You must give credit to authors for everything in your paper that is not strictly from your own head. This includes general ideas and background information, biographical information, paraphrases of an author’s words, as well as direct quotes.
A paragraph drawn from the same source or sources can have a single citation at the end of the paragraph. If there are multiple authors used in the same paragraph, you must cite as many times as you need to make clear whose work is being used at what point. Use your judgment on this.
How to Insert Quotes:
Short direct quotes of three lines or less can be inserted into the body of your text. Long quotes of four lines or more must be indented as block quotes.
In the body of your paper, your parenthetical citations should be done as follows: (Smith 1998). General background (Note that period goes AFTER the citation)
(Smith and Jones 1998). General background from a source with 2 authors
(Smith et al. 1998). General background from a source with more than 2 authors
(Smith 1998:23-25). Includes page number(s) for a paraphrase or direct quote
(Jones 2002; Roberts 1999). Multiple sources for same background: alphabetize and separate
. [Smith 1998:23-25] Use square brackets for citation at end of a block quote. For block quotes ONLY, the period goes after the last word of the quote, BEFORE the citation instead of after.
Block Quotes: Below is an example of a block quote, which you should use for long quotes that would be four or more lines long.
You should indent the block quote to the same point as you are indenting your paragraphs (suggested, one tab), and single space the text. You do not use quotation marks. Unlike “regular” citations, for block quotes you DO put the period before the reference. Then, the reference itself goes in square brackets, instead of parentheses. [Like This 2007:325]
[Sample of various types of references in AAA format]
1995 The Birth of the Museum: History, Theory, Politics. London: Routledge Publishers.
[ARTICLE FROM A JOURNAL]