Abhishek kumar aashish jindal


“Pad kid poured curd pulled cold” – Psychologists reveal the world’s most frustrating tongue twister



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Pad kid poured curd pulled cold” – Psychologists reveal the world’s most frustrating tongue twister


December 9, 2013

To shed light on the brain’s speech-planning processes, a tongue twister study conducted by researchers at the annual meeting of the Acoustical Society of America in San Francisco.



  • Psychologists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology asked the volunteers to say the sentence 10 times in a row, at a fast lick.

  • The volunteers recorded different combinations of words (like “the top cop saw a cop top”) but the most challenging one was the phrase ‘Pad kid poured curd pulled cold’, while saying it, many of them clammed up and stopped talking altogether.

  • The jumble of words “Pad kid poured curd pulled cold” sound nonsensical but it is the most tricky tongue twister ever, leaving tongue-tangling classics like “Peter piper and his peck of pickled pepper” and “She sells seashells by the seashore” in the dust.
Why scientists study tongue twisters?

  • Scientists study speech errors such as tongue twisters to understand how the brain processes and plans speech.

  • They study the two categories of tongue twisters: i) Simple lists of paired words. ii) Whole sentences.

This operation would assist in understanding that when things go wrong, how a typical, error-free operation would go and when certain combinations of sounds are spoken too quickly, people seem to lose control of their mouths.

All unfilled chemical munitions of Syria destructed: OPCW


December 8, 2013

As per Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), all of Syria’s unfilled munitions have been destroyed.



The United Nations and OPCW teams are working in tandem in Syria with an aim to remove the most toxic chemicals from Syria by the end of the year for destruction at sea and destroy the entire program by mid-2014. The OPCW, which won the Nobel Peace Prize 2013, has been instructed by the United Nations to supervise the destruction of the Syrian government’s chemical weapons stockpile.
Why destruction of Chemical weapons is going on in Syria?

The Syrian government under Bashar-al Assad was accused by the US and its Western allies of using Chemical weapons (mainly Sarin gas) to crush the rebellion in the country. Syria rejected the allegations and blamed the rebels for its use. The matter went to the extent that the US started contemplating military action against the country which was opposed by Russia. Later, on Russia’s intervention, Syria joined Chemical Weapons Convention which requires all parties to declare and destroy all of the chemical weapons they possess.Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) has the job is to implement the Chemical Weapons Convention. Syria joined the OPCW and agreed to dismantle its chemical arsenal to avoid possible U.S. military strikes.

Jordan gets UNSC seat as its non-permanent member


December 8, 2013

Jordan has been elected as a non-permanent member of United Nations Security Council (UNSC). Jordan has replaced Saudi Arabia which was recently elected for the position but rejected the seat in protest at the UN council’s failure to end the war in Syria and act on other Middle East issues.
Which are the new members on UNSC?

Jordan is the latest entrant on the UNSC as its non-permanent member. Besides,Lithuania, Chile, Nigeria and Chad will also join as new members of the council, replacing AzerbaijanGuatemalaPakistanMorocco and Togo. The other five temporary council members that will remain next year are Argentina,Australia, Luxembourg, South Korea and Rwanda.
Some key points about UNSC

The UNSC was established in 1946 as per Article 23 of Chapter V of United Nations Charter. The council has 15 members which are further categorized into 5 permanent and 10 non –permanent members of the Council. The non-permanent members have term of 2 years.

Permanent Members:

  1. China

  2. France

  3. Russian Federation

  4. The United Kingdom

  5. The United States of America  
What are the key responsibilities of the UNSC?

The UNSC is one of the six key organs of the United Nations and is entrusted with the maintenance of international peace and security. Its powers include the establishment of peacekeeping operations, the establishment of international sanctions, and the authorization of military action through Security Council resolutions; it is the only UN body with the authority to issue binding resolutions to member states.

Tejas test-fires missile successfully


December 8, 2013

India’s first indigenously designed and developed Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas successfully launched an infrared seeking air-to-air missile that hit its target with precision.

With the success achieved in the test, the plan to induct the aircraft in the IndianAir Force has moved further.


About LCA Tejas

The LCA was christened Tejas (Radiance) by Prime Minister AB Vajpayee in June 2004. The Indian Light Combat Aircraft (LCA – sometimes called Last Chance Aircraft) is the world’s smallest, light weight, multi-role combat aircraft.

The aircraft is designed to meet the requirements of Indian Air Force as its frontline multi-mission single-seat tactical aircraft to replace the MiG-21 series of aircraft. The delta wing configuration, with no tailplanes or foreplanes, features a single vertical fin. The LCA is constructed of aluminium-lithium alloys, carbon-fibre composites, and titanium and it integrates modern design concepts and the state-of-art technologies such as relaxed static stability, flyby-wire Flight Control System, Advanced Digital Cockpit, Multi-Mode Radar, Integrated Digital Avionics System, Advanced Composite Material Structures and a Flat Rated Engine.

The LCA program was launched in 1985. Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) is the Principal Partner in the design and fabrication of LCA and its integration leading to flight testing.



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