT do NOT discuss X or Y
    • clarify what you mean by this term, this resemblance
    • “cost” =? (personal, financial, spiritual, other?)
  • Briefly (sentence or two)
  • That is to say, In other words
  • By “cost” I mean the losses to one’s self-respect.

ANALOGY ESSAY

  • PARAGRAPH STRUCTURE
  • III. ILLUSTRATE:
  • Illustrate the resemblance:
    • specific instances, personal experiences, hypotheticals
    • the longest, most important paragraph part **
  • Y = 1st
  • X = 2nd
    • emphatic order, the position of focus, importance
    • the KNOWN 1st, the UNKNOWN 2nd
  • FAIR WARNING:
  • Students lose many points because of this:
  • Illustrate Y 1st, X 2nd

ANALOGY ESSAY

  • PARAGRAPH STRUCTURE
  • III. ILLUSTRATE:
  • Subject Y: (always 1st)
    • the known
    • For example, with a life imprisonment sentence,…
    • “Illustrate” how incarceration prevents a person from participating in the milestones of a child’s life.
  • Subject X: (always 2nd)
    • the unknown, your focus
    • Be specific (specific instance) – esp. for X
    • For example, with a drug addiction,…
    • “Illustrate” how addiction, too, prevents a person from “being there” for the child.

ANALOGY ESSAY

  • PARAGRAPH STRUCTURE
  • IV. REITERATE:
  • In a CLINCHER SENTENCE (Warrant Statement) repeat the resemblance that BOTH share.
    • Basically, refer back to the Topic Sentence.
    • Bring the paragraph full-circle.
    • Don’t leave it open-ended.
    • Perhaps transition to the next resemblance as well.
  • Thus, as these examples demonstrate, a third significant resemblance between X and Y concerns Z.

ANALOGY ESSAY

  • TRANSITIONS
  • Use transitions and transitional expressions
  • Between sentences and between paragraphs
    • to enumerate Differences, Resemblances
      • additionally, likewise
    • to signal a switch in logical direction
      • on the other hand, however
    • to switch between subjects, from Subject Y to Subject X
      • likewise, similarly

ANALOGY ESSAY

  • TRANSITIONS
  • Transition to your Thesis, Analogy Statement
    • Thus, X is like Y in terms of …
  • Transition to your Differences:
    • Despite the significance of the resemblances, some minor differences do exist and I would be remiss if I did not briefly discuss them.
  • Transition from your Differences to your Resemblances:
    • When you do so, stress the significance of the resemblances in relation to the differences
    • Despite these obvious differences, more significant (more important, noteworthy, considerable,… ) resemblances exist between X and Y. For one, …

ANALOGY ESSAY

  • GENERAL OUTLINE
  • VIII. CONCLUSION:
  • Repeat your Analogy Statement
  • Repeat the resemblances
    • the “usual” Conclusion material

ANALOGY ESSAY

  • GENERAL OUTLINE
  • VIII. CONCLUSION:
  • ***Make clear your argument ****
  • This is an argument paper.
  • You wrote this essay to argue for or against a particular issue.
  • This was NOT a mere exercise in finding resemblances between 2 unconnected ideas.
  • You used analogy as an argumentative tool.
  • Your argument is more than the fact that these 2 subjects share traits.

ANALOGY ESSAY

  • GENERAL OUTLINE
  • VIII. CONCLUSION:
  • What are you trying to say about Subject X?
  • What do readers gain from the connection?
    • What do they learn, understand, appreciate, or realize about X by relating X to Y?
  • Do they understand Subject X better or appreciate it more?
  • What is the argument behind your analogy?
  • What are you arguing for or against?
  • What point or position are you arguing?
  • What is your point or position?
  • If we think of X in terms of Y, or as Y, then what do we realize about X?
  • “So what?!” ***
    • X is like Y - So what?! What’s your point? What are you trying to say about Subject X?

  • THE END


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