Am I stoned?



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Poverty

  • 2.8 billion live on less than $2/day (71% on less than $10/d)
  • 3 billion have never made a phone call
  • 3.8 billion have no cash or credit with which to make purchases
  • 770 million unable to read
  • Net transfer of capital from poorer countries to rich ones

Human Poverty

Poverty

Poverty, Hunger, and Micronutrients

  • Cost of providing vitamin A and zinc supplements to malnourished infants and toddlers under age 2 = $60 million/year
    • Benefits (including prevention of blindness and malnutrition) > $1 billion/yr
  • Cost of providing iron and iodized salt = $286 million/year
    • Benefits (including prevention of iron-deficiency anemia, cretinism) = $2.7 billion/yr

Poverty and Priorities

  • Amount of money needed each year (in addition to current expenditures) to provide water and sanitation for all people in developing nations = $9 billion
  • Amount of money spent annually on cosmetics in the U.S. = $8 billion

Poverty and Priorities

  • Amount of money needed each year ( in addition to current expenditures) to provide reproductive health care for all women in developing countries = $12 billion
  • Amount of money spent annually on perfumes in Europe and the U.S. = $12 billion

Poverty and Priorities

  • Americans bought > $57 billion worth of lottery tickets in 2008 (more money than is spent on movies, music, and books combined)
  • In 2006, Americans spent $31 billion on toys and video games
  • American American buys 60 items of clothing per year (2012, vs. 31 in 1985)
  • Consider alternate gifts, charitable donations

Toy Exports

Toy Imports

U.N. Declaration of Human Rights

  • “Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care”

Famine

  • 1.2 billion not consuming enough calories to prevent stunted growth/other health risks
  • Hunger and malnutrition kill over 3 million children per year worldwide
  • Hunger kills 18,000 people per day, most under age 5
  • Hunger-related causes kill as many people in 8 days as the atomic bomb killed at Hiroshima

Famine

  • We are close to utilizing the sustainable limit of 15% of the Earth’s surface that can be exploited for crop production
  • There are now more people (1.1 billion) who get too much to eat than those who don’t have enough to eat (800 million)

Famine

  • UN FAO: enough food produced daily to provide every living person with over 2700 calories/day
    • Even so, half the world’s food is wasted (UN FAO)
  • Better methods of food preservation needed
  • Diversion of food crops to biofuels significant contributor to rise in food prices, along with food commodities speculation and trading

Monetization and Food Aid

    • US food aid purchased from already-subsidized US agribusiness
    • US shipping lines transport food to aid organizations in developing countries
    • Undermines local farmers and destabilizes local agriculture
      • Farmers in U.S. and abroad have high suicide rates

Monetization and Food Aid

    • EU has almost entirely phased out monetization
    • UN World Food Programme (the world’s largest distributor of food aid) has rejected monetization and refuses monetized food aid

Famine

  • Rich governments and corporations buying up rights to millions of hectares of agricultural land in developing countries in order to secure their own long-term food supplies
  • One week of developed world farm subsidies = annual cost of food aid to solve world hunger
  • Hunger: solution requires political will

Feast and Famine

  • For the first time in history, there are now an equal number of people – 1.1 billion – who get too much to eat as those who don’t have enough to eat

Famine

Famine Affects the Old and Young

Medical Care

  • 50% of global health care budget spent in the U.S.
  • Currently only 10% of funding devoted to diseases affecting 90% of world’s population
  • Per capita expenditure on health care:
    • U.S. = $8,233
    • Average for low income developing nations = $22-25

Medical Care

  • Even so…
  • U.S. has 41 million uninsured
  • Ranks 24th worldwide in overall population health as judged by disability-adjusted life expectancy
  • Ranks 42nd in global life expectancy

Medical Care

  • Lack of health insurance responsible for 48,000 deaths/yr in US
  • Lack of universal health care limits workforce mobility
  • 2008 study: 7% say they or a family member has married in order to get health insurance

Headline from The Onion

Infectious Diseases

  • Increased morbidity and mortality due to changing distributions of disease vectors, reservoirs, and agents -overpopulation and population shifts -malnutrition -drought -decreased immunity

Infectious Diseases

  • Malaria -610 min zone expands -50-80 million additional cases/year by 2100
  • TB
  • Viral encephalitis
  • Schistosomiasis
  • AIDS
  • Influenza
  • Trypanosomiasis

Infectious Diseases

  • Onchocerciasis
  • Dengre
  • Leishmanasis
  • Rabies
  • Hookworm
  • Yellow fever
  • West Nile Virus


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