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Bill for creation of Telangana gets assent of Union Cabinet

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Bill for creation of Telangana gets assent of Union Cabinet

December 7, 2013

The Union Cabinet has approved for the creation of Telangana with 10 districts and sketched the draft for carving out the India’s 29th state from the currentAndhra Pradesh.

The Cabinet chaired by PM Manmohan Singh gave its nod to a draft reorganization bill based on the recommendations of Group of Ministers (GoM) and dropped a debatable move to add two districts of Rayalaseema to Telangana.

What next?

Now, the bill will be sent to the President with a request to make a reference to Andhra Pradesh assembly to obtain its views. The government intends to bring the bill in the winter session of parliament but it depends on when the President returns the bill after signing it.
Highlights of the Telangana Bill:

  • Telangana will have 10 districts and the rest of Andhra Pradesh 13 districts.

  • Both the states will have Hyderabad as their capital for a period not exceeding 10 years.

  • Governor of Telangana will have to bear a special responsibility for security of life, liberty and property of all those who reside in the common capital area. The Governor may be assisted by two advisors to be appointed by the Government of India (GoI).

  • Financial and other assistance to the creation of a new capital for the successor state of Andhra Pradesh will be provided by the Government of India. The capital will be recommended by an expert panel.

  • For proper management of water resources and projects on Krishna and Godavari rivers, institutional mechanism with full involvement and participation of government of India will be set up.

  • Polavaram will be declared as a national project and will be executed by the union government following all environmental and R&R norms.

  • There are detailed provisions in the bill on matters relating to coal, power, oil and gas, division of assets and liabilities and allocation of government employees.

  • Article 371 D will continue for the both states to ensure equitable opportunities for education and public employment.

Current admission quotas in higher technical and medical institutions will remain for a period not exceeding 5 years.

Microsoft mulls stronger encryption of Internet traffic

December 6, 2013

In the face of NSA syping, software giant Microsoft is eyeing a stronger encryption and it is taking steps to protect the privacy of online communications.

Why a need for encryption of Internet traffic ?

The move by Microsoft is in the wake of revelations of vast online surveillance programs led by the US National Security Agency. Comparing US government surveillance to sophisticated malware and cyber attacks, the software giant  will encrypt Internet traffic traveling through its data centers. It is taking steps to ensure that any government surveillance of the Internet is conducted legally rather than by a technological subterfuge.

Technique used by Microsoft

Microsoft plans to switch over to stronger 2,048-bit encryption keys by the end of next year – a technology that reportedly takes ten years to crack in real time because of computing power constraints.

Malala wins UN Human Rights Prize 2013

December 7, 2013

Pakistani teen activist Malala Yousafzai, who survived bullet-injury inflicted by the Taliban for championing girls’ education has won the UN Human Rights Prize 2013.

The winners of the prestigious United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights for 2013  are -

  • Ms. Malala Yousafzai (student activist), Pakistan

  • Mr. Biram Dah Abeid (campaigner against slavery) from Mauritania

  • Ms. Hiljmnijeta Apuk (human rights activist and campaigner for rights of people with disproportional restricted growth – short stature) fromKosovo

  • Ms. Liisa Kauppinen of Finland – President emeritus of the World Federation of the Deaf

  • Ms. Khadija Ryadi -  former President of the Morocco Association for Human Rights

  • Mexico’s Supreme Court of Justice – the Constitutional Court 

The twentieth anniversary of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action  are also organized with the Award Ceremony which would  take place at United Nations Headquarters in New York on Human Rights Day (December 10). 

What is the United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights? 

  • An honorary award given to individuals and organizations in recognition of outstanding achievement in human rights in every five years.

  • The Laureates who won this award later are – Amnesty International, Jimmy Carter, Martin Luther King, Nelson Mandela and Eleanor Roosevelt.

  • The Prize not only  gives public recognition to the achievements of the recipients themselves, but also sends a clear message to human rights defenders the world over that the international community is grateful for, and supports, their tireless efforts to promote all human rights for all.

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