At least once a year, each district should hold a BLW Awareness and Advocacy Event. The Barangay Literacy Worker Focal Person (BLWFP) should take the lead in organizing this event. Awareness and advocacy activities can include, but are certainly not limited to karaoke competitions, fun runs, advocacy forums, tree planting, or bake sales. Activities can be tailored to meet the needs and resources of each district.
The goal of this annual district event should be:
To increase awareness of the BLW Program within communities; to highlight the value of the program to municipal and barangay councillors, as well as the general public; to encourage learner and implementer recruitment in the community; and to reduce any stigma associated with ALS. BLW Awareness and Advocacy Event Concepts
The BLWFP will need to secure funding for the event, and the most likely source will be the municipal government. The BLWFP will be responsible for submitting a proposal outlining anticipated expenses. An example of potential expenses can be seen in the table below:
Sample Budget for District Event for 100pax*
*For a total of 200pax double cost of Snacks AM, Snacks PM and Lunch (Total cost for 200pax = PHP 26,700).
**Food for organizers/performers etc. BLW Awareness and Advocacy Event Funding Proposal
Implementers, learners, and ALS family and friends can be enlisted to assist with the organization of the event through the donation of time, skills, resources, or funds. Members of the ALS community may also be requested to assist with event promotion, as well as facilitating the running of the event on the day. It may be possible for neighboring districts to join forces in organizing an event that incorporates the ALS communities of more than one district.
Do not forget to incorporate ALS/BLW logos through the use of tarpaulins, flyers, banners, and T-shirts. Pictures from the event can be uploaded onto the BLW Facebook page or relevant district ALS Facebook page, with participants tagged in pictures. BLW Logo JPEG Version
BLW Logo Photoshop Version for T-shirts
The purpose of this section is to clarify how and why the Barangay Literacy Worker Program should be funded. This will include a discussion of the different sources of funding available and some strategies ALS implementers may use to obtain funding. This section will provide a basic inventory of costs, activities, and resources, and indicate the level of government that should be responsible for their provision. A basic account of municipal and barangay funding cycles will conclude the section, though it should be noted that precise timing of the funding application process may differ between districts.
Purpose of Funding
Barangay Literacy Workers are considered volunteers and are to receive a minimal monthly honorarium provided by their barangay council or a cluster of barangay councils. In some circumstances, the honorarium may be supplemented by the municipal government or, in exceptional cases, by the provincial government. An honorarium of at least PHP1,000 per month will assist in the recruitment of potential BLWs as well as reducing the likelihood of early contract termination. Funding is also required for the purchase of essential BLW resources such as learning modules and instructional materials. While care has been taken to ensure that the information contained within this section applies to all municipalities, variances may exist between local government units.
In Camarines Sur, the Provincial BLW Ordinance outlines the minimum responsibilities of the municipal governments and barangay councils in relation to funding the BLW Program. To support the implementation of the BLW Program, it is strongly recommended that each municipality passes a “Resolution to Adopt” the Provincial BLW Ordinance (included in the Toolkit). This will provide a concrete legal basis at the municipal level for the BLW Program and ensure the municipal government understands the Program’s purpose and value. For districts where no municipal ordinance or resolution exists, the Provincial BLW Ordinance still has weight and should be used by the BLW Focal Person (BLWFP) to encourage the municipal government to pass the resolution. Barangays are also encouraged to pass a Resolution to Adopt the Provincial Ordinance to demonstrate support and understanding at the barangay level. Even if a resolution has not been passed at the municipal level, the barangay is still able to pass a resolution to adopt the Provincial Ordinance.
Securing funding for the purposes of ALS programs and projects involves creating and maintaining amicable relationships with a variety of stakeholders such as the Mayor, the Municipal Committee on Education, the Public Schools District Supervisor (PSDS), and barangay officials. As such, ALS implementers should strive to be actively engaged with their communities, abstain from public political alignment, and have open lines of communication with these key stakeholders. Filling in the BLW Information Sheet to give to these stakeholders is a good first step in the process of securing funding. BLW Program Information Sheet
The Provincial Ordinance states that the provincial government, municipal governments, and barangay councils, should provide the necessary funds for the administration and the operations of the PLCC, MLCC and BLCC, respectively. The Provincial Ordinance also recommends that municipal governments provide the necessary funds required to support the programs, projects, and activities of the MLCC relating to ALS.
For the BLW Program specifically, there are several sources of funding available from provincial, municipal, and barangay levels of government:
Special Education Fund (SEF);
Special Education Fund (SEF);
Sangguniang Kabataan (SK) Fund;
Provincial level funding for the purposes of BLW honoraria is limited and changes yearly. The application process for provincial funding in relation to BLW expenses must be made through the ALS Division Supervisor. Submitting an application for provincial funding should only be considered after all other avenues for funding from the barangay councils and municipal governments have been exhausted.
