IrishgolferRory McIlroydefeated his contender Adam Scott at the Emirates Australian Open Golf Tournament , winning for the first time in 2013. He snatched the title from Scott who was trying to be only the second player after compatriot Robert Allenby in 2005 to win Australia’s triple crown by claiming the Australian Open, Masters and PGA titles in the same season.
Thailand’s Thidapa Suwannapura won the Women’s Indian Open golf tournament played at the Delhi Golf Club. The win also made Suwannapura the second Thai to win the title, after three-time winner and defending champion Phatlum Pornanong.
India’s Gauri Monga was tied fifth — the best show by an Indian in the tournament.
India’s rising badminton star P.V. Sindhu achieved another feat as she lifted theMacau Open Grand Prix Gold title by defeating Canada’s Michelle Li in the final clash, in Macau.
This is her second Grand Prix Gold title after the Malaysia Open in May 2013. Sindhu was recently conferred with the Arjuna award this year for her remarkable performances in badminton.
Direct cash transfer better option than other anti-poverty schemes: Planning Commission
December 1, 2013
According to a study by the Planning Commission, the cost of bringing all households above the poverty line would have been Rs. 55,744 crore during 2011-12 if cash transfers were used instead of anti-poverty schemes. This would have been sufficient to plug the poverty gap and would be just a fraction of annual anti-poverty budget instead of initiating new anti-poverty schemes.
As per the analysis by the Planning Commission:
Of Rs. 55,744, Rs 42,932 crore would have had to be transferred to the below poverty line households in rural areas and the rest Rs 12,812 crore to those in urban areas.
In 2011-12, the UPA government had spent Rs 72,822.07 crore on food subsidy. The expenditure in the same year on the UPA’s seven flagship schemes was Rs. 1,09,379 crore.
This cost is likely to increase as the annual cost of implementing the Food Security Law alone is estimated at Rs 1.2 lakh crore.
The anti-poverty programmes in our country have leakages and is inefficient.
What is Poverty Gap?
Poverty gap is the amount of cash required for a household to lift it above the poverty line. It is the difference in the level of consumption of the households below the poverty line and those on the line.
As per the Tendulkar Committeereport, a household of five people in Indiasubsists with a monthly consumption of Rs. 874.50which is the Poverty Line. This poverty line is in proximity to the World Bank Poverty Line of an income of$1.25 a day (on a Purchasing Power Parity basis).
Maharashtra will have its fifth tiger reserve in Nagzira as the National Tiger Conservation Authority has given nod to the development of the conservation zone. The tiger reserve will be set upbetween Bhandara and Gondia districts.
TheNagzira-Navegaon tiger reserve will be established to conserve tigers wandering outside the Tadoba reserve territory. The Nagzira sanctuary, which was of 150 square kilometer and the Navegaon National Park, was of 130 square kilometer, which has been increased to 700 square kilometer to form a new tiger reserve.
Where are the other four tiger reserves in Maharashtra?
The other four tiger reserves in Maharashtra are in:
About National Tiger Conservation Authority:
The Centrally Sponsored Scheme “Project Tiger” was launched in April, 1973 with the objective “to ensure maintenance of a viable population of Tigers in India for scientific, economic, aesthetic, cultural and ecological values, and to preserve for all times, areas of biological importance as a national heritage for the benefit,education and enjoyment of the people.”
The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 was amended keeping in view the needs of the Project Tiger for providing enabling provisions for constitution of the National Tiger Conservation Authority and the Tiger and Other Endangered Species Crime Control Bureau.
So, the National Tiger Conservation Authority was constituted from September 4, 2006 to strengthen tiger conservation. The functions are as follows:
Ensuring normative standards in tiger reserve management
Preparation of reserve specific tiger conservation plan
Lay down annual/ audit report before Parliament
Instituting State level Steering Committees under the Chairmanship of Chief Minister and establishment of Tiger Conservation Foundation.
According approval for declaring new Tiger Reserves.
The NTCA has constituted a multidisciplinary Tiger and Other Endangered Species Crime Control Bureau (Wildlife Crime Control Bureau) with effect from 6.6.2007. The WCCB comprises the officers from Police, Forest, Customs and other enforcement agencies to effectively control illegal trade in wildlife.
Special Tiger Protection Force (STPF)
The announcement for creation of Special Tiger Protection Force (STPF) was announced by the Finance Minister in Budget speech of 2008. A onetime grant of Rs. 50 Crore was provided to the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) for raising, arming and deploying a Special Tiger Protection Force for 13 tiger reserves. The rest of the reserves were taken up later.