December 10 was observed as Human Rights Day across the globe marking the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The theme chosen for the year 2013 is‘20 Years Working for Your Rights’.
What is the significance of Human Rights Day?
December 10 holds significance as it was on this day in 1948when the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted and proclaimed, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), the first global declaration of human rights and one of the first major achievements of the new United Nations. Theformal establishment of Human Rights Day occurred at the 317th Plenary Meeting of the General Assembly on December 4, 1950, when the General Assembly declared resolution 423(V),inviting all member states and any other interested organizations to celebrate the December 10as they saw fit.
In 1993, the UNGA adopted ViennaDeclaration and Programme of Action (VDPA) at the World Conference on Human Rights in Vienna, Austria which led to the creation of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights for the promotion and protection of all human rights. Year 2013, the office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights marks 20 years since its establishment.
In addition, it is traditionally on December 10 that the five-yearly United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights and Nobel Peace Prize are awarded.
The BJP clinched majority of seats in the Assembly Elections in Rajasthan,Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. The Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) made remarkable debut in Delhi where it clinched 28 of 70 seats. In Delhi, though the BJP secured highest number of seats (31) but it fell short of 5 seats for attaining the majority.
A glance at 2013 State Assembly Poll Results:
Seats Won in DELHI
South Korea to expand its ADIZ
December 10, 2013
The latest move in a regional struggle over airspace above the East China Sea marks the South Korea’s decision to expand its ADIZ.
China’s new air defense zone over the East China Sea is creating tensions in the world’s most geo-politically sensitive areas that includes the disputed Diaoyu or Senkaku islands in the East China Sea, which are controlled by Japan and but claimed by China, and the submerged Leodo reef, which is under South Korea’s control.
Why China’s ADIZ is fueling tensions with Japan & S.Korea ?
The new aerial zone extends into international airspace east of China’s territorial airspace into the East China Sea, and up to 130 km from Japan’s territorial airspace. The Chinese ADIZ overlaps with the ADIZ that Japan has already established in the region, with both zones covering the disputed Diaoyu or SenkakuIslands in the East China Sea.
The zone includes a rock 15 feet below the water’s surface known internationally as Socotra. The formation lies within the economic zones of both China and South Korea, and it has long been a point of modest contention between the neighbors. The rock is controlled by South Korea, where it is known as Ieodo. Seoul uses the site as an oceanic research center, having constructed an orange tower of beams and a helipad atop the rock in 2003. The research center has solar panels, wind monitors, barometric sensors and a solar radiation measurement system, and the monitoring data are displayed in real time on a government Web site.
South Korea to expand its ADIZ:
The latest move in a regional struggle over airspace above the East China Sea marks the South Korea’s decision to expand its ADIZ, it’s new zone includes two small islands and a submerged rock that is the subject of a long-running dispute with China. Korea’s latest declaration is viewed as an attempt fortify its control over parts of the East China Sea surrounding the Leodo reef, which, earlier, lay beyond the southern edge of its zone. The eastern and western limits of its ADIZ have not been expanded.
Note: Air Defense Identification Zones (ADIZ) are not territorial claims, but they mark airspace that countries think it important to monitor.
China’s air defense zone unacceptable by White House