Alt policy Board July 2001 Diana Laurillard, Open University, uk



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  • ALT Policy Board
  • July 2001
  • Diana Laurillard, Open University, UK
  • The Soaring Costs
  • and Hard-won Benefits
  • of e-Learning
  • Learning activity Media forms
  • Attending Narrative
  • Investigating Interactive
  • Discussing Communicative
  • Practising Adaptive
  • Articulating Productive
  • To fully exploit the capabilities of learning technologies
  • match media forms to learning activities
  • optimise the range of learning activities
  • Media forms Methods/Technologies
  • Narrative Lecture, video, book, CD, Web
  • Interactive Tutorial, Library, CD, Web
  • Communicative Seminar, group, online conference
  • Adaptive Laboratory, field trip, simulation
  • Productive Essay, product, animation
  • Winning the benefits
  • Media forms Methods/Techs Activities
  • Narrative Lecture/CD Attending
  • Interactive Tutorial/Web Investigating
  • Communicative Seminar/CMC Discussing
  • Adaptive Lab/Simulation Practising
  • Productive Essay/Animation Articulating
  • Winning the benefits
  • To fully exploit the capabilities of learning technologies
  • Begin with ambitious learning objectives
  • Challenge the technologies
  • Plan to optimise benefits/reduce costs
  • 1 draft student workload
  • 2 optimise distribution of time
  • 3 assess staff workload
  • Total staff days = 557
  • Plan to optimise benefits/reduce costs
  • More ICT improves the learning experience
  • Total staff days = 627 (not 557)
  • - but increases cost.
  • To change 40% study time to ICT (OU data):
  • If all ICT material generated is new:
    • Academic staff time increases by 50%
    • Production staff time increases by 120%
  • If 60% ICT material is generic and customisable:
    • Academic staff time increases by 20%
    • Production staff time increases by 30%
  • Either way ~
    • Presentation staff time increases by 25%
  • Hence: need for workload/costing tools, initial investment
  • Modelling the costs and benefits...
  • Reversioning
    • Convert from Word to XML
    • Allows authors to use features of Word
    • Documents can transfer between print and Web
    • Metadata is added for ease of archiving and versioning
  • Customisation Project
    • Prove concept
    • Adapt to generic form
    • Customise to course
    • Introduce ‘pre-versioning’
  • Reducing staff workload
  • Creating customisable pedagogy...
  • Art Explorer
    • Original interactive learning activity to fit objective ‘to reflect on categories of paintings’.
  • ‘Elicitation Engine’
    • Underlying program architecture to deliver generic activity for objective ‘to reflect on categories of X’
  • The Trunk
    • New learning activity using E-Engine with new objects to deliver same objective
  • The Chemistry Set
    • New learning activity using E-Engine with new objects to deliver same objective
  • Move the carbon atom from one reservoir to another by identifying the process change needed.
  • List of
  • possible
  • process
  • changes
  • Context 1
  • Context 2
  • Context 5
  • Context 3
  • Context 4
  • Object
  • Process D
  • Creating customisable pedagogy...
  • The Carbon Cycle
    • Original interactive learning activity to fit objective ‘to understand the carbon cycle in terms of transition processes between reservoirs’.
  • ‘The X Cycle’
    • Underlying program architecture to deliver generic activity for objective ‘to understand system X in terms of process changes between contexts’.
  • ‘The Life Cycle’
    • New learning activity using ‘The X Cycle’ with new objects (stages of life), and processes (conception, growth, maturation) to deliver the same objective.
  • Reversioning
    • Convert from Word to XML
    • Allows authors to use features of Word
    • Documents can transfer between print and Web
    • Metadata is added for ease of archiving and versioning
  • Customisation Project
    • Prove concept
    • Adapt to generic form
    • Customise to courses
    • Introduce ‘pre-versioning’
  • Reducing staff workload
  • Good practice to reduce AL workload
  • model the shift of academic time to ICT and R&D;
  • invest in change and staff support
  • use customisable design tools
  • Reduce the Soaring Costs:
  • Win the Hard-Won Benefits:
  • plan the shift to more supported active learning
  • promote sharing of educational resources
  • encourage developmental testing


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