The Provincial BLW Ordinance dictates the funding structure of the Barangay Literacy Worker Program. The amount of funding allocated to BLWs from the municipal government may differ depending on the particular conditions included in the municipal ordinance or resolution. The Municipal Literacy Coordinating Council (MLCC) is responsible for completing an annual budget report encompassing ALS programs and projects. This budget shall be drawn from the General Fund or the Special Education Fund. It is important that the BLW Focal Person (BLWFP) uses the MLCC to advocate for ALS projects and programs, particularly the BLW Program. The PSDS is a key voting representative for ALS in the MLCC.
While the barangay council is responsible for providing the honorarium of its BLW, in some instances the municipal government may supplement barangay funding. Some instances in which the municipal government may be more likely to supplement barangay funds are:
If a barangay’s annual Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) is less than PHP1,000,000, the municipal government may contribute towards a minimum honorarium of PHP1,000 per month, in order to avoid having to “cluster” barangays together under one BLW;
Municipal governments may want to contribute an extra amount above the PHP1,000 (and should be encouraged to do so whenever possible and appropriate), in order to attract and retain high quality Barangay Literacy Workers. First and second class municipalities in particular should be encouraged to provide additional funding.
At the municipal government level, funding from the General Fund and Special Education Fund (SEF) is available for BLW honoraria.
In the yearly BLW Program budget submitted to the municipal government, the BLWFP should also remember to include expenses related to training and travel, as well as learning materials and modules. These expenses are separate from the BLW’s honorarium. Acceptable sources for funding of BLW learning resources include the Special Education Fund (SEF), the General Fund, and Capability Building Fund (for training). It is important that ALS Implementers liaise with their PSDS regarding funding needs.
Barangay Council Funding
While this manual includes information on the availability of funding from the provincial and municipal governments, the ideal scenario is that the BLW’s honorarium is paid by the barangay(s) they service. Furthermore, even if provincial and municipal funding is sought and secured, barangay council funding should constitute the majority of the BLW’s honorarium. The Provincial BLW Ordinance states that:
Every barangay in the Province of Camarines Sur shall appropriate one per cent (1%) of their annual Internal Revenue Allotment for the expenses of ALS Honoraria and ALS programs, projects, and activities, to be sourced from the Barangay Development Fund and/or the Sangguniang Kabataan (SK) Fund;
The Sangguniang Kabataan (SK) Fund and the Barangay General Fund can be used to fund the BLW honorarium. A barangay must have an IRA of at least PHP1,200,000 in order to provide the minimum honorarium for a BLW over a 12 month period. In the case that a barangay’s funding is less than PHP1,200,000, neighboring barangays may “cluster” together (see Article III (3), Section 24 of the Provincial Ordinance). Alternatively, as explained above, the barangay may attempt to obtain additional funds from the provincial or municipal governments.
As per the Department of Budget and Management (DBM) guidelines, a BLW’s honorarium should be sourced from the Maintenance and Other Operating Expenses (MOOE) allotment, rather than the Personnel Services (PS) allotment. The Personnel Services allotment is only to be used for permanent employees, whereas the BLW is a temporary, contracted position. This is a common misconception among barangay officials, and this should not be accepted as a reason for refusing to fund a BLW honorarium. Provincial BLW Ordinance
Municipal Resolution to Adopt Provincial Ordinance
Barangay Resolution to Adopt Provincial Ordinance
Consider the following hypothetical example: Barangay X receives an IRA of PHP3million. As per the Provincial BLW Ordinance, Barangay X must set aside 1% of its IRA for ALS programs and projects. One per cent (1%) of PHP3million is PHP30,000. In this barangay, the amount is divided to cover the BLW’s honorarium, half a set of modules, materials, a tarpaulin, and expenses related to holding an ALS awareness event.
The following table provides a breakdown of Barangay X’s budget, and how the one per cent may be spent on the Alternative Learning System and the BLW Program:
Clustering of Barangays for the Purposes of Funding
If a barangay cannot afford to fund a minimum honorarium of PHP1,000 per month, it may “cluster” with one or more nearby barangays by entering into a Memorandum of Agreement (MoA) with them. While clustering isn’t ideal, it is a plausible solution when funding limitations prohibit a barangay from employing their own BLW. Clustering works particularly well for barangays that are located in close proximity to each other so it is easy for the BLW to travel between them. The barangay councils looking to cluster together to fund a single BLW should enter into careful negotiations with each other. The BLW Focal Person (BLWFP) should ensure that all parties understand the terms of the clustering agreement. During the recruitment and interview processes, it should be made clear by the selection panel (comprised of the Barangay Captain, Barangay Committee on Education, and BLWFP), that the successful BLW candidate will be shared among a number of barangays, and will be expected to travel. Should the candidate accept, he or she must then enter into one MoA with the clustered barangays. More information about clustering is contained in the Provincial BLW Ordinance, Article III (3), Section 24. BLW Memorandum of Agreement