Abhishek kumar aashish jindal

Western Ghats: Nod for farming activities by Ministry of Environment & Forests

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Western Ghats: Nod for farming activities by Ministry of Environment & Forests

December 22, 2013

The Environment Ministry, following the ‘in principle’ acceptance of theKasturirangan panel report, issued a fresh order on easing norms on activities related to plantations and agriculture in Ecologically Sensitive Areas (ESA).

  • The Ministry elucidated that the recommendations made by the Kasturirangan panel, neither put any fresh restrictions on land use in the ESA nor do they in any way impact the continued occupation of land in possession of the local people and affect their day to day activities or normal livelihood.

  • The new order cleared that the boundary of the ESA and the regulatory regime — an emotive issue in some of the affected states — would be finalized after the draft notification for the same is placed in the public domain and comments on it from all stakeholders including state governments are received. 
What are the recommendations made by the Kasturirangan panel?

The key suggestions made by the K. Kasturirangan panel:

  • Promotion of Ecotourism; economically empower the local population, Incentives green growth in the Western Ghats, etc.

  • Ban on mining, quarrying, sand mining, thermal power plants, building and construction projects on areas that are 20,000 sq m or more, township and area development projects with an area of 50ha and above and red category of industries in ESA.

  • Defined 37% of the Western Ghats landscape as ecologically sensitive.

India rolls out its First indigenous LCA – Tejas

December 21, 2013

Tejas, India’s first indigenous Light Combat Aircraft (LCA), which is all set to replace the MiG-21 series, developed by the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) with Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) as its principal partner.

Tejas is the smallest, light weight, single engine, single seat, supersonic, multirole, combat aircraft, and best in its class in the world. It has many features of stealth fighter aircraft. It will be used by both the Indian Air Force (IAF) and the Navy.

This fourth generation combat aircraft has Carbon Composites, light weight/high strength material for primary structures, quadruplex Digital Flight Control System; glass Cockpit and digital Avionics to give multirole capabilities with carefree maneuvering. These capabilities are further raised by several on-board Sensors, Communication and Navigation Systems that are supported by powerful Mission Computers and Cockpit Display System.

This is for the first time an indigenously designed and developed military fighter aircraft has certified for Indian Air Force

Features of stealth fighter aircraft

  • The aircraft has a totally digital fly-by-wire control system; the wings are made entirely of composite structures.

  • Built by unstable configuration’ technique. It has open architecture software for avionics. DRDO can update it as and when required.

  • It integrates a ‘glass cockpit’ in which information is displayed ‘real-time’ to the pilot.
What is the future planning of Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO)?

  • Plans to test fire the indigenous Astra missile and guns from the Tejas.

  • Working on MARK-II type Tejas aircraft, which has a better thrust and improved radar system than Mark-I type Tejas LCA (i.e. inducting in the Indian Air Force)

  • Working on the Combat variant, Trainer variant and Naval variants of Tejas.

  • DRDO developed a special facility in Goa, to notice the conditions for a Tejas for Navy landing, take-off and maneuver from an aircraft carrier.

  • Note: Stealth aircraft are designed to avoid detection using a variety of advanced technologies that reduce reflection/emission of radar, infrared, visible light, Radio-Frequency (RF) spectrum, and audio, collectively known as stealth technology.

